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An Excellent A2 History Coursework In 13 Easy Steps - History Resource

Ocr a2 history coursework help

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resume xlm Several introductory and tutorial articles on the Extensible Markup Language (XML) are referenced in ocr a2 history coursework help the shorter XML Introduction document. Most articles are accessible online. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the saison 3 resume universal format for ocr a2 history coursework structured documents and data on the Web. -- W3C XML Web site, 2000-07-06. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is descriptively identified in research the XML 1.0 W3C Recommendation as an extremely simple dialect [or 'subset'] of SGML the goal of which is to ocr a2 history, enable generic SGML to essay the movie the titans, be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML, for coursework help which reason XML has been designed for ease of for thesis committee members implementation, and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Note that the history help HTML referenced in the preceding sentence ( bis ) means HTML 4.0 and 3.2 which were in common use as of 10-February-1998, when the XML 1.0 specification was published as a W3C Recommendation.

The next version of 'HTML' is expected to be reformulated as an XML application, so that it will be based upon XML rather than upon SGML. As of December 1998, 'Voyager' was the W3C code name for HTML reformulated as an application of XML. XML was initially developed by a W3C Generic SGML Editorial Review Board formed under the auspices of the W3 Consortium in 1996 and chaired by on zero tolerance, Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems, with the ocr a2 history coursework help very active participation of a Generic SGML Working Group also organized by saison 3 resume, the W3C. An XML WG (Working Group) under W3C served initially as an editorial board, which received input from an XML Special Interest Group. As of late 1998, the XML design effort was re-chartered under the direction of an XML Coordination Group and XML Plenary Interest Group to be carried out in five new XML working groups: XML Schema Working Group, XML Fragment Working Group, XML Linking Working Group (XLink and coursework help, XPointer), XML Information Set Working Group, and XML Syntax Working Group.

These working groups were designed to essay compettition, have close liaison relationships with the W3C's Extensible Style[sheet] Language (XSL) Working Group and Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group. Extensible Markup Language, abbreviated XML, describes a class of data objects called XML documents and partially describes the behavior of computer programs which process them. XML is an application profile or restricted form of coursework SGML, the Standard Generalized Markup Language. By construction, XML documents are conforming SGML documents. XML is research papers, primarily intended to meet the coursework help requirements of large-scale Web content providers for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, media-independent publishing, one-on-one marketing, workflow management in collaborative authoring environments, and the processing of saison 3 resume Web documents by intelligent clients.

It is also expected to find use in certain metadata applications. XML is fully internationalized for both European and help, Asian languages, with all conforming processors required to support the Unicode character set in both its UTF-8 and for thesis committee, UTF-16 encodings. The language is coursework help, designed for the quickest possible client-side processing consistent with its primary purpose as an electronic publishing and data interchange format. [971208 W3C press release] XML documents are made up of storage units called entities , which contain either parsed or unparsed data. Parsed data is made up of characters , some of essay which form the character data in the document, and some of which form markup . Markup encodes a description of the history help document's storage layout and logical structure. XML provides a mechanism to impose constraints on the storage layout and logical structure. On Zero Policy. A software module called an XML processor is used to read XML documents and provide access to their content and structure. It is assumed that an XML processor is doing its work on behalf of another module, called the history help application . This specification describes the required behavior of an XML processor in six sigma terms of how it must read XML data and the information it must provide to the application. [adapted from the Proposal]

Valid XML documents are designed to ocr a2 help, be valid SGML documents, but XML documents have additional restrictions. The W3C XML WG has published a technical NOTE providing a detailed comparison of the additional restrictions that XML places on documents beyond those of SGML: see http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTE-sgml-xml for the details. Essay Compettition. The NOTE also includes an history, SGML declaration which describes the constraints of XML applicable to an SGML parser. [local archive copy] [This paragraph is superseded by essay compettition, the technical NOTE 'NOTE-sgml-xml' referenced immediately above.] Features in SGML but not in XML include [as of history coursework November 5, 1996]: Tag omission; The CONCUR, LINK, DATATAG, and SHORTREF features; The connector in content models; Inclusions and exclusions in content models; CURRENT, CONREF, NAME, NAMES, NUMBER, NUMBERS, NUTOKEN, and NUTOKENS declarations for essay on zero tolerance attributes; The NET construct; Abstract syntax; Capacities and ocr a2 history, quantities; Comments appearing within other markup declarations; Public Identifiers; Omission of quotes on essay, attribute values. For a more recent/complete comparison of features, see the relevant section in the language specification, or What else has changed between SGML and XML? in the FAQ, maintained by Peter Flynn. As of December 1997, the current and former members of the XML WG are: Jon Bosak, Sun (Chair); James Clark (Technical Lead); Tim Bray, Textuality and Netscape (XML Co-editor); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (XML Co-editor); C. Ocr A2 Coursework. M. Compettition. Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. (XML Co-editor); Dan Connolly, W3C; Steve DeRose, INSO; Dave Hollander, HP; Eliot Kimber, Highland; Eve Maler, ArborText; Tom Magliery, NCSA; Murray Maloney, Muzmo and coursework help, Grif; Makoto Murata, Fuji Xerox Information Systems; Joel Nava, Adobe; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad; John Tigue, DataChannel. Historically: The W3C SGML Editorial Review Board, as of gifts members November 5, 1996, had the following members: Jon Bosak, Sun (jon.bosak@sun.com), chair; Tim Bray, Textuality (tbray@textuality.com), editor; James Clark (jjc@jclark.com), technical lead; Dan Connolly (connolly@w3.org), W3C contact; Steve DeRose, EBT (sjd@ebt.com), editor; Dave Hollander, HP (dmh@hpsgml.fc.hp.com); Eliot Kimber, Passage Systems (kimber@passage.com); Tom Magliery, NCSA (mag@ncsa.uiuc.edu); Eve Maler, ArborText (elm@arbortext.com); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (jeanpa@microsoft.com); Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad (peter@sqwest.bc.ca); C. Michael Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. at history help, Chicago (cmsmcq@uic.edu), editor. XML/XLink/XSL Specifications: Reference Documents. Extensible Markup Language (XML) [Formerly: 'xml-lang']

Extensible Markup Language as a W3C Recommendation. [February 10, 1998] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 . W3C Recommendation 10-February-1998. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at saison 3 resume, Chicago). Reference: REC-xml-19980210. [October 06, 2000] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000. Edited by Tim Bray (Textuality and ocr a2 coursework, Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of dorothy sayers essay Illinois at Chicago and Text Encoding Initiative), and Eve Maler (Sun Microsystems, Inc. - Second Edition).

Reference: http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/REC-xml-20001006 . [December 13, 2001] XML 1.1 . W3C Working Draft 13-December-2001. Edited by ocr a2 help, John Cowan (Reuters). Essay. Version URL reference: http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/WD-xml11-20011213/. Latest Version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/xml11/. Abstract: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is ocr a2 history, completely described in this document. Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and essay, processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML.

XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Sources: [see W3C for additional translations] Other Links: [October 09, 2000] XML 1.0 Second Edition as W3C Recommendation. The W3C's XML Core Working Group has published a new W3C Recommendation for Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . Reference: W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000, edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, and Eve Maler. This REC specification follows the earlier publication of coursework a public Review Version.

This second edition is not a new version of XML (first published 10-February-1998); it merely incorporates the changes dictated by the first-edition errata as a convenience to readers. The errata list for this second edition is available at http://www.w3.org/XML/xml-V10-2e-errata. Saison 3 Resume. The document abstract, unchanged from the 1998 first edition, appears to validate the hermeneutical theory that a text's intent escapes from the author and help, passes immediately into dorothy sayers, the control of the community upon utterance: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of ocr a2 history coursework SGML that is completely described in for thesis this document. Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and ocr a2 history help, HTML. Six Sigma Papers. The specification is provided in the following formats: XHTML, XML, PDF, and XHTML review version with color-coded revision indicators. See also the ocr a2 coursework help (non-normative) Production Notes in Annex I: This Second Edition was encoded in the XMLspec DTD (which has documentation available). The HTML versions were produced with a combination of the xmlspec.xsl, diffspec.xsl, and REC-xml-2e.xsl XSLT stylesheets. The PDF version was produced with the html2ps facility and a distiller program. Saison 3 Resume. [August 15, 2000] Paul Grosso (Co-Chair XML Core WG) announced that the W3C XML Core Working Group has released a draft of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 Second Edition for public review: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) Review Version ; Reference: W3C Working Draft 14-August-2000. Ocr A2 Help. The second edition is not a new version of XML; it is designed to bring the XML 1.0 Recommendation up to date with the XML 1.0 Specification Errata (first edition). Reviewers are asked to report errors to the 'xml-editor@w3.org' mailing list, which is publicly archived.

Paul writes: At this time, we are making two versions of the draft Second Edition available for a four week public review, and all interested parties are invited to on zero tolerance policy, review the current drafts and submit comments. This review period ends September 11, 2000, and soon thereafter, the history XML Core WG plans to research papers, make these documents (possibly as amended per comments) the official XML 1.0 Recommendation Second Edition. Ocr A2 History Coursework Help. All these public review documents are linked from the W3C TR page. The 'plain' draft Second Edition is at saison 3 resume, http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-20000814.html, and this is the history coursework version that would become the official Second Edition. We have also produced a 'review copy' which highlights changes between the first edition and this Second Edition, and saison 3 resume, it is at http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-review-20000814. This may be provided along with the coursework help official Second Edition if it is deemed useful and essay remember, appropriate, but the 'plain' version is the official one. Both versions contain embedded [Exx] references/links to the Errata document for coursework each individual erratum that has been applied. (If we decide to maintain the 'review' version, we may decide to delete the essay [Exx] references from the 'plain' one.) Please note that this review period is to allow everyone a chance to check that the errata that have been applied to the Second Edition are correct and correctly applied. Reports of ocr a2 help further errata or ambiguities in XML 1.0 are welcome, but they will likely be saved to be considered for possible application to a later edition, not added to this Second Edition. [cache] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from Tim Bray. See further description below. Bob DuCharme. Saison 3 Resume. XML: The Annotated Specification.

The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on ocr a2 coursework help, Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. [January 15, 1999] Michel Goossens (Président GUTenberg) posted an essay, open invitation for assistance in the creation of a French translation of the XML 1.0 Specification and Peter Flynn's XML FAQ document. Alternately, if any readers are aware of the availability of ocr a2 history such a translation already, or of a similar initiative, please communicate with Goossens about it so as to avoid duplication of efforts. Press release: The World Wide Web Consortium Issues XML 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. Key Industry Players, Experts Collaborate to Develop Interoperable Data Format for the Web. [local archive copy] Announcement on TEI-L, XML 1.0 Is Official. Research. From TEI Editor, C. M. History. Sperberg-McQueen.

Quotes Allen Renear (ACH President), Susan Hockey, and others in the academic community. XML 1.0 Fact Sheet; ;[local archive copy] XML 1.0 Testimonials, - from ACCESS, Adobe, Agranat Systems, Alis Technologies, ArborText, Bitstream, CNET, DataChannel, IBM, Inso, Junglee, Lotus, Microsoft, Open Market, Open SoftwareAssociates, POET Software, SoftQuad, Texcel, Textuality, Unwired Planet, Vignette, and webMethods. [local archive copy] W3C Endorses First XML Standard for Global Use. By Dana Gardner. In InfoWorld Electric . Posted at 11:40 AM PT, February 10, 1998. Details on sayers classical, the German translation: Deutsche Übersetzungen der XML-Spezifikationen, von Henning Behme (iX) und Stefan Mintert (Universität Dortmund). Ocr A2 History. Also available in .ZIP format. Extensible Markup Language as a Proposed Recommendation.

[December 08 [12], 1997] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, issued as a W3C Proposed Recommendation. December 8, 1997. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of essay about the movie the titans Illinois at Chicago). Reference: PR-xml-971208. Version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/PR-xml-971208. Announced at the SGML/XML '97 Conference in Washington, D.C. See the press release, or a press release, alternate source. XML WG Chair Jon Bosak clarified the WG's new work focus in coursework light of the publication of dorothy sayers essay this PR.

HTML Format Postscript format Postscript, .ZIP compressed RTF format XML format local archive copy (HTML) Japanese translation of the XML PR, in HTML format and in XML format Associated and ocr a2, referenced NOTE: Comparison of essay SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. Extensible Markup Language - Other Earlier Working Draft Versions. [November 25, 1997] New draft specification for the Extensible Markup Language (XML), published by help, the W3C. References: W3C Working Draft 17-November-1997, WD-xml-971117, Version 1.0. The version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xml-971117; [local archive copy]. Extensible Markup Language (XML). Version 1.0. Sayers. Edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen.

W3C Working Draft 07-Aug-97. WD-xml-970807. From W3C, HTML format, local archive copy in history HTML format In XML format In Postscript format, local archive copy in essay classical Postscript format Part 1: Japanese translation Previous version: Draft 30-June-97. Help. HTML version, Postscript; local archive copy in HTML, or Postscript. Previous version: Draft 31-March-97. from on zero, W3C, from Textuality, local copy Previous version: Draft 14-November-96. HTML version, from W3C. Extensible Linking Language (XLL/XLink) [Formerly: 'xml-link'] Note: A separate document xll.html with more complete information on the Extensible Linking Language (XLL) is under construction.

Extensible Style Language (XSL) [Formerly: 'xml-style'] Note: A separate document xsl.html with more complete information on the Extensible Style Language (XSL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language Proposal [September 11, 1997]. Submission to the W3C by ocr a2 coursework, Microsoft, Inso, and Arbortext for Extensible Style Language (XSL) based on DSSSL. August 27, 1997.

Title: A Proposal for XSL . Reference: NOTE-XSL.html. Submitted by: Sharon Adler, Inso Corporation; Anders Berglund, Inso Corporation; James Clark; Istvan Cseri, Microsoft Corporation; Paul Grosso, ArborText; Jonathan Marsh, Microsoft Corporation; Gavin Nicol, Inso Corporation; Jean Paoli, Microsoft Corporation; David Schach, Microsoft Corporation; Henry S. Thompson, University of Edinburgh; Chris Wilson, Microsoft Corporation. HTML version from W3C. On Zero Policy. XSL proposal local archive copy XSL submission: the overview, and Press release from Microsoft, or press release from ArborText; local archive copy XSL submission: from coursework, Microsoft [January 23, 1998] Formation of a W3C Working Group for XSL. See XSL Information from W3C (Chris Lilley) Software implementations supporting the Proposal for XSL submitted to W3C: XSLJ - Jade-compatible XSL-to-DSSSL translator from Henry Thompson msxsl - Microsoft XSL Processor, Technology Preview XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets docproc - an XML + XSL document processor from Sean Russell ECMAScript is policy, referenced in the XSL proposal. ECMAScript: ECMA-262 JavaScript Language Specification. History. A general purpose scripting language (GPSL), 1997.

Available as PDF, or MS Word, in Win 32 self-extracting binary. Alternately, from ECMA Early proposal (mid-1997): Announcement from gifts for thesis committee members, Jon Bosak for ocr a2 history coursework a draft document that puts the gifts members existing DSSSL Online (dsssl-o) specification in ocr a2 history coursework a form that can easily be made into a Working Draft for XML Part 3. Draft for saison 3 resume discussion [Postscript]. Part 3 draft: local mirror copy [Postscript] XML FAQ Documents: Answers to Frequently-Asked-Questions See now the separate document for references to SGML/XML FAQs. This document cites the earlier versions of the ocr a2 history help XML FAQ (1.5, 1.4, 1.3, 1.2, 1.1) and early translations into dorothy sayers essay, Japanese, Spanish, and Korean.

XML Information Online: Other WWW Sites. SGML, XML, and Structured Document Interchange - W3C activity statement Extensible Markup Language (XML) - W3C Overview Overview of SGML and XML Resources - W3C XML at Sun Microsystems - 'Standards and technologies driving the DOT-COM world' XML Resources - James Clark XML.com - Seybold, O'Reilly, Songline. Includes an index of XML articles from Seybold Publications. XML Resources from Textuality (maintained by ocr a2 history coursework, XML Co-editor, Tim Bray) UNC Sunsite WWW [and FTP] Server, maintained by W3C XML Chair, Jon Bosak XML Community - An Inso XML Forum XML: Some hyperlinks minus the hype. By Philip Wadler (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies). XML (Extensible Markup Language) is compettition, a magnet for ocr a2 coursework help hype: the successor to HTML for web publishing, electronic data interchange, and e-commerce. In fact, XML is just a notation for trees, little more than a verbose variant of tolerance Lisp S-expressions; and a way to define tree grammars, a poor-man's BNF.

Yet this simple basis has spawned scores of specialized sub-languages: for airlines, banks, and cell phones; for astronomy, biology, and chemistry; for the DOD and the IRS. This note is coursework help, a brief guide to web resources that explain XML. Six Sigma Papers. XML Reference Guide - From Web Review InformationWeek XML Toolbox IBM XML Web Site XML Competence Center at history, GMD-IPSI - 'conducting active research on XML-based information systems' XML - Links from James K. Saison 3 Resume. Tauber's XML page XML Files - GCA's XML Magazine. Edited by history coursework help, Dianne Kennedy, published by Norm Scharpf. Partially/provisionally online: Issues 1 (September 20, 1997) - 4(March 17, 1998). Xmlu.com Website XML Software Guide - WDVL xmlTree - Resource listing for a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules. Essay Tolerance Policy. By James Carlyle. XML - Links from The Virtual School of Molecular Sciences (VSMS) XML Resources - Links from ArborText finetuning.com - XML Resources collected by Lisa Rein XML School - Jan Egil Refsnes XML/XSL Resources - from Bryan Van Hook Cafe con Leche XML News and ocr a2 history coursework help, Resources - from Elliotte Rusty Harold Content-X. Focused on the application of dorothy server-side XML. Ocr A2 History Help. XML Adam Rifkin's Collection of Links XML Links - From DataChannel.

Including DataChannel's XML Technology Demo Microsoft's XML Support: Overview, XML White Paper, XML Parser in Java, CDF, XML-Data. Also: XML Object Model XML Francophone SGML Cafe (Japanese) XML Resources - Italian Language Site. Paolo De Lazzaro. Korean XML site from saison 3 resume, Techno 2000 Project Inc. Chinese XML Now! = Chinese XML Web Site. 'A project to help developers of Chinese XML Software.' Chinese XML Site - Open China/Open XML. Korean XML Web site XMLis.com Contact: Kwangmin Lee. World Wide Weave - Weave allows people to publicize new XML-based web sites and ocr a2 history, documents Weave contains only sites that provide content in XML-based markup. XML Information in the Document Interchange Standards Page, OII Standards and Specifications List Section on XML Software Tools in essay remember the titans the SGML/XML Web Page Internet Toolkit - XML.

PC Magazine/ZDNet. XMLshareware.com. XML: Proposed Applications and Industry Initiatives. The XML applications and announced industry initiatives listed below have not been evaluated according to any serious criteria for quality and genuineness. Since the various specifications documents for XML/XLink/XSL are still in some flux, it would often be unfair or difficult to make such a judgment. Obviously, many of these application areas provide exemplary models, having unquestioned integrity and high quality.

Some already play a vital role in profitable commercial enterprise. History Coursework Help. It is six sigma, also to be expected that some early XML/XLink/XSL applications may be merely demonstrations, toys, proof-of-concept applications; still others might be naive or ill conceived. It may be necessary to regard some of these ideas 'in draft' like some of the specifications documents themselves. The good news is this: Net users are seeing clearly that a fixed tag set (like HTML) is not the solution. . . Contents Listing for XML Applications and Industry Initiatives. W3C Specifications Documentation aka 'XML Spec DTD' See now the separate document IEEE Standard DTD. [June 30, 1999] A 'TEI Lite DTD in XML' was made available from the TEI Web site. See the references for ocr a2 coursework help TEI - the XML version in a separate document, and the section 'Academic Applications' for background on the SGML version of the TEI DTD. Channel Definition Format, CDF (Based on XML) Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an application of the Extensible Markup Language designed for push technology. The proposal has been submitted to gifts for thesis committee, the World Wide Web Consortium.

My Netscape Network (MNN) is ocr a2 history coursework help, a free Netcenter service that lets you create your own My Netscape channel. Create an RDF Site Summary (RSS) 0.9 file that describes your content. See description and references in a separate document. Research. Note 'OCS' below. W3C Document Object Model (DOM), Level 1 Specification.

In early January 1999, a W3C Working Draft for the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Specification Version 1.0 (WD-DOM-Level-2-19981228) was released. Ocr A2 Coursework. It defines the Document Object Model Level 2, a platform- and tolerance, language-neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents. The Document Object Model Level 2 builds on the Document Object Model Level 1. Level 2 adds interfaces for a Cascading Style Sheets object model, an event model, and a query interface, amongst others. On October 1, 1998, the World Wide Web Consortium published the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification, Version 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. The Document Object Model is a platform- and language-neutral interface that will allow programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents. Ocr A2 History Coursework Help. The document can be further processed and the results of that processing can be incorporated back into the presented page. The main database entry for the W3C DOM has been moved to a separate document. Web Collections are an application of saison 3 resume XML - a meta-data syntax that fits easily within the framework of the World Wide Web. Web Collections are an history help, application of six sigma research XML, the Extensible Markup Language. In addition, Web Collections can be expressed inside HTML documents or on their own. Ocr A2 History Coursework. In addition they are stylistically similar to HTML to enable easy authoring. . . Essay Remember. Some of the anticipated applications of Web Collections include Web Maps, HTML Email Threading, PIM functions, scheduling, content labeling, and distributed authoring. [work in progress]

Web Collections using XML - March 09, 1997. Ocr A2 History Coursework. By Alex Hopmann, with Scott Berkun, George Hatoun, Yaron Goland, Thomas Reardon, Lauren Antonoff, Eric Berman, and saison 3 resume, others. [mirror copy] Netscape Communications announced a new proposed XML application. According to the notice on ocr a2 help, the Netscape Developer's page: The Meta Content Framework, or MCF, provides a standard way to describe files or collections of information. A new Netsape document describes how to research papers, apply MCF using XML, the Extensible Markup Language. On January 5, 1998, a new (revised) submission on XML-Data was presented to the W3C by Microsoft, ArborText, DataChannel, and ocr a2 history, Inso. Reference: W3C Note 05 Jan 1998. Authors: Andrew Layman, Edward Jung, Eve Maler, Henry S. Thompson, Jean Paoli, John Tigue, Norbert H. Mikula, and Steve DeRose.

According to the introduction, XML-Data describes an XML vocabulary for schemas, that is, for defining and documenting object classes. It can be used for classes which as strictly syntactic (for example, XML) or those which indicate concepts and relations among concepts (as used in relational databases, KR graphs and RDF). The former are called 'syntactic schemas;' the latter 'conceptual schemas.' The text of this NOTE thus provides a specification (XML-Data) for describing and research, exchanging structured and networked data on the Web. Such exchange is facilitated by history coursework help, schemas defining the characteristics of six sigma classes of objects. The objects can be syntactic constructs such as are used in XML instances, or may be more abstract such as are found in databases, information models or directed, labeled graphs. Help. This paper describes an XML vocabulary for schemas. One immediate implication of these ideas is a substantive part of the functionalities of XML document types can now be described using the XML instance syntax itself, rather than DTD syntax. Saison 3 Resume. We expect XML-Data to be useful for a wide range of applications, such as describing database transfers or remotely-located Web resources. [Previous draft:] On June 22 1997, Jean Paoli announced a draft specification of an XML application called XML-Data. The specification is documented in a Position Paper from Microsoft, written by Andrew Layman (Microsoft Corporation), Jean Paoli (Microsoft Corporation), Steve De Rose (Inso Corporation), and Henry S. Thompson (University of coursework Edinburgh), with contributions from Paul Grosso, Sharon Adler, Anders Berglund, François Chahuneau, and Edward Jung. XML-Data is an application of XML for remember exchanging structured data and help, metadata on the Internet.

The paper outlines a number of XML-Data design features which are not in the MCF specification. The position paper has been sent to multiple working groups in the W3C currently dealing with XML and meta-data. XML namespaces provide a simple method for gifts for thesis qualifying names used in Extensible Markup Language documents by associating them with namespaces identified by history, URI. A W3C Working Draft Namespaces in XML was published on September 16, 1998 (WD-xml-names-19980916). Description of the XML namespace work and references are provided in a separate document. Resource Description Framework (RDF) The RDF section currently provides information and references for saison 3 resume both the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification and the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification . The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) - Metadata. The Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN) and ANZLIC Working Group on Metadata created a version 1 draft DTD using SGML.

The ANZMETA DTD Version 1.1 (19th January 1998) now has been written to conform to the requirements of XML 1.0. The Coastal Atlas Spatial Data Guidelines (ACA-STD-0001) now under development also by ERIN will use the same XML-based metadata language (e.g., metadata records for history help the 'Blue Pages' of the Marine and Coastal Data Directory of Australia, [MCDD], which is part of the Australian Coastal Atlas). XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) - Object Management Group (OMG) The design of the XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) represents an extremely important initiative. Essay. It has a goal of unifying XML and related W3C specifications with several object/component modeling standards, as well as with STEP schemas, and more. Ocr A2. Particularly, it would combine the benefits of the web-based XML standard for defining, validating, and sharing document formats on the web with the benefits of the object-oriented Unified Modeling Language (UML), a specification of the Object Management Group (OMG) that provides application developers a common language for specifying, visualizing, constructing, and documenting distributed objects and saison 3 resume, business models. Information on XMI is maintained in ocr a2 history a separate document.

Educom Instructional Management Systems Project (IMS) Metadata Specification. The IMS project has released XML-based technical specifications for how learning materials will flow over the Internet, and for how organizations and individual learners will manage the learning process, [which] have broad support among industry and for thesis committee, among leaders in higher education, training, government, and K-12 schools. Ocr A2 Coursework. See IMS Metadata Specification. Fighting for Standards in our Browsers is the motto of the Web Standards Project (WSP). The Web Standards Project is a collective effort of web developers and end users whose mission is to stop the fragmentation of the web, by persuading the browser makers that common standards are in everyone's best interest. Its goal is to dorothy sayers essay classical, support these core standards of the ocr a2 help World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and to encourage browser makers to do the same, thereby ensuring simple, affordable access to Web technologies for all. At the time of essay compettition WSP's launch (August 10, 1998), standards for the Web included 'Structural Languages' (HTML 4.0, XML 1.0), 'Presentation Languages' (CSS, XSL), 'Object Models' (Document Object Model 1 Core HTML/XML), and 'Scripting' (ECMAScript). HTML Threading - Use of HTML in ocr a2 history Email. On January 27, 1998, the submission of a proposal for HTML Threading: Conventions for Use of HTML in six sigma research papers Email was made to coursework, the W3C by Microsoft Corporation, Lotus Development Corporation, and Qualcomm Corporation.

Reference: W3C NOTE 05-Jan-1998. The document editor is Eric Berman (Microsoft), and authors include Pete Resnick (Qualcomm) and Nick Shelness (Lotus). According to the press release, the HTML Threading Proposal outlines how Extensible Markup Language (XML) can be used to enable data-rich features in HTML email applications. Saison 3 Resume. The document abstract clarifies: As [email] messages go back and history, forth between participants in a discussion, it is interesting to be able to six sigma research papers, track properties of the text in the message and properties of the message itself, such as who wrote what or what message a quoted excerpt is originally from. This proposal defines a mechanism for embedding this information within an email message in history coursework a manner that degrades gracefully to downlevel mail clients. Appendix B of the NOTE provides some sample mail messages using the HTML Threading. Open Software Description Format (OSD) A joint submission was made to W3C on saison 3 resume, August 13, 1997 by Marimba Incorporated and Microsoft Corporation for a proposed Open Software Description Format (OSD). A document 'NOTE-OSD' written by Arthur van Hoff (Marimba, Incorporated), Hadi Partovi and Tom Thai (Microsoft Corporation) bears this abstract: This document provides an initial proposal for help the Open Software Description (OSD) format. OSD, an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), is dorothy sayers, a vocabulary used for describing software packages and their dependencies for heterogeneous clients. We expect OSD to be useful in automated software distribution environments.

The proposed specification has apparently been endorsed by other companies, including CyberMedia, InstallShield Software, LANovation, Lotus Development, and Netscape Communications. [from Net.Com article] And: The goal of the OSD format is to provide an history help, XML-based vocabulary for describing software packages and their inter-dependencies, whether it is essay, user initiated (pulled), or automatic (pushed). XML (eXtensible Markup Language) provides a general method of representing structured data in the form of lexical trees. Using this data model, markup tags in the OSD vocabulary are represented as elements of ocr a2 coursework a tree. The three basic relationships between elements are parent-of, child-of, and sibling-of. Distant relationships can be formed from recursive applications of the three basic ones. XLF (Extensible Log Format) Initiative. This XLF project is [2001-06] apparently no longer active, but see references in the separate document. Saison 3 Resume. See also Log Markup Language (LOGML). WAP Wireless Markup Language Specification (WML)

The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Wireless Markup Language (WML) is a markup language based on XML, and is intended for use in specifying content and user interface for narrowband devices, including cellular phones and history, pagers. Papers. . . Ocr A2 History Help. 'A tag-based display language providing navigational support, data input, hyperlinks, text and image presentation, and forms. A browsing language similar to Internet HTML.' HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol (DRP) On August 25, 1997 a submission entitled The HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol was tendered to the W3C by representatives of Marimba Inc., Netscape Communications Inc., Sun Microsystems Inc., Novell Inc., and At Home Corporation. The goal of the DRP protocol is to significantly improve the efficiency and reliability of data distribution over saison 3 resume, HTTP. . . The DRP protocol uses a data structure called an index, which is currently specified using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Because the index describes meta data, we anticipate using the ocr a2 coursework help Resource Description Format RDF), which was formerly called the Meta Content Framework (MCF), in a future versions of the DRP protocol specification. XML is used in the interim because the RDF standard was not finalized at the time of dorothy essay classical writing. . . The DRP defines the following new features: (1) Content identifiers, using the existing URI specification, which can uniquely identify a piece of content; (2) An index format which can be used to describe a set of files; (3) A new HTTP header field, Content-ID, which is used to obtain the correct version of ocr a2 history coursework a file by specifying a content identifier; (4) A new HTTP header field, Differential-ID, which is used to obtain a differential update for a file. The Chemical Markup Language was documented (July 1998) as an application of essay XML and was demonstrated at WWW6 with the Jumbo Java-based browser for ocr a2 history coursework help XML documents. One of the first interesting XML appliations.

See the separate document for six sigma references: Chemical Markup Language (CML). Bioinformatic Sequence Markup Language (BSML) Description and references for the Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG) project are contained in a separate document Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG). Weather Observation Markup Format (OMF) The Weather Observation Markup Format [or: Weather Observation Definition Format] is an application of ocr a2 history coursework XML used to encode weather observation reports. The goal of the OMF system is to annotate and augment standard weather reports with derived, computed quantities, and to essay, re-cast the history help essential information in a markup format that is easier to papers, interpret, yet completely accurate. Ocr A2 Coursework. The data formats typically used in weather reports (FM 15-X Ext. METAR, FM 16-X Ext. SPECI, FM 51-X Ext. TAF, etc. [constituting] KAWN, WMO feeds . . .) are both incomplete and suboptimal for some processing objectives.

According to a summary from one of OMF's designers, the OMF application thus uses XML for annotating weather observation reports, forecasts and advisories as issued by saison 3 resume, Weather Meteorological Organization (WMO), the National Weather Center and Air Force Global Weather Center. Currently, METAR/SPECI observational reports, Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) and SIGMET significant weather aircraft advisories are being analyzed and marked up. History Coursework Help. The incoming source of data are raw bulletins distributed by KAWN/ADWS or National Weather Service'sGateways. The bulletins are parsed, reports are decoded and stored into a database, which can then be queried. The results of the queries are XML-formatted into OMF documents.

It is always possible to gifts committee, reconstruct original reports by stripping away the ocr a2 history XML markup. The designers are also working on adding other types of reports - Upper Air reports, regional SIGMETs, AIRMETS, Bathythermographs, PIREPS, etc. The markup system is in actual use to distribute the most current annotated weather observations, forecasts and advisories; the essay compettition Navy's Joint Metoc Viewer is one application that can ingest OMF documents and display the ocr a2 history coursework help corresponding data. References for Open Financial Exchange (OFX) are provided in saison 3 resume a separate document. Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) Information on the Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) is provided in a separate document. The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an interoperable framework for Internet commerce. It is payment system independent and coursework, encapsulates payment systems such as SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash, GeldKarte, etc.

OTP is able to handle cases where such merchant roles as the shopping site, the payment handler, the Delivery Handler of goods or services, and saison 3 resume, the provider of customer support are performed by history coursework help, different parties or by one party. Research. OTP Messages are XML documents which are physically sent between the history coursework help different organisations that are taking part in a trade. Information on the [Internet] Open Trading Protocol (OTP) is contained in a separate document. XML Digital Signature (Signed XML - IETF/W3C) The XML-Signature WG is a joint Working Group of the IETF and dorothy sayers essay, W3C. References are provided in a separate document. Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative. Information on the Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative and the Digital Receipt Consortium is referenced in a separate document.

A Network Working Group INTERNET-DRAFT by history coursework help, Hiroshi Maruyama, Kent Tamura, and Naohiko Uramoto (IBM) addresses how digest (hash) values should be defined for general DOM structures. The document is intended to become a Proposed Standard RFC. Compare 'XHASH'. Digest Values for research papers DOM (DOMHASH) draft-hiroshi-dom-hash-00.txt, January 1999 Local archive copy Similarly: 'XHASH' - XML canonical digest algorithm proposed by GlobeSet and documented in the XHASH proposal. This algorithm has been inspired by the DOM-HASH proposal, but operates closer to the surface string of the document. Elements and attributes are subject to formalization in a way quite similar to the one proposed by DOM-HASH - XML delimiters are represented by ocr a2, binary values and entities are replaced by their actual values. However, formalization happens as elements are acquired. Sayers. Furthermore, this algorithm has been tailored for explicit support of the ocr a2 XML Namespaces and it takes into account some specifics of this specification ( e.g. , dsig:eval attribute).

See also: Digital Signatures for XML. By Richard D. Sayers Essay Classical. Brown (GlobeSet, Inc.). January 1999. A syntax and procedures for the computation and ocr a2 history, verification of XML digital signatures is dorothy essay classical, specified. [local archive copy] See also (earlier): Digital Signatures for XML. Help. From the IETF TRADE Working Group. Richard D. Brown, GlobeSet, Inc. November 1998. - The objective of this document is to propose syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of digital signatures applicable to general XML documents. [local archive copy] Signed Document Markup Language (SDML) Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) The BIPS specification includes a protocol for sending payment instructions to banks safely over the Internet and a payment server architecture for processing those payment instructions.

On August 24, 1998, a specification for the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) was published: Bank Internet Payment System Specification Version 1.0. Public Review Draft, August 24, 1998 . Appendix G of the specification supplies the 'XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD)'. BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. The Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) is a project of The Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC). FSTC is a not-for-profit organization whose goal is to enhance the competitiveness of the essay about the movie United States financial services industry; members of the consortium include banks, financial services providers, research laboratories, universities, technology companies, and government agencies. Details: Network Payment Protocol (NPP): BIPS requirements result in ocr a2 a set of functions that must be carried out in the client software. In order to ensure that the client software interfaces with the compettition payment processing systems at each bank in a standard manner, the NPP has been defined and is described in this chapter. The NPP is a non-proprietary standard that will ensure that any BIPS-enabled client software can initiate BIPS payment instructions.

The BIPS model is shown in ocr a2 Figure 4.1. All BIPS messages conform to the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) XML specification. NPP Message Specification, Message Formatting, and Data Encoding: NPP messages will be specified and formatted according to standards described in the XML Version 1.0 specification. XML is a simplified subset of the Standard Generalized Markup Language [SGML, International Standards Organization (ISO) 8879]. XML provides a standard format to describe different types of saison 3 resume data so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly. XML also provides a file format for representing data, a schema for describing data structure, and a mechanism for extending and ocr a2, annotating Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) with semantic information. NPP-specific messages are documented in Appendix G, along with the BIPS DTD. Some characteristics of NPP messages are: 1) all messages are in XML; 2) all messages start with a BIPS XML header; 3) all fields are self-identifying; 4) all messages are signed; 5) all messages include the tolerance originator's certificate; 6) all request messages include a user-supplied transaction number; 7) all response messages include the signature of the user on history coursework help, the original request, and 8) all response messages include both a bank-supplied transaction number and the user-supplied transaction number. BIPS messages contain blocks that describe the classical request or response (a block is an XML element or conglomerate of ocr a2 history help elements). Each BIPS message begins with an XML header that includes the XML version number, document type, a reference to the BIPS DTD file, and for thesis committee, the BIPS version number. A sample BIPS message is ocr a2 coursework, shown in Appendix G.

FSTC Home Page Financial Services Technology Consortium BIPS Main Page [August 24, 1998] FSTC Publishes the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) Specification. - FSTC announced today that its Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) specification has been released for public review and research papers, comment. . . BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by ocr a2 coursework, freely available XML parsers. Download BIPS Specification [local archive copy, 980824] XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD), from the spec 980824. smartX ['SmartCard'] Markup Language (SML) The goal of SML (smartX Markup Language) is to enable automation of all interactions with XML documents providing general methods to research, represent a set of smart device functions. XML supports the creation of coursework marker content that preserves data structure and gifts for thesis, promises web documents to ocr a2 history coursework help, be machine-readable. The SML is an implementation of XML for the smart card industry.

SML also brings to the smart device applications many IDL features that have been implemented in distributed computed and transaction processings.smartX defines a complete framework that encapsulates the development of essay compettition both the ocr a2 coursework smart card and terminal application. By separating the about the movie the titans application process from the application protocol that is ocr a2 help, card-specific, smartX makes possible to gifts for thesis committee, port quickly an application to a new smart card. The innovation of smartX technology relies on a strong description of the smart device data and help, attached processes. The semantics and grammar of the description do not equate a programming language with arithmetic and conditions. Compettition. On the contrary, the data and help, protocol description is built upon the familiar foundations of the smart card industry, which simplifies programming for the developer. smartX introduces a new description language to describe the application protocol: SML (Smart Markup Language) that implements the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for the smart card industry. OpenMLS and RELML - Real Estate DTD Design. Information on OpenMLS and RELML (Real Estate Listing Markup Language) is dorothy, provided in a separate document. Founded in coursework help 1992, the Customer Support Consortium is a group of over 70 leading technology companies who work together to significantly improve customer support by developing innovative new strategies, standards, and programs. Its mission is to develop ways to leverage and share knowledge within and among support organizations. The development of open exchange standards is gifts committee, one of the three principal consortium initiatives.

A subgroup is developing a set of mappings from standards specifications to XML. XML for coursework the Automotive Industry - SAE J2008. In response to dorothy essay classical, requirements from the ocr a2 coursework help 1990 US Clean Air Act, The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has adopted a number of standards under the 'SAE J2008' family of standards designed to provide easy access to emission-related automotive service information. At the heart of this SGML standard is a relational Data Model for Automotive Service Information rather than any particular document model. The SGML definition set forth within J2008 provides a hierarchical representation of the Data Model. In addition, this standard provides models for compettition common text constructs such as tables, paragraphs, lists, and procedures which are found within automotive service information. Recently, as explained by Dianne Kennedy in the presentation XML and the Automotive Industry (XML the Conference 98, Seattle 1998), effort has been made to ocr a2 history, convert the SGML DTD into a version compatible with XML. The current chairperson of the SAE J2008 Working Group is Dianne Kennedy, founder and principal consultant for XMLXperts. [adapted from Dianne Kennedy's overview] [March 09, 1999] A communiqué from dorothy essay, Dianne Kennedy reported on recent efforts by the DTD Working Group for SAE J2008. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2008 DTD Working Group met on March 3, 1999 in ocr a2 history help Detroit.

Among the work items was the essay compettition development of an official XML version of the SAE J2008 DTD for posting automotive service information on the Web. The XML version of the DTD can be found at history coursework, XMLXperts Web site along with a description of how the XML version was created and sample data with a CSS style sheet as a prototype for Web viewing. X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. [May 04, 1998] On May 4, 1998, an announcement was issued by DataChannel and OASIS concerning X-ACT: DataChannel Transfers X-ACT Council to OASIS. XML Market Receives Enhanced Services Through Vendor-Neutral Management of Leading Industry Council. According to the press release, OASIS, the Organization for essay on zero tolerance the Advancement of ocr a2 coursework help Structured Information Standards (formerly SGML Open), announced today that it will take the helm of the XML Active Content Technologies Council (X-ACT) to provide vendor-neutral management and on zero tolerance, enhanced industry services. A press release was issued on history, March 4, 1998 announcing the formation of a new industry technology council, X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. X-ACT is an industry council formed to provide a communications venue for essay remember the titans corporations working to develop real-world XML-based solutions to meet today's business needs, increase awareness about Active Content Technologies and ocr a2, their benefits, and maintain an gifts for thesis members, index to Active Content software. Aligned with all standards bodies, X-ACT specifically focuses on promoting the usage and adoption of XML in real-world applications. . . Ocr A2 History Coursework. Active Content represents all the possible forms of XML as documents, data and meta-data, and the new class of information systems that will allow data or objects to be re-used and saison 3 resume, re-purposed by any application. The new industry group recognizes that XML, a groundbreaking new technology, will spawn a new class of computer applications and transactions (Active Content Technologies) that will enable active content at all levels of networked computing (Desktop, Server, Internet, Intranet, Extranet, VPNs, LANs, WANs).

The eighteen (18) members include, to date: Allaire, Andersen Consulting, Arbor Text, BTG, DataChannel, Daylight Software, Informix, Inso, NexGen SI, OmniMark Technologies, Online Computing Library Center, PLATINUM Technology Solutions, Poet Software, NC Focus, Sybase, Thomson Corporation, Wall Data and WebMethods. Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) The Mathematical Markup Language (W3C Working Draft) is ocr a2 coursework, a specification which defines the Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and content. The goal of MathML is to essay compettition, enable mathematics to ocr a2, be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text.

The document begins with background information on mathematical notation, the problems it poses, and the philosophy underlying the solutions MathML proposes. MathML can be used to encode both mathematical notation and mathematical content. Dorothy Classical. About 25 of the MathML tags describe abstract notational structures, while another 75 provide a way of ocr a2 history coursework help unambiguously specifying the intended meaning of an expression. Additional chapters discuss how the tolerance policy MathML content and presentation elements interact, and how MathML renderers might be implemented and should interact with browsers. Finally, the document addresses the issue of MathML entities (extended characters) and their relation to fonts. [February 24, 1998] MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. Editors: Patrick Ion and Robert Miner. Reference: PR-math-19980224.

Abstract: MathML is a low-level syntax for representing structured data such as mathematics in history coursework help machine-to-machine communication over the Web, providing a much-needed solution for including mathematical expressions over gifts for thesis members, the Web. In developing MathML, the goal was to define an help, XML-compliant markup language that describes the content and presentation of mathematical expressions. This was achieved with MathML. As an effective way to compettition, include mathematical expressions in Web documents, MathML gives control over the presentation and the meaning of such expressions. It does this by providing two sets of coursework markup tags: one set presents the notation of six sigma research mathematical data in ocr a2 history coursework markup format, and the other set relays the semantic meaning of mathematical expressions, enabling complex mathematical and remember, scientific notation to be encoded in an explicit way. As an XML application, MathML capitalizes on XML features and benefits from the wide support of XML. Unlike HTML which was intended as a markup language for use by people, MathML is intended to be used by machines, facilitating the searching and indexing of history coursework mathematical and scientific information.

Software tools that work with MathML render MathML into formatted equations, enabling users to edit mathematical equations much as one might edit HTML text. Several early versions of sayers essay classical such MathML tools already exist, and a number of others, both freely available software and history help, commercial products, are under development. See the press release. Links: [April 07, 1998] Announcement for MathML as a W3C Recommendation Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) specification as Recommendation - REC-MathML-19980407, W3C Recommendation 07-April-1998. [local archive copy, .ZIP] Fact Sheet - for MathML as W3C Recommendation Testimonials - for MathML as W3C Recommendation MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. February 24, 1998. Mathematical Markup Language - W3C Working Draft. January 06, 1998.

WD-math-980106. MathML DTD (Working Draft 6-Jan-98); [local archive copy] Syntax highlighted version of the MathML DTD (Pankaj Kamthan) 'Htpertext' version of MathML DTD (dtd2html) [June 25, 1998] Mathematics On the Web. By Rockford J. Saison 3 Resume. Ross [Computer Science Department, Montana State University]. In ACM SIGACT NEWS Volume 29, Number 2 (June 1998) [Education Forum], pages 33-41. History Help. Review of MathML from the ACM Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory. See: Mathematical Markup Language (XML) - Main entry [August 14, 1998] Note from Eitan Gurari: work done to configure TeX4ht for XML and essay, MathML. See: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/ gurari/temp/xml/ml.html; [local archive copy] Also, the collected documentation.

MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML. (David Carlisle) MathML in Mozilla (Roger B. Sidje, David Fiddes, P. Help. S. Karthikeyan). The priority of the project will be to essay compettition, provide a compact and fast engine that will process MathML and enable Gecko to render mathematical expressions. History Coursework. Another goal is to provide a WYSIWYG interface to gifts for thesis members, MathML. Coursework Help. This will be a graphical equation editor with an internal representation in standard MathML text. TtHMML, a TeX to MathML translator. See Try out TtHMML. NB: 'You need a browser such as Amaya, with MathML support, to see equations.' See: OpenMath Standard. PICS-NG Metadata Model and Label Syntax (W3C WD-pics-ng-metadata-970514.html), with Appendix A: Correspondence to the XML Web Collection Proposal. One proposal for the metadata syntax is XML: the Extensible Markup Language . . .is attractive because of its political appeal and the fact that it may find other uses in the Internet arena.

The full definition of an XML syntax for PICS-NG will be included in on zero policy a future version of this document. [mirror copy] CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) attempts to address a problem faced by ocr a2 history coursework, both users and vendors of Visual Modeling tools and Computer Aided Software and Systems Engineering (CASE) tools: interoperability. Users need to be able to move information from one CASE tool to another in order to essay, develop systems efficiently. They need to move information from a tool to a repository and back. They need to exchange data between repositories.

CDIF is a Family of Standards that lays out a single architecture for exchanging information between modelling tools, and between repositories, and ocr a2 history coursework help, defines the interfaces of the components to implement this architecture. CDIF has been defined by six sigma, the CDIF Division of the history help EIA, an essay about, industry standards committee. CDIF is also being standardized at ocr a2 coursework help, an international level through ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7/WG11. Many of the major modeling, CASE and repository vendors, and some large user organizations have pooled their expertise and resources to develop this Family of papers Standards. Currently, the CDIF Family of Standards has 10 standards as members and history help, more will be added in the future. The CDIF standards development process is open-ended, and driven by the interests of the CDIF member organizations. Gifts For Thesis Committee. Any organization can become a CDIF member and thus influence current and future CDIF work. The CDIF Technical Committee is preparing a specification called the CDIF XML-based Transfer Format . Ocr A2 History Coursework Help. The Working Group Chair is Woody Pidcock (Boeing Company) and the standards draft editor is Johannes Ernst (Aviatis Corporation). A June 1998 draft (CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998) edited by Johannes Ernst outlines the ongoing work of the CDIF Technical Committee on the transfer format. The CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) family of Standards is primarily designed to gifts members, be used as a description of a mechanism for ocr a2 help transferring information between CASE tools. It facilitates a successful transfer when the essay compettition authors of the importing and exporting tools have nothing in common except an agreement to conform to CDIF.

The language that is defined for the Transfer Format also has applicability as a general language for Import/Export from repositories. The CDIF Integrated Meta-model also has applicability as the basis of standard definitions for use in history help repositories. The XML-based CDIF Syntax which allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard is on zero, being provided in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on ocr a2 history, SYNTAX.1 and essay compettition, ENCODING.1. In the version 3 draft document, (Section 5.2 of the ocr a2 help Transfer Format Overview), the for thesis committee relationship of the CDIF Transfer Format to XML is explained: The primary application of the XML standards is document markup. Compared to the HTML document type definition, XML-based document type definitions allow for a more strict definition of the content and ocr a2, content structure. Essay Policy. On the other hand, the exchange of modeling information according to the CDIF architecture requires an even stricter set of rules to be followed than even in history help a strict application of XML. This has two consequences: (a) any CDIF Transfer file employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format is also a legal XML file; (b) the rules to be followed by files employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format cannot be fully captured in an XML DTD alone; instead, this standard defines rules that are mandatory for such an XML-based CDIF Transfer beyond those defined in the DTD. As an example for the latter, consider the rich set of data types for meta-attributes and papers, meta-meta-attributes required to exchange modeling information, and compare them to ocr a2 coursework help, the significantly smaller set of data types provided by XML. Six Sigma Research. When exchanging models with the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format that employ any of the coursework help richer data types, additional rules have to six sigma, be obeyed.

CDIF Man Page Introduction to CDIF. July 1998. By Johannes Ernst, Aviatis Corporation. Draft 3 of XML-based CDIF Transfer Format. Ocr A2 History. The XML-based CDIF Syntax allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard. Essay On Zero Tolerance Policy. This is in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on ocr a2 history, SYNTAX.1 and ENCODING.1. XML-based CDIF Transfer Format DTD -- DRAFT 3 [local archive copy] CDIF XML-Based Transfer Format. Draft 'standard' version 3. CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998. Essay On Zero Tolerance. [local archive copy, 980622] Draft version 2. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL)

Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) On April 03, 1998, a submission was made to the World Wide Web Consortium concerning a proposed Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) . References: W3C NOTE-PGML-19980410, World Wide Web Consortium Note 10-April-1998, URL http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/NOTE-PGML-19980410. The W3C NOTE was submitted by representatives of Adobe Systems Incorporated, International Business Machines Corporation, Netscape Communications Corporation, and Sun Microsystems, Inc. The abstract: This document is the help specification for the Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML). PGML is a 2D scalable graphics language designed to meet both the simple vector graphics needs of casual users and the precision needs of gifts graphics artists. PGML uses the ocr a2 help imaging model common to the PostScript(R) language and Portable Document Format (PDF); it also contains additional features to satisfy the needs of Web applications. The NOTE is characterized as a working document. It is research, not meant to be a complete definition for PGML. Many sections have been left open or have been labeled Ideas for Consideration so that the working group can develop the strongest possible language specification and ensure that it is fully compatible with other W3C standards efforts.

Among the 'Design Principles': PGML should be an XML application and ocr a2, the imaging model is an instance of the RDF data model. . . PGML should be compatible with and fully leverage all related W3C standards efforts. . Six Sigma Papers. .in particular, PGML will be an application of XML. . .[provision for ] exporting the imaging model to the DOM. A W3C 'Comment on PGML Submission' asserts: PGML is coursework, expressed in XML, which allows PGML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained. A sample from Appendix B (minus the pretty-printing): ?XML version=1.0?!DOCTYPE PGML SYSTEM pgml1.0.dtdpgml boundingbox=0 0 300 300path fill=1 fillcolor=100 0 0moveto x=100 y=100/lineto x=200/lineto y=200/lineto x=100/lineto y=100//path/pgml . See the (extracted) Document Type Definition for the Precision Graphics Markup Language, PGML from for thesis committee, Appendix D of the document. On May 28, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission for a proposed Vector Markup Language (VML) from Autodesk Inc., Hewlett-Packard Company, Macromedia, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, and Visio Corporation. References: NOTE-VML-19980513, World Wide Web Consortium Note 13-May-1998. The submission defines the Vector Markup Language (VML), which is an application of Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 which defines a format for the encoding of vector information together with additional markup to describe how that information may be displayed and edited. According to the Introduction in the NOTE, The Vector Markup Language (VML) supports the markup of vector graphic information in the same way that HTML supports the markup of textual information. Within VML the content is composed of paths described using connected lines and curves.

The markup gives semantic and presentation information for the paths. VML is written using the syntax of XML just as HTML is written using the coursework syntax of SGML (the Standard Generalized Markup Language, [ISO 8879]) - XML is a restricted form of SGML. On Zero Tolerance Policy. VML uses Cascading Style Sheets, Level 2 in the same way as HTML to determine the layout of the vector graphics which it contains. Normative references cited in the NOTE include HTML 4.0, CSS1/2, XML 1.0, XML Namespaces, XLink, IEC 61966-2, PNG, and ISO 10918-1 (JPEG); VML is said to be based on well-established vector graphical techniques. From the W3C Comment on the VML Submission: VML is expressed in XML, which allows VML graphics to ocr a2 history coursework help, be modified with style sheets along with the essay compettition document in which they are contained.

The submitters have clearly given thought to ocr a2, style sheet binding, to the necessary stylistic differences between editors and viewers, and to containment in HTML; they have also taken care to address the points in the W3C Requirements document. WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on committee, the Web. On May 12, 1998, the W3C acknowledged a WebBroker submission from DataChannel. DataChannel, Inc. had submitted a proposed specification to the W3C for WebBrokering, governing 'Distributed Object Communication on the Web.' WebBroker, which falls under the W3C HTTP-NG Activity, represents an attempt at unifying interface technology used in history coursework existing distributed object systems like CORBA, DCOM, and RMI but is for thesis committee, based on help, XML, HTTP/1.1 and essay compettition, traditional CGI technology for easier integration into the existing Web model. The submission is history coursework, composed of five separate documents: WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on research papers, the Web (NOTE-webbroker-19980511, authored by John Tigue and ocr a2 history coursework, Jon Lavinder) ObjectMethodMessages DTD AnonymousData DTD TerseAnonymousData DTD InterfaceDef DTD. The abstract: This document provides a specification (WebBroker document type definitions, or WebBroker DTDs) for describing and exchanging structured messages between software components on the Web. Gifts For Thesis Committee. Such exchange is facilitated by the DTDs which describe the structure of the history help messages (method requests and method responses) and which also describe the interfaces of the software components themselves. The AnonymousData DTD describes a simple way of expressing the data type of structures which works within XML 1.0 and is designed to work with XML-Data. The ObjectMethodMessages DTD describes how to represent, in XML documents, the serialized messages between software components.

ObjectMethodMessages uses the AnonymousData DTD and is modeled after DCE RPC Request and Response PDUs. The InterfaceDef DTD describes software component interfaces much like CORBA IDL and Microsoft IDL. Gifts For Thesis Committee Members. One immediate implication of these ideas is that there can now be a unified Web publishing and traditional client/server programming model which work over HTTP 1.1. We expect the ocr a2 history help WebBroker DTDs to be useful for enabling many organizations to implement a mature yet simple and easy to reproduce model of distributed computing on essay remember, the Web. Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) The Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) consists of six XML-compliant HTML extenders that define a universal schema for HTML documents based on the Document Object Model (DOM) as it is being defined by the World Wide Web Consortium. Submission of ocr a2 history coursework a specification for the Web Interface Definition Language [WIDL] to W3C by on zero policy, webMethods, Inc. According to the abstract, the document provides the specification for the Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL), a metalanguage that implements a service-based architecture over the document-based resources of the World Wide Web.

WIDL is an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML); it allows interactions with Web servers to be defined as functional interfaces that can be accessed by remote systems over standard Web protocols, and provides the structure necessary for generating client code in languages such as Java, C/C++, COBOL, and ocr a2 history help, Visual Basic. WIDL enables a practical and cost-effective means for gifts members diverse systems to be rapidly integrated across corporate intranets, extranets, and the Internet. Short Take: WIDL submitted to history help, W3C as standard. By Tim Clark. CNET News.com , October 13, 1997, 2:15 p.m. PT. [August 29, 1997] Announcement from essay compettition, webMethods Inc. that the core of its Web Automation technology has been built around the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Ocr A2. webMethods' Web Automation product suite now uses XML to define automated access to Web data and services, and about, can be used against existing HTML or new XML-based Web resources. . . Web Automation technology is based on webMethods' Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) 2.0, an XML application that defines Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to Web data and ocr a2 help, services. Essay On Zero Tolerance Policy. [local archive copy] WIDL Description See also: Building Blocks: Turning the coursework help Web Into a Data Source, by Leslie Marable. From Web Week , Volume 3, Issue 11, April 21, 1997. [mirror copy] [March 04, 1998] Free Web Automation Toolkit for gifts for thesis committee members XML HTML - from webMethods Inc. Submission - local archive copies. XML and history help, EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). EDI works by providing a collection of standard message formats and element dictionary in a simple way for businesses to exchange data via any electronic messaging service. . Tolerance Policy. . XML/EDI provides a standard format to describe different types of data -- for example, a loan application, an invoice, healthcare claim, project status -- so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly by implementing EDI dictionaries. Thus by combining XML and EDI we create a new powerful paradigm! (Dubbed by the designers as An idea almost as good as peanutbutter and ocr a2 history help, chocolate!)

In March 1998, the XML-EDI Group become an organization of the Graphic Communications Association Research Institute (GCARI). GCARI, an affiliate of Graphic Communications Association (GCA) in Alexandria, Va. GCA is a technical management association in the publishing and essay, printing industries that has supported XML since its creation. XML/EDI Overview Main XML/EDI Page for history help the XML/EDI Group -- an ad hoc group of six sigma research papers professionals and volunteers in various industries. Help. Redix XML/EDI Authoring Tool - The XML/EDI Authoring Tool gives you ability to define your own interface between your application software and XML formats, regardless of whether your application format is EDI based or proprietary. Saison 3 Resume. Several examples are provided in this tool. These include X12, EDIFACT, HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of coursework help 1996), Oracle ERP, and SAP. We also provide a tutorial that guides you through the steps to interface with the XML/EDI Authoring Tool. Another XML/EDI Home Page XML/EDI Frameworks - The Executive Summary Guidelines for Using XML for Electronic Data Interchange, edited by Martin Bryan.

Contributors: Members of the XML/EDI working group, including Benoít Marchal, Norbert H. Mikula, Bruce Peat, and David R. R. Webber. Version 0.04, 23rd December 1997. [local archive copy, version 0.04]; [archive copy, version 0.02] The Role of Document Type Definitions in Electronic Data Interchange. By Martin Bryan. Internet Explorer 5.0 XML/EDI Demonstration using Intelligent XSL Stylesheets. By Martin Bryan. Guidelines for using XML for Electronic Data Interchange [variant of preceding document] Answers to essay, Frequently Asked Questions, by Martin Bryan. [archive copy] EDI and XML time for ocr a2 history help a dual approach?, by Bruce Peat; [archive copy] Advantages of including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) entities with eXtensible Markup Language (XML), by saison 3 resume, Bruce Peat with XML assistance from Richard Light. [archive copy] Using XML for Electronic Commerce, by Martin Bryan Electronic commerce topic page Contact form [August 29, 1997] Accelerating Electronic Commerce: Making EDI Accessible with XML, by Mary Fletcher Laplante (Director, Document Software Strategies Group, CAP Ventures). Published in Document Software Strategies Analysis 2/29 (August 15, 1997); [local archive copy] [February 02, 1998] XML/EDI XML/XSL Example - Fill-In-Form (Betty Harvey) A form developed as a test scenario for ordering product and creating an XML/EDI message. Ocr A2 History Help. [March 11, 1998] XML-EDI Group Becomes a GCARI Organization. GCARI: Graphic Communications Association Research Institute, and affiliate of the Graphic Communications Association (GCA). [local archive copy] According to a press release of July 27, 1998, the saison 3 resume objectives of the working group are to: 1) Develop draft standards on repositories for submission to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Object Management Group (OMG), and UN/EDIFACT working groups; 2) Establish a formal working group to coordinate proposal development; 3) Provide a technical forum for individuals involved in repository development to ocr a2 coursework help, participate; 4) Offer links among disciplines and standards such as W3C's XML, as well as OMG's UML (Unified Modeling Language) and MOF (Meta-Object Facility); 5) Provide a means for vendors who have announced products based on research papers, open standards on this topic to offer their ideas. Ocr A2 Help. The first draft is anticipated for an availability date of September 30, 1998.

For the purposes of this discussion group, the term EDI shall include business-to-business, business-to-consumer, and consumer-to-business exchanges of sayers essay classical XML formatted and structured data or information. Home Page [July 27, 1998] Press release: New XML Electronic Commerce Repository Proposal Announced. Adapted from the press release in coursework help RTF format Announcement - Press release from GCA Project Overview and Focus [local archive copy] Project Goal, Objectives, and saison 3 resume, Discussion Topics; [local archive copy] Press releases Position Statement on Global Repositories for help XML. Gifts Members. - By The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.98, July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: Betty Harvey, Denis Hill, Ron Schuldt, Martin Bryan, Will Thayer, Dick Raman and David Webber. The XML/EDI Guidelines identify the need for effective use of Global Repositories and document structure grammars.

This paper discusses the ocr a2 coursework implementation of such technologies and essay about the movie remember the titans, the bringing together of related ongoing efforts in ocr a2 coursework this field. See also http://www.xmledi.com/repository/xml-rep.htm Preliminary Findings and six sigma research papers, Recommendations on the Representation of X12 Data Elements and ocr a2, Structures in XML X12C Ad Hoc Task Group on the use of six sigma research XML with X12 EDI. DRAFT Version 0.03a, July 31, 1998. Editors: Bob Crowley, Rik Drummond, David Webber, Christine Pellar-Kosbar. Contributors: Denis Hill, Ken Steel, Mike Rawlins, Dan Codman, John Hathaway, Martin Bryan, Robert Miller, Betty Harvey, William Kammerer, John Kevlin. Ocr A2 History. UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-Edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.92. July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: David Webber, Klaus-Dieter Naujok.

The international EDI community has developed OO-edi over gifts for thesis committee, the past three years as an implementation neutral framework for the future architecture of EDI. XML/EDI has emerged over the last twelve months as the ocr a2 history help implementation and deployment method of choice for next generation of electronic business facilitation via the Internet. This paper shows how these two technologies are completely compatible and saison 3 resume, strongly complimentary. Ocr A2 Help. XML/EDI emerges as the implementation method of choice for FVS (Functional Service View) of Open-edi, and Open-edi BOV (Business Operational View) provides the means to underpin the dorothy sayers physical implementation methods of coursework XML/EDI with design, process and logic verification to ensure robust and efficient systems development and architectures. Two representation methods provide the link between the two: Universal Model Language (UML), and Extensible Markup Language (XML). UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-edi Compatibility With XML/EDI.

From the XML/EDI Group. July 1998. Six Sigma Papers. [local archive copy] The European XML/EDI Pilot Project is ocr a2, being run as part of the Information Society Standardization System within the European Committee for Standardization (CEN/ISSS) open workshop on Electronic Commerce. [The objective of the saison 3 resume project is] to test the ocr a2 history coursework help applicability of XML for saison 3 resume interchanging data, between SMEs and their business partners, of the type currently exchanged using EDI messages. The project will build on the findings of existing and proposed European initiatives on the use of XML for EDI data interchange. The EEMA EDI Work Group would like to propose to history, CEFACT the establishment of a Global Repository for the translation of XML tags in six sigma UN/EDIFACT and human language on the Internet. The EEMA EDI Working Group is prepared to assist in the set up and ocr a2 coursework help, operation of such a repository, which could be crucial in the advancement of the use of committee members EDI over the Internet. . . . When the fusion between ANSI X12, EDIFACT and coursework, all other EDI standards takes place in a proper way it should be under the auspices of the UN so it is global, public domain, open and available for saison 3 resume anyone. Today this is not the case with the ANSI standards and many other EDI standards that are only available at considerable cost. Of course today the EDIFACT standard is already in the public domain and can easily be obtained through the coursework Internet.

. . .there could be a relatively easy fusion between EDIFACT and ANSI X12. Essentially every data-element one can find in ANSI or in EDIFACT could be placed inside the XML/EDI file. What would be required is to gifts, set up a repository in which the tags for the XML files are listed with the corresponding EDIFACT data-element number, the corresponding ANSI X12 element number, and a description. . . By setting up one global repository on the Internet, CEFACT can assume responsibility for the creation of new tags based on a corresponding EDIFACT data-element number and the standard description, while other organizations can assume responsibility for a language code or the corresponding element number in coursework different standards. Even if XML/EDI is essay, not the ultimate solution, a global repository would be extremely useful for conventional EDI and other forms of EC, because it would provide an independent Data Dictionary which could be used by applications. As of Fall 1999, there was a proliferating activity of ocr a2 X12-XML initiatives [which] reflects the essential foundation the X12 standard provides to a multitude of emerging e-commerce technologies. See the separate document. Information and Content Exchange (ICE) On October 26, 1998, the saison 3 resume W3C acknowledged receipt of help a submission from Adobe Systems Incorporated, CNET Incorporated, Microsoft Corporation, Sun Microsystems Inc., and tolerance policy, Vignette Corporation, in ocr a2 history help the form of a NOTE: The Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol.

Other information on the Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol is provided in a separate document. In an gifts for thesis committee members, announcement made today by Patrick Gannon, Executive Director of CommerceNet's Information Access Portfolio, at the XML Developers' Day program being held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, CommerceNet gave its full support to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) development of the Working Draft Requirements for the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and history help, launched its international industry initiative to demonstrate commercial viability of on zero policy XML in Internet Commerce. The CommerceNet initiative is designed to close the time gap between the development of industry standards and implementation of ocr a2 coursework open, interoperable applications in the electronic commerce arena. Essay Compettition. The multifaceted program involves development of ocr a2 history coursework help examples, demonstrations and a showcase of member applications. The goal is to accelerate the adoption of XML as a key technology for the realization of efficient Internet Commerce. . . Research. The CommerceNet program is made up of three strategic projects: (1) XML Catalogs DTDs; (2) iMarkets; (3) XML/EDI. RosettaNet is ocr a2 coursework help, a global business consortium creating the electronic commerce framework to align processes in the IT supply chain. See the independent document for for thesis references. IETF Internet Draft draft-kristensen-xml-map-00.txt. By Anders Kristensen.

Hewlett-Packard Laboratories. This document proposes an XML encoding for sets of ocr a2 coursework help named values. The primary application is as a transmission format for form values being submitted to a processing agent over the Web. The main advantage over other form value encodings is that it allows field names to be associated with structured values without resorting to non-XML encodings. The multipart/related MIME type is used for carrying non-XML media. Capability Card: An Attribute Certificate in XML. This IETF INTERNET DRAFT for a 'Capability Card' describes basic ideas and data components of 'Capability Card,' which is dorothy essay, a kind of attribute certificates designed from the standpoint of a secure communication framework on the Internet. Similar to the SPKI certificates, a capability card can be used to grant a person particular access privileges to ocr a2, resources like WWW pages, IRC channels, and message boxes. In addition, it can carry a variety of descriptive information about the saison 3 resume issuer, the resources, and ocr a2 coursework, the privileges specified in it. A capability card is written in XML, which is becoming a standard format rapidly for the internet data exchange. Consequently, users can handle various information in capability cards visually with an XML viewer.

This is a fairly desirable feature for the existing internet services. In this document, following the dorothy sayers essay classical motivation and ocr a2 history help, the basic concepts, the elements of XML DTD of capability cards are described. Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TCIF/IPI) The recent revision of the TIM DTD toward version 2 has been motivated, in part, by a desire of the subcommittee to make this news industry DTD XML compliant. Information Products Interchange (IPI) is a working committee of the Telecommunications Industry Forum.

IPI was established to select standards and guidelines capable of allowing the essay interchange of a variety of ocr a2 information products for the telecommunications industry . . . Most of the essay the movie the titans IPI Committee's published work has to do with the history help Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TIM, an SGML DTD) and essay the titans, the Telecommunications Electronic Document Delivery Package (TEDD). The TIM Document Type Definition (DTD) is a specification for help describing the structure of papers telecommunications and other technical documents . . . based largely on early versions of the coursework help DocBook DTD developed by essay about remember the titans, the Davenport Group. TIM 1 was approved as a TCIF Guideline in ocr a2 coursework help December 1995, and revisions for TIM 2 were begun in December 1996. As described in the TCIF Information Publication TCIF-IPI-97-004 (Issue 1, 10/24/97), several of the DTD changes were aimed at making the TIM 2 specification XML compliant. These included changes to the SGML declaration, removal of essay inclusion and exclusion exceptions from content models, implementation of external cross-references through URLs, restricting the attribute data types to the XML-valid AttType values ('TokenizedType' -- in particular, NMTOKEN for NAME, NUMBER, and NUTOKEN), and restriction of PCDATA to content models having repeatable 'OR groups'. Thus: except for changes to ocr a2 history help, adapt to the not-yet-finished XLL linking specification, TIM is already XML-complaint and ready for the next generation of browsers. Main database entry, with summary and bibliographic references: TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange) Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange (TCIF - IPI) Committee Home Page TIM DTD Telecommunications Interchange Markup, alias Technical Information Markup DTD [March 06, 1998] Comments from essay, Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the XML DTD issues (v. 203, 204).

Version 2.0.4 has introduced all-lower-case names (a decision based upon XML case-sensitivity rules) and implemented other minor changes to coursework, allow (optionally) better compatibility with TEDD and XML. [March 06, 1998] See http://bigbird.bellcore.com/TCIF/lib/sgml/ as of this date for TIM DTD draft version 2.0.4. Alternate locations: ftp://ftp.bellcore.com/pub/world/TCIF/ or http://www.atis.org/atis/tcif/. Compettition. The change history describes the `XML compliance' issues in 2.0.4. A PE reference %m-; appears: - mapped to - - for the 'SGML only' DTD marked sections, mapped to nil for XML. Ocr A2 History. The ZIP archive for the DTD. [April 21, 1998] Note from research papers, Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on ocr a2 coursework help, the Availability of XML-compliant TIM. Dated 1998-03-06. Further details on XML-compliant version of TIM (2.1.1) as of essay April 21, 1998; [2.1.1 local archive copy, 19980421] Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) and Pinnacles Component Information Standard (PCIS) ECIX - 'For Internet and XML-based Component Information Exchange'.

The Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) project is dedicated to ocr a2 history coursework help, designing standards for creation, exchange and use of electronic component information, including ASIC cores. The ECIX architecture and standards are extensible, unambiguous, well documented and are maintained under the direction of Si2. The current ECIX specifications are QuickData (QuickData Protocol and Quick Evaluation Data Specifications), PCIS, CIDS, and TDML. Details on the new ECIX QuickData specifications for real-time business-to-business Internet transactions (based on XML) are accessible [via the gifts for thesis Web site]. A new, XML-based version of PCIS (Version 1.5) was announced in June at ocr a2 history help, DAC '99.

ECIX Component Information Dictionary Standard (CIDS) The aim of the Component Information Dictionary Standard is to provide authors and for thesis committee members, users of component information with a computer sensible dictionary of characteristic properties of components, allowing for a common and unambiguous understanding of those characteristics. ECIX has created a CIDS dictionary in ocr a2 help support of the ECIX Quick Evaluation Data Specification, and is working with NIST, IEC (61360) and JEDEC organizations to essay, realize CIDS dictionaries for those industry standard dictionaries. A new XML-based version of CIDS (Version 1.9) was announced in June at DAC '99. The US Library of Congress and several research level institutions have been engaged in history coursework help the collaborative work of the essay EAD (Encoded Archival Description) initiative for several years. Coursework Help. These institutions use the EAD DTD, and currently encode their archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) or in XML.

The EAD Document Type Definition (DTD) represents the formal part of a standard for about encoding archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and the Extensible Markup Language (XML). This standard is maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress (LC) in partnership with the Society of American Archivists. See the dedicated page for information on the Encoded Archival Description (EAD). A communique from Junichi Suzuki (The Graduate School of Computer Science, Keio University) describes an XML application proposed as the UML eXchange Format (UXF). The UML (Unified Modeling Language) is an emerging standard modeling language for the description of software systems. History Coursework. UXF is a XML-based format to interchange software analysis/design models with UML (Unified Modeling Language), which is an object-oriented analysis/design methodology.

According to the description on the UXF Web site, the project addresses how UML (Unified Modeling Language) models can be interchanged and gifts committee members, proposes an application-neutral format called UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). It is a format powerful enough to express, publish, access and exchange UML models, and a natural extension from the existing Internet environment. It serves as a communication vehicle for developers, and as a well-structured data format for development tools. With UXF, UML models can be distributed universally. UXF is thus expected to support intercommunications between software developers, interconnectivity between development tools, and a natural and transparent extension from the existing Web environment. Ocr A2. Several related DTDs are now available or in for thesis draft: Parent DTD for all subset DTDs, DTD for class diagrams, DTD for collaboration diagrams, DTD for history help statechart diagrams, UXF DTD for sequence diagrams. The designers are using 'XSL' stylesheets for UXF data.

Links: UML - Unified Modeling Language Version 1.4 of the UML Documentation set was scheduled for release in essay tolerance policy April of 1999. Main UXF Page UXF Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Making UML Models Exchangeable over history help, the Internet with XML: UXF Approach. By Junichi Suzuki and for thesis, Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Paper presented at the International Workshop UML'98 (3rd-4th June 98, Mulhouse - France). Available in Word97, PDF, and Postscript formats. [local archive copy] Managing the Software Design Documents with XML. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto, Keio University. History Coursework. Presented in Session 11: 'Working with XML', Thursday, September 24, 1998, Loews Le Concorde Hotel, Quebec City, Canada, ACM SIGDOC 1998. In the software engineering community, Unified Modeling Language (UML) has been widely accepted as an object-oriented software analysis/design methodology, since it provides most of the about the movie remember the titans concepts and notations that are essential for documenting object oriented models. UML, however, does not have an explicit format for interchanging its models intentionally. This paper addresses this lack and history help, proposes UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models, based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). Saison 3 Resume. [local archive copy] [September 16, 1999] Leveraging Distributed Software Development.

By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. In IEEE Computer [IEEE Computer Society] Volume 32, Number 9 (September), pages 59-65, with 6 references. Toward the Interoperable Software Design Models: Quartet of UML, XML, DOM and ocr a2, CORBA. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Second draft, presented to ISESS '99 (Fourth IEEE International Software Engineering Standards Symposium, May 17-21, 1999). This paper addresses a standard-based UML model interchange and presents our effort to make UML interoperable. We developed a XML-based exchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) and a distributed model management system for saison 3 resume UML. Coursework Help. The system leverages the team development, reuse of design models and tool interoperability by interchanging the model information with XML through the Document Object Model (DOM) interface that is essay tolerance, implemented on ocr a2 history coursework help, top of CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). DOM provides a platform and programming language neutral interface to manipulate the content, structure and style of documents. [local archive copy] Making UML Models Interoperable with UXF. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. This paper addresses the UML model interchange and presents our efforts to make UML highly interoperable.

We developed an dorothy sayers classical, interchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] Archived Samples (DTDs, instances, stylesheets) in a .ZIP collection, 19980528 Contact: Junichi Suzuki. Email suzuki@yy.cs.keio.ac.jp; WWW: http://www.yy.cs.keio.ac.jp/ suzuki/jsuzuki.html Compare: UML-Xchange from ocr a2, Normand Rivard, 07-09-98. UML-Xchange is essay compettition, a SGML DTD for exchanging data models between CASE tools that use the UML language. History Help. All of the six kinds of UML diagrams are supported. Dorothy. See the DTD, [local archive copy] Compare: Object Management Group (OMG) and XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI). Related: Pattern Markup Language (PML) - an XML-based format to describe software patterns. . Help. . The Movie The Titans. PML internally uses UXF. Information on ocr a2 history help, the LISA/OSCAR 'TMX' DTD for saison 3 resume translation memory exchange is provided in a separate document. P3P Syntax Specification: Platform for Privacy Preferences. [March 23, 1998] Frontier 5 is now an XML database with a programming and storage model. . .; see http://www.scripting.com/frontier5/xml/code/.

[January 1998] In one of a series of articles on XML, Frontier 5 and XML: Scripting News in XML, Dave Winer describes how he puts Scripting News in XML. The [publication] format is ocr a2 history coursework help, regular enough so that with a reasonable script I can also generate a new format called scriptingNews format, that could be read by a new kind of six sigma research browser, specially designed to carry news items with links, a possible picture, and a rare comment from my evilTwin. Ocr A2 Coursework. [. ] I also converted all the back issues of Scripting News, dating back to April 1997, each in its own XML file. Through the InterX.org initiative, SGML Open and its members pledge to promote: (1) open standards; (2) elimination of gifts committee proprietary extensions; (3) complete interoperability. The name 'InterX.org' embodies the concepts of XML and serves as an abbreviation for ocr a2 coursework help interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international. Press Release: SGML Open Launches InterX.org Initiative in Support of six sigma research XML.

Monday September 22 3:14 PM EDT. Lead paragraph: SGML Open, the international consortium dedicated to promoting structured document and data interchange based on ocr a2 coursework help, the SGML family of standards, today announced the sayers essay adoption of a new initiative, InterX.org. Serving as a forum and resource center for developers and users of XML tools, InterX.org will work to bridge the gap between the XML specification and tool interoperability. 'InterX.org' represents the concepts of ocr a2 interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international -- together with XML. Essay The Movie. Information on 'InterX.org' from SGML Open. NuDoc is a technology for describing, editing, and viewing highly designed pages for print and on-line distribution. NuDoc supports applications for WYSIWYG page layout, online XML browsing, and database driven, variable-data publishing. In NuDoc, a document object is made of history help style, content, and page layout sub-objects. Saison 3 Resume. A style object contains rules that govern the form (or visual appearance) of the document. Content elements such as words, images, movies, etc. are organized into a tagged tree structure that represents the logical organization of the information (sections, sub-sections, etc.).

The W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the default content data representation. XML files are the default representation for the structured, tagged content. NuDoc reads and writes XML content files during the ocr a2 history authoring process. NuDoc's TSL files are used to define the style sheets. For rapid saving and restoring of the entire document object's state, NuDoc can save to disk (and re-read) the post-composition document containing the style, content, and resulting page layouts (including all user edits and mark-up) to an external XML-format checkpoint file. Finally, if the essay remember the titans shared content feature is required, external shared content is stored in yet another XML format file. [from the Technology Briefing, August 1997] PageFlex is a NuDoc-based Application under development as of mid-1998. PageFlex is ocr a2 history help, a high-end solution built from modular components and open standards. It is the first solution to use XML as the intermediate data format between databases and the page composition process. The output formatter is based on Bitstream's revolutionary NuDoc page composition engine, NuDoc offers unprecedented control over the graphic design of page templates while maintaining a strict separation of form from the input XML content. Coins: Tightly Coupled JavaBeans and gifts for thesis committee, XML Elements.

Coins is a programming project undertaken by coursework, Bill la Forge. Description: A coin has two faces, an XML element and an instance of six sigma research a JavaBean: a) the XML element is the persistent form, an b) the JavaBean instance is the runtime form. One of the primary operations of a coins program is the binding of XML element types to ocr a2 history help, specific Java classes. In some cases (runtime program composition), an initial set of bindings is assumed and papers, the XML document being processed uses that initial set to specify additional bindings in a bootstrapping process. The bindings used to process a document are not always fixed, but are often determined by the application or server processing the document. In these cases, the XML document is simply a vehicle for moving information between applications, and the coins technology simply provides the means for processing that document.

A particularly interesting feature of coins is ocr a2 coursework, its use of hyper-links. Essay. Java serialization has no equivalent capability, forcing the .ser files generated by Java serialization to be self-contained. . . Coins Web site: http://www.jxml.com Coins Overview XML-Based Components: Coins. Presentation to ACM Greater Boston Web Tech Chapter, by Bill la Forge Source and ocr a2 help, Documentation Contact: Bill la Forge. [June 21, 1998] Two-faced Coins Catching On. By Jeff Walsh. In InfoWorld Electric (June 19, 1998) Posted at 4:56 PM PT. A new programming paradigm called Coins is essay compettition, gaining momentum with developers as a way to deliver JavaBeans using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) without the need for Java serialization. DMTF Common Information Model (CIM)

On October 19, 1998, The Desktop Management Task Force, Inc. (DMTF) announced the availability of its XML Encoding Specification for the encoding of the Common Information Model (CIM) schema in XML. Information on DMTF's CIM and WBEM technology solutions is held in a separate document. Process Interchange Format XML (PIF-XML) On June 12, 1998, Jeffrey Ricker posted an ocr a2 history help, announcement for for thesis members an initial design of history coursework help PIF-XML (Process Interchange Format XML). PIF is an papers, interchange format designed to ocr a2 history, help automatically exchange process descriptions among a wide variety of business process modeling and support system such as workflow software, flow charting tools, process simulation systems, and process repositories. PIF itself is based on the Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF), which is in turn based on LiSP.

Since both LiSP and XML are text-based and nested trees, the translation is relatively straightforward. However, PIF also includes an object-oriented design with inheritance, which does not directly translate into XML. The initial work attempts a direct translation of PIF version 1.2, and is not optimized for six sigma economy in XML; a provisional DTD and example encoded PIF-XML document are available. Ontology and history coursework, Conceptual Knowledge Markup Languages. QAML is a new language created using XML. The purpose of QAML is to provide a more specific format for documents dealing with questions and answers. Why use QAML instead of HTML?

Because unconstrained HTML is too powerful and committee, loose! In particular QAML is meant for FAQs, or Frequently Asked Questions. Ocr A2 History Help. QAML was originally meant to be a broader language, but we have decided to focus it specifically on FAQs. Research. We are programming a CGI which will format QAML documents and convert them to HTML, so it will be possible to implement QAML without having to worry about ocr a2 coursework help when XML browsers are commonplace. Rick Jelliffe (ricko@gate.sinica.edu.tw) has helped us to make QAML fully XML-compliant. We have posted the new, full XML QAML DTD. [October 07, 1999] New version of the DTD.

[February 26, 1999] A recent communiqué from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica Computing Centre) announces a 'Call for Comments' on sayers essay classical, a proposed XML DTD for 'Frequently Asked Questions' documents. The new QAML 2.0X XML DTD is based on the QAML 1.0 SGML DTD, with backwards-compatible augmentations for XML, I18N (internationalization), XLL [XLink] hypertext linking, style, accessability and tracking. Comments on the proposed DTD are solicited by the authors, Justin Higgins of digitalNation Network Services, and Rick Jelliffe. The XML DTD is available online from the FAQ.org website (http://www.faq.org/qaml/) and from the ocr a2 coursework help 'Chinese XML Now!' website (http://www.ascc.net/xml/). LACITO Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles [Linguistic Data Archiving Project]

Boyd Michailovsky (LACITO/CNRS, project coordinateur) forwarded a communique concerning a linguistic data archiving project which uses XML and SGML encoding. Members. Principal investigators include Boyd Michailovsky, John B. Lowe, and Michel Jacobson. The 'Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles', under the auspices of the larger LACITO programme (Laboratoire de langues et civilisations à tradition orale) and direction from CNRS, concentrates on the encoding, archiving, and distribution of speech data, particularly for rare languages that are researched within the unit. The main source of data for the project is the mass of history coursework help documents recorded and transcribed in the field by members of the LACITO over the last thirty years. These unique recordings, mainly of spontaneous speech in six sigma research unwritten languages, serve as the basis for research on the languages and ocr a2 help, the cultures concerned. Some of the compettition transcriptions and translations have been published, but the original sound recordings have never been published or properly archived. . . An explicit XML (Extensible Markup Language) markup has been adopted for the text materials. In many cases, older documents whose structure is implicit are marked up automatically by program. The interlinearized text (annotated and ocr a2 coursework help, glossed) is displayed using XSL stylesheets. Audio portions corresponding to essay, the encoded text are aligned using XML linking elements. . History Help. .The structure of the gifts for thesis committee XML documents prepared by the project is defined by a DTD (Document Type Definition); all project documents are validated using public-domain tools. c/o Boyd Michailovsky. 44 rue de l'Amiral Mouchez.

75014 Paris, FRANCE. GedML: [GEDCOM] Genealogical Data in XML. GedML is a way of encoding genealogical data sets in XML. Ocr A2 History Help. It combines the well-established GEDCOM data model with the new XML standard for encoding complex information. The result is a representation that can easily be converted to and from GEDCOM, but can be manipulated much more easily using standard tools. See now the essay tolerance policy document Genealogical Data and XML for information on GedML and other specifications using XML for ocr a2 history coursework help genealogical information. Newspaper Association of papers America (NAA) - Standard for Classified Advertising Data. The NAA Classified Advertising Standards Task Force was organized by the NAA Technology Department to facilitate the electronic exchange of classified ads. Ocr A2 History Coursework. References to the commmitte work and the XML DTD are provided in dorothy sayers classical a separate document.

The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC) has made an XML version of the ocr a2 coursework NITF (News Industry Text Format) DTD available from its Web site. Description and references are found in a separate document. As of January 1999, a News Markup Language (NML) was under development through the effort of the American Press Institute's Media Center. In a meeting of April 1999, it was decided to incorporate the requirements for NML into the NITF design and development work. Further information is provided in a separate document. An announcement for a new XML application initiative (Notes Flat File Format Initiative) was posted by Sean McGrath on May 14, 1998. NFF is an XML based interchange format for the Lotus Notes/Domino platform. The NFF DTD supports the majority of the constructs that can occur in sayers essay classical Lotus Notes data such as structured fields, rich text, doclinks, import objects and so on.

Once data is in XML conforming to the NFF DTD it can be imported using an import filter (NINFF.DLL) into Lotus Notes using a simple 'File-Import'. The download package includes the necessary software along with a sample application - Timon Of Athens by ocr a2 coursework, William Shakespeare in NFF format. Java Help API: The structure of a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. . . See Byte Magazine (May 1998) page 108, sidebar So, Help Me, Java. The HelpSet formats in XML were presented in: Introduction to essay about remember, the JavaHelp API. By Eduardo Pelegrí-Llopart, Roger Brinkley, and Nancy K. Lee (Sun Microsystems, Inc.) Presented at JavaOne (Sun's 1998 Worldwide Java Developer Conference). So, Help Me, Java.

From Byte , May 1998: . Ocr A2. . . The new Java Help API, currently in beta testing, is an all-Java 'über alles' help system for JavaBean components, applications, desktops, and HTML pages. . . Essay The Movie The Titans. [it's] written purely in Java, [which] means you can embed a help system within an application or compress it into a Jar file for transport to another destination. Help. . Classical. . Java Help permits a single help system to support varying navigational views of help content. . . The data structure that carries all the information needed to provide a view into a help system is bundled into a HelpSet file. Note that there are two loose terms at use here. Ocr A2 Coursework Help. First, a HelpSet file isn't necessarily a file, in the same sense as files that you store on your hard disk. A HelpSet file could be bound into an application, for example. Tolerance. Second, it's probably more accurate to say that the information is rooted in the HelpSet file. The structure of a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. The data points to ocr a2 coursework, the URLs from which you can find the info necessary to build the dorothy sayers classical help system.

Cold Fusion is a general-purpose Web development system for rapidly building Web applications that integrate browser, server and database technologies. It consists of the Cold Fusion Markup Language (CFML), the Cold Fusion Application Server (NT UNIX) and the forthcoming Cold Fusion Studio, a visual tool for building dynamic Web applications. . . In essence, CFML provides a generalized markup language for handling the ocr a2 coursework richness of dorothy essay classical programming, logic and integration required to build full-scale applications on the Web platform. It achieves this based on the same inspiration that is driving interest in XML -- simplicity and ocr a2 history coursework, power. . . Syntactically, Custom Tags are XML compliant custom markup language elements that allow developers to build reusable components that can be easily dropped into a dynamic Web application. These tags are processed by the Cold Fusion server, and can dynamically generate and execute client and server-side code. Press release, September 15, 1997: Allaire Introduces Online Exchange for Cold Fusion Custom Tags. Third-party Custom Tags Extend the Cold Fusion development system with cross platform XML-compatible components.

Cold Fusion and Custom Tags FAQ The Allaire Tag Gallery [August 04, 2000] ColdFusion Markup Language. By Mark Cyzyk. In WebTechniques Volume 5, Issue 8 (August 2000), pages 74-77. Consider the selection of server-side scripting languages: The big contenders in this arena are Active Server Pages (ASP) and JavaServer Pages (JSP). Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is also starting to edge in on the market. While each is powerful in its own way, neither of the environments is particularly aesthetic by Gelernter's definition. Performing simple tasks with these technologies often requires a lot of overhead, resulting in code-heavy, convoluted programs. If you're choosing a server-side scripting language, you should consider a fourth option: ColdFusion. Because it acts more like a markup language than a programming language, ColdFusion is an members, elegant solution for embedding code in HTML files. Allaire, the company that also makes the ocr a2 history coursework help popular HomeSite HTML editor, has a whole suite of ColdFusion technologies consisting of an application server, an integrated development environment, and of course, the markup language. It is this ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML) that competes directly with ASP and JSP.

Within CFML you'll find all the usual conditional logic constructs, data structures, and utility functions available in most mature programming languages. Further, CFML provides tags to easily implement email interactions, LDAP integration, and FTP and dorothy sayers, HTTP agent creation -- functions that other Web application development platforms require third-party modules to support. Finally, the ocr a2 history help Web application developer can create custom tags in CFML, thereby extending the language's power. Contact: Jeremy Allaire. Document Content Description for XML (DCD) [August 10, 1998] International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Microsoft Corporation have submitted a proposal to the World Wide Web Consortium defining a vocabulary for describing constraints upon XML documents: Document Content Description for for thesis committee XML. Help. References: NOTE-dcd-19980731, Submission to six sigma, the World Wide Web Consortium 31-July-1998. The document proposes a structural schema facility, Document Content Description (DCD), for specifying rules covering the help structure and content of for thesis committee members XML documents. The DCD proposal incorporates a subset of the XML-Data Submission and expresses it in a way which is consistent with the ongoing W3C RDF (Resource Description Framework) effort; in particular, DCD is an RDF vocabulary. Ocr A2 History Coursework Help. DCD is intended to define document constraints in about the movie the titans an XML syntax; these constraints may be used in the same fashion as traditional XML DTDs. DCD also provides additional properties, such as basic datatypes.

The abbreviation 'DCD' is used to describe both the general facility described in this document and individual schema instances that conform to it. Editors listed for the document include Tim Bray (Textuality), Charles Frankston (Microsoft), and Ashok Malhotra (IBM). Other credits: The specification has benefited greatly as a result of input from David Fallside and David Singer, both of IBM, Andrew Layman and Jean Paoli both of Microsoft, and from Lauren Wood of SoftQuad. History Coursework. We also wish to thank Henry Thompson of the University of Edinburgh and all the authors of the XML-Data specification. XSchema is the research papers name of a collaborative effort hosted on the XML-DEV mailing list. The principal goal of the XSchema project is to produce an XSchema specification which, when complete, will provide a means for ocr a2 history coursework help XML developers to dorothy, describe their XML document structures using XML document syntax. The target date for a complete initial XSchema 1.0 proposal is history, June 30, 1998. As of June 1, 1998, discussion had resulted in essay policy the creation of a list of twelve XSchema Goals, as refined through four draft documents.

This XSchema work was initiated by ocr a2 history help, Simon St.Laurent with the publication of a paper A Proposal for the Representation of XML DTDs as XML Documents and by essay the movie the titans, several supportive postings, including a position paper authored by Paul Prescod. During the initial period of discussion on XML-DEV, the project proposal went under the name XSD (Extensible or XML Structure Definitions). [November 03, 1998] Simon St.Laurent and history coursework, Ronald Bourret report that a final draft of the papers XSchema Specification, Version 1.0 is now available (November 1, 1998). Public comments on the draft should be posted to help, the XML-DEV mailing list. General information on dorothy sayers, the XSchema project is ocr a2 help, available at http://purl.oclc.org/NET/xschema. Note that this borderlands effort is not part of the W3C work (it parallels work already begun within the W3C, e.g. Essay. , XML Data). Its authors declare that XSchema is not intended to compete with proposals from the World Wide Web Consortium, and they envision that the results may profitably feed into history help, the W3C activity on XML schemas. According to essay about, Jon Bosak (XML WG Chair), design work by the XML WG on XML schemas using instance syntax is ocr a2 history coursework help, likely to be re-chartered. Gifts. Of course, it also bears note that concrete proposals for enhanced 'DTD's using instance syntax have been made by many individuals over the past decade or so. See, for example, references in chapter 8 of The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the history Foundation of HTML and XML by Steve DeRose: SGML: It's 3, 3, 3 Languages in One. Document Definition Markup Language (DDML)

The Document Definition Markup Language (DDML) a schema language for XML documents, and research, a the successor to XSchema. WEBDAV (Extensions for Distributed Authoring and Versioning on the World Wide Web. WebDAV stands for 'Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning. It is a set of extensions to ocr a2 help, the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and saison 3 resume, manage files on remote web servers. WebDAV uses XML. See references in a separate document. Graphic Communications Association - GCA 'Paper' DTD.

For several years, the Graphic Communications Association (GCA) has requested (or required) that papers for GCA conferences be prepared according to guidelines in SGML/XML DTDs. Conference proceedings volumes, both paper and electronic, are generated from the SGML/XML source provided by the authors. DocBk XML is an XML version of the DocBook DTD. DocBook is an SGML DTD maintained by the DocBook Technical Committee of OASIS. It is particularly well suited to books and papers about computer hardware and ocr a2 history, software (though it is by the movie, no means limited to these applications).

References are provided in ocr a2 coursework a separate document. SABLE: A Standard for Text-to-Speech Synthesis Markup. SABLE is an XML/SGML-based markup scheme for text-to-speech synthesis, developed to address the need for a common TTS control paradigm. The SABLE specification evolved as an initiative to combine three existing speech synthesis markup languages: 1) SSML, the classical Speech Synthesis Markup Language; 2) STML, the Spoken Text Markup Language; 3) JSML, the history Java Synthesis Markup Language. The draft SABLE specification is an initiative to establish a standard system for marking up text input to speech synthesizers. The current draft is being circulated for comment by users, developers and compettition, researchers of speech synthesis. Java Speech Markup Language (JSML/JSpeech) The JSpeech Markup Language is referenced in a separate document. SpeechML from IBM's alphaWorks Laboratory is a[n XML] markup language for building distributed network-based conversational applications. Together with Guillaume Belrose, W3C's Dave Raggett (on assignment from HP Labs) is developing a voice browser to test out ideas for using context free grammars for more flexible voice interaction dialogs.

The applications are written in XML and CSS using a language we are calling TalkML. Help. We plan to extend this work to look at how to deal with existing Web content developed for desktop browsers. Some ideas for gifts committee members this are covered in a W3C NOTE ['Voice Browsers'] I wrote last year with Microsoft's Or Ben-Natan. The goal is to make it easy to create dual access Web-sites which can be accessed via visual or voice browsers. See also my talk on Style sheets for Voice Browsers, as presented at help, the Developer's Day at WWW8. TalkML is an gifts for thesis, experimental XML language for voice browsers, and ocr a2 help, is being developed by HP Labs for use in saison 3 resume the following markets: (1) Call centers (IVR++) -- sales and ocr a2 history, support services accessed via 800 numbers, adding speech recognition to today's DTMF (touch tone) systems; (2) Smart phones with displays; (3) Access to sayers classical, email, appointments, news and coursework, travel services etc. while your are on the road (in-car systems); (4) Mobile devices too small for decent displays or keyboards, WCDMA palmtop organizers/pagers with low enough cost to be a must-have (like cell-phones). Guillaume Belrose helped to devise TalkML and develop the sofware. A NIST project cordinated through MEL (The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory) at the National Institute of sayers essay Standards and ocr a2 history help, Technology, under Project Leader Joshua Lubell. The objective of this NIST-sponsored project is to explore the six sigma research papers use of XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a standard for structured document interchange on the Web, for exchanging complex data objects between tasks in a distributed workflow application. In details: The WebWork workflow application development tool kit, created by the University of Georgia with funding from NIST's Advanced Technology Program, supports the building of distributed, web-based workflow applications. NIST has demonstrated the benefits of XML for representing highly structured documents such as product data standard specifications and history coursework help, has shown that WebWork can be integrated with an essay compettition, XML repository.

Leveraging this implementation experience, NIST will extend WebWork to support the exchange of XML-structured objects between workflow tasks. NIST will demonstrate the efficacy of this approach by ocr a2 history coursework, building a small application to manage a subset of the workflow in ISO TC184/SC4 (International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 184, Subcommittee 4), an international standards body developing specifications for the representation and exchange of industrial data for which NIST serves as Secretariat. SWAP - Simple Workflow Access Protocol. The SWAP (Simple Workflow Access Protocol) working group has submitted a charter to for thesis committee members, the ETF Application Area Directors and ocr a2 history coursework help, is expected to become authorized by the IETF. Essay. SWAP is a protocol designed to allow for coursework interoperability between workflow systems and between workflow systems and essay on zero tolerance, other applications.

SWAP allows for the programmatic initiation of a workflow process by an application, and the exchange of process data and state information between the the workflow process and application. The proposed SWAP protocol defines four primary interfaces, which are used to manage, monitor, initiate and control the execution of history coursework help processes on external workflow systems. . . SWAP is not intended to papers, overlap with the WebDAV in any way. They are designed to be complimentary, use the same basic encoding (XML), and in fact use the same commands where appropriate for the same things (getting object properties). Ocr A2 Help. The goals of the two specs are different. WebDAV is for document management: how to check out check in, handle multiple versions, lock, unlock, and move documents. There is nothing in WebDAV about dorothy classical applications. SWAP is for starting, monitoring, controlling, and receiving notifications from a remote asynchronous service.

The idea is that you have some application out there that takes a long time to complete, you want to pass it some data and invoke it. This is all about applications development, and almost nothing to do with document management. [adapted from the history FAQ and main Web page, by Keith Swenson] See: SWAP references in Asynchronous Transactions and Web Services. SWAP Working Group Simple Workflow Access Protocol (SWAP) The Simple Workflow Access Protocol is a proposed way to solve this problem through use of HTTP protocol, and by transferring structured information encoded in XML. A new set of HTTP methods is defined, as well as the information to be supplied and the information returned in XML, that accomplish the six sigma research control of generic asynchronous services. - draft-swenson-swap-prot-00.txt SWAP Main Page SWAP FAQ document SWAP Issues and ocr a2 coursework help, Action Items. VSI (V-Systems Inc.), an industry 'Leader in Integrated Fax,' has recently proposed an XML Interface for FAX. XML-F ('XML for FAX'), under VSI's new proposal, would be used for for connecting fax servers to for thesis committee, applications, other fax servers, and fax service providers. VSI has outlined a simple method for integrating applications to fax servers using XML, the latest Internet technology for ocr a2 coursework data interchange between applications. Launched at a time when both network fax and saison 3 resume, XML are coming into the mainstream, VSI believes that their proposal, called 'XML-F', has the potential to ocr a2 coursework help, solve a major issue facing the fax service community. XML-F Specifications (including DTDs) have been written, and are to be released in the near future.

The XML-F interface provides a simple framework for software applications to use in employing a network fax service to send an electronic document to a terminating fax machine. The XML-F interface supports three basic features: 1) Submit a Fax for about the titans Transmission; 2) Get Status of a Fax Transmission; 3) Cancel a current Fax Transmission or Request. XML-F employs six XML document types to implement these three features: three requests and three responses. Using a simple request/response model, each feature has a corresponding request and response document. The request/response model lends itself well to internet transports and to applications which might require off-line use. Help. All data is formatted as text and binary data is encoded using Base64 encoding. Dorothy Sayers. XML-F can be coupled with internet transports such as TCP/IP and HTTP and security mechanisms such as SSL to provide secure transactions over public networks. XML-F does not imply or require any particular transport, however. XML-F is an open specification that anyone can implement: any fax server or fax service provider, any application software developer, or other party. It is history help, recommended that any public implementation of a server representing this interface fully implement all of the interface, while client systems might opt to implement only those portions which are relevant to the application. [from the 0.1.90 draft]

VSI (V-Systems Inc.) Home Page Press release: VSI Proposes New XML Interface for essay tolerance Fax. Fax over XML Could Solve Key Issues in ocr a2 help the Fax Service Community. - Announcement for about the movie remember the titans XML-F. [also from VSI] Fax Integration using XML. August, 1998. 6 pages. Coursework. - VSI has created a document that explains how application vendors, fax service providers, and fax servers can integrate using XML and XML-F. [local archive copy] XML-F Specifications. XML-F Preliminary Specification.

Revision 0.1.90, August 1998. 23 pages. - VSI has also created a document that outlines the XML-F DTD's and recommendations for use by application developers, integrated and fax server vendors. Essay The Movie Remember. [local archive copy] Email discussion forum: discussion@xml-f.com VSI Contact: Lydia Loizides (Product Marketing Manager) [January 11, 1999] VSI Announces VSI-Fax Gold Series 3.5 -- Introduces Faxing From Outlook. New Outlook Fax Integration Brings Proven Enterprise Fax Capabilities to Popular Messaging Client -- Allows Faxing Right from the Inbox. - XML-F Integration: As the first step in coursework help VSI's implementation of XML for fax communications, VSI-FAX 3.5 features the ability to gifts for thesis members, use XML Documents to send, receive, and cancel faxes, as well as obtain status information. Ocr A2 History Coursework. What is XML? - From VSI. [local archive copy] [February 15, 1999] Fax Integration Using XML Technology. By Dave Droman and six sigma, Gila Jones [V-Systems, Inc.]. In Computer Technology Review Volume XVIII , Number 1(January 1999), pages 28, 32-33. As it stands today, there is no standard means of communicating between (1) fax servers and the applications that need faxing services and ocr a2 history coursework, (2) among various fax servers or fax service providers across a network, including the Internet. . . To solve these problems, VSI has created a common faxing interface using XML, called XML-F. Sayers Essay Classical. As many people now know, XML is a markup language, like HTML, with a vocabulary that consists primarily of ocr a2 coursework 'tags.' HTML was specifically designed for marking up documents to communicate how they should be formatted for display on the World Wide Web.

The purpose of XML is far more open-ended, but in general it is a 'meta-language' intended to be used to define other standard markup languages (known as Document Type Definitions or DTDs) that can be used to allow different systems to exchange information in sayers essay a standard, process-readable format. Businesses can define their own vocabulary of XML tags and rules that are embedded within the coursework DTD inside the XML document or made publicly available to any program that wants to comply with the agreed-upon information exchange format. Dorothy Classical. The use of XML-specific parsers eliminate the burden of parsing and validating XML interchange documents, reducing the work and support required to implement an application reading XML. [local archive copy] Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) The main entry for ocr a2 coursework help the Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) is found in a separate document. Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML) The ATSC T3/S17 specialist group is in the process of defining the application programming interfaces for a Digital Television Application Software Environment (DASE) compliant receiver. As this process evolves, the elements, attributes, properties, and values of saison 3 resume BHTML will solidify. Ocr A2 Help. T3/S17 has selected the Java virtual machine (VM) as the application execution engine. As specified by T3/S17, the Java VM will be found on all DASE-compliant receivers.

Aninda DasGupta, the T3/S17 chairman, proposed [what] he called 'Broadcast HTML' [which] uses Internet technologies favored by essay compettition, many T3/S17 members: it is written in XML, scales back HTML elements and attributes, and integrates synchronization functionality as new elements, attributes, and style properties. History Coursework. BHTML is an saison 3 resume, XML compliant language based on a reduced set of HTML 3.2 elements and attributes. Media synchronization functions from ocr a2, SMIL and style elements from CSS 1 and CSS 2 are added to this base functionality (into Broadcast CSS or BCSS). Appendix C of the August 6, 1998 draft (XML-Data Specifying BHTML using the XML-Data Syntax) represents 'a first pass at committee members, defining the history BHTML elements and attributes using the XML-Data (XMLD) notation'. xHTML specifies a collection of document type definition (DTD) sets that can be combined to specify an xHTML-based platform.

Three such platforms are used as examples throughout this specification: w3HTML, bHTML, and cHTML. xHTML is designed to meet the requirements of essay tolerance policy consumer electronic and computer manufacturers that wish to produce a broad range of products with various levels of Internet connectivity and product features. xHTML started with HTML 4.0 and HTML 3.2. These elements and attributes were converted to XML, in line with the stated goals of the W3C for future HTML. The XML-based markup language was partitioned into DTD sets that correlated with the needs of platform developers to differentiated based on internet connectivity, memory footprint, and power management. xHTML is written in XML, therefore element names are case-sensitive. Digital-TV Application Software Environments (DASE) - Main Page BHTML Draft Specification - BHTML Draft #2. Document Number ATSC T3/S17 092, prepared for ATSC T3/S17 (DASE) by Ted Wugofski, Gateway. A Modular Hypertext Markup Language for coursework Broadcast Applications.. Prepared by committee members, Ted Wugofski. 1 Oct 98, Draft #4. Ocr A2 History. [local archive copy] Synchronization and Transitions in Broadcast HTML. Ted Wugofski, Over the Moon Productions. This is an essay about the movie remember, addendum to ocr a2 history coursework, the Broadcast HTML (bHTML) Proposal in the area of specifying timing, synchronization, and special effects.

The design is dorothy sayers essay classical, based on functional requirements specified in the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) specialist group (T3/S17) that is coursework help, defining the digital television application software environment (DASE). [local archive copy] Broadcast HTML Specification - General Information DASE Introduction [August 25, 1998] As Intel-led group sideswipes standards body, Thomson and Microsoft roll spec of their own - Debate rages over how to bring data to TV. Essay Tolerance. By Junko Yoshida. In EETimes Issue 1022 (August 24, 1998). Excerpt: The debate over history coursework, how to bring data and Internet technologies to six sigma papers, digital television will bubble up this week, as a key industry group reconvenes here to discuss a set of proposals that has come under fire. . . Where the ATVEF's technology is based on ocr a2 history help, standard Internet specifications such as HTML 4.0, BHTML is written in committee members the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), a new language for ocr a2 history advanced Web applications. BHTML scales back HTML elements and attributes by using parts of HTML 3.2, while it integrates synchronization functionality. Essay Compettition. The biggest difference between the two lies in the use of the coursework Java software technology. BHTML is designed to essay compettition, be tightly integrated with the Application Execution Engine, or Java Virtual Machine, and with the ocr a2 history help Java framework.

See the database entry, Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML). [September 24, 1998] Group Seeks Integrated Multimedia, DTV. By Junko Yoshida. Essay On Zero. In CMPNet TechWeb News (September 20, 1998). With a goal to integrate 2-D, 3-D, and streaming content for digital TV (DTV) programming, leaders from key international technology-development forums gathered [in Leidschendam, Netherlands] last week to launch a new initiative to harmonize the ocr a2 coursework various multimedia streams. Taking part in the AIC meeting were representatives from the papers Motion Picture Experts Group, Virtual Reality Modeling Language organization, and Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC). The initiative will 'write an open specification to integrate and harmonize VRML, MPEG-4, and Broadcast HTML BHTML into history help, a seamless stream,' said Rob Glidden, co-chairman of VRML 3-D Integrated Media Working Group and one of 12 founding members of AIC. BHTML, written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), is essay compettition, designed for tight integration with the Java framework. Pointing to longstanding integration efforts between VRML and XML, as well as between MPEG-4 and VRML, Glidden said, 'This is a natural extension of what we have been doing at each of the groups'. The International Standard 12083 presents a reference document type definition which facilitates the authoring, interchange and archiving of a variety of publications. History Coursework. This document type definition is deliberately general.

It is a reference document type definition which provides a set of building blocks for the structuring of books, articles, serials, and similar publications in print and saison 3 resume, electronic form. This International Standard is intended to provide a document architecture to facilitate the creation of history coursework various application-specific document type definitions. [January 25, 1999] ISO 12083 (AAP, EPSIG) DTDs for article, book, serials, and math are being edited for XML compatability. [November 06, 2000] ISO 12083 is available free in PDF format from NISO: ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083 Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup (The standard specifies the SGML declaration defining the syntax used by the document type definitions [DTD] and dorothy sayers essay, document instances, and a definition for mathematics which may be embedded in other SGML applications). Extensible User Interface Language (XUL) XUL stands for 'extensible user interface language'. It is an XML-based language for describing the ocr a2 coursework contents of windows and dialogs. XUL has language constructs for all of the typical dialog controls, as well as for widgets like toolbars, trees, progress bars, and menus. User Interface Markup Language (UIML) The User Interface Markup Language (UIML) allows designers to describe the dorothy sayers classical user interface in help generic terms, and then use a style description to map the interface to various operating systems (OSs) and appliances. Thus, the essay on zero policy universality of history UIML makes it possible to describe a rich set of interfaces and reduces the work in porting the user interface to essay on zero policy, another platform (e.g., from a graphical windowing system to a hand-held appliance) to changing the style description.

See the separate document. Commerce XML (cXML) is an help, open Internet-based standard for about e-commerce. Ocr A2 Coursework. cXML reduces on-line business trading costs by saison 3 resume, facilitating the history exchange of saison 3 resume content and transactions over the Internet. Developed in concert with more than 40 leading companies, cXML is a set of ocr a2 history coursework lightweight XML DTDs -- based on the World Wide Web Consortium's XML standard -- with their associated request/response processes. XML DTD for Phone Books was published as a Network Working Group Internet-Draft (draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt) in February, 1999. The authors are Max Riegel (Siemens AG) and six sigma papers, Glen Zorn (Microsoft Corporation). In addition to coursework help, providing a DTD, the document describes the information to be included in saison 3 resume the standard phone book for roaming applications. All data is described in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. Ocr A2 Coursework Help. The goals of this document include: 1) Creating a flexible, extensible and robust framework upon members, which to build a standard phone book; 2) Promoting a standard phone book format, to enhance interoperability between ISPs and roaming consortia. XML DTD for history coursework help Phone Books. Saison 3 Resume. Proceedings URL. XML DTD for Phone Books, February 1999.

This version expires on August 15, 1999. Local archive copy, draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt See also: XML DTD for Roaming Access Phone Book. IETF RFC 3017. December 2000. This document defines the syntax as well as the semantics of the information to be included in the phone book for ocr a2 roaming applications. It comprises the information necessary to select the most appropriate ISP and to configure the host to saison 3 resume, get access to the network of the ocr a2 history help provider. The specification consists of a small set of required information elements and a variety of possible extensions. All data is essay compettition, specified in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. The Data Documentation Initiative.

The Data Documentation Initiative is a Project to Develop an ocr a2 history help, XML Document Type Definition for Data Documentation [germane to datasets in the social and behavioral sciences.] See Data Documentation Initiative: A Project of the Social Science Community. XML General Articles and Papers: Surveys, Overviews, Presentations, Introductions, Announcements. The document with Current XML Articles/Papers represents a more mixed collection of references: articles in professional journals, slide sets from presentations, press releases, articles in trade magazines, Usenet News postings, etc. Some are from experts and some are not; some are refereed and others are not; some are semi-technical and others are popular; some contain errors and compettition, others don't. Discretion is strongly advised. Coursework. The articles are listed approximately in sayers essay the reverse chronological order of their appearance. Publications covering specific XML applications may be referenced in the dedicated sections rather than in ocr a2 the main reference lists. Books on XML are referenced only briefly in the following section. On Zero Tolerance Policy. They are described more fully in the SGML/XML Books section, and in the main SGML/XML bibliography.

For now, only history help books already published are listed. See the section on planned and rumored works for books apparently not yet available. A collection of Introductions to XML is gifts for thesis committee members, provided in a separate document. A more complete XML book list is ocr a2 coursework help, maintained by Charles F. Goldfarb in All the XML Books in Print. Henning Behme and Stefan Mintert. XML in the movie remember the titans der Praxis: Professionelles Web-Publishing mit der Extensible Markup Language. Bonn: Addison Wesley Longman, [June] 1998. History Coursework Help. Extent: 328 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN 3-8273-1330-9.

Price: DM 69,90. Neil Bradley. The XML Companion . Harlow, Essex: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998. Gifts Members. Extent: 464 pages. ISBN: 0-201-41999-8. Dan Connolly (guest editor). Ocr A2 History Help. XML: Principles, Tools, and six sigma research, Techniques . World Wide Web Journal [edited by Rohit Khare] Volume 2, Issue 4. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Associates, Inc., Fall 1997. Extent: xii + 248 pages.

ISBN: 1-56592-349-9. ISSN: 1085-2301. Steven J. History Coursework. DeRose. The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML . On Zero Tolerance. Electronic Publishing Series, Number 7. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. Ocr A2 Coursework Help. Extent: xxiv + 250 pages, appendices. ISBN: 0-7923-9943-9. [Chapter 8. XML: A Simple, Standard Subset.] Bob DuCharme.

XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on essay, Open Information Management. Ocr A2 History. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. Extent: xx + 339 pages. ISBN: 0-13-082676-6. Peter Flynn. Understanding SGML and XML Tools.

Practical Programs for Handling Structured Text. . Foreword by Steve DeRose. Kluwer Academic Publishers SGML Bookshelf, Electronic Publishing Series. Saison 3 Resume. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998. Ocr A2 Help. Extent: xxvi + 432 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7923-8169-6. [description] Charles F. Goldfarb and essay about the titans, Paul Prescod. The XML Handbook. Foreword by Jean Paoli. Ocr A2 Coursework. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management.

The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1998. Extent: xlvi + 642 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-081152-1. Ian S. Graham and Liam Quin. XML Specification Guide . New York, NY: John Wiley Sons, 1999. Extent: xiv + 432 pages; with [technical online] 'Supplementary Material and Resources'.

ISBN: 0-471-32753-0. Has a supporting Web site. Elliotte Rusty Harold. XML: Extensible Markup Language. Structuring Complex Content for the Web. Foster City/Chicago/New York: IDG Books Worldwide, 1998. Extent: xxiv + 426 pages, CDROM. Essay Compettition. ISBN: 0-7645-3199-9. Rick Jelliffe. The XML and SGML Cookbook. Recipes for Structured Information.

The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, May 1998. Extent: 650 pages, with CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-614223-0. [provisional description] Michael Leventhal, David Lewis, and Matthew Fuchs; with contributions from Stuart Culshaw and Gene Kan. Designing XML Internet Applications. Ocr A2 Help. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. [Subseries:] The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Essay Compettition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [May] 1998. Extent: xxxii + 584 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-616822-1.

Price: $44.95 U.S./$63.00 Canada. Henning Lobin. Informationsmodellierung in XML und SGML . Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, [May] 1999. 250 pages. History. ISBN: 3-540-65356-2. Richard Light, Simon North, Charles Allen ( et al. ). Six Sigma Papers. Presenting XML . Indianapolis, IN: SAMS.NET [Sams Publishing, Macmillan Publishing USA], 1997. Extent: 400+ pages. ISBN: 1-57521-334-6. Sean McGrath.

XML by Example. Building E-Commerce Applications. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from ocr a2 history coursework help, Charles F. Six Sigma Research. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [June] 1998. Extent: xlviii + 476 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-960162-7. David Megginson. Structuring XML Documents . Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [March] 1998.

Extent: xxxviii + 425 pages, CDROM. History Coursework Help. ISBN: 0-13-642299-3. Murata Makoto, Atsuhito Momma, and Kyoichi Arai. XML Nyuumon [Introduction to XML. In Japanese] . Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha, 1998. Saison 3 Resume. Extent: 224 pages. Ocr A2 History Help. ISBN: 4-532-14610-0. Details: see the abstract in the titans English, or the Fujixerox Web site, or bookseller descriptions (1), (2). Simon St.

Laurent. XML: A Primer . Ocr A2 History Coursework. Foster City, CA: MIS Press/IDG Books, 1998. Saison 3 Resume. Extent: xx + 348 pages. Coursework Help. ISBN: 1-5582-8592-X. Also in Korean, Japanese, and about the movie, Italian translation. Simon St. History Help. Laurent and Robert Biggar. Gifts For Thesis Members. Inside XML DTDs: Scientific and Technical . New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Extent: xii + 468 pages, CDROM.

ISBN: 0-07-134621-X. Simon St. Laurent and Ethan Cerami. Building XML Applications. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, (May) 1999. Extent: 512 pages, 150 illustrations. History. ISBN: 0-07-134116-1. Ed Tittel, Norbert Mikula, and Ramesh Chandak XML for Dummies. Dorothy Classical. Foreword by Dan Connolly. Ocr A2 History Help. [Series: For Dummies.] Foster City, CA: IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., 1998. Extent: xxviii + 367 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-0360-X.

XML Mailing Lists, Discussion Groups, Newsgroups. A more complete reference list of discussion groups, mailing lists, and hyer-mailed fora appears in the dedicated document. Discussion groups focused upon style languages are referenced in the main XSL document. XML-DEV, an XML development mailing list, maintained/organized by Peter Murray-Rust and essay compettition, Henry Rzepa. See the text of the announcement. To subscribe to the digest, mailed on Monday of each week, send email to majordomo@ic.ac.uk with the message line 'subscribe xml-dev-digest'. [October 3, 1997] The XML-L mailing list was set up on September 30, 1997 as a general discussion of the Extensible Markup Language.

The list owner is Peter Flynn, University College Cork. To subscribe to the list, send email to listserv@listserv.hea.ie with the command 'subscribe xml-l [your name]' in the body of the message. History Coursework Help. For questions about the list, write to the list owners: XML-L-request@LISTSERV.HEA.IE. [July 15, 1998] [Provisional/planned Usenet Newsgroup], comp.text.xml . See the essay policy draft RFD (Request for Discussion): http://www.jtauber.com/xml/CTX_RFD.txt, [local archive copy, 980408.] The first call for votes was issued on June 23, 1998. On July 14, 1998, Neil Crellin published the results of the Call for Votes (CFV) for ocr a2 coursework help a new unmoderated Usenet Newsgroup comp.text.xml . The voting period closed at 23:59:59 UTC, July 14, 1998. The vote passed, 365:22. On December 01, 1998, Ralph Ferris of gifts committee members Fujitsu Software Corporation posted an announcement for a new XLink/XPointer Developer's List. This email forum has been launched in order to ocr a2 history, promote wide discussion of XLink/XPointer development issues. Committee. To subscribe to the new xlxp-dev list, send an ocr a2 help, email message to majordomo@fsc.fujitsu.com with the following in saison 3 resume the body of the message: subscribe xlxp-dev . Information on the W3C's XML Linking Language is accessible in history coursework help the XLink/XPointer document. [July 20, 1998] A German language discussion group for XML has been set up: XML-DE.

The list is hosted by GMD and essay tolerance, DFN, two German national research institutes; this host arrangement is meant to help ensure neutrality in commercial questions and professional maintainance. The goals of this group are to provide a native German language forum for history general XML discussion, to promote XML in the German industry, and to build a pool of experts for know-how transfer. Saison 3 Resume. Topics for discussion include core technologies (XML, XSL, XLink, DOM), related standards (SMIL, . History Help. ) and software (browsers, parsers, . ). To subscribe to saison 3 resume, the group, send a mail to ocr a2 history coursework, listserv.gmd.de with the message subscribe xml-de [firstName lastName] in research papers the body of the history coursework help message. See further information in the main entry: XML-DE. xml-litprog-l: Literate Programming with XML List. A mailing list for policy discussions about how best to use XML/XSL/XLink/XPtr for constructing literate programming frameworks and tools. Organized initially by Anthony B. Coates (Educational Multimedia Services, TEDI, The University of Queensland). As of coursework September 25, 1998, the list moved to an Allette server. About The Titans. See: http://www.allette.com.au/xml-litprog/. To subscribe, send email to coursework, xml-litprog-l-subscribe@egroups.com. See [the database entry XML and six sigma, Literate Programming, the list entry xml-litprog-l - Literate Programming with XML List and] the document SGML/XML and Literate Programming.

JXML: Java--XML, the ocr a2 coursework help Java and XML mailing list. This list is intended for discussions relating to research papers, Java and XML, particularly with reguard to the following: 1) Java Class and Bean metadata expressed as XML documents; 2) Conversion of Java Class metadata to bytecodes defining simple, data-only classes; 3) Reversable conversion of Java Object Streams to XML documents while maintaining type safety (JSXML); 4) Description of ocr a2 history coursework help Jar Resources as an XML document; XML document-driven construction of saison 3 resume Jar files (etc.). See the more complete description: http://www.camb.opengroup.org/ Related discussion and ocr a2 history coursework help, development forum: DSSSList, with the DSSSList Archive, sponsored by Mulberry Technologies, Inc. and managed by Tony Graham. XSL-List is provided by tolerance policy, Mulberry Technologies as a service to the XSL user community and the XSL standardization effort. It hosts discussion of XSL (Extensible Style Language) itself, XSL applications and implementation, and XSL user questions. Python XML-SIG: A Special Interest Group for XML Processing in Python. History Help. The SIG was created to provide a forum for discussion and implementation of compettition tools to make Python an help, excellent choice for XML processing.

The goal of gifts for thesis committee this SIG is to decide what software is ocr a2 history, required for this purpose, and for thesis, coordinate its implementation and documentation. See the announcement and the main list entry for ocr a2 coursework details. Research Papers. The Python XML-SIG Status page describes project deliverables and the resources page describes some Python Software for XML. See also the dedicated database section Python for XML/SGML Processing. Perl-XML list, a mailing list is ocr a2 history help, dedicated to the discussion of committee enhancing Perl's ability to work with XML and for using Perl with XML documents. Ocr A2 History Coursework Help. Send 'SUBSCRIBE Perl-XML' to listmanager@activestate.com. Send list contributions to: Perl-XML@ActiveState.com.

XML: Working Groups, SIGS, Design and saison 3 resume, Development Initiatives. [January 28, 2000] SAX 2/Java (beta). David Megginson has posted an announcement for the beta release of SAX2-beta. SAX is the Simple API for history coursework XML, a very-widely implemented event-based interface for processing XML documents. The beta release of SAX2/Java is now available for download at http://www.megginson.com/SAX/SAX2/.

Highlights of the release: (1) Namespace support; (2) Configurability and extensibility through features and properties; (3) A new interface and base class for SAX filters; (4) Adapters for gifts committee using SAX1 parsers with SAX2 and vice-versa; (5) Way too much JavaDoc documentation; (6) Public domain (even less restrictive than Open Source). SAX2 adds standard methods to query and set features and properties in an XMLReader. It is now possible to ocr a2 help, request an XML reader to validate (or not to validate) a document, or to internalize (or not to internalize) all names, using the getFeature , setFeature , getProperty , and setProperty methods. There is no fixed set of features or properties available for SAX2: implementors are free to define new features and properties as needed. All feature and property names are fully-qualified URIs (often URLs), such as http://www.acme.com/features/foo; as with Namespace URIs, people should always define feature and essay tolerance, property names based on URIs that they control. All XML readers are required to recognize the http://xml.org/sax/features/namespaces and the http://xml.org/sax/features/namespace-prefixes features (see below), and to support a true value for the namespaces property and a false value for the namespace-prefixes property: these requirements ensure that all SAX2 XML readers can provide the minimal required Namespace support for history help higher-level specs such as RDF, XSL, XML Schemas, and essay compettition, XLink. XML readers are not required to ocr a2 history coursework help, recognize or support any other features or any properties, even the saison 3 resume core ones. [. ] WRT SAX version 1: Of the ocr a2 history help core classes and dorothy essay classical, interfaces, only Parser, AttributeList, DocumentHandler, and HandlerBase (which is really a helper anyway) are deprecated.

All of the rest -- InputSource, Locator, EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ErrorHandler, SAXException, and SAXParseException -- are left untouched. [June 01, 1999] David Megginson has announced that an alpha version of SAX2 for Java is now available for download. SAX2 is an update to the widely-implemented SAX 1.0 interface for XML parsers. SAX2 consists of history help two parts: (1) a new, extensible mechanism for querying and setting features and properties in dorothy essay classical SAX parsers in a standard way; and ocr a2 history coursework, (2) a set of recommended core feature and property names. SAX Home Page, and Microstar mirror site [May 12, 1998] Announcement for the public release of SAX 1.0. See: http://www.megginson.com/SAX/. Tolerance. [May 14, 1998] SAX Parsers and Applications Quick Start for SAX Application Writers [September 25, 1999] SAX C/C++ Implementations: I have just successfully completed a C++ implementation of SAX/SAX2 and DOM, based upon expat. Currently I'm in the process of testing the whole thing ;). Eventually I will make it available to the public; however, some parts of the implementation use my company's proprietary C++ class library, so certain things need to be sorted out first. Feel free to contact me for history help more information. Guenter Obiltschnig, Sat, 25 Sep 1999 20:11:21 +0200, XML Developers' List.

Update 2000-08-10: the XML class library for C++ is now available as open source at http://www.cpointc.com/XML. saxlib, a Python version of SAX, with drivers (Lars Marius Garshol) [April 27, 1998] For developers only: SAX 1.0 beta, almost ready for remember announcement. [April 10, 1998] For developers only: test re-release beta version of coursework help SAX, and demo which does the identity transform What is an Event-Based Interface? By David Megginson. Draft Interface Specification for SAX [March 20, 1998] , per the posting from sayers essay, David Megginson SAX - Simple API for XML. The SAX API was developed collaboratively during a month (December 1997 - January 1998) of discussion on the XML-DEV mailing list. SAX is a simple, common, event-based API for XML parsers written in object-oriented languages like Java, C++, or Perl5 (the reference implementation is in ocr a2 coursework help Java). SAX is similar in philosophy to JavaSoft's JDBC -- it allows you to write an application once, then plug in any XML parser that has a SAX driver, just as the JDBC allows you to plug in any SQL database that has a JDBC driver. See the main database entry, the announcement from saison 3 resume, David Megginson [980112], or the Microstar Web site.

References for ocr a2 history coursework 'XML and six sigma papers, Literate Programming' have been moved to a separate document under the title SGML/XML and Literate Programming. This document provides a collection of references for literate programming techniques and style in the context of descriptive markup languages, e.g. , SGML, XML, DSSSL, HyTime, etc. Numerous researchers have observed that the ocr a2 help goals of information re-use and dorothy, data normalization embraced by both literate programming and SGML-based markup languages provide the basis for using the two technologies together. GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) XML Library. References for 'XML and Python' are provided in a separate document, XML and Python. XML in Microsoft Internet Explorer. A press release of October 13, 1998 clarified Microsoft's plans for XML support in the MS Windows operating system and in Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. 'XML 1.0, XSL, XML DOM, and XML Namespaces'. Support features as announced include: Direct viewing of XML; High-performance, validating XML engine; Extensible Style Language (XSL) support; XML Schemas; Server-side XML; XML document object model (DOM).

Description of Microsoft's XML support is provided in a collection of references accessible from a separate document. [December 17, 1998] Sun Microsystem's Java Project X: Java Services for XML Technology is the new name for the Java services formerly released as the Sun XML Library. Ocr A2 History. On December 01, 1998, this development project was renamed Java Project X, and moved to Early Access 2 with API updates, some speedup, and minor bug fixes. Essay Policy. Java Project X is the ocr a2 history codename for a set of core XML-enabling services written completely in the Java programming language. With Java Project X's extensible Java services, developers can build robust yet flexible XML-oriented network services and applications that are internet-ready. Dorothy Sayers. This release requires JDK 1.1.6 or later or JDK 1.2, and approximately 3.5M bytes of disk space. Sun's Java services in this new release provide full XML processing capabilities, including a fast XML parser with optional validation, an in-memory object model tree that supports the W3C DOM Level 1 recommendation, and basic support for JavaBeans integration with XML. Coursework. The development tools in the Java Project X are freely available, but one must register through the Java Developer Connection.

The second early access release is essay compettition, addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and ocr a2 history coursework, fully conformant core XML software for their development. The library supports an optional in-memory object model tree for gifts for thesis manipulating and ocr a2 history coursework help, writing XML structured data. Saison 3 Resume. The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on ocr a2 coursework help, top of it. That is, it is a building block for developers. According to the Release Notes, the Java Project X library conforms fully with open standards: 1) the dorothy essay parsers conform to the W3C's XML 1.0 recommendation; 2) the ocr a2 help parse tree supports the XML (core) part of W3C's DOM Level 1 recommendation; 3) in research papers combination, the ocr a2 history help two also support the current W3C XML Namespaces proposed recommendation; 4) the parser supports the SAX 1.0 API; 5) the entity resolution used within the parser normally conforms to the IETF's RFC 2376 registration for XML-related MIME content types, [but] this can be overridden as required. [September 25, 1998] On September 16, 1998, Sun Microsystems, Inc. released an 'Early Access 1' version of The Sun XML Library. Essay Compettition. As described by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference, the XML Library is a highly modular XML library that has been developed by the Java Software Division of Sun. The XML library is history coursework help, written in the Java programming language and provides support for the latest version (July) of the W3C DOM APIs and for the SAX 1.0 API.

The XML package includes fast validating and nonvalidating XML parsers, preliminary support for XML Beans , and examples, including an essay on zero policy, XML Validation Service . The September 16th version is the first early access release, addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and fully conformant XML library core for their development of extensible, conformant XML-enabled services and applications. That library supports fast parsing of XML documents, including optional validation, and supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. Ocr A2 History. In addition, the gifts core functionality supports an implementation of the W3C DOM APIs and the XML Namespaces proposal. The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and history help, that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of compettition it. All classes are written exclusively in the Java[tm] language, and help, accordingly may be used with any JDK 1.1 conformant system, including JDK 1.2 conformant systems. Developers have expressed strong interest in seeing XML enabling technology emerge from the movie remember, Sun because of the key role Sun has played in developing the XML specification and in creating the Java platform. The Java technology's 'portable code' along with XML's 'portable data' are valuable complements in creating truly platform-independent applications. Ocr A2 History Coursework. Through the early access release, developers have an unique opportunity to participate in defining and evolving the gifts members XML Library. History Help. [adapted from the XML Library 'README' and 'FAQ' documents]

References: Java Project X Early Access 2 Release Notes Introduction README document FAQ Document. Remember. [local archive copy, 1998-09-25] Library Installation Developer feedback: xml-feedback@java.sun.com The Sun XML Library. Presented by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference. How fast is Sun's XML parser included in the core toolkit? In Sun's testing using JDK 1.1.6, the validating parser (doing lots of error testing) was significantly faster than the coursework majority of the non-validating parsers tested and essay, was an order of magnitude faster than other validating parsers. Of course, Sun's non-validating parser is faster still. [December 08, 1998] XML and Java Technology - An Interview with Dave Brownell. [Part One] From java.sun.com ['The Source for ocr a2 history help Java Technology']. Six Sigma. December, 1998. XML, the eXtensible Markup Language, is the universal syntax for describing and structuring data independent from application logic. This past February, XML 1.0 became a Technical Recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). From this milestone, numerous applications of XML are popping up far and wide - and more often than not they're using Java technology. We asked David Brownell, designer of Sun's Java Project X, for some perspective. [Excerpt:] Q: Is there some special, natural affinity between Java technology and XML?

A: You bet. Ocr A2 Coursework Help. Java software is for thesis committee, portable code . XML is history coursework, portable data. By themselves, neither of these technologies provides such a solution. To get portable data, you need to dorothy sayers, pick a representation that is usable in most programming languages . Coursework Help. like XML, which is structured text. For Thesis. To get portable behavior, you need a maintainable program standard that runs on most computer systems . like Java language class files. Use Java and XML together, and you get both. . . A Standardized XML API in ocr a2 Java (Xapi-J) Collaborative project for A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J). The Movie Remember. Includes: (1) Statement on Informal Work on a Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J), and (2) Collected Suggestions -- ideas for post XAPI-J 1.0 W3C XML/XLL/XSL Working Groups and SIGs. Generally, documents produced by W3C editorial boards, working groups, and SIGS are available only to ocr a2 history help, W3C members. See, however:

XML Development: Technical Documents and Development Resources. Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and dorothy sayers essay, SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML. [local archive copy] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from XML co-editor Tim Bray. This resource presents the unaltered text of the coursework help XML specification in one pane (frame) of the tolerance policy display, augmented by graphically distinct note markers of five types: (1) Historical or cultural commentary; some entertainment value; (2) Technical explanations, including amplifications, corrections, and answers to Frequently Asked Questions; (3) Advice on how to use this specification; (4) Examples to coursework, illustrate what the spec is saying; (5) Annotations that it's hard to find a category for. A second pane provides the gifts for thesis text of the history coursework commentary for essay each linked annotation. The resource also features a linked list of Terms Defined in XML 1.0, and links to relevant sections of the ocr a2 history coursework help XML specification from essay compettition, a list of EBNF productions. The annotations (some 308) are accessible from their titles as well.

[March 26, 1999] Supplementary Resources and Tools - A collection of additional resources, not found in the book [ The XML Specification Guide ], that are useful for ocr a2 coursework help understanding the XML specifications and using XML. These include [1999-03-26]: (1) A searchable index of all XML specifications (2) A searchable index of EBNF productions (3) A set of XML design patterns -- based on the approach of the same name introduced in object oriented design -- applied here to modeling document architecture; (4) Extracted EBNF for essay on zero XML - defines, along with the well-formedness and validity constraints, the rules for ocr a2 history coursework writing well-formed or valid XML documents; (5) A list of useful online resources. [February 10, 2000] Hyperlinked EBNF Productions Available for XML Standards. A recent posting from Dan Vint reports on on zero tolerance, a new Web site which contains all the EBNF productions, validation and ocr a2 help, well-formedness constraints for the following specifications: XML, Namespaces, XPath, XSLT, XPointer, XML Stylesheet PI, and essay compettition, XML Fragments. I have linked together information where the Namespaces or Fragments specification have modified the basic XML productions and I have included all of the constraints for each of these productions. The symbols within the productions are linked to their descriptions and all the references to a production are also listed so you can follow the logic in both directions. The menu on ocr a2 history, the left side needs a little time to build, but once available you can get to any production in essay on zero tolerance alphabetical order by the specification. Let me know what you think about the site and if there is anything I should add. [October 01, 1998] Stylesheet Linking.

Associating Stylesheets With XML Documents . Version 1.0 WD-xml-stylesheet-19981001. Edited by James Clark. World Wide Web Consortium Working Draft 1-October-1998. This document allows a stylesheet to history coursework help, be associated with an XML document by including one or more processing instructions with a target of saison 3 resume xml-stylesheet in the document's prolog. Ocr A2 History Coursework Help. Pseudo-attributes are used in a processing instruction (href, type, title, media, charset, alternate), or in multiple xml-stylesheet processing instructions. Examples: ?xml-stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? and ?xml-stylesheet alternate=yes href=mystyle.css title=Medium type=text/css? . [local archive copy] XML Catalog proposal. By John Cowan. Research. This is ocr a2, a proposal for XML Catalogs, a system based on SGML/Open catalogs (Socats) for saison 3 resume translating XML public identifiers to XML system identifiers, which are Uniform Resource Identifiers [URI].

Note (1999-04-06): 'XCatalog' is now called 'XML Catalog'. [May 11, 1998] An earlier proposal [see preceding item] for a standard mechanism to associate a stylesheet with an XML document by means of an XML processing instruction is coursework, documented in a recent W3C NOTE, Associating Stylesheets with XML Documents. For Thesis Committee. The NOTE, authored by James Clark, has been submitted to the W3C at the request of the ocr a2 history XML Working Group. The proposed syntax and dorothy, semantics are analogous to the HTML LINK element used to identity stylesheets, as illustrated in the following example: LINK rel=stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css ?xml:stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? . The XML processing instruction uses pseudo-attributes like href, type, title, etc. The examples shown in the NOTE are for CSS client-side stylesheets. Ocr A2. Document identifier: NOTE-xml-stylesheet-19980405, W3C Note 5 Apr 1998. [local archive copy] [December 01 [13], 1997] Announcement from James Clark for a test suite of files for XML processors. The collection of XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and essay, should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. Ocr A2 History Coursework. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltest.zip. Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. Also updated apparently February 9, 1998; [local archive copy] [April 03, 1998] David Megginson's book Structuring XML Documents (1998) devotes all of Part 4: DTD Design with Architectural Forms to saison 3 resume, architectural forms.

Specifically: Chapter 9. History Coursework. Architectural-Forms Concepts; Chapter 10. Basic Architectural-Forms Syntax; Chapter 11. Advanced Architectural-Forms Syntax. [June 10, 1998] XAF is XML Architectural Forms Processor. Accompanying David Megginson's XAF software package is about remember the titans, detailed, tutorial-oriented documentation about XAF and architectural forms (Using the XAF package for Java), appropriate for ocr a2 history coursework both XML document designers and XML software designers. Adding Strong Data Typing to papers, SGML and XML, by coursework, Tim Bray. May [21,] 1997. archive copy, May 21, 1997; or: previous archive copy, May 15, 1997]. Note: Jean Paoli of Microsoft has submitted a related proposal in connection with the XML discussion XML for Structured Data [December 06, 1997] Why I Demand Schemata: Element Type Hierarchies for Transparent Document Structure Definition. About The Movie The Titans. By Henry S. Thompson (Language Technology Group, University of Edinburgh).

Draft date: October 15, 1997. Overview: In this paper I describe the XML-Data schemata proposal, concentrating on the motivation for and nature of the coursework provision of an element-type hierarchy, in which element types can inherit attribute declarations and positions in content models from classical, ancestors in the hierarchy. I argue that this represents a major improvement over history coursework, the use of parameter entities to structure and maintain DTDs. [local archive copy] [April 24, 1998] xml:lang resources for parser writers. Contributed by Murray Altheim (Sun Microsystems, SunSoft). Currently there are XML versions of files providing the essay on zero policy ISO 639 (language), ISO 3166 (country), and IANA charset values required for support of the ocr a2 history help xml:lang attribute values in saison 3 resume XML 1.0. Please direct comments and corrections to Murray Altheim. These 'xml:lang resources' will be made available later on Sunsite. See other language-code information in the dedicated section, Names of Languages - ISO 639. [May 08, 1998] The 'standalone document declaration' in XML 1.0. Some questions were raised about its design/use in the XML 1.0 specification. History Coursework. See the collection of XML-DEV postings.

[October 02, 1997] Architectural Forms handout from six sigma research, a presentation Java Beans and Architectural Forms, (August 21, 1997 - XML Dev Day), by ocr a2 history coursework help, David Megginson: Proposal: Architectural Forms for XML. See the accompanying XML-DEV posting (October 2, 1997); [archive copy] [December 13, 1997] Architecture processing in XML: at the WG4 meeting in Alexandria, Virginia (December 1997), WG4 N1957 was accepted as the proposed text of an amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997 (HyTime). As a subclause to Annex A.3 (A.3.4.4 Architecture Use Declaration Processing Instruction), the essay classical proposed architecture use declaration (arch) processing instruction would provide an alternative form of architecture use declaration for ocr a2 help use in environments where notations or data attributes are not supported. The amendment was sponsored by Charles F. Goldfarb, Steven R. Newcomb, W. Classical. Eliot Kimber, and Peter Newcomb. Ocr A2. See the sayers classical related posting by Eliot Kimber Architectures, Schemas, and XML: Proposed Amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997, with followup by David Megginson. [N1957, local archive copy] [November 01, 1997] A new submission to the W3C from Electricité de France, Research and coursework help, Development Division. The STTS2 submission for Simple Tree Transformation Sheets 2 would in principle govern the transformation of well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser. The submission abstract: This document describes a proprietary specification of research Electricité de France. It specifies the format of STTS2 transformation rules that can be applied to a HTML document (without CSS styles) in order to take advantage of the Cascading Style Sheets and remove deprecated HTML elements or attributes in favor of CSS. Coursework Help. Even if the specification deals only with HTML, this kind of transformation, or an extension of this specification, can be easily applied on essay classical, the fly to well-formed XML documents in order to render them in coursework help a HTML browser without any XML plug-in or internal knowledge. The grammar of this specification is mainly based on the CSS2 grammar and extends it in some ways. [December 18, 1997] Reports from the policy W3C SGML ERB to the SGML WG and coursework, from the W3C XML ERB to the XML SIG.

Complied by C. M. Sperberg-McQueen for saison 3 resume the use of the WG and SIG. Covers October 9, 1996 through December 1, 1997. Date: 4 December 1997. [local archive copy] [June 19, 1997] A proposal written by John Tigue of DataChannel for collaborative effort toward XML Java API Standardization. Help. The document title is Informal Work on XML API Standarization for Java. Since the announcement of this proposal, other leading XML developers have registered their willingness to cooperate. The proposal's first goal is to find a lowest common denominator for essay compettition the current implementations and abstract that to a set of interfaces such that a developer could use this new API independent of an underlying implementation of the XML processor and/or invest in learning the ocr a2 coursework particular benefits a specific implementation provides. See: http://www.datachannel.com/ChannelWorld/XML/dev/. [January 23, 1998] SGML Exceptions and XML, by Eve Maler (ArborText) - briefly describes SGML exceptions (inclusions and essay classical, exclusions) and discusses how 'exception users' can handle their DTDs and data in XML, which does not allow exceptions. See the database section: Use (and Non-use) of Exceptions in DTDs. [July 26, 1997] XML-ized ISO 8879 entity sets, by Rick Jelliffe of Allette Systems. The postings were made to the XML Development list.

A typical header comment: This version of the entity set can be used with any SGML document which uses ISO 10646 as its document character set. This includes XML documents and ISO HTML documents. This entity set uses hexadecimal numeric character references. Please report any errors to Rick: ricko@allette.com.au. Ocr A2. The entities mapped to hex are in essay the following files: ISOgrk4.pen, ISOtech.pen, ISOdia.pen, ISOlat1.pen, ISOgrk1.pen, ISOlat2.pen, ISOgrk2.pen, ISOnum.pen, ISOgrk3.pen, ISOpub.pen. Ocr A2. Available in a concatenated file, or archived as separate files in a .ZIP package. Note the disclaimer. See also the alternate source for saison 3 resume XML entity sets, from James Tauber.

XML BNF, generated by history coursework, Henry S. Thompson [March 7, 1997] [August 29, 1997] David G. Durand's Five Paragraphs on 'Whitespace in XML', posted to XML-DEV. See also the discussion thread: http://www.lists.ic.ac.uk/hypermail/xml-dev/9708/0147.html. Revised SGML Declaration for XML 1.0, submitted by Rick Jelliffe [June 27, 1997]. Probably out-of-date. TEI Extended Pointers (Links) tutorial, by Lou Burnard. February 4, 1997.

Part 2 of the XML specification (link) is based in part upon this TEI extended pointer syntax. If you prefer, see this unofficial archive copy as a single-file document. See also chapter 14 of the TEI Guidelines, and the alternate location of the tutorial on the UIC TEI server, as a single document. [August 28, 1997] Steve DeRose on TEI Extended Pointers vs. XML-LINK. Clarifies the relationship. XML Notes by Dan Connolly,W3C SGML ERB member, and W3C contact for the XML effort. Python module for XML, Perl script for checking XML well-formedness [xml-check.pl], Converting XML to six sigma papers, Lout, XML Typing, XML Modules, etc. Date: 1997/05/22.

W3C Notes - Some thoughts and software on XML, by Bert Bos. A simpler XML. Date: May 23, 1997. [August 09, 1997] ADT and Marshalling for XML, by Bert Bos. Abstract: This is an attempt at history help, defining XML ( i.e. , XML proper, not the meta-grammar for defining XML applications, nor the hyperlinking conventions) in a formal, mathematical way, that hopefully takes away all ambiguity as to what an XML document contains, or what the about the movie the titans relation is between the document and its linearized, textual representation. [archive copy] [October 23, 1998] XML and Semantic Transparency. By Robin Cover. Help. [op - comments requested] The notion of XML conformance is addressed directly in the XML specification (Version 1.0, REC-xml-19980210) section 5. Conformance, which includes a discussion on 5.1 Validating and dorothy classical, Non-Validating Processors and another on 5.2 Using XML Processors. Information on the OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee and Testing and Validation Resources is provided in a separate document. See the XML/XSL/XLink Software entries in coursework the Public Software section of the essay on zero tolerance policy SGML/XML Web Page for more complete descriptions of these tools. The software tools listed below are free or available for use under nominal constraints, sometimes as evaluation/demo versions.

Software tools specific to XLink and to XSL are listed in ocr a2 their respective sections. Some 'query language' tools are referenced in the document XML and Query Languages. Essay Tolerance. Commercial XML/XSL/XLink software support is history help, provided by the vendors, of saison 3 resume course. For other listing of XML software tools, see also: Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , the Free XML Tools and Software from Lars Marius Garshol [ANN], and the XML Software Guide from WDVL. A list of SAX 1.0 Parsers and Applications is available on David Megginson's Web site. [ This section under revision ] [January 14, 2001] How to validate XML. This is not an XML parser, but a note of potential importance to developers contemplating XML parser design. From Joe English.

XML validation is an ocr a2 coursework, instance of the regular expression matching problem. The most commonly-used technique to solve this problem is based on finite automata. There is another algorithm, based on derivatives of on zero policy regular expressions, which deserves to be more widely known. In this connection, see the ocr a2 history coursework discussions referenced in SGML/XML Notion of on zero tolerance Ambiguity (non-deterministic content models). Ælfred XML Parser.

From Microstar. A small, fast, DTD-aware Java-based XML parser, especially suitable for use in Java applets. Free for both commercial and ocr a2 history coursework, non-commercial use. Updated to version 1.2 May 02, 1998. Gifts For Thesis. [Updated to version 1.1: 980309]. [cache copy] Larval.

Larval is a validating XML processor built on the same code base as Lark. From Tim Bray. [October 06, 2000] expat - XML Parser Toolkit. Coursework Help. See the announcement for the release of version 1.2 [2000-10-06]; see also two entries following. expat is a high-performance, fully conforming, non-validating XML 1.0 parser toolkit written C. Described by Clark Cooper 1999-09-03. Essay Compettition. Comes with Win32 binaries and an xmlwf application. Test version 19990626 supports parsing external DTDs and parameter entities. Updated to version 1.1 29-May-1999. Pre-1.1 test release 1999-04-25. From James Clark, released 980405. Ocr A2. Updated to version 1.02, January 11, 1999.

Version 1.0, August 14, 1998 (first production release). Previously updated June 21, 1998; Updated May 14, 1998; and saison 3 resume, updated 19980504. expat is the successor to xmltok. See the ocr a2 coursework help description on Clark's server, or in the software page. Note 2000-07, The Thai Open Source Software Center as a source for expat. [July 02, 2000] expat - 12-May-00 01:11 145k [cache] [October 05, 2000] expat development on about the movie remember, SourceForge.

According to a note from Clark Cooper: Maintenance of the expat XML parser has been delegated by James Clark to a team that includes James, Fred Drake, Paul Prescod, and history coursework help, [Clark Cooper]. SourceForge is hosting this project. [March 21, 2002] A posting from Dare Obasanjo of Microsoft announces the on zero tolerance release of MSXML 4 SP 1 (Microsoft XML Core Services). This version 40SP1 (14-March-2002) release offers a number of new features and improvements over history coursework, the MSXML 3.0, including support for the XML Schema language and substantially faster parser and XSLT engine. MSXML 4.0 SP1 is a complete replacement for MSXML 4.0 RTM. [July 21, 2001] Microsoft XML Parser (MSXML) 4.0 July 2001 Technology Preview.

The Beta 2 release offers a faster SAX and research papers, XSLT, complete XSD, etc. XSD validation with SAX; XSD validation with DOM, using the schemaLocation attribute. DOCTYPE replacement using a Java FilterReader/FilterStream. From Simon St.Laurent. Help. DOCTYPEChanger and about the movie remember, DOCTYPEChangerStream are Java classes that allow you to change the DOCTYPE declarations as a document is being read into an XML parser. This may be useful in several cases: (1) You want to add a default DOCTYPE declaration to documents that arrive without one to feed them to a validating parser. (2) You want to test documents against a different DOCTYPE declaration than the one they arrived with. (3) You want to prevent document creators from ocr a2 history coursework help, making changes to the DOCTYPE your application understands. For Thesis. These classes allow you to set a root element, public identifiers, system identifiers, and an internal subset independently, and also let you specify whether the DOCTYPE declaration should be changed if present. ['It's not real sophisticated, but you might want to check out my DOCTYPEChanger, which lets you specify a DOCTYPE. It's a Java FilterReader (or FilterStream) which strips out the old DOCTYPE (if you insist) and ocr a2 history coursework help, puts in a new one. You can put it in front of an XML parser if you want, or just run documents through it.']

ElCel Technology XML Validator. The ElCel Technology XML Validator is a free command-line utility built using our C++ XML Toolkit. As its name implies, this is a validating XML processor. It contains complete and up-to-date support for gifts for thesis committee members XML 1.0 (second edition and history help, errata) and XML Namespaces. It has been designed to highlight some of the on zero policy strengths of the ocr a2 history underlying XML Toolkit, allowing you to judge its speed and accuracy for yourself. Features include: fast and accurate, proven against the OASIS/NIST conformance suite; XML catalog support for resolution of public identifiers; any number of files can be validated in one go; validating or well-formedness mode; will report and recover from multiple errors, even 'fatal' ones; user-friendly error messages with optional location arrow; options to policy, support batch processing; input can be via pipes, the local file system or HTTP URLs; freely available for both Windows and Linux. See the online manual. Canonical XML Processor. The ElCel Technology Canonical XML Processor is history coursework, a free command-line utility built using the SAX 2.0 interface of our C++ XML Toolkit. It implements the canonicalization algorithm as described by the W3C's Canonical XML recommendation. Dorothy Sayers Essay Classical. It also implements the original Canonical XML specification from James Clark.

This is a very useful program for ocr a2 history coursework converting valid XML with a DTD into a standalone document. We also use it internally to check the conformance of our XML Toolkit against the OASIS/NIST conformance tests. ObjectStore XML Parser - Microsoft's Java-based XML Parser integrated with ObjectStore PSE PSE Pro for Java. XJParser From DataChannel. Also has advanced query language support through emerging W3C standards support like data typing, XSL pattern matching, and saison 3 resume, node transformation. The DataChannel - Microsoft XML Parser for Java (Beta 2). History Coursework. Includes a validating XML engine, XSL support, and transformations of saison 3 resume data. December 1998 and later. See the history help FAQ document. [May 07, 1999] Redistributable 'Microsoft XML Parser' - Microsoft Corporation announced the members release of the Microsoft XML Parser for incorporation by third-party developers into their applications. DataChannel XML Development Environment (DXDE) and DXP XML Parser.

DXP is a validating XML parser written in Java. It is specifically aimed at providing a utility for coursework server-side applications that need to integrate XML capabilities into existing systems and for out-of-the-browser Java-based software. Updated 980211 or later. IBM XML for Java. XML for Java is a validating XML parser written in 100% pure Java. The package ( com.ibm.xml.parser ) contains classes and compettition, methods for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. Coursework Help. Last updated 1999-02-10 (version 2.0.0). Updated July 28, 1998 for saison 3 resume bug fixes, new samples, additional command line options, and updated API documentation. Released with a free commercial license Version 1.0.0 June 23, 1998. Updated 19980612. Ocr A2 History Help. Previously updated May 13, 1998, and updated 1998-04-16.

[December 07, 2000] miniXML parser. David Cox presents a tree-based miniXML parser for XML that is saison 3 resume, written in C++ using the help Standard Template Library for strings and various containers. The parser works with canonical XML, and is very fast, though limited to smaller XML documents. See the January 2001 issue of Dr. Dobb's Journal . With code listings and the complete and source code; [cache listings, [cache sources] [June 29, 1999] XML Parser for the C++ Language (XML4C). IBM alphaWorks' XML4C is a validating XML parser written in sayers essay classical a portable subset of C++. XML4C makes it easy to help, give an application the ability to read and write XML data.

It is a single shared library that provides classes for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. XML4C is faithful to the XML 1.0 Recommendation and associated standards (DOM 1.0, SAX 1.0). Source code, samples and API documentation are provided with the parser distribution. Version 2.2.0 released 1999-06-25. Version 2.3.1 released August 26, 1999. SP Parser.

SP 1.3.4 released 1999-10-13. SP version 1.3 has better support for XML based on the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to gifts for thesis members, ISO 8879. SP adds support for (XML) documents that are merely well-formed. Ocr A2. This is enabled by using -wno-valid . There's also a -wxml switch that warns about various things that are legal SGML but not XML. Saison 3 Resume. Update 971013: test release of SP with much more XML support. xmlwf - Clark's XML well-formedness checker, [now] part of XMLTok. A program built with the XML tokenizer that checks the well-formedness of XML entities. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltok.zip. Ocr A2 History Coursework. [971201] And, note that the sayers WebTechs' Validation Service now supports 'XML' - (possibly using this code?).

XXX: eXperimental Xml leXer - from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica). experimental software. the basic idea of XXX is that XML can be parsed using a recursive descent parser made from ocr a2 history, a highlyparameterized general-purpose lexical analyser. Compettition. See also XXX Notation Processors. Sun Java Project X [XML Library] parser - a fast XML document parser with optional validation in the core of the Sun Java Project X toolkit. OpenXML Parser - Version 1.0.5 introduces the X3P Publisher API, provides support for XHTML 1.0, and offers and major performance improvements. [February 24, 2000] Java pull parser built on SAX. This (XP) package contains a wrapper that converts a pushing SAX parser into a pulling parser and some related classes. Namespace support added 2000-01. From Stefan Haustein. John Cowan announced the availability of a preliminary version of DOMParser (alpha source code).

DOMParser is a compliant SAX parser, except that its input (elements, attributes, and so on) comes from a DOM implementation rather than an ocr a2 history coursework help, InputSource (XML source code). Silfide XML Parser (SXP), a parser and sayers classical, a complete XML API in Java. Withe other client.server components. XSilfide is a client/server. History. P. For Thesis. Bonhomme: I have developed an XML Parser in Java and coursework, a tree based API which works fine.

I have implemented the the movie the titans whole XML 1.0 (REC 10-02-1998), the XML Namespaces (WD 27-03-1998, the Document Object Model Level 1 (DOM Core and XML, WD 16-04-1998) and both XML links and XML pointers. Updated 980731. RXP - RXP, a GPL'd validating XML parser in C. Ocr A2 History. The parser program reads and parses XML from the six sigma research papers (or standard input if none is provided) and writes it to standard output, optionally expanding entities, defaulting attributes, and translating to a different output encoding. Available also with MSDOS/Windows32 binaries. Version 1.0.7 released May 1999. Ocr A2 History Help. Version 1.0 released 1999-02-17. See also the saison 3 resume LT XML entry. Updated 980526, and previously 980216. Xparse: A JavaScript XML Parser - work in progress; in JavaScript (ECMAScript). Ocr A2 History Help. Watch for on zero 'Sparse, a companion XSL parser.' Updated 980219.

HXP - Hubick's XML Parser. 'Work in progress' by Chris Hubick as of history July 23, 1998. See the associated 'HXA - Hubick's XML Analyzer' tool. Sam Blackburn's freeware C++ XML parser. In the essay WFC package (Win32 Foundation Classes). In Release 35, entity resolution was added to the XML classes. XMLCheck - a new sample utility that loads an XML file and tells you if it is valid or not. XMLParser class and xmllib module in the Python distribution. Expat (XML Parser Toolkit) Module for Ruby. The XML Parser Module for Ruby uses James Clark's expat XML toolkit, Version 1.0. It has two kinds of history interfaces (event handler and iterator) and supports several encodings (UTF-8 and UTF-16, and with the 'Uconv' module, EUC-JP, Shift_JIS, and ISO-2022-JP). Version 0.3.3 description.

RUWF - XML well-formedness Syntax Checker with HTML interface, from XML.com. Built with Tim Bray's Lark parser. XML Syntax Checker - from Frontier 5. Use the blox XML parser based on expat, or the Frontier 5.1.3 built-in XML parser to check well-formedness of an gifts members, XML document. 'XML-by-hand' (a (non-validating) XML parser written in history Java) and parser take two (variant of the earlier parser above which may be more suitable for gifts members certain kinds of XML data . . .). XML software from Bert Bos. ISO-to-UTF [UTF-8 or UTF-16] XML Conversion Tool.

From Richard Goerwitz, Brown University, STG. Use this utility to convert an existing XML document in an ISO format ( e.g. Help. , ISO-8859-1) to UTF-8 or UTF-16. Gifts For Thesis Members. To facilitate autodetection of the document's existing format (as per history coursework help, appendix F to the W3C XML spec), please be sure to prepend a valid XML declaration to your document. See the Open eBook Validator from Brown University, Scholarly Technology Group. The Open eBook Validator, a free service provided by Brown University's Scholarly Technology Group (STG) and NuvoMedia, Inc. HEX - The HTML Enabled XML Parser.

From Anders Kristensen (HP Labs, Bristol). HEX is a simple, 100% Java, non-validating XML parser with some hooks for mostly correct parsing of sayers essay HTML pages. It doesn't understand either SGML or XML DTD's but the parser API allows the application to control its operation in ocr a2 ways that facilitate HTML parsing. It implements the DOM core level one API and the SAX event-driven API. The HEX parser is freely available, with source code for six sigma non-commercial use. It comes with a couple of sample applications. See: the HEX main page.

Delphi XML parsers. 1) CUESoft version ['CUESoft is offering free Delphi and ActiveX XML components for a limited time. . Ocr A2 History Coursework. . CUESoft will be adding XML capability to its powerful CUEBase database for providing the ability to index and search large XML document databases']; 2) ICOM Datenverarbeitungs GmbH 'XML Parser Component for Delphi'. . . the first version of a XML Parser component for the Borland Delphi development environment. The current version supports all major features of the XML standard. We will enhance the component to support the full XML standard as soon as possible. Contact: xml@icom-dv.de.

Whisper Mac/Win32 C++ application framework - 'The Esoterica [layer] includes automata classes, a regular expression class, a compression class (based on zlib), a simple text parser, a more complex parser (it builds parse trees), and a validating XML parser.' MuXML - An XML Document Multiplexor. MuXML is a prototype Perl module that implements configurable multiplexing of XML document streams accessed via the remember the titans LWPng module and parsed using the XML::Parser module. Its returns its results using the XML::Grove module. Its primary purpose is to serve as a demonstration of the use of history help non-blocking design approaches with XML and Perl. . . MuXML is a demonstration of the utility of the partial parsing capability that Clark Cooper added to the 2.22 release of XML::Parser. From Gabe Beged-Dov. [local archive copy] PHP XML Parser Functions. PHP - Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP Version 3.0 is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of gifts for thesis members its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and ocr a2 history coursework help, Perl with a couple of saison 3 resume unique PHP-specific features thrown in.

The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly. See the PHP Manual [Section] XLVIII. XML Parser Functions. This PHP extension implements support for James Clark's expat in PHP. This toolkit lets you parse, but not validate, XML documents. It supports three source character encodings also provided by PHP: US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and ocr a2 coursework help, UTF-8. UTF-16 is not supported. This extension lets you create XML parsers and then define handlers for on zero tolerance policy different XML events. Each XML parser also has a few parameters you can adjust.

See further the PHP3 Manual. Erlang XML parser. - (pre) release of an experimental XML parser. . . This parser has 5 Erlang modules. By Joe Armstrong. ['Erlang is a concurrent functional programming language suitable for ocr a2 history help implementing large systems with soft real time demands.'] XML Document Editing, DTD Editing, Stylesheet Editing, Formatting, Browsing, and saison 3 resume, Delivery Tools. XML in MS Internet Explorer - XML Browser support in Internet Explorer. XML in coursework help Mozilla - XML Browser support in essay classical Netscape.

XED - A WYSIWYG XML instance editor. From Henry S. Thompson, 980318. Coursework Help. Updated 1999-09-13 [FreeBSD, Linux, WIN32, and Solaris 2.5 versions]. Updated to version 0.5 1999-07-20 [local archive copy]. Updated to saison 3 resume, beta July 12, 1998.

Updated to 'final alpha' 980427. Updated to alpha version 0.2.1.4 980402. XML Editing Mode in PSGML. XML patches from David Megginson. Version 1.2.0 (XML support, beta) 1999-10-13. See: 'PSGML Tricks', by Bob DuCharme. History Help. . . . [including] an essay tolerance policy, Acrobat file with the 99-page chapter on using Emacs with PSGML, the SGML/XML mode for Emacs. Ocr A2 Coursework. The Web page also has a link to a page of PSGML tricks contributed by saison 3 resume, various users, and I'm always happy to add new ones. Coursework. [1999-10-14] Kai Grossjohann described a problem with incompatible system identifiers when using psgml to edit XML documents; David Megginson supplied the essay lisp code for a provisional fix. Note: Unicode encoding for GNU Emacs - If your file is history coursework, encoded in UTF-8, you can use the six sigma research Unicode encoding package for Emacs (http://www.cs.ust.hk/ otfried/Mule/) so that characters beyond US-ASCII are displayed properly. (I keep meaning to write a hook for psgml so that it can use the XML declaration to set the encoding automatically, but for now it's easy enough to use `C-x C-m c' before opening the file to set it manually. History. [XSL List] See the source for PSGML version 1.2.2. [PSGML version 1.2.3, November 8, 2001, cache] [December 06, 1999] XFA Edit - An Advanced XML Editor. A new XML editing tool with source code is six sigma research papers, available, as announced: XML For All Announces XFA Edit, an Advanced XML Editor. - XML For All, Inc. today announced the release of history coursework XFA Edit, an six sigma, advanced text editor for XML and ocr a2 coursework, HTML documents that runs under Microsoft Windows operating systems. AuthorIT - According to the AuthorIT folks, the research papers next version, to be released in about two weeks [ca 2001-01-19], is supposed to have full XML output implementation.

XRay from help, Architag International. (1) Can be used to for thesis, create any XML document: [XML documents, XSL Stylesheets, XML Schemas, Document type definitions (DTD)]; (2) Support for XSLT: [XSLT transformation window updates with every keystroke See changes as you type Multiple windows are allowed for each XML document Full XPath support]; (3) Fully validating XML editor: [Verifies well-formedness, Validates structure according to DTD, Validates structure and datatypes according to XML Data schema]; (4) HTML Viewing Window. Interactive Authoring and Display System (IADS). The IADS program distribution includes an XML DTD. The IADS Software is classified as a Class 3 IETM package, however, IADS has the capability of producing a Class 4 and 5 IETM. IADS uses SGML as its underlying text format. WYSIWYG editing is history coursework, now provided which allows text entry, graphic manipulation, tag insertion, and modification within the context of the formatted display. This mode is essay about remember, turned on help, or off using the saison 3 resume 'Edit mode' option under the 'Authoring' menu. The DTD (if specified in the DOCTYPE) is ocr a2 help, loaded, processed, and its rules stored for use when inserting or editing tags in the document. Sayers Classical. The tag editor dialog box will only allow tags and tag attributes to ocr a2 history coursework, be inserted that are defined in essay the DTD. 'Currently [2001-10], IADS is the ocr a2 history coursework help only software able to parse and display IETMs meeting MIL-STD-40051A.' Contact: iads@redstone.army.mil ([Neil Frazier] IADS / Publications Services, US Army AMCOM).

jEdit for dorothy sayers essay XML - jEdit has an history help, easy to use interface that resembles that of many other Windows and MacOS text editors. jEdit is extremely customizable, and has an extensive feature set, that includes, among other things: Syntax highlighting for 46 file types; Auto indent with support for intelligent indent in Java, C and Python source; Search and replace with support for regular expressions, and saison 3 resume, searching in multiple files; Bracket matching; Abbreviations; Multiple clipboards; Rectangular editing; Split-window operation; Word wrap; Macro recording; BeanShell scripting. See also Thomas Passin's comments. XMetaL from SoftQuad Software. Is shipping as of 1999-05-26. Was in beta (1999-03). [October 14, 2000] [Star Division / Sun] StarOffice. See StarOffice and XML for anouncement of source code and help, StarOffice XML DTDs. Earlier StarOffice entry (1999): The Sun product is expected to support XML -- in dorothy sayers light of a Webcast statement by Star Division's Marco Boerries to the effect that XML specifications created as part of the ocr a2 coursework help StarPortal initiative would be submitted to the W3C, and that the APIs would be submitted to saison 3 resume, ECMA.

An article by coursework help, Stephen Shankland in CNET News.com offers the same hint from an interview with Marco Boerries: In line with the plan to become more open, Star Office file formats eventually will become XML, and the standard for interacting with it will become published openly and contributed to the ECMA standardization group. Possible hints of some SGML pedigree in a couple help files: one shows that the color of members SGML can be changed for display purposes, and another shows that SGML is in ocr a2 coursework the glossary. [credits kd] Note: As of sayers essay classical 2000-07, OpenOffice.org is the open source project through which Sun Microsystems is history help, releasing the saison 3 resume technology for coursework help the popular StarOffice productivity suite. a principal goal is the saison 3 resume establishment of open, XML-based standards for office productivity file formats and language-independent bindings to component APIs. [January 04, 2000] epcEdit - A full-featured SGML/XML editor, which makes extensive use of the TkSGML library included in the epcEdit package. The epcEdit package consists of: (1)the source code of ocr a2 history help epcEdit, which is essay about, written entirely in Tcl/Tk. If you have some programming experience, it will be easy for you to adapt epcEdit to your needs; (2) the TkSGML widget library (binary) and documentation.

TkSGML is an SP-based SGML system that could best be described as a generic toolkit for building integrated SGML applications. epcEdit supports Unicode for SGML and history coursework help, XML documents; internally handles all data as UTF-8; Release 0.92 contains a very early version of a WYSIWYG editor for CALS tables. Support for HTML tables will be added later. See the technical description. XMLware - Java based editor that ses the parser XML4J from essay about the titans, IBM; a validating and history coursework help, specifying editor based on on zero tolerance policy, the DTD definition. Download evaluation version. EditML - EditML is a windows based editor for creating well-formed/valid XML documents.

The document can be a data file, schema file or a stylesheet. It is based on Microsoft's MSXML parser conforming to XML specification 1.0 (W3C standard). Coursework. By Saravanan Lakshmanan. DocZilla XML/SGML Browser. See the announcement for DocZilla SGML/XML browser for WinNT/95/98 and Linux [1999-06-03]. Envision XML - An industrial strength XML schema development tool. Has a fully graphical interface and a central data dictionary; well suited to larger development teams; designed to reduces the need to learn complex syntax. Contact: James Knowles. GO. Six Sigma Research. GO is a [GNOME] word processor with a plugin system, hyphenation and justification, undo system, an xml file format, printing, and other features.

From Chris Lahey. AbiWord - a full-featured word processor, he first application in a suite from AbiSource, Inc. which is developing a cross-platform, open-source office suite called AbiSuite. 'Why does AbiWord use XML as its native file format? Because we like XML.' See the ocr a2 history AbiWord DTD, cache; also XML Schema for AbiWord Markup Language, cache. KWord - a Linux-based word processor that uses XML for its native file format. A FrameMaker-like wordprocessor of the six sigma research KOffice. Frame oriented, not page oriented. Morphon XML Editor, based on Java. Ocr A2 History Coursework. From Lunatech Research.

Beta 1 version 1999-06-28. Also: http://www.morphon.com/. Documentor from Excosoft AB. Evaluation version available for download. Dorothy Sayers Essay. See screenshots.

[September 30, 1999] Stilo recently announced an introductory offer [reduced price, 'try and buy'] for its Stilo WebWriter, described as a comprehensive editor for history coursework creating XML. sxml-mode for (X)Emacs. From Philippe Le Hégaret. This emacs mode uses psgml-1.0.1 and font-lock (with a Java Virtual Machine) to 'validate' XML documents with SAX (The Simple API for XML) in Emacs. LiveDTD. a perl program which converts an SGML/XML Document Type Definition (DTD) into essay, a hypertext document.

See the announcement. Visual XML - alpha version 980406, designed to assist in history coursework help the creation and editing of XML documents, including DTDs. From Pierre Morel. An application written in Java, with support for internationalization and customization ( e.g. , Metal, Windows, Motif interfaces) features. Adobe 'ReadXML' for FrameMaker Sample Code. 'ReadXML' is a sample plug-in that demonstrates reading XML into FrameMaker+SGML 6.0. This plug-in parses XML and outputs an SGML document. The resulting SGML document is passed to saison 3 resume, FrameMaker+SGML's built-in SGML parser.

Note opnly a sample as of 2001-01-05, not fully functional and ocr a2 history coursework, will not correctly handle most XML files; its purpose is to illustrate how a developer could create a robust XML-based solution. XML Authority - a graphical design tool accelerating the creation and enhancing the management of schemas for XML. With support for data typing, solutions for data interchange and document oriented applications converge. XML Authority includes a toolset to gifts, help convert existing application and document structures to schemas, defining the basis for well formed XML documents and enabling valid XML. History Coursework Help. Beta, 1999-03-25.

Zveno Swish XML Editor - Swish is a non-validating XML document editor. It allows the user to view and edit a XML document in both a tree-mode and a document-mode simultaneously. Essay. Linux, Windows 95/98/NT and Macintosh PPC. Version 1.0 beta 1 released 1999-03-27. Emilé - XML Editor for Macintosh. Version 1.0 1999-06-10.

An introductory price of $79. A demo copy of the editor can be downloaded from the company's website. HyBrick SGML/XML Browser. History Coursework. HyBrick is an advanced SGML/XML browser developed by Fujitsu Laboratories, the research arm of Fujitsu. Remember. HyBrick is based on ocr a2 history help, an architecture that supports advanced linking and formatting capabilities. HyBrick includes a DSSSL renderer and saison 3 resume, XLink/XPointer engine running on top of coursework help James Clark's SP and Jade. See also the announcement. SixPack - an open source code XML editor for Macintosh designed in REALbasic. includes an XML parser (that complies to sayers classical, the XML 1.0 specification as a well-formed processor), a set of classes that emulate the history coursework help DOM, and for thesis members, a variety of visual components for editing and history, displaying XML documents. all in for thesis 100% native REALbasic. Microsoft XML Notepad. A simple prototyping application for HTML authors and history coursework help, developers that enables the rapid building and saison 3 resume, editing of small sets of XML-based data.

Validates instance against an XML DTD at load time. Ocr A2. First released 980722. DTDGenerator - XML DTD Generator. Essay. From Michael Kay (ICL). SAXON DTDGenerator is a program that takes an XML document as input and produces a Document Type Definition (DTD) as output. The aim of the program is to ocr a2 history coursework help, give you a quick start in writing a DTD. [19980505.] Note 2000-01-05: DTDGen is now part of SAXON. DTDGenerator Frontend - A perl script written by Paul Tchistopolskii, as a frond end to about the movie remember the titans, Michael Kay's DTDGenerator. Near Far Designer. - An XML and SGML DTD authoring tool; visual, drag-and-drop interface.

tdtd - Emacs Major Mode for editing SGML/XML DTDs. Updated [version 0.7] March 15, 1999 or later. Previously updated (version 0.6) 980801. Previously updated (version 0.5) 980524. XML Spy - a professional validating XML editor that provides three integrated views on XML documents: an ocr a2 history, enhanced grid view for structured display and editing, a low-level source view with syntax coloring, and an integrated browser view that supports CSS and XSL style-sheets. Detailed find, replace, and gifts, print options are available in all views. Ocr A2 History Coursework. Complete Unicode and character-set encoding support is included. XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets. MIOW browser - miow can render XML documents, using CSS style sheets; XSL is not yet supported [soon-to-be-released, 1998-08-26] XSL Authoring Studio, from six sigma research, ContentWare.

Soon to be available in ocr a2 alpha version on the Web. It was demonstrated by Ray Cromwell and Shawn O'Connor at for thesis, 'XML: The Conference' Developers' Day, March 27, 1998. The tool as shown also supported an XML document instance editor from which the XSL stylesheet editor may be launched. It uses Lark and DocProc. XSLJ - Henry Thompson's XSL-to-DSSSL translator. Updated: 980112. PrismEd. A configurable metadata editor which will cope with structured metadata values; reads and writes RDF. Written in Java 1.1 (1.1.6), and can be run either as an applet or as an application.

Announced 1998-09-05. Link - The tool ' Link is an XML-XSL-XLL browser'. Link is a simple application written in Java that allows a user to view XML documents with XSL stylesheets and XLL hyperlinking. [April 09, 1998] JBX - Java XML Browser - JXB is a project to create a web browser in Java for the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Under development by Chris Hubick [now discontinued?]. [May 14, 1998] IRIS XML EDITOR, beta 1 and IRIS XML DTD GENERATOR, from innovation Partners and CEI (Cabinet d'études Informatiques). Demo/Beta-1-ware. Jade - DSSSL engine. The latest distributions include SP and other applications with XML support.

XML Flow Object Tree backend: The -t xml option makes empty elements and processing instructions use the XML syntax. Jade 1.2.1 updated October 13, 1998. SGML/XML Kit - The SGML/XML Kit is a browser add-on that transforms SGML/XML documents into displayable entities; [it] is ocr a2 history coursework, based on saison 3 resume, a DSSSL script engine. XML Application Environments, Development Toolkits, Conversion. SAX - the Simple API for help XML. SAX is a common event-based XML API now in use by many parsers and research papers, applications. History Coursework Help. David Megginson is the members project leader. Ocr A2 Coursework Help. See also the essay references above. Version 1.0 released May 12, 1998. SAX 2/Java (beta). Released by David Megginson 2000-01-28.

DAE SDK and DAE Server SDK (w/ XML processor for building groves from XML documents) - Copernican Solutions. [SAXDOM renamed 'FREE-DOM' as of 19980505] - see the following entry] SAXDOM - An implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API using Simple API for XML (SAX). From Don Park. See the main page. Updated 980504 to ocr a2, support the 04/16/98 DOM spec. Updated 980406 to support the DOM specification of 03/18/98, WD-DOM-19980318. Docuverse DOM SDK. Saison 3 Resume. Supersedes FREE-DOM, above From Don Park.

Docuverse DOM SDK is an implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API in help Java. Formerly 'FREE-DOM' and before that, called SAXDOM. Updated September 06, 1998. Updated July 21, 1998 to support the DOM version of 19980720. C++ LGPL'ed Implementation of the Document Object Model (DOM) - From ÁNOQ of the Sun [Johnny Andersen]. 980818 DOM spec, . Saison 3 Resume. . . written for the Berlin project. Ocr A2 History. Berlin uses CORBA, but this DOM implementation can be used both with and without CORBA. Saison 3 Resume. . . . implements most of the core DOM API according to the DOM specification from 1998-08-18. There are still a few methods missing and some components doesn't behave correctly yet.

The document type components are not implemented yet. It should however be possible to build a usable DOM tree with this implementation. XML Testbed. An XML application environment written in Java. From Steve Withall. . uses an XML configuration file to define the (Swing-based) user interface; includes its own non-validating XML parser (though it can use any SAX parser instead), a nascent XSL engine (to the old submission standard - just in time to be out of date), and a few other odds and ends. SAXON - a Java class library for XML Applications.

The SAXON package is a Java interface for processing XML documents. It provides a set of services that are particularly useful for applications performing XML- XML or XML- HTML transformations. From Michael Kay. Version 4.4, 1999-07-14; Version 4.3, 1999-06-15. Updated 1999-02-16. Earlier: Updated October 20, 1998. Updated September 01, 1998.

Updated 980721 to use the ocr a2 coursework new Free-DOM release of July 21, 1998. Was updated 19980616. [Previously updated: 980513.] XAF - an six sigma, XML Architectural Forms Processor. XAF is a Java-based XML architectural forms processor that acts as both a SAX application and a SAX parser. . . the client application sees the history coursework help (virtual) architectural document instead of the actual XML document. From David Megginson. ExCost. Saison 3 Resume. ExCost is for coursework 'Expat and essay tolerance policy, Cost'.

Uses an extension to TCL that allows it to parse ESIS file and handle output in a event or tree driven behaviour. It provides about the same functionality as Cost [Copenhagen SGML Tool, from Joe English], but for XML. XML-DBMS - a set of Java packages you can use to transfer data between XML documents and relational databases. DB2XML - a tool for ocr a2 history transforming relational databases into sayers, XML documents. Delta XML - Monsell's standalone tools for comparing XML documents and comparing complex data in XML. Ocr A2 Coursework. identify and monitor changes to XML documents and data files. Similar tools from IBM alphaWorks: (1) XML Diff and Merge Tool; (2) XML TreeDiff. WebBroker: XML for papers Distributed Computing - under development by John Tigue.

The goal is to come up with a unified software object model for the Web. See slides from XML'98 in Seattle and the database entry. PLSXML From Oracle. a set of PL/SQL-based XML utilities and demonstrations. The PLSXML Suite consists of: (1) DBXML - For generating rich, nested XML documents from SQL queries; (2) DBDOM - For creating, parsing, traversing, and searching XML Documents using the Document Object Model API; (3) DBXSL - For generating a database-driven XSL stylesheet for a tree-rendering of data. LT XML - XML toolset. LT XML is a set of C programs for manipulating XML files and a C application program interface (API) designed to ease the writing of C programs which manipulate XML documents. Updated to version 1.0 980624.

Previously updated 980508. OmniMark LE 4.0 Preview - a special early release (for Windows 95/NT only) that previews the enhanced XML functionality in the new, soon-to-be-launched full version of OmniMark 4.0; LE is a free product. XML Script - an XML compliant language designed to handle XML with a minimum of overhead. Help. X-Tract is a freely available XML Script processor. From DecisionSoft Ltd. Contact: Paul Warren. [Notice posted for] a [script] conversion from RTF to 'XML' [viz., SGML] that uses OMLE, rather like Rainbow, plus CALS tables support. The RTF2XML filter, formerly RTF2SGML, has been enhanced in version 0.4 for handling XML, including built-in support for Unicode RTF. Requires OmniMark or OmniMark LE from OmniMark Technologies, Inc. See RTF2XML, or the local archive copy.

MajiX - Java compliant tool from Tetrasix, automatically transforms RTF files (Microsoft Word files) into XML. converts RTF styles and some document characteristics into essay compettition, a XML file conforming to history coursework help, a document type definition DTD. The names of the tags may be changed by essay tolerance policy, the user. Majix version 1.1 is the third release; it corrects some bugs from version 1.0 and provides support for XSL through James Clark's XT. With online documentation. xtr2any - 'configurable filter, easy-to-use XML transcoder for prepress departments.' A Linux command or as a Win32 console application. Download the (restricted) demo version.

masterplan - a convertor generator; you'll need gcc, bison and coursework, flex or equivalents to build both the executable and essay compettition, the convertors. Version 0.0.1 (1999-03-29). From: Paul Janssens. XML Enabler - a Java Servlet that converts XML-tagged data into HTML using different stylesheets for different browsers. From IBM.

See the white paper, Accessing XML on the Client. XTAL (XML Translation for AntLr) is a general conversion tool for ocr a2 history help XML and SGML. ANTLR and Java serve as basis and description language. From Oliver Zeigermann. MetaMorphosis - SGML/XML Tree Transformer.

MetaMorphosis is a target-driven SGML/XML tree transformer that uses a declarative language. Ace utility program. Ace is a freely available scripting language which allows powerful manipulation of essay SGML and ocr a2 history, XML documents. XTL - A C++ XML toolkit with DOM SAX support. OpenXML - An open source, pure Java, commercial-grade, fully featured framework for XML-based applications.

OpenXML covers the entire cycle of XML documents production, processing and delivery for compettition dynamic content publishing and application to application communication. Updated 1999-04-01. Latex to XML Converter - This converter takes a latex file (*.tex) from your directory and outputs an XML file (*.html) to the browser. Coursework. The math modes in latex are converted to MathML (Mathematical Markup Language). To view the output, you will need to research, download the W3C test-bed browser Amaya. From Ashes Dhanna Ganguly.

Extensible Protocol (XP) - a bidirectional protocol on which XML documents are exchanged between two endpoints. The com.thinlink.xp package implements XP draft 00 using stream sockets and the IBM xml4j processor. It uses an event-listener interface and the Document Object Model to send and receive XML documents. From Tom harding. Implements IETF 'draft-harding-extensible-protocol-00.txt'; [local archive copy]. See: Extensible Protocol. See also: XML tools in Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , SGML TOOLS - By Tool Category

Main entry for W3C Recommendation 'Namespaces in XML' (REC-xml-names-19990114) and its commentary: Namespaces in ocr a2 history coursework XML A Proposal for Namespaces in XML, by Henry S. Thompson. Language Technology Group, HCRC, Edinburgh. May 27, 1997. Essay Compettition. Overview: . . History. .a quite simple proposal for namespaces, lighter weight than those seen heretofore, but admittedly NOT valid SGML as things stand. I think its light weight, flexibility and essay compettition, functionality commend it. See also a free-form XML version submitted to the W3C SGML WG list. History Coursework Help. [HTML mirror copy] [June 06, 1998] A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML. By Toru Takahashi. Essay. ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 N1987. 98-05-15.

Supersedes WG8 N1873. From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is history, a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on saison 3 resume, namespaces. For element type names, SGML allows only one name space throughout a document. This restriction means, that if you intend to design a new DTD, you have to be familiar with all the element types you wish to use to construct the DTD, and have to ocr a2, select their names very carefully to avoid name conflicts. This lack of modularity makes difficult to use separately designed declaration sets (DTD fragments) in mixture to build up a complete DTD. For example, if you want to use pre-defined declaration sets for 'tables' and 'math expressions' together to construct your own 'report' DTD, you have to examine whether there are any name conflicts between them or not.

If there are any such conflicts, you have to modify several declarations. This restriction in name space makes impossible to treat these declaration sets as public (read only) texts. Similar problems may occur on the parameter entity names. To solve these problems, I propose to essay tolerance, introduce the concept of 'Module' into SGML. [local archive copy] [See preceding entry] Relative (also) to 'namespaces' in XML: A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into history, SGML [namespaces], by Toru Takahashi. 12 November 1996. Dorothy Sayers Essay Classical. From the ocr a2 history coursework help Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on name spaces.

For element type names, SGML allows only on zero tolerance one name space per document. . . [mirror copy], also available as http://www.ornl.gov/sgml/wg8/document/1873.doc. Web Architecture: Extensible Languages. W3C Note 10 Feb 1998. NOTE-webarch-extlang. By Tim Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly (W3C). History. This document is meant to be a fairly explanatory synthesis of the requirements for namespace extension in languages on the web, and in particular for the general language planned to be the common basis of many future applications, XML. It was originally written as part of the for thesis committee 'Design Issues' series of notes. Whilst technically the personal opinion of the authors, it their best attempt as technical coordinators at history help, outlining common architectural principles for W3C development. [local archive copy] xml-bind - XLinks from Types and Names.

By Rick Jelliffe. Essay The Movie Remember. Reference: Note 13 March, 1998 (Note-xml-bind-19980313). This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. It is primarily an ocr a2 coursework, alternative to gifts for thesis committee members, the namespace proposal and a contribution to defining XLink requirements. RDF and XML-data designers may also find it relevant. [Abstract:] Current linking systems are based on ocr a2 coursework, links from elements ( i.e. , instances of element types in gifts committee a document). This paper holds that several of the technologies under development by the W3C working groups are better characterized as links from types and names. Suggestions are made for a general architecture to history coursework, handle this, and for how this can be integrated into XLink. Gifts For Thesis. Namespaces, parts of RDF, and ocr a2 coursework help, SGML Open Catalogs are re-characterized as XLinks from types and the movie remember the titans, names. [local archive copy] A Cut and Paste Infrastructure for ocr a2 XML. By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note-xml-cnp-19980131, Note 1-February-1998.

This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. It is a personal critique of XML 1.0 PR, especially in the light of the namespace proposal, RDF and XML-data. It may be seen as a contribution to user requirements for an XML 1.1. XML Cut'n'Paste is a proposal for various conventions which address many sophisticated uses in papers Extensible Markup Language (XML) while retaining true to history coursework, its underlying model, as an gifts, application of SGML. [local archive copy] Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML, in two variants: (a) one which takes advantage of the Extended Naming Rules Technical Corrigendum to ISO 8879, but does not make use of the ocr a2 history coursework Web SGML Adaptations Annex; (b) one which takes advantage of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. [local archive copy] The new (informative) ISO 8879 Annex L: Added Requirements for XML illustrates the saison 3 resume relationship of SGML declarations to 'added requirements' by ocr a2 history, means of a real-world example, XML. The annex has a prose application summary and sample SGML declaration.

Some of the Recent Changes to ISO 8879 (Annex K, Web SGML Adaptations; also Annex L, Added Requirements for XML) are motivated by the goal of bringing SGML and saison 3 resume, XML into alignment. See Bob DuCharme, SGML: Changing to Accommodate XML. [July 19, 1998] Converting an SGML DTD to XML. By Norman Walsh [ArborText]. Norm Walsh itemizes the steps in SGML-to-XML DTD conversion in a couple categories: Many of these changes are straightforward and, for a large number of coursework help SGML DTDs, they will be fairly easy to accomplish. . . About The Movie The Titans. There are also some changes that may have a large impact on the semantics of the DTD. Luckily, these are mostly infrequently-used SGML features so they don't turn up often in ocr a2 coursework most DTDs. Also at about the movie the titans, XML.com [XML QA] (July 08, 1998). [September 17, 1999] XML/SGML: On the Web and Behind the Web. By Alfred Attipoe and Philippe Vijghen [The SGML Technologies Group].

In InterChange: Newsletter of the International SGML/XML Users' Group Volume 5, Issue 3 (July 1999), pages 25-29. History Coursework. There is for thesis committee members, some confusion as to when [to] use SGML and when to use XML. In this paper we argue that both have their rightful place in publishing systems. History. We discuss the impact of the new Web technologies on publishing systems by essay, clarifying the relationship between XML and SGML. We describe available features of both markup languages and evaluate them empirically, taking into consideration several distinct points of history coursework view. Our analysis should help you decide which (SGML or XML) to use where (behind or on the Web). . . we argue that XML, devoid of SGML complexity, is ideally suited for the exchange and publication of documents/information on essay, the Web. However, XML lacks some features which are very useful when creating behind-the-Web systems where reqirements stress the need for expressive information models and data-processing functionality.

SX , a converter from SGML to XML. Part of James Clark's SP parser toolkit; new in history coursework help the distribution of saison 3 resume SP version 1.3 [980309]. SX converts SGML to history, XML. SX parses and validates the SGML document contained in sysid. . . and writes an essay, equivalent XML document to the standard output. SX will warn about SGML constructs which have no XML equivalent. Coursework Help. [local archive copy] Using an XML Audit to Move SGML Data towards XML. By Charlie Halpern-Hamu, Incremental Development, Inc. Presented at XML'98 in Chicago. This paper describes, at a technical level, how to assess the XML-readiness of your SGML data as a first step towards moving it towards XML. This paper suggests an 'XML audit': a technical review of current markup practice with eye towards simplification. The goal of an XML audit is to understand which portions of your current SGML application are not XML.

The next step might be to start deemphasizing your use of those features. Six Sigma Research. . . [November 06, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 1). By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 10 (October 1998), pages 9-10. History Coursework Help. DuCharme introduces his serialized article by noting that a DTD conversion might not be just a one-time affair, and by categorizing DTD editing/conversion tasks into ranked groupings. [December 09, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 2). By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 11 (November 1998), pages 5-7. Gifts For Thesis. In this second part of a two-part TAG article, the author discusses SGML-XML DTD conversion in the case of ocr a2 history mixed content models, RCDATA, CONREF, and SUBDOC. SGML, XML, and HTML Document Components Compared.

From a poster session, by Dennis J. O'Connor, Consultant, Mulberry Technologies, Inc. MicroStar Ltd. is developing a set of heuristics (and software) for automatic conversion of saison 3 resume SGML DTDs to XML DTDs. Steph Tryphonas presented a paper on DTD Conversions at the Seattle XML '98 conference. TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum, Information Products Interchange) has provided a record of its recent efforts to XML-ize the TIM Telecommunications Interchange Markup DTD, version 2.0.4. See provisionally the March 06, 1998 entries. One now also encounters the phrase XML-compliant HTML . . History Help. . [May 13, 1998] W3C published a NOTE entitled XML in essay on zero HTML Meeting Report. This report, edited by Dan Connolly (W3C) and Lauren Wood (SoftQuad), addresses a number of issues relating to the use of XML encoding within HTML documents. At a meeting of February 11-12, 1998 (San Jose, California, Sun Microsystems), participants from a variety of W3C working groups met to discuss these issues, and in particular, concerns relating to the support of help MathML and RDF written in dorothy essay XML and coursework, intended to be used in HTML documents. The W3C NOTE (NOTE-xh-19980511, W3C Note 11 May 1998) summarizes the discussion and conclusions of this meeting. [local archive copy] [July 27, 1998] IBTWSH (Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Simple Hypertext) DTD - from essay about the movie remember the titans, John Cowan.

This is an XML DTD which describes a subset of HTML 4.0 for embedded use within other XML DTDs. It is by intention equivalent (within its scope) to history coursework help, -//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN, but is not a derived work in the copyright sense. [local archive copy, 980727] The development of essay on zero policy new vocabularies and the design of history help namespace syntaxes have increased public interest in registration authorities and authentication services which could be set up to saison 3 resume, manage name conflicts. Facilities are needed for support of globally-unique names, persistent links and history, resources, name (public identifier) resolution, mapping between public and system identifiers, etc. Online libraries/repositories with public text resources also present a strong desideratum. Several initiatives for registries and repositories have been announced. A few of the essay policy early initiatives which have been publicized are referenced in a separate document. References to literature on XML Media/MIME Types are held in ocr a2 coursework help a separate document. In the following lists of XML Examples and Non-Examples, a certain number of items in essay on zero tolerance the former category undoubtedly will (come to) belong to the latter category, given the evolution of the XML specifications and other factors. Note also that most of the proposed XML applications also contain sample XML documents and DTDs in the documentation.

The XML Recommendation 1.0 (February 1998) in ocr a2 help XML format. The corresponding XML specification DTD (-//W3C//DTD Specification::19980323//EN) is saison 3 resume, available online, as well as commentary: Design Report for the W3C XML Specification DTD . Ocr A2 History Coursework. Version 2.0 of the XML Spec DTD 1999-07. See the updated XML Specification DTD and corresponding XML Spec DTD - Data Modeling Report, Version 1.2, 1998-09-10. See the XML versions of the XLink and XPointer specifications ( i.e. Members. , 3-March-1998). XML source files for history coursework PR-DOM-Level-1-19980818. The DOM specification serves as a good example of the power of using XML: all of the HTML documents, Java bindings, OMG IDL bindings, and ECMA Script bindings are generated from a single set of XML source files. Essay On Zero Tolerance Policy. [local archive copy] See the Production Notes for details.

[July 1999] Updated Shakespeare XML documents, from Jon Bosak. Ocr A2 Coursework. See: shakespeare.2.00.xml.zip, and shaks200.zip. Also: religion.2.00.xml.zip and rel200.zip. Note 2001-01: URLs are now Four Religious Works '(1958896-byte zip file, http://metalab.unc.edu/bosak/xml/eg/rel200.zip)' and dorothy, The Plays of Shakespeare '(2195143-byte zip file, http://metalab.unc.edu/bosak/xml/eg/shaks200.zip)'; I do not know if these are identical version 2 document sets. [October 12, 1998] See above. Jon Bosak (Sun Microystems)) announced the availabilty of a major revision to the XML-tagged religion set.

The collection includes a group of history four religious works (The Old Testament, The New Testament, The Quran, and on zero tolerance, The Book of Mormon) marked up for electronic publication from coursework, publicly available sources. The texts were originally marked up (1992) as an essay about remember the titans, exercise in ocr a2 coursework help SGML DTD and style sheet design, and in 1996 were released along with a companion Shakespeare set as the earliest examples of real documents marked up in XML. The current distribution conforms to the XML 1.0 Recommendation released February 8, 1998. Verse numbers for the referencing systems are now generated by essay about the movie, style sheets, which are included in the distribution. These texts are used as benchmarks for XML parsers by some developers. Source: http://metalab.unc.edu/pub/sun-info/standards/xml/eg/rel200.zip; [local archive copy]. Sample XML documents with DTDs ( e.g. Coursework. , Bible, Shakespeare), for the benefit of anyone developing XML tools; provided by Jon Bosak. See the on zero tolerance updated announcement of January 30, 1998. [See also the ocr a2 history earlier announcement for other details.] Example XML documents in compettition Japanese are available. They are encoded in UTF-16 (big endian and little endian), UTF-8, iso-2022-jp, shift_jis, and ocr a2 history coursework, euc-jp.

One document is the translation of the XML PR, and it will soon be replaced with that of the compettition XML recommendation. . . History Coursework Help. From Murata Makoto. [local archive copy/snapshot, 19980603] [April 09, 1999] xmlTree. - a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules collected by James Carlyle. [February 18, 2000] We have approximately 160,000 XML documents indexed in the GoXML XML Search Engine. Many of these are in XML with XSL format. THe url is: www.goxml.com. We believe it is the largest repository of XML (and subsequently XSL) documents on the Internet. Saison 3 Resume. Grab a copy of Microsoft's IE 5.+ and have a blast. [Duane Nickull; Fri, 18 Feb 2000] XML served by history coursework help, the Sun Microsystems corporate document server, docs.sun.com . The docs.sun.com service from dorothy sayers essay, Sun stores information in a compiled SGML format and ocr a2 history coursework help, can deliver either XML or HTML data dynamically, according to requests from a client. See, for example, the docs.sun.com XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and disability.xml. [See also the database entry for the docs.sun AnswerBook Documentation.] [January 19, 1998] W3C NOTE Name Spaces in XML: NOTE-xml-names in XML format from W3C; [local archive copy] [March 06, 1998] Sample chapters 'in XML format' from Richard Light's book, Presenting XML . Presented on dorothy sayers classical, the companion Web site. [October 06, 1998] XML test data from help, Simon North's book Presenting XML , available from the Macmillan Web site. The author says: The material was written in Author/Editor using the gifts for thesis committee TEI-lite DTD (freely available on the Web) and converted to Microsoft Word, via RTF, for printing using jade. The XML and HTML code was created from the coursework help SGML sources.

The text is copyright, of course, but for experimentation it's got a very rich mix of the movie remember the titans elements (including copious CDATA sections). [XML-L 6 Oct 1998] [December 07, 1998] XML release of the history coursework help TEI Lite DTD (personal work, from Patrice Bonhomme, not an official release of the TEI Lite.) See also reference to work on saison 3 resume, preparation of an XML Version of the full TEI DTD. [October 05, 1997] XML Scenarios, sponsored by ocr a2, Microsoft and participating companies. Saison 3 Resume. This part of the Web site features a collection of articles that describe how industry leaders are using XML-based applications today to coursework help, increase sales and productivity, improve customer satisfaction, and lower costs. The companies represented are top ISVs who have built XML-based, three-tier Web applications. Tolerance Policy. Each brief scenario demonstrates the solution to ocr a2 help, a real business problem. It includes: 1) the specific business problem that was impacting mission-critical processes; 2) the role XML played in the solution; and 3) a discussion of how the problem was solved through the essay tolerance policy use of specific XML-based tools, with a behind-the-scenes look at exactly how the software components handled a typical user scenario. As of ocr a2 help October 5, 1998, nine articles were available. [January 27, 1998] XML Auction Demo from about remember the titans, Microsoft.

[January 25, 1998] XML Weather Station Demo - part of XML Online from insideDHTML. University of Oregon Virtual Laboratory, serving HTML from the XML source. Behind what you see, there is ocr a2 history, a Java servlet based on for thesis members, Lark that pumps out HTML. The applets at this site have been programmed by Sean Russell. [December 13, 1997] James Clark's test suite of files for XML processors. The collection of XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 [now 164] small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and ocr a2 history coursework, should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltest.zip. Updated December 13, 1997 to six sigma, bring the ocr a2 history coursework help test suite into alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee (under the essay about the movie remember the titans OASIS Technical Committe) will be working on coursework help, an XML Conformance Test Methodology, etc. Contact G. Gifts For Thesis. Ken Holman for additional information, and see the dedicated entry. For online WF checking via HTML-forms, see above: well-formedness checking of documents by URL and by pasted-up text.

Provided by Tim Bray (Lark, XML.com) and James Clark (XP, WebTechs). XML Conferences, Seminars, Workshops. Since XML is a subset of SGML, most 'SGML' and events now prominently feature XML. The Conferences section of the SGML/XML Web Page contains the ocr a2 coursework help full entries, often with pointers to conference reports or proceedings volumes. Saison 3 Resume. Summary information for special XML events is provided below. XML '99. December 6 - 9, 1999. History. Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA. XML One - The International Users Conference.

Increasing Your Productivity with XML. Six Sigma Research. May 24 - 27, 1999. Austin Marriott at history coursework, the Capital, Austin, Texas. XML Europe '99. April 26 - 30, 1999. The Movie The Titans. Granada, Spain. XML/SGML '99 Sweden. March 16-17, 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. XTech '99.

XML Application Developers Conference XIO Expo March 7 - 11, 1999. San Jose Convention Center, California. Markup Technologies Conference. November 19 - 20, 1998. Chicago, Illinois, USA. . . .technical issues relating to the design, development, and deployment of a variety of markup technologies including but not limited to SGML, XML, HyTime, and DSSSL. XML '98. History Coursework. November 15 - 18, 1998.

Chicago, Illinois. TAG '98. Essay Tolerance Policy. November 4 - 6, 1998. Washington, D.C. SGML/XML BeLux '98 Conference. Fifth Annual Conference on the Practical Use of ocr a2 history coursework *ML. October 21, 1998 - Antwerp, Belgium. SGML, XML, and compettition, Databases.

Tuesday, October 20, 1998. The Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre, School of Oriental and ocr a2, African Studies (SOAS), Russell Square, London. SGML/XML Asia-Pacific '98. About Remember The Titans. October 12 - 15, 1998. Sydney, Australia and Tokyo, Japan. SGML/XML Japan '98. September 30 - October 3, 1998. Help. Nippon Convention Center, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan. XML World Conference and Exposition. September 14 - 17, 1998. Palais des Congrès de Hull, 200 Promenade de Portage, Ottawa/Hull, Québec, Canada.

XML-seminar 98 Göteborg. September 8 - 9, 1998. On Zero. At the ocr a2 history coursework Novotel in Gothenburg, Sweden. A two-day XML workshop and seminar, sponsored by the Swedish Chapter of the International SGML Users' Group. Seybold San Francisco/Publishing '98. August 30 - September 4, 1998. About. Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, CA. History Help. With XML Day. Metastructures 1998 Conference. August 17 - 19, 1998.

Le Sheraton Hotel, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Essay On Zero Tolerance. Proposals for the XML-related metastructures, such as XLink, XPointers, Resource Description Format, SMIL, and ocr a2 help, XML-EDI, are welcome. . Dorothy Sayers. . SGML/XML Europe '98. From Theory to New Practices. May 17 - 21, 1998. Hotel Sofitel - Forum Rive Gauche, Paris, France. W3C Workshop - Shaping the Future of ocr a2 history coursework HTML. May 4 - 5, 1998. San Francisco Airport Hyatt Regency, California. Several position papers address XML, architectural forms, and saison 3 resume, related matters.

Electronic Publishing '98. The Seventh International Conference on Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation and Typography. History Help. April 1 - 4, 1998. Dorothy Essay. Palais des Congrès, Saint Malo, France. Tutorials on SGML, XML, DSSSL, XSL, TEI-SGML. Conference presentations on SGML. SGML UK.

March 31, 1998. Putting on ocr a2 history coursework, the Style! - DSSSL, CSS, XSL, . Six Sigma Research. Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon. Slide sets and sample stylesheets (CSS, XSL, DSSSL) are available from some of the presentations. XML Developers Day within XML: The Conference (1998). Enabling Intelligent Content on the Web. March 23 - 27, 1998. Seattle, Washington.

The 'XML Developers Day' in this conference, chaired by ocr a2 coursework, Jon Bosak, is on March 27, 1998. Essay The Movie. Proposals for ocr a2 history coursework help XML DevDay should be sent to Jon Bosak, W3C XML WG Chair. See the XML DevDay Call for Presentations, and the XML Developers' Day, Preliminary Schedule. Seybold Seminars New York / Publishing '98. Event and Exposition, March 16 - 20, 1998. Essay The Movie. Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York NY. Includes XML Xposed and XML Tutorials. Documation '98 West.

Exposition The Document Software Conference. March 10 - 12, 1998. Santa Clara Convention Center. Santa Clara, California. See the separate document which extracts the ocr a2 history help relevant listing of compettition XML/XSL sessions. INRIA XML Workshop. Ocr A2 History Help. The Potential of dorothy sayers classical XML for Web-based Applications. History Coursework Help. October 23 - 24, 1997.

INRIA Sophia Antipolis, (Nice), France. SGML UK October Meeting: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Essay. October 23, 1997. Ocr A2 History. Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon, UK. Published agenda. Other details in the announcement from Francis Cave (Pira International), to whom inquiries should be directed. Seybold San Francisco '97. September 29 - October 3, 1997. Mosconi Center, San Francisco, CA. The conference included an XML tutorial, XML tools survey, and a dedicated XML session, XML: Publishing on six sigma papers, the Web Just Got Easier.

SGML Open for Business. September 17, 1997. Clarion Hotel, Millbrae, California. [management and implementation information on ocr a2 coursework, SGML and XML. ] XML Developers Day. August 21, 1997. Montreal, Canada. Essay Compettition. In connection with the 1997 International Conference on the Application of HyTime.

Note also that Tim Bray will offer an ocr a2 history, XML Tutorial on Sunday and Monday, August 17-18 as part of the HyTime/XML/DSSSL tutorials programme. European Conference on XML. XML Ready for Prime Time? London, UK. April 22, 1997. WWW '97: Sixth International World Wide Web Conference. April 7 - 12, 1997. Santa Clara Convention Centre, Santa Clara, California, USA. GCA XML Conference: XML SGML INTRANET. The New Publishing Business Case: XML, SGML, and the Intranet.

March 10 - 12, 1997. The Mission Valley Marriott, San Diego, California. XML: Demos and Miscellaneous Uncategorized. A separate document contains references to XML-related sites or documents for which I have had insufficient time to make investigation, or which are evidently tangential. Compettition. Readers are invited to send email re: appropriate disposition. Some are [or will become] serious applications; others may be interesting demos; others may be clearly experiments and 'just for fun'.

XML: Of (Possible) Historical Interest. A separate document contains references to early draft versions of XML-related proposals, and ocr a2 history, so forth. 'Early' means about 1996-1997. It's not a maintained collection of links, but you might find what you're looking for. . .

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OCR A2 History Coursework - The Student Room

Nat Turner and help, the Bloodiest Slave Rebellion in American History. “I didn't know I was a slave until I found out I couldn't do the saison 3 resume things I wanted.” - Frederick Douglass. Frederick Douglass’ statement about slavery concisely defines the effect that such an institution had on the entire shape of ocr a2 coursework a nation: Without slavery, how does one understand freedom? For hundreds of years, the six sigma research United States thrived economically at the expense of help millions of men and women who were not permitted to realize the freedoms and rights established by their country. To paraphrase Douglass’ words satirically (and in a way common with 1830’s Southern thinking): Ignorance is six sigma research papers, bliss. As he experienced, this was the type of history help bliss involving occasional beatings, separation from family, or the bliss of never knowing what freedom is.

The book, The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner’s Fierce Rebellion , by Stephen B. Sayers. Oates, tells the story of a man who caught a glimpse of freedom as a child and understood its value. Nat Turner used his spotless reputation among whites and ocr a2 help, religious influence over research papers black slaves to cleverly plan a slave rebellion in 1831. Nat’s insurrection reinforced both the coursework help fear and ignorance of Virginia whites toward the institution of essay remember slavery, which resulted in ocr a2 history help numerous repercussions toward slaves, despite would-be Southern Christian intentions. In early 1800’s Virginia, slavery was an integral part of Southern life. Even Virginia’s governor, John Floyd, only saison 3 resume disapproved of the institution for an economic reason, namely tariff reductions given to Free states. In addition, for many plantation owners and farmers, owning slaves was a status symbol. Beyond the societal implications, slavery served as a means of “racial control” (10); if blacks were kept busy serving masters, they would not have the time or means to revolt.

Virginia allowed such freedoms as slave schools and slave churches, but at the same time enforced slave behavior with military guard. Most Great Planters were not unnecessarily cruel to their slaves; many owners allowed slaves holidays off and history coursework help, opportunity to be with family in the evenings. By comparison, Virginia especially Southampton County was more lenient with slaves than the Deep South, perhaps because “over one-third of Southampton’s white families owned no slaves” (2), and the county had never experienced a risk of rebellion. For the most part, “Southampton whites regarded insurrection as some unimaginable calamity that happened to essay compettition, someone else.” (50) This lack of experience with slave discontent further propagated the white perspective that slaves were satisfied with their current conditions. Though many slaves were assimilated enough to ocr a2, fall into their roles as field hands or servants, Nat Turner was different from the saison 3 resume day he was born. Born into slavery, his body possessed symbolic birthmarks which his family traditionally associated with leadership in African heritage. Nat also had powerful psychic abilities and was mystically aware of events that “happened before he was born.” (11) He was unusually bright compared to history coursework help, other slave (and white) children and was thus given the opportunity to learn to read and study The Bible by his original masters, Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Turner. Even they believed he far exceeded the intelligence and capabilities of an average slave.

Because of his impeccable behavior, the Turners entertained his young mind by encouraging him to entertain their white friends with his literacy and for thesis committee members, wit. Though possibly unintentional, Nat’s special treatment was ultimately a cruel trick; when he became old enough to work in coursework the fields, he was set out to hard labor like any other slave. This was “an especially painful time, for he had been led to believe he might be freed one day.” (21) Although the option to for thesis members, abolish slavery was always available, the Southern agricultural-based economy was too dependent on that aspect of the labor force to discontinue the practice. Christian influences introduced another paradox of Southern slave owners; while some Christian sects denounced slavery, others were able to justify through bastardized Biblical interpretation that made slavery seem legitimate in help the eyes of God. Nat’s first owners, The Turners, were pleased when their Methodist congregation stopped trying to “eradicate the peculiar institution and set about Christianizing the slaves for a better time ahead.” (10) Probably due to a cultural divide resulting in misunderstanding and fear of African and Caribbean religions, many like the essay Turners truly believed that spreading Christianity to ocr a2, the slaves was God’s work. Perhaps the economic necessity coupled with a modicum of kind treatment toward black slaves made the institution of slavery just civilized enough to live with. Surely influenced by his Christian beliefs, Nat spoke of sayers experiencing messages from ocr a2 coursework God and visions of gifts for thesis angels which pointed to his divine selection as the chosen one to ocr a2 history help, lead a slave rebellion. “God did not intend a man of his gifts, his intelligence, his powers to essay compettition, waste his years hoeing weeds and slopping hogs.” (32) After transitioning from a childhood where he was respected for history coursework his aptitude, to working as a field hand alongside slaves to whom he was intellectually superior, Nat recognized that the best use of his gifts was to saison 3 resume, continue playing the role of a “smart nigger” (52) and coursework, take advantage of the time and liberties he was given by his masters. Nat practiced polite and subservient behavior to gain a reputation never to be associated with trouble. Nat ran away once but apologetically returned of his own will shortly thereafter.

He never swore, stole or drank alcohol. Papers. As Nat grew older, he became incredibly pious and eventually developed a following as a slave preacher. History Coursework. His return from escape and devout practice of Baptist beliefs reinforced both white religious morality and the notion that Nat was a model slave who could be trusted. After being inherited, bought and six sigma research papers, transferred, Nat became the property of Joseph Travis who thought Nat was “the smartest, best behaved slave a man was likely to own in all the county.” (66) Based on Nat’s impeccable reputation, Travis allowed him to continue leading unsupervised church meetings. Ocr A2 Coursework Help. It was eventually through these meetings that Nat was able to explain his beliefs and amass a group of slaves willing to six sigma, assist with the revolt. Although Southern whites feared a rebellion, they could not realize or correct the obvious reason why one may occur: It is coursework help, morally wrong to assume control over another human being. Slaves in essay remember other areas of the country recognized the injustice, and occasional revolts occurred.

Word travelled quickly through the slave grapevine, and the influence of previous rebellions in the Caribbean and bordering states kept Southampton County residents fearful of an uprising in their own neighborhoods. Gabriel Prosser’s rebellion in Richmond, Virginia was especially close to home for Southampton County residents and, in 1800, was still recent enough to strike fear in their minds of white locals. On an August night in 1831, Nat led a group of slaves armed with hatchets, knives and axes from house to house in Southampton County, leaving a trail of mutilated white bodies in their wake. The rampage continued for two days. In the early throes of ocr a2 history battle, Nat was hesitant to attack and murder the white families and former masters he had known for so many years. Nat’s personal attachment to his previous owners and the influence of members Christianity on his life made it difficult for ocr a2 help him to take the life of another, despite the directions he felt had been influenced by God. “In spite of his enslavement, in spite of his own preachings and prophecies, he did not know that he could do it.” (54) Perhaps he felt guilt for taking advantage of the opportunities that allowed plan of the attack. His slave army, enraged by years of mistreatment and remember, influenced by a chance for revenge, took little issue with the violent murder of ocr a2 women, children and essay tolerance, infants. When Nat Turner’s rebellion began, Southampton citizens initially thought it was the beginnings of another war with the British. Once it was realized that slaves were responsible for such action and that Nat was the history help leader, reasons for the insurrection were explained away by essay “religious fanaticism” (101) and Nat’s influential abilities.

After Nat was turned in to authorities, strange religious-inspired drawings and writings with “no definite meaning” (102) were found with Nat’s wife, which justified the belief that a single “religious maniac” (102) had plotted the entire attack, and that the revolt was more of a delusional impulse than action based on a negative stance toward slavery. Ultimately, Southampton County learned that the “hostilities had been confined to Southampton and coursework help, no widespread plot had been uncovered.” (109) Nat’s intention was martyrdom; he chose to essay about the movie remember the titans, use his mysticism and religion as a facade for the uprising that was desired and history help, imagined by tolerance many slaves. What was overlooked in the midst of ocr a2 help investigation into the slave rebellion was the true motivation. Research. Nat admitted to lawyer Thomas Gray that he was fortunate enough to have masters that treated him fairly well and history, encouraged his education and religious beliefs, but also that he did not believe his efforts to for thesis, rebel were wrong. History Coursework. During his deposition, Nat warned “that other slaves could well have seen visions and signs in the skies and acted as he had done.” (122) Nat was certainly exercising his wit with his suggestion that visions could be widespread among slaves, but the remember representation of those visions as motivation is tragically poignant.

Nat’s mystic childhood visions and ocr a2 help, memories may have shown him the history of slavery, but slavery in Nat’s time was a practicing history; these “visions” could be witnessed by any black person sent out to six sigma research, the fields. Ocr A2 History Help. In addition, Nat’s realizations must have solidified as he began preaching and was able to read The Bible in its entirety to clarify any discrepancies he had been taught. The reality of insurrection in their own backyard showed Southampton County that “all was not sweetness and six sigma papers, sunshine in their slave world.” (105) Fear increased, and Virginia towns responded with increased military security. Rumors of insurrections spread throughout the South. Though many of these rumors were false, blacks were retaliated against for acts not yet committed through a type of vigilante justice. Across the once relatively peaceful Southampton County, blacks were murdered and their bodies left in public to remind other would-be slave rebels that defiance would not be tolerated. All slaves involved in the rebellious massacre (and some who were not) were executed by hanging, and owners were reimbursed for their losses.

This reaction to possible religious motivation is another contradiction in his own right; a black man who knew and understood true Christian beliefs was labeled as a criminal and fanatic when fighting against oppression. The white response to such condemnable brutality and violence by slaves was not recognition of the ocr a2 history help injustices of slavery, but their own condemnable revolt against the enslaved population. Blame for the events was eventually transferred to dorothy classical, the traditionally non-violent Northern abolitionists, especially William Lloyd Garrison. Due to abolitionist pressure and ocr a2 help, Governor Floyd’s financially-motivated tendency to lean toward abolishing slavery, talk of “gradual abolition” (139) began in Virginia, but the legislation was rejected because of cost and the belief that “the state could not legislate such prejudices away.” (141) Instead, the Virginia General Assembly passed new legislation making it unlawful to teach slaves, free blacks or those of mixed race to essay tolerance, read or write. Laws also limited black church congregations, maintaining that a white person must be present at history, the meetings to discourage collaboration of committee another insurrection plan. In addition to strengthening laws to keep slaves at ocr a2, bay, rights were also taken away from free blacks and in some instances, even restrictions of slavery criticism by gifts committee members whites. Ocr A2 Help. The main lesson whites learned from Nat Turner’s rebellion was ironically not the injustices of slavery, but the frightening possibilities of educated blacks.

In attempts to control future situations, legislation encouraged even harsher treatment of blacks than what Nat and the others originally rebelled against. Religious righteousness and superior white intelligence were two major justifications for the enslavement of black people in the Southern United States. Nat Turner’s cunning planning of the bloodiest slave rebellion in American history shattered those theories. Essay. His wise use of ocr a2 coursework intellect and religion to compettition, manipulate white masters proved equality regardless of skin color, and ocr a2 coursework help, changed the misconception that slaves were too ignorant to know or want freedom. The insurrection, although never meeting Nat’s personal expectation of freedom, resulted in a course of events leading to further outcry against and ultimate disintegration of the institution of on zero tolerance policy slavery. Oates, Stephen B. The Fires of Jubilee Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion . New York: Harper Perennial, 1990. Print.

Oates, Stephen B. The Fires of Jubilee Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion . New York: Harper Perennial, 1990. Print. Lacey, H. Ocr A2 History. E. Essay. (2010). Nat Turner and the Bloodiest Slave Rebellion in American History. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse , 2 (01). Retrieved from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=147. Lacey, Heather E. Coursework. Nat Turner and saison 3 resume, the Bloodiest Slave Rebellion in American History. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 2.01 (2010). http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=147 Lacey, Heather E. 2010. Nat Turner and the Bloodiest Slave Rebellion in American History.

Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 2 (01), http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=147. LACEY, H. E. Ocr A2. 2010. Nat Turner and the Bloodiest Slave Rebellion in compettition American History. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse [Online], 2. Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=147. Creating Life Within the Confines of Slavery: Comparing Northrup's Memoir Twelve Years a Slave and Genovese's The World the Slaves Made. Reliving American Slavery in 12 Years a Slave. Breaking the Cycle: Violence, Control Resistance in American Slave Narratives.

2017 Student Pulse . All rights reserved. ISSN: 2153-5760. Disclaimer: content on this website is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Moreover, the views expressed here do not necessarily represent the coursework help views of Student Pulse, its owners, staff, contributors, or affiliates.

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fall paper writing Do you need “jazzed up” Fall writing paper, but not the craft? Unplugged = “Jazzed Up” Fall writing paper. No specific craft. 3 Pages of Teacher Tips of how I use these papers. I would imagine that if you already have a Fall craft that you do every year or a craft that you found on ocr a2 history help Pinterest, then you may want just the writing paper to go with that. If so, this download may be just what you need.

Included: Autumn and Fall Writing Papers As a Native New Englander, there’s always a heightened sense of excitement as summer wanes and the signs of autumn begin to appear. Papers. There’s nothing grander than seeing sugar maples dressed in their finest, brilliant red and orange foliage as the temperatures dip and history Mother Nature paints her forests. I designed these autumn writing pages with poetry and fall foliage stories in mind. Included in the packet are 21 lined pages on which students can write stories. Fall Craft: Fall Coloring Pages and Fall Writing Paper. Fall Coloring fun!

This fall coloring pack has 10 detailed fall designs and 10 blank outlines in which children can create their own designs. Six Sigma Papers. *2017* I have added 11 writing papers and 10 color examples (one for ocr a2 help each of the designs) to compettition the pack. If you have already purchased this pack, please re-download for free from My Purchases to get this update. Coloring allows children (and adults!) to relieve stress and anxiety, to focus their attention and ocr a2 help also provides an opportunity for about remember the titans artistic. It is time to coursework write Fall stories! These pages are perfect for the final copy of your student's Fall writings! Choose your favorite or mix and match! Happy writing! Look for my Halloween Writing Pages here Halloween Writing Look for my Fall Short Vowel Pack here Fall Short Vowel Sort. This adorable paper is fall themed and perfect for elementary students. This pack comes with 6 different printable papers.

It's a PDF, so that it retains the original format. Dorothy Sayers Classical. I hope your student enjoy using it as much as mine do! Thank you and help Enjoy! Monica. Here are 7 pages of fall journal paper.

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In this product you will receive 30 different writing paper printables! Each page contains a border, fall graphic, and lines for student response! This paper would be great for a variety of coursework help, ages! Enjoy! Click the star and Follow me to six sigma research receive updates and FREEBIES from coursework help my store!! ** Leave feedback to essay earn credit points and SAVE on future. Fall - Writing Paper - Clip Art - Personal or Commercial Use. Fall - Writing Paper - Clip Art - Personal or Commercial Use This is ocr a2 coursework, a set of 17 individual files to use in your classroom.

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Fall Writing Papers, Back to School Writing Prompts, Halloween Story Starters. You will receive 15 writing papers for your back to school or fall activities. The Movie The Titans. The writing prompts feature Halloween, apples, spiders, buses, pumpkins, trees, pie, squirrels, acorns, farm, football and more. ---------------------------------- Click HERE to go back to our store homepage. ---------------------------------- Customer Tips: Click on the ? above to ocr a2 history follow our store. Click HERE to sign up for exclusive secret sales! Click HERE to visit our blog for tons of free. 3 different fall themed handwriting lined papers. Fall writing paper. Writing Paper for all your classroom activities and lessons! Writing Papers to help celebrate.

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After many years of cutting out my rubrics and stapling them on to finished writing samples, I realized I could embed them into my actual writing template which will save lots of time, not to mention trees! I included templates with primary lines as well as regular lines for older students. Please look through the help, slides to see which layout would work best for essay on zero tolerance policy your students. I left my rubric on a page as a sample. History. Our district uses the FAME rating scale. Fall Writing for First Grade is filled with first grade writing activities with a fall season theme. Students write fall letters, complete graphic organizers, respond to literature, etc.

Activities and dorothy sayers topics include an autumn poem, scarecrow craft, pumpkins, apples, Johnny Appleseed, fall animals, and more. History. Use them for a writer’s workshop, at a thematic writing center, or for independent and guided writing practice. Gifts Committee. The packet includes: • Fall Season KWL Chart - write what they know, want. Fall Writing for Kindergarten is a perfect packet to ocr a2 history coursework engage your students in a variety of writing activities. The fall season writing topics include writing about scarecrows, apples, pumpkins, fall weather, fall animals like squirrels, sunflowers, life cycles, response to fall literature, and a scarecrow craft for a classroom bulletin board display. It works well as autumn season guided writing, small and whole group writing, or for essay the movie remember your writing or literacy center. History Coursework Help. The packet includes: • I. I added new graphics on the pumpkin parts, bigger boxes to fill in lines to essay compettition write in on the paragraph sheets, AND solid and coursework dotted line papers to dorothy essay match most of the activities.

This pack went form 64 pages to 123 pages. This was a teacher requested pack of Write Me Three activities. so I added. Write On! The Fall Edition was created with the the months of September, October, and November in ocr a2 history mind. Saison 3 Resume. There are a variety of Common Core aligned prompts for each month. Some of the prompts include a fun and interesting way of publishing, or a quick craftivity to history help enhance the writing experience for sayers classical students (or to create an awesome bulletin board display).

Each writing prompt includes an organizer (sometimes two) and two sets of lined paper (handwriting lines and coursework help regular lines). Each set of. Writing Paper Stationary FOR THE WHOLE YEAR. 288 PAGES OF WRITING PAPER! This HUGE unit of essay tolerance, writing paper includes stationary for grades K - 6 for ocr a2 history coursework help the whole year. Remember The Titans. There are 144 pages of vertical writing paper and 144 pages of horizontal writing paper.

Writing Paper for these seasons/holidays/themes Included: Back to ocr a2 history coursework help School, Happy Kids, Apples, Pumpkins, Christopher Columbus, Award Ribbon, Bats, Spiders, Halloween, Fall, Turkeys, Thanksgiving, Indians, Pilgrims, Gingerbread Men, Elves, Please note that you're heading to essay compettition a part of our site that's not yet optimized for mobile.

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changeling essay “Am I Not an Ass?”: Masochism and Reprobation in The Changeling. Gabriel Rieger . “Am I Not an Ass?”: Masochism and Reprobation in The Changeling . Early Modern Literary Studies 15.2 (2010-11):3.1-34 URL: http://purl.oclc.org/emls/15-2/riegami.htm For more than fifty years, sexuality and theology have been central to our understanding of ocr a2 history help The Changeling. In her introduction to The Changeling in Thomas Middleton: The Collected Works , Annabel Patterson observes that the shifting cultural mores of the late twentieth century “make it time for a new account of The Changeling , one that might beg to differ from N. W. Bawcutt’s brilliant and humane introduction to his Revels edition in 1958” (1623). She goes on to state that: Criticism of Jacobean drama was then predominantly ethical in tone. Essay Tolerance Policy! Bawcutt declared that “the moral world” of the play “is the coursework orthodox Christian universe of sin and saison 3 resume punishment”, and at the end, as the betrayed husband offers his father-in-law the filial duty that his daughter had withheld, “moral order is finally established”. Ocr A2 Coursework Help! Today, ethical judgement seems more complicated, and readers and audiences will have contradictory responses. She goes on essay tolerance policy, to declare that the “Christian-ethical vocabulary has been forgotten by readers accustomed to Freudian and ocr a2 history coursework Lacanian psychoanalysis, for whom sexuality is the power to which we owe allegiance.” There can be no question that sexuality is central to our understanding of the movie the titans The Changeling , but attempts to ocr a2 coursework, oppose a “sexual” reading of the tragedy with a Christian reading are misguided. In the pre-Puritan world of Jacobean England, the divide between religion and sexuality was not so wide as one might imagine. Sexuality colored religious thinking in committee, some remarkable ways.

For the contemporary critic, any engagement with sexuality is likely to be rooted in psychoanalysis, and indeed there have been some attempts to read the characters of ocr a2 coursework The Changeling , and their motivations, psychoanalytically, although these have largely served to highlight the gifts for thesis members difficulties in ocr a2 coursework, doing so. [1] This has not, however, diminished the appeal of psychoanalytic readings, particularly for directors of the play in contemporary performance. In their 2004 article “Does Beatrice-Joanna Have a Subtext?: The Changeling on the London Stage,” Roberta Barker and David Nicol examine the history of stage representations of The Changeling, particularly interpretations of Beatrice-Joanna’s relationship to dorothy essay classical, the character of De Flores. In the article, Barker and ocr a2 history Nicol observe how, in “ a striking example of the process by which critical reception of one production can lead to the establishment of accepted interpretations for the next,” there has developed a theatrical reading of Beatrice-Joanna as “a spoilt child” whose decision to tolerance policy, suborn the murder of her fianc is “only a precursor to her slow realization of her repressed, subtextual desire” for ocr a2 history, De Flores. In this reading, the play becomes what the critics, quoting Malcolm Rutherford, call “‘a warped love story’” “that culminates in a blood-soaked romantic apotheosis” (2). Six Sigma! The authors go on to articulate how: Our paper contests this reading – now virtually canonical in the theatre - on two counts.

First, we argue that its post-Freudian appropriation of an early modern text necessitates many overt misreadings and misinterpretations. To be sure, all contemporary performances of early modern playtexts depend on cultural appropriations, and ocr a2 help a return to their ‘authentic’ meanings is probably neither possible nor desirable. But this particular appropriation is also questionable on contemporary feminist terms, for its erotic treatment of the central scene in which De Flores demands that Beatrice Joanna reward his murder of essay Piracquo with sexual favours risks affirming that Middleton and Rowley’s heroine actually desires a rape she pleads against in the lines they wrote for ocr a2 history coursework, her. About The Movie Remember The Titans! (3) The authors further declare that this “dominant theatrical reading” of the character “speaks productively neither to coursework help, her cultural origins nor to our own constructions of gender” and is therefore “ripe for re-evaluation.” BEATRICE: Is in health, I hope. DE FLORES: Your eye shall instantly instruct you, lady.

He’s coming hitherward. BEATRICE: What needed then. Your duteous preface? I had rather. He had come unexpected: you must stall. A good presence with unnecessary blabbing, And how welcome for your part you are. I’m sure you know. (91-99) [3] Beatrice-Joanna’s insult is shocking in its vehemence and dorothy sayers essay classical abruption, but it sets the stage for the action which is to follow. History! De Flores, in his position as servant, reacts to it only in aside, an aside which expresses the saison 3 resume painful paradox of his desire. He asks: Will’t never mend, this scorn,

One side nor other? Must I be enjoin'd. To follow still whilst she flies from me? Well, fates, do your worst; I’ll please myself with sight. Of her, at all opportunities, If but to spite her anger. I know she had. Rather see me dead than living – and yet. She knows no cause for’t but a peevish will. (99-101) In these lines, De Flores expresses the conflict inherent in his desire for Beatrice-Joanna.

Her scorn cannot mend on “One side nor other,” and so he is “enjoined” to “follow” her “whilst she flies” from him. His circumstance is ocr a2 history coursework, not constructed rationally; he assumes that it has been ordained by for thesis committee, the “Fates,” and that Beatrice-Joanna has no cause to scorn him other than “a peevish will.” The choice to follow her is history coursework, not, in De Flores’ own construction, a choice; he is “enjoin’d” to committee, follow her seemingly against his own will. The word “enjoined” is significant here, carrying with it the implication of religious devotion, of divine compulsion. Help! From his first appearance in the tragedy, De Flores constructs his desire for Beatrice-Joanna in committee members, theological terms. come with a mischief: Now I know. She had rather wear my pelt tann'd in a pair. Of dancing pumps than I should thrust my fingers. Into her sockets here.

I know she hates me, Yet cannot choose but love her: No matter: if but to vex her I'll haunt her still; Though I get nothing else, I'll have my will (229-235). De Flores constructs the dropped glove as a “favour,’ but he acknowledges that the favour comes “with a mischief”; it is both a love token and an insult. Ocr A2 History! He follows this observation with a perverse fantasy in which he imagines himself flayed, seemingly at classical, Beatrice-Joanna’s behest, and ocr a2 history objectified. He imagines her desire as occasioning the loss of his agency and indeed even his identity; he is saison 3 resume, reduced to coursework, “a pair / Of dancing pumps” to members, be placed under her feet. Coursework Help! [5] I can as well be hang'd as refrain seeing her. Some twenty times a day, nay not so little,

Do I force errands, frame ways and excuses. To come into her sight - and I have small reason for't, And less encouragement: for she baits me still. Every time worse than other, does profess herself. The cruelest enemy to my face in town… . Saison 3 Resume! In this passage De Flores recognizes that he is unwell.

He suffers with a malady which he cannot name, identifying it only as “Whatever ails me.” Beatrice-Joanna’s presence, with all of its attendant humiliations, is life to him, and its opposite, her absence, is death in that to “refrain from seeing her” is history help, equivalent to being “hanged.” De Flores experiences here a specific erotic compulsion against his own will and judgment. He is once again, as he noted in tolerance policy, I.i, “enjoined” to pursue her. Thus to history coursework help, be railed at? I must see her still; I shall have a mad qualm within this hour again, I know't, and, like a common Garden-bull I do but take breath to essay compettition, be lugged again.

What this may bode I know not. (II.i.77-82) What this bodes, of course, is De Flores’ descent into murder and his eventual death, as well as the death of ocr a2 history coursework Beatrice-Joanna. De Flores cannot understand what is happening to him here, although perhaps we can. The only explanations he can fathom for essay about remember the titans, devising ways “to be railed at” is that he is stupid, i.e . “an ass,” or crazed, i.e . afflicted with “a mad qualm.” He once again characterizes his existence as bestial and engages the imagery of blood sport, in ocr a2 history, this case likening himself to sayers classical, a “Garden-bull” that cannot reason in its circumstance and does “but take breath to be lugged again.” De Flores reduces his entire existence to a spectacle of entertainment, degrading himself, through his language, even to the level of inhumanity. Ocr A2 Coursework Help! It is a degradation that he embraces even if he cannot understand it, declaring that “[w]hat this may bode I know not.” How sweet it were to me to be employed. In any act of compettition yours, you would say then.

I failed, and used not reverence enough. When I receive the charge on’t. (121-124) In Calvinist theology, nothing is help, so degrading as sin. De Flores here entreats for six sigma, sin in language which, as in his earlier ruminations, suggests a religious obligation. He “kneel[s]” to history coursework help, Beatrice-Joanna for it, again placing her in the position of the movie remember the titans a divinity as he did in 2.1.50-51 when he endured “storms” for the sake of help her “blessed eye”. He underscores this notion when he refers to his insufficient “reverence” upon essay receiving the charge.

At the help same time, he suggests the essay policy erotic enticement which the act represents for him when he declares the employment to be “sweet”, a word closely associated with both erotic pleasure and bodily corruption. [11] He continues this association in coursework help, line 134, when he declares that “the thought ravishes.” [1] See especially Roy and Rosslyn. [2] To date there has been precious little scholarship devoted to the erotic desire for giving and receiving pain as it existed in the early modern period, although there is ample evidence that such desire did exist. The best overview of the essay classical topic to date is coursework help, probably still chapter one of Ian Gibson’s The English Vice: Beating, Sex and Shame in Victorian England and After , entitled “Knowledge and Warnings about Sexual Flagellation before Freud.” More recently there has been some excellent analysis of essay compettition sadomasochistic representation in early modern dramatic texts, particularly Lisa S. Starks’ “‘Won with Thy Words and Conquered with Thy Looks”: Sadism, Masochism and the Masochistic Gaze in ocr a2 history, 1 Tamburlaine” in sayers essay classical, Marlowe, History and Sexuality: New Critical Essays on Christopher Marlowe , and history help “‘Like the saison 3 resume Lover’s Pinch, Which hurts and history coursework help Is Desired’: The Narrative of essay the movie the titans Male Masochism and Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra ” in Literature and Psychology . [3] I have taken all of my citations from the recent Oxford edition of ocr a2 coursework help The Changeling, edited by Douglas Bruster, in Thomas Middleton: The Collected Works . [4] The authors note that this “Freudian interpretation of essay Beatrice” has its root in criticism of the ocr a2 history coursework help tragedy itself, particularly in Christopher Ricks, Peter Morrison and Joost Daalder. (28) [5] We see here a literalizing of the erotic degradation inherent in De Flores’ position as servant. See also Michael Neill’s “‘A Woman’s Service’: Gender, Subordination, and the Erotics of Rank in the Drama of Shakespeare and His Contemporaries”, and Swapan Chakravorty’s “Servants and Masters: The Changeling ” in his Society and Politics in the Plays of essay the movie remember Thomas Middleton . [6] The clearest antecedent here is probably St.

Stephen, whose stoning is ocr a2 history help, described in Acts 7:58, after he had seen “the heavens opened.” [7] The association of essay compettition pain with religious devotion features prominently in early modern texts. As James C. W. History Coursework Help! Truman notes, in those texts “[p]ain is not just to be shunned, denied or avoided, but also to be embraced, even desired as a mark of one’s heroic virtue. … The conception of the body’s pain as a ‘heroic suffering’ points toward a way pain could be conceived of as not marking the boundaries of transgression, but as central to a valorized identity – as the source of a heroic self.” “The Body in Pain in Early Modern England” Early Modern Literary Studies . 14.3. It appears to be at least partly so for DeFlores. [8] As Daalder writes: “It will never be possible to work out exactly how the collaboration may have proceeded, and essay compettition I do not think that, from a critical point of ocr a2 history help view, we need to on zero policy, know, or to try and establish who was the more important author. On the ocr a2 contrary, I think we should approach the play as a fully integrated artifact” (xviii). Classical! While critics have posited a division of labor in the writing of The Changeling , I will contend, for the purposes of my study, that we might read the influence of Thomas Middleton throughout the play, even in coursework help, those scenes popularly supposed to have been authored by classical, William Rowley. [9] See also Nicholas Tyacke’s Anti-Calvinists: The Rise of English Arminianism c.1590-1640 . [10] “Enjoin.” Def.1a and 2a. The Oxford English Dictionary. http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry_main/50075552 [11] Cf . The Duchess of Malfi 2.1.61-63: “[A]ll our fear, / Nay, all our terror, is history help, lest our physician / Should put us in the ground, to be made sweet.” [13] Perhaps the most thorough examination of Beatrice-Joanna’s conflicted desire occurs in Sara Eaton’s “Beatrice-Joanna and the Rhetoric of Love: The Changeling (1622)”, in which the author argues that Beatrice-Joanna’s seemingly conflicted desire is in fact the result of her “attempts to be as she is perceived (275).”

Responses to this piece intended for the Readers' Forum may be sent to the Editor at M.Steggle@shu.ac.uk. 2011-, Annaliese Connolly and Matthew Steggle (Editors, EMLS ).