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Industrial engineering application essay

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ap world homework Syllabus for AP World History. *Signature of Parent REQUIRED. STUDENTS ARE NOT ALLOWED TO USE LAPTOPS, PADS, OR PHONES IN CLASS. THEY WILL BE TAKEN AWAY AND TURNED INTO THE AP'S OFFICE. STUDENTS THAT ARE REQUIRED TO USE THEM WILL BE GIVEN A SEAT IN WHICH THE SCREEN WILL BE VISIBLE TO THE TEACHER. Peter N. Stearns, et. al. Application! World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 6th ed.AP Edition, Addison Wesley Longman, 2011. The 2017-2018 . AP World History Review books are found in the local bookstores and are highly recommended to be purchased at the beginning of the year. The Princeton Review is very popular with students. Barons has a nice index card collection. I recommend that you purchase one immediately.

Denis Sherman, et. al. World Civilizations: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, Vol 1 and II, (3 rd Ed.). McGraw Hill, 2002. 1) Students must read one fictional OR one nonfictional books or novels that involve global history. V For Vendetta Hero Essay! A long summer reading list is provided. Industrial! Choices include City of Thieves , History of the coursework World in Six Glasses , All Quiet on the Western Front , and industrial engineering, a long list provided on this website. Any alternative book that focuses on World History must get my approval. Send me an email requesting approval of the write book in question. 2) Read the Stearns Textbook, the Prologue and Chapters 1-6.

Each chapter has accompanying Guided Reading Questions for each chapter. 3) Send all critiques (see guides on writing book critiques) and Guided Reading Questions Completed answers to me in essay my Google Drive account. Failure to do the summer work will result in 0's for the work and possibly a student being asked to withdraw from the course. The Google Drive will tell me when homework was sent, whether it was late or not, and will allow me to compare your homework with your classmates or the internet to detect if there was cheating. Numerous historical articles are assigned throughout the school year and are accompanied by reading guides. Jared Diamond’s, The Worst Mistake in mastitis thesis Human History . Pomeranz, K and Topik, S, The World That Trade Created . Friedl, E., Society and Sex Roles . Goals/Rationale : The purpose of the AP World History course is to application, develop greater understanding of the evolution of global processes and contacts, in interaction with different types of v for hero human societies. This understanding is advanced through a combination of selective names and events with appropriate analytical skills.

The course highlights the nature of changes in international frameworks and their effects. Time and regions will also be studied in this fashion. The course addresses factual knowledge in conjunction with constant themes throughout the year. Industrial Engineering! Focused primarily on the last 1,000 years of global history, the course builds on economic, social, cultural, geographical, and political themes. We divide up our study into Periodization (Ancient history, Classical History, Post Classical, 1450 to 1750, Early Modern, and Modern history) by focusing on change and continuity over time and comparison and contrast of global experiences in the Americas, Africa, Asia, Oceania, and Europe. Course Themes: AP World History highlights five overarching themes that should receive approximately equal attention throughout the course: Theme 1. Impact of technology and demography on people and the environment. Essay Paragraph! Perhaps this topic has become more relevant given the current environmental crisis’s facing the world today. Impending disasters of engineering essay global warming, unrestrained population growth, increasing demand for alternative energies, and recent outbreaks of potential global epidemics have made this theme very relevant to today’s student population.

This class will address the changing relationship between humankind and the environment from the Neolithic period to the present. American Essays! Human migration, regional effects of climate and geography on civilizations, the industrial essay influence of changing technologies, the spread of disease (i.e. virgin soil epidemics), and the increasing rate of environmental exploitation are examined using a variety of skills. Theme 2. Cultural and intellectual developments and interactions among and within societies. Cultural Diffusion of the wiretapping varied world cultures and intellectual philosophies is the theme that addresses the exchange of religion, science, the engineering application arts, architecture, technology, philosophies, and ideologies. How do the world civilizations spread these ideas and what forces are at work that encourage or hinder the diffusion of gcse coursework these concepts? How do contemporary cultures compare and how do we explain similarities that exist without direct contact between these cultures? We will emphasize the global nature of this ebb and flow of these ideas. Theme 3. Changes in functions and engineering, structures of writing essay conclusion paragraph states and in attitudes toward states and political identities . Continued development of the industrial engineering application essay methods of governance has revealed trends and unique forms of political control. The course looks at the range from stateless societies to the modern complex political structures that blend tradition with modern political science.

Why are governments so radically different and gcse coursework, yet still have some key core common features? To what extent is sovereignty shared or held exclusively? How is government adaptable to economic, geographic, demographic, and intellectual changes? Expansion, war, and diplomacy will also be examined on a regional and global stage. Students will compare the responses of the ruled to changes in civic expectations, increased economic duties, and in application essay regard to harsh repressive governments. Lessons will address the changing nature of politics as we progress chronologically and the unit of government proceeds through levels of science monarchy, constitutional monarchy, feudalism, democracy, and now international political organizations. Theme 4. Impact of industrial application economic interaction among societies (trade, systems of international exchange). Education Essays! Globalization of the economy has been the result of thousands of industrial years of economic interaction between people. This course will trace the development of Neolithic sedentary agriculture to the development of the interconnected multinational corporations that have more power than most countries today. Students will examine the relationships between micro and macro economic relationships that have influenced world history.

We will study the development of various labor systems, expanding trade networks, industrialization, and the development of our current economic theories of capitalism, communism, and market socialism. Theme 5. Systems of v for vendetta hero or villain essay social structure and application essay, gender structure. This course will focus on the varied forms of social stratification and analyze ways in vendetta hero or villain which people are classified and viewed by others. Social history is a relatively new field that examines the relationships found amongst people. Family, gender, age, ethnicity, and economic social class are factors that are used to create varying degrees of social order. We will study how different cultures make these distinctions. Skills: Students will be expected to develop the following defined set of historical skills that will allow. them to write, read, and application essay, discuss things historical. Essays will require a student to use/analyze historical evidence and science coursework, apply it to more traditional Advanced Placement World History style essays of Change over Time, Compare and Contrast, and Document Based Questions. These will be frequently complimented with a variety of writing and thinking exercises that apply these skills on shorter response questions that develop these and other historical skills. *Historical Argumentation- Students will learn to write and speak persuasively in engineering essay support of an argument/thesis. This skill will be enhanced through frequent essay writing, debate, presentations, and in simple classroom discussion.

One sample lesson is a class debate that puts Father De Las Casas on trial for crimes against humanity. Students will role play the v for defense, prosecution, and jury teams. *Using History as Evidence - The AP Exam is a fabulous test of a student’s ability to apply what they have learned in class and from their own research to help support their arguments and main points. Industrial Engineering! Responses will be formulated from primary and secondary sources, speeches, cartoons, charts, art, film, etc.. No longer is the answer found on a certain page, but instead the student will process and organize historical evidence to support the skill of historical argumentation (thesis). The sample lesson plan for this skill is a three day project that has students research global belief systems and groups present how a chosen system is best adapted to its particular setting and recommend it to potential believers/followers. * Chronological Reasoning - Too often history classes have focused on the date of a particular event as the important feature of vendetta or villain history.

Reality is industrial engineering application that dates themselves have little historical significance if they are not studied in relation to gcse coursework, cause and effect of the global happenings found before and after an event’s date. Students will frequently address. * Historical Causation from the approach of multiple causation. What long term and application, short term events have shaped events like the v for vendetta hero Protestant Reformation? Continuity and Change Over Time/COT writing and essay, discussion will look at the patterns of change and which characteristics are retained through time. i.e. It is true that the Japanese people focused on tradition and tried to remain isolated from wiretapping essays outside influences during its’ long feudal period. Closer analysis shows that Japan did indeed learn and change due to outside influence, but to what extent did change occur and to what extend did Japanese society remain traditional? Periodization - This is a difficult chronological skill for professional historians to agree u pon, let alone for the budding AP World History amateur historians to tackle. The students will examine what periodization is, how historiography has changed based on time and rival schools of historical thought. How accurate are the periods of application essay history we study and wiretapping, how were these dates/periods determined? Exercises will be construed to ask the students to determine which event truly ended a particular epoch such as the Early Modern Period.

Students should come to the realization that global history is not so easily compartmentalized, but that it is easier for us to relate to it in this fashion. * Comparison and Contextualization- The AP World History class will utilize the BEST method of student comprehension which is to use Compare and engineering application, Contrast analysis of examining history. An example of science gcse coursework this skill has the class examining what the term “modern” means and engineering, compare our textbook explanation with newer views of Qing China and their European counterparts. We will evaluate how the Chinese were indeed more “modern” in many ways and discuss why the image of problems american education their 19 th century is so backward. Students will then brainstorm what they know about modern China. Industrial Engineering Essay! Students will then be asked to paragraph, compare the industrial two periods and make assumptions about how similar the periods were and how much has changed. Contextualization develops the skill of examining a historical event within the framework of time and place with other global history. * Historical Interpretation and Synthesis - Students will study the different historical Interpretations of history such as a Marxist view and Hegel’s dialectic of problems education essays change. Students will learn to synthesize our study of history with skills used in other social science disciplines such as anthropology, archaeology, the arts, literature, economics, geography, and industrial engineering, political science.

Unit Time Frame : the course will have as its chronological frame the period from approximately 6000 CE to the present with careful preparation in writing essay terms of application previous developments. Period I. Technology and Environmental Transformations to 600 BCE (5% of class) Period II. Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies, 600BCE to how to, 600 CE (15%) Period III. Regional and Transregional Interactions, 600 CE to application essay, 1450 CE (20%) Period IV. Global Interactions, 1450 to v for hero or villain, 1750 CE (20%) Period V. Industrialization and Global Interaction, 1750 to industrial engineering, 1900 CE (20%) Period VI. Accelerating Global Change and Realignments, 1900 to Present (20%) Key Concepts Organized by mastitis thesis, Six Periods and Key Themes Within Each Period. Engineering Essay! Period 1: Technology and Environmental Transformations to 600 BCE (5% of gcse coursework class) Key Concept 1.1The Global Diaspora, Big Geography and the Peopling of the World. The course starts with the peopling of the globe starting in Africa and fanning out to the other continents.

We will discuss the progress through the Paleolithic Period examining how climate change, geographic adaptations, and industrial engineering essay, the development of new technologies allowed early man to survive and eventually thrive. Early man had unique religious beliefs, simple egalitarian social and political structures, and began to interact with neighbors and become more interdependent. Key Concept 1.2 The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Society. Was man better off with the civilizations that the Neolithic Revolution brought about? The class debates Steele’s thesis that hunters and gatherers were healthier than their settled agricultural society. We examine the v for vendetta or villain essay process of multiple causation of the Neolithic Revolution.

How did domestication of animals in Eurasia promote “civilization” yet this process escaped mammal rich Africa and the Americas? Special Focus - Students will analyze and discuss the positive and engineering essay, negative consequences of the transition from hunting and gathering to conclusion, sedentary farming. Industrial Engineering Application Essay! They will read Jared Diamond’s, The Worst Mistake in Human History and Ernestine Frissell’s, Society and Sex Roles . Jigsaw activity- Students analyze the changes due to changing geography. Students will write a COT thesis paragraph for evaluation. Key Concept 1.3. The Rise of the how to River Valley Civilizations.

The class will examine the industrial engineering essay rise of essays early civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and the Indus River Valley. Essay! We will discuss the effect of surplus, job specialization, rise of urban centers, polytheism, increasing trade and essays, conquest, record keeping, and other characteristics of early man on these regions and their continued growth. Engineering! Period 2: The Classical World, Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies, c. Education Essays! 600 BCE to c. 600 CE. Key Concept 2.1. The Development of Axis Age Belief Systems and Cultural Traditions. Students will examine the different major belief systems that were developed and matured during this time period. We will look how the geography, history, cultural diffusion and other factors helped create and codify Hinduism, Christianity, Greco-Roman Polytheism, Judaism, Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. Industrial Essay! Despite glaring differences in practices and beliefs, these systems also shared common expectations for wiretapping essays, their followers. We will address the role of each religion with various states and try and understand why some religions were embraced and application, others were persecuted.

Special Focus - Shared and how to write plsql, Unique Values found in different Axial Age belief systems. Students will read excerpts and secondary source articles from Judaism, Buddhism, Greek rational thinking, Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, and Christianity. Readings will include A Confucianist Poem: The Role of Women by Fu Xuan, the Analects: The Confucian School , The Life of Buddha by industrial application essay, Asvaghosha, Greek Realities by Finley Hooper. Each student will be in mastitis thesis a group that will highlight the key components of each belief system and present them to the class. They will use posters to aid in their presentations and also explain the similarities and differences and industrial engineering application, what ideas might have diffused in from other cultures. Write! Individual students will then write a one page Alien report that explains which system is best suited for their environment and culture. Key Concept 2.2. Emergence of States and Empires. Nations and empires continued to emerge during this period. The class will address the nature of contact between civilizations during this period. How did empires such as the Han and the Romans control such vast areas of conquered territory?

These empires used powerful military structures, used their geography and resources to their advantage, and created highly effective complex political systems. How did these powerful empires decline? Students will identify trends that are found amongst their contemporaries and later societies. Special Focus - Historical Causation and Consequences. Students will read The Fall of Rome by St. Jerome (340-420 C.E.) and industrial engineering, The Later Roman Empire by A. H. Mastitis Thesis! M. Essay! Jones. Writing! Students will write down the industrial engineering application reasons for the fall of vendetta essay Rome as seen by contemporaries and by modern historians. This will be done for homework. Students will then in class, each student will write down the top three consequences of the fall of Rome. The previous textbook reading will enhance Jones’ article and then we will prioritize the main consequences of the fall.

Students will conclude this essay by comparing Gupta India, Han China, and Rome after the Empires fell. Key Concept 2.3. Growth of Trans-regional Trade and Communication systems. The growth of these states and empires led to industrial engineering essay, growing interdependent societies with expanding trade and communication networks. Sea routes and overland trade routes were the means of mastitis thesis cultural diffusion. Trade goods were the main focus of this trade, but religion, people, domesticated animals, disease, culture, were exchanged as well. Period 3: Regional and Trans-regional Interactions, c. 600 to c. 1450.

Key Concept 3.1. Expansion and Intensification of Communication and Exchange Networks. Trade and communication networks were either newly developed by essay, expanding societies or expanded and american education, routes added as nations waxed and waned during this period. Migrations and application, the peopling of new areas led to demographic changes and increased exchange between societies. Expansion of the Silk Road, Indian Ocean Trade, expanding networks in the Western Hemisphere, and sub-Saharan trade led to increased wealth and social stratification. Exploration increased sponsored by several states or by the desire to find more riches. Science! Regional development continued in more isolated regions. Key Concept 3.2. Continuity and industrial engineering application, Innovation of State Forms and Their Interactions.

While some states declined and regions waned in degree of central power (Europe), others regions experienced continuity and writing conclusion paragraph, rebirth. New states in Africa and Asia revived or adapted new systems that led to essay, regional power and how to write, expansion. Neo Confucianist Chinese dynasties revived traditional belief systems and practices. Islam was established and rapidly spread with Muslim conquest and essay, trade. American! The nomadic Mongols facilitated the increased exchange of culture and engineering essay, disease by conquering and mastitis thesis, unifying Asia to the borders of Europe and the Middle East. Special Focus- Trade and industrial application essay, the Economy of China during and after the problems american education Yuan Dynasty. Students will study trade maps of the Mongol Empire and read The Biography of Zhu Jiefuy: Merchants in China by Wang Daokun. They will be asked to discuss how the Mongol court favored artisans and merchants more than previous dynasties. They will then research and explain to what extent the status of the merchants was retained under the Ming Dynasty and engineering, how much was rejected. Key Concept 3.3. Increased Economic Productive Capacity and Its Consequences.

The growing World Network during this period saw increased in the productive capacity of societies and the exchange of many of these technologies. Paper led to better record keeping and the growth of gcse bureaucracies and a more rapid pace of exchange than experienced in previous epochs. This acceleration of exchange linked disease and its demographic impact as well. Labor systems experienced more forced labor and continued free labor systems. Women were often the victims of increasing paternal institutional controls. Special Focus - Mongol DBQ break down.

Students will be given a DBQ about Mongol Conquest and the Reactions encountered. Part one will be a discussion on what is industrial engineering essay POV/Bias and why it plays such an important role in understanding primary sources. Part Two will be a reading of selected quotes from Ibn Battuta’s travel accounts published in the Rihla and Marco Polo’s, Il Milione . We will discuss how these accounts are good examples of POV/bias. Students will then read the six documents and write down 1) what is the author’s bias/POV, 2) how does it affect the author’s account, 3) who is the intended audience, 3) what is the purpose of the author, 4) how does tone and purpose come into play, and 5) to what extent does this bias effect the accuracy of the document? The class will break down each of these documents by getting feedback from each student. The final evaluation is the essay that will be written the v for vendetta or villain essay next day in class. Period 4: Global Interactions, 1450 to 1750 CE. Key Concept 4.1. Globalizing Networks of engineering application Communication and Exchange . As the world got smaller due to new contact between the New and writing essay, Old World, new exchanges effected both regions. Virgin Soil Epidemics caused a huge reduction in native populations while the engineering application essay peopling of the globe began to radically change. The Columbian Exchange led to conclusion, drastic economic changes as Europe began to emerge commercially and militarily.

Other major trade routes continued to thrive and expand. Essay! Key Concept 4.2. New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of mastitis thesis Production. Protoindustrialization led to increased economic productivity and set the base for continued economic expansion. Essay! Slavery was altered and enlarged as the prime of African society was severely depleted and sent off to foreign labor markets.

Cities grew as trade increased. This growing and more mercantile urban development led to strains on existing economic power held by traditional land holding elite classes. The increased mixing of the races in the Western Hemisphere led to stratified social classifications based on racial origin. Land reform, new farming techniques, increased variety in domestic animals all led to increased food production and demographic growth. Key Concept 4.3. State Consolidation and mastitis thesis, Imperial Expansion.

One world trend was the continued growth of political consolidation and imperialism. Europe colonized North and South America and, led by trade corporations, was on industrial, the verge of conquest in South Asia and Africa. Some African states experienced rapid economic growth due to increased trade at the expense of their neighbors. Period 5: Industrialization and Global Interaction, 1750 to 1900 CE. Key Concept 5.1. Wiretapping Essays! Imperialism and Nation-State Formation. Essay! Nationalism and Imperialism went hand in hand as Europe emerged as a militarily unmatched power. Ethnic nationalism led to the creation of new nation states in Italy and wiretapping, Germany while causing unrest in Great Britain, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and other polyglot states. Nationalism led to frequent conflict between European states as dominance was fleeting going from the Iberian states, France, The Netherlands, Great Britain, and emerging Germany, Russia, and the United States. The Atlantic Slave trade was replaced by colonization of industrial engineering application sub-Sahara Africa and writing essay conclusion, forced labor systems. Negative racial ideologies led to egregious human rights violations in the colonies (Leopold’s Holocaust).

Special Focus- How did technology and industrial engineering essay, different perspectives allowed Europe and the United States advantages in creating new empires and enforcing Imperialistic policies in v for vendetta essay the this time period? Students will examine the painting, The Nemesis destroying Chinese war junks during the Second Battle of Chuenpee , 7 January 1841, and read excerpts from MacCartney and the Emperor , and Two Edicts from the Qinlong Emperor. The Class will brainstorm the military advantages the Europeans had during the engineering Opium Wars. Excerpts from the reading will be read from the Smart Board and students will identify the Bias and POV found in each document. How To Write Plsql! They will write down the engineering essay different cultural and political attitudes that led to the conflict instead of resolution in the coming decades.

Key Concept 5.2. Nationalism, Revolution, and Reform. V For Vendetta Or Villain! Other ISMs such as nationalism, Marxism, constitutionalism, and socialism emerged as the Old Regime struggled to survive the progressive social sciences promoted during the Enlightenment. The colonial elite used these new Western Ideologies to guide various nationalist independence movements in North and engineering, South America. Even the slave colony of Haiti successfully revolted against Napoleon’s empire. Sovereignty was being spread and monarchy and nobility was being replaced by representative governments. Women sought reform and found themselves on the eve of science women’s suffrage and growing political power as their economic roles changed. Despite powerful voices of change, traditional governments and ideologies often remained in power until the industrial twentieth century. Special Focus - Interactive Maps from McGraw Hill will be used to examine the changing face of the borders of Europe with focus on problems american essays, unification in Italy and Germany. Each map will be discussed to explain different methods of territorial expansion in each country. Students will be asked to industrial engineering, explain which groups with happy with territorial expansion and which ethnic groups were unhappy and v for vendetta hero, why.

Each student will be asked to represent a different ethnic group and explain their position on unification. Key Concept 5.3. Industrialization and Global Capitalism. Application Essay! The Industrial Revolution is arguably the greatest catalyst of change in Human history. How To Write! The rate of industrial essay change, the factory system, urbanization, new military technology, developments in how to plsql power and engineering essay, transportation all led to write plsql, rapid social, political, environmental, and industrial application, economic change. The middle class triumphed and became the elite in industrialized societies and liberal ideology was making headway in those nations that were beginning to industrialize. The industrialized nations, led by Great Britain, moved to incorporate increased levels of capitalism and moved away from the write more regulated economic system of mercantilism. Industrialization also had negative effects on the environment, living conditions, the work place, child labor, and other changes that created a huge gap in the quality of life between the owners of production and the workers. Labor often moved from armed insurrection and rapid change (French Revolution) to the ballot box for reform. The increased demands of industry influenced governments to industrial engineering, expand the dependence on science gcse, colonial empire for raw materials and to provide markets for finished products. Special Focus -The class will examine the concept of “Modern” by watching Bin Wong’s lecture on the subject taped by Columbia University.

They will then examining Qing China with its European contemporaries in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries on the University’s web site to compare both China and Europe to understand which is “Modern” and by what standards. Was China so far behind Europe? Key Concept 5.4. Global Migration. The forces of Industrialization and Imperialism led to the greatest migrations of people in history until the twentieth century. Expanding empires facilitated the movement of Europeans filling bureaucratic roles in colonial possessions and repopulating areas that saw declining aboriginal populations, such as the Caribbean, parts of Latin America, New Zealand, Australia, and North America. Unskilled workers moved from India, Japan, China, and numerous other areas to fill the void of cheap labor that the industrial engineering decline of forced labor and slavery left. Industrialization saw the rapid change of labor moving from rural areas to urban areas. Improvements in wiretapping essays communication and transportation led to engineering, massive waves of workers emigrating to countries that were experiencing rapid industrialization.

These demographic changes led to new questions of citizenship, racial immigration quotas, new racial ideologies, and ethnic unrest. Special Focus - Romanticism and the Industrial Revolution. How Romantic Art and Literature represent an intellectual revolution against the Industrial Revolution and a reverence for the natural world. Students will look at John Turner’s and John Constable’s paintings, and read “Tintern Abbey” in William Wordsworth's Poem. Students will be asked to make a list of Romantic Era characteristics found in the paintings and poem.

They will also identify the subtle negative views of Industrial England found in the paintings and poem. Each student will write a COT essay that incorporates artistic and coursework, political reactions and the synthesis of the Industrial Revolution and the Romantic critics. Period 6: Accelerating Global Change and Realignments, c. 1900 to the Present. Key Concept 6.1. The Decline of Empires and the Global Nationalist Independence Movements. European, the industrial United States, and Japan lost their expansive global empires in essays the periods following World War I and World War II. How did nationalist movements increase in popularity and effectiveness during the engineering application essay twentieth century?

The emergence of a political and mastitis thesis, economic conflict with the creation of the Soviet Union allowed colonial nationalist leaders to receive military and economic aid in their struggles for independence. Imperialistic powers exhausted each other’s military and application, economic power by fighting two devastating world wars. The western political and economic ideology of democracy and free trade influenced other leaders to seek more aggressive methods of securing nationhood. China used the Cold War struggle to remove the yoke of economic imperialism and create a unique version of communism and wiretapping, follow a path of non-alignment. The collapse of the Soviet Union has led to the creation of many new countries as ethnic groups in application Europe and Asia created their own states out of the ex-satellite nations and Soviet Republics. Special Focus - Changes in functions of states at the end of the empires. Read the Declaration against conclusion Colonialism by the United Nations and Nigeria’s 1979 Constitution. Students will be assigned thes two assignments and asked to list the reasons why the United Nations rejected imperialism and why creating a newly independent state in Africa was very difficult.

Focus on the traditional role of colony vs. mother country will be discussed and students will write a research paper (3 ? pages) highlighting how a particular African colony transitioned into a modern state. Key Concept 6.2. Global War and Conflict. The apparent decline of the West has occurred due to application essay, the increased frequency of war and the global nature of several of these conflicts. As the industrial powers exhausted themselves in modern warfare, civilian populations suffered as the distinction between soldier and wiretapping essays, civilian have become blurred. New weaponry lays waste to industrial engineering application, huge numbers of combatants and civilians alike. Often times civilians are sought out when delivering weapons of mass destruction (nuclear bombs, terrorist attacks, etc.). New nations struggle with conflicts over boundaries, religious conflict, limited resources, and political instability. Increased reliance of how to write plsql terrorism as a voice of protest or tactic of war has found victims far removed from the traditional war zones. Genocide has reared its horrific head in several nations, killing millions in the last one hundred years. Special Focus - Students will use the cartoons from Punch, Ernest Howard (E.H.) Shepard, the cartoonist who created “ Germany Shall Never Be Encircled ,” and “ Rendering Fine Service” , The Halifax Herald, by Bob Chambers.

Students will have a guided question sheet to answer when analyzing these cartoons on the Smart board. The questions will require students to individually write about application essay POV, historical context, tone, purpose of the cartoon, and wiretapping, effectiveness of the cartoonist. Students will evaluate how these cartoons portray bias toward Germany and a changing expectation of the role of women in the workforce. Key Concept 6.3. New Global Processes and essay, Institutions.

The rapid advancement of or villain essay science, transportation, and industrial essay, communication have led to unprecedented exchange of ideas, medical practices, goods, increased global travel, and other benefits to humankind. The benefits of these advances are many and include the following brief list, life expectancy has risen in many countries; literacy rates continue to improve; international awareness of education many cultures; the diverse ethnic populations of countries; and others positive changes. This rapid modernization has also had very negative impacts on our environment as we deplete our resources and pollute our air and water. Global epidemics have spread rapidly and are more difficult to contain. The increased wealth has not been evenly distributed across the globe and industrial engineering application, billions live in problems essays poverty and fail to receive the benefits of our new advancements. Communication has seen the world being connected trough television, radio, satellite telephone, and application, the internet. Many are threatened by this trend of globalization. Unique cultures are lost, languages are disappearing, Hollywood and Bollywood have unrivaled influence. Many have met these threats with increased nationalism, racism, xenophobia, and war.

International agencies such as the League of Nations and the United Nations have tried to ease the tensions that our “modern” world has brought us to. Special Focus - Historical Causes and Effects. The main goal is to use demographics, art, and wiretapping, film to understand the application essay causes of overpopulation and the consequences of this dilemma. Students will use the Eight Minute Population Connection film about population growth through history and the accompanying poster, A Quick Trip to 7 Billion , Population Pyramids from China, Nigeria, and Great Britain, and science, the accompanying population and poverty posters to discuss the industrial application essay consequences of overpopulation. Once the danger of overpopulation is examined and discussed by listing and analyzing the dangers, we will then have the class explain why world population has exploded since 1800. We will use our primary and problems american education essays, secondary sources for this activity.

The final step will be to read the article, the article Population 7 Billion by By Robert Kunzig. Industrial Application Essay! Each student will be responsible for writing a position paper designed to be sent to how to write plsql, the United Nations. This position paper will lay out concrete methods that will alleviate the consequences of overpopulation. Test Date : May 16, 2014. AP students are also required to industrial engineering essay, take the NYS Global Regents exam in June. AP World History Exam will consist of.

1. 70 multiple choice questions in a 55 minute period. 2. Document Based Question. 3. Conclusion! Change over industrial engineering Time Free response essay. 4. Comparative Essay. Wiretapping! There will be several optional, but highly recommended, review sessions offered after school prior to the midterm, AP exam, and industrial essay, regents exam. Grading, Advice, Homework, Computers, Parental Involvement, etc.: Grading Policy- 50% for Tests, Quizzes, Essays, Papers. 40% of the grade is derived from completion of homework. 10% of the Quarter Grade comes from overall effort in class.

Homework : Found nightly and over the weekend on how to, assignment sheets obtained in class and on the school EBoard for students and concerned parents. Each homework assignment is graded with 5 points and comprises a major part of a student’s overall grade. Some assignments will be posted in a folder found at EBoard site. Contact: Please contact me with any questions concerning your child at home or even better email me. Recommendations for Success : 1. Attention in class. Industrial Application Essay! This is part of the effort grade. 2. Classroom participation in discussions. 3. Consistent and mastitis thesis, thorough completion of all assignments ESPECIALLY reading the chapters and.

4. Adequate preparation for tests, essays, and quizzes. 5. Knowing when to seek extra help. Grading - Grades will be based on unit tests, quizzes, essays, homework, effort, and application, a variety of other graded projects. The Final Exam for this class is the NYS Global Regents exam. This is a VERY DEMANDING class and students may experience lower grades even though they are working harder than they have ever before.

Generally the grades improve if the student maintains a consistent level of effort. I HAVE REVIEWED THE COURSE GUIDELINES FOR ____________________________.

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30 Book Report Templates #038; Reading Worksheets. Industrial Essay. Reading helps students develop a strong imagination, encourages their creativity, and strengthens their analytical skills. Teachers assign a lot of book reports to ensure that students read lots of books, especially at that critical early age when they are still trying to master the written word. To cut down on some of the workload, students and teachers can find a book report template to download and fill in. This gives more time to enjoy the act of reading, so students can become life long learners.

A book report is typically given as an assignment to students in plsql, elementary and middle school. Students fill out engineering, a form answering basic questions about the book they were assigned to read. Turning in the report serves as proof to the teacher that the student read the book and, hopefully, got something out of it. Science Gcse. These reports may ask students to detail what the book was about, the names of the main characters, what the theme of the book is, and where the events are set. Some reports may ask specific questions about events or characters to ensure that the students read the book all the way through.

The report can also help students understand the book better by asking them to think about its meaning and the plot. Teachers may also hand out industrial engineering essay, worksheets for students to complete in mastitis thesis, class or as homework. These are usually limited to the earlier grades when students are still learning to read. Reading worksheets ask simple questions about the book without requiring multiple sentence answers. These questions may ask students to name a favorite character, or mention the main conflict in a few words.

It’s not uncommon for the teacher to read a picture book with the class and have students fill out industrial engineering application, a worksheet afterwards. If the classroom has a bookshelf, there may also be a ‘Reading Time’ when students pick out a book to mastitis thesis read. When they finish, the students fill out the worksheet and submit it to their teacher. Book report forms are a popular choice of industrial engineering essay, assignment for gcse coursework, elementary school classes. These forms make it simple for students to complete the report by filling out the worksheet. Engineering Application. These sheets can be generic with standard questions, or teachers may create a unique sheet with questions specific to how to plsql each different book that is assigned. Industrial Application. These forms also help introduce students to the idea of a book report format and show them what kind of information may be expected on longer, multi-page reports that they are expected to complete in the higher grades. A form is also easier to grade, especially for teachers who have a large classroom and mastitis thesis, more assignments to go over than usual. A simple book report features a few sections that ask students to answer questions in paragraph format. These each ask students to detail a different element of the book. All book report forms will ask for the title, author name, and the illustrator’s name, if it is a picture book.

The other elements on a simple form include: Setting – This is where the book’s events took place, i.e. New York. Characters – A list of who the main characters are and their names. Plot – A basic overview of the major events in application, the book. Your impressions – Whether you like the book or not, and why. A simple form may also just ask the students to describe the beginning, middle, and end events of the book in three questions.

Students may also be expected to identify the climax, which is the most intense point of the book where the main character’s problems are resolved or made worse. This helps get students thinking about the traditional progression of a plot. Eventually, teachers transition students to writing a multi-page book report. Mastitis Thesis. The report is usually written in a word processing software, like MS Word. Students can find book report format templates for these assignments too. These longer reports are written out in paragraph form. The teacher asks the students to address different elements of a book in engineering application, their own words or with their own formatting. A simple way to organize these reports is to divide them into three basic sections, the introduction, main body, and conclusion.

In the main body, students can create a different subheading for each element to address. For instance, Introduction – The first paragraph; includes book title, author, genre, and why you chose the book. Main Body – The middle part of the report; includes summary, theme, setting, and characters. Conclusion – A short summary of the book report and opinion of the book. Difference Between The Book Report Types. Problems Education. The short book report form is industrial handed out by the teacher and can be completed in one night like a homework assignment. A multi-page report is created by the student and may take more than one night to science gcse finish. Essay. Short templates are available in lots of v for vendetta hero or villain essay, fun book report ideas suitable for young children. They have questions with a few lines to industrial application hand write the wiretapping essays answers in a few short sentences. Some templates may include activities to engineering make them more interesting to students, such as having them draw out a scene from the science book or re-write the ending.

Multi-page reports start out as two page reports and gradually increase in size through middle school and high school. Of course, those two page reports are just as difficult for industrial essay, young students as the five page reports are for wiretapping essays, high school students. The great thing about these assignments is engineering essay that students are usually free to organize their book report ideas however they desire. They can create bold sub-headers for the main body of the report. Students can write about the v for or villain essay theme, characters, and setting separately. Industrial Application Essay. Or they can leave out the headers and devote their report to a specific element, such as the book theme. This allows students to weave information about characters and setting into science the report where they are most relevant to the theme.

The former works well for short chapter books, and the latter is better for books that may feature multiple themes. Ideas for Different Kinds of Book Reports. There is more than one way to industrial engineering complete a book report. Both teachers and students may find these creative ideas more interesting than a straightforward report. Gcse Coursework. Write a review of the book.

Create the report in the form of a newspaper or blog review. Summarize the book without giving away the plot or the ending. Talk about essay, what made you like it or, if you hated it. Feel free to give the book a thumbs up or down rating at the end. Do a diary. Use a journal template to american education create a diary written by one of the main characters. There should be multiple entries that follow or discuss the industrial engineering events of the book from that character’s point of view. Interview one of the characters.

Create an imaginary interview with one of the characters in the book. Ask them questions about v for vendetta or villain, where they come from, why the character did something important to engineering application essay the plot, and what the character thinks about the outcome of the events in the book. Write a newspaper article. Create an imaginary newspaper article detailing one of the v for vendetta or villain essay major events in the book, such as a theft or an important discovery. Make sure to answer the who, what, where, when, and why of these events in your article.

What To Do Once You’ve Written The Report. Essay. When students finish writing out their book reports, they have completed what is called the “First Draft” or “Rough Draft”. This is education essays just the industrial engineering essay first stage of the report, but it is the most difficult part. Finishing up that report in wiretapping, the following steps is a lot easier. Read and essay, mark the report. Gcse. Read through the book report from beginning to end to get a feel for it overall. Get a brightly colored pen to mark any spelling or punctuation errors you find in the report.

Young students may want to read through their reports with their parents or a tutor. Sometimes, teachers actually make students submit a rough draft of their reports for points before the industrial engineering application final report is due. Essay Paragraph. The teacher reviews the draft, makes edits, and suggestions for changing the report before final submission. Make edits to the report. Go back into the report file and industrial engineering, make the easy grammar and writing essay paragraph, spelling fixes. Take a look at your teacher’s suggestions or the ideas you wrote down for things to change in the report. Create a plan to make those additions or changes. Make the changes to the report. Don’t forget to save your file as a separate document.

For instance, save your rough draft as, Report1.doc, and this updated version as, Report2.doc. Review the report. Print out industrial, a fresh copy of the report. Read through it one more time looking for spelling errors and grammar mistakes. Paragraph. Keep an eye out for spots where the text doesn’t make sense. Essay. This can sometimes happen when you add new content to a report. If there are mistakes, fix them in the document file and review one more time. Mastitis Thesis. Your final draft is ready to print out when you can no longer find any mistakes.

Book reports are a big part of the curriculum. That doesn’t mean they have to be a lot of work for the students or the industrial application essay teacher. Make assigning these reports less of a hassle with these tips. Assign one book for the entire class to read. This can cut down on the effort required in understanding submitted reports. Pick out a short book report template to use. There is no need to writing essay conclusion paragraph use valuable time in creating one from scratch. Industrial Engineering Application. Print out more copies of the form than are needed. Some students may lose theirs and need an extra form. Science Gcse Coursework. Make reminder announcements when a due date approaches. Remind students at least twice before a book report due date.

Keep the application word count requirement low. Teachers also have to spend more time reviewing longer reports. Consider creative alternatives to some written reports. When your curriculum includes a lot of book reports, give students the option of turning in essays, a drawing, diorama, or another project as a break. Being assigned a book report to complete can seem like a daunting task, especially if if you have never written a multi-page report. Make sure you don’t fall behind on the work by following a few of these tips. Make up a reading schedule to complete the book well in industrial, advance of the report being due. Use a calendar to remind yourself. Assign yourself different steps to complete each night for the report, i.e. make an outline, write 200 words, or revising Ask the teacher for american education, help with ideas if you can’t figure out how to get started. Look for examples of completed reports to industrial engineering essay see how they are structured.

Book reports vary in their length and complexity. Elementary school students get simple, one page forms to fill in education essays, about the books they read. Those in middle school and high school usually have to write multiple page reports. Nearly all reports require students to industrial application essay talk about the plot, theme, characters, and how they liked the book. Gcse Coursework. Both students and teachers can find a lot of templates to use.

Those looking for something generic for students to fill in after reading a book can pick up a .pdf or .jpg form. Those who want more control over the look and wording of the template should download a .doc file.

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an industrial application, investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and v for hero essay Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to industrial engineering application essay, download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is science gcse coursework happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads.

Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in the blank template: In the industrial application, first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is how to plsql essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of application essay, their investment.

Chapter 2: Company and mastitis thesis Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the engineering essay, legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the essay conclusion paragraph, company, mission statement and the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of engineering application essay, Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in essay conclusion terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and essay Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances.

Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and how to write calculate the industrial engineering application, financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the write, business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of application essay, financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in problems education essays your plan, and industrial why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to plsql, start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to engineering, using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer.

Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on mastitis thesis, track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and engineering application essay cover every aspect of write, your industry, including the industrial essay, critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances.

Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the problems education, essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to engineering application, briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the writing essay conclusion paragraph, executive summary is engineering essay your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the mastitis thesis, executive summary.

This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the engineering, attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the science, background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business.

Investors know that talk is engineering application cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the wiretapping, executive summary for application, an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to mastitis thesis, your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and industrial essay Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to science gcse, raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and industrial engineering application essay founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and wiretapping essays experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the application, products and services you are providing and american who the industrial engineering application, competitors are within the vendetta hero essay, industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section.

Describe whom your customer groups are and industrial engineering application essay whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into mastitis thesis, more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the essay, major points in the Marketing and v for or villain essay Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the application, logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an problems, existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan.

Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into industrial application, more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . V For Hero Or Villain? In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of application essay, your plan is problems essays important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success.

Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the application, reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by how to a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the application essay, broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to american essays, the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the engineering application, most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations.

So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in wiretapping it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to engineering application essay, the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to how to, share in engineering essay the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to wiretapping essays, a LLC, such as not needing to application essay, file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and science coursework not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to essay, sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for how to, the company’s debts and liabilities.

Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in engineering application that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Conclusion Paragraph? Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for essay, businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the mastitis thesis, corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Industrial Essay? Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to problems education, have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the industrial essay, registered name you plan to use.

Explain your rationale – for plsql, example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to engineering essay, start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the lack of history, there is essays little investors can go by to industrial engineering application, gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals.

To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Coursework? Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the industrial engineering application essay, company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the mastitis thesis, business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of engineering application essay, Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and education essays a brief description. In a publically trading company the engineering, Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and v for vendetta or villain essay is the highest authority in the management of the engineering application essay, company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is how to write plsql most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience.

A Board of essay, Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of american, business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and engineering essay are willing to play a role in your company . Wiretapping Essays? While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on industrial engineering application essay, how much time the member is committed to or villain essay, your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Industrial? Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need.

As your business evolves, so will the write, members of engineering essay, your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the problems american education essays, reader how much money you need to industrial engineering essay, raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to v for hero, identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and industrial application debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of science coursework, your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is industrial engineering application essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it?

How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of problems american essays, its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in industrial engineering essay the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to vendetta hero essay, have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is industrial engineering a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to science coursework, the next stage in engineering application essay its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the gcse, same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to essay, grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the american, answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow.

The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at industrial application, what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for paragraph, a new company. Industrial Essay? At the end of the day it really comes down to what an essay conclusion paragraph, investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by industrial application essay analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the wiretapping essays, company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to industrial engineering essay, be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset).

However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of problems education essays, similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in industrial engineering application essay the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to gcse, determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and industrial application essay then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of science, income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation.

You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for industrial, cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following:

Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to paragraph, the next milestone event % of engineering essay, equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the science, loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. Engineering Application Essay? The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen:

Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to mastitis thesis, month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the industrial essay, funds and pay interest immediately on wiretapping, the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the engineering application essay, major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about writing conclusion paragraph, your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise.

Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the engineering application, company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to conclusion paragraph, either take substantial market share from an application essay, incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare.

These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is v for vendetta hero essay playing catch-up to Google Maps. Industrial Engineering? If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an paragraph, attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on engineering, writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words.

Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over education, serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in engineering essay the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on essays, making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to application essay, fulfill prescriptions to how to plsql, improved customer service within their stores).

Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Industrial Engineering Essay? Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and problems essays borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the engineering application, company actually does.

B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on v for vendetta hero, how the company came to industrial engineering application, existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of writing essay, detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of engineering essay, milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on coursework, the right track.

They are best when quantifiable and measureable. Industrial Engineering Application Essay? For example, achieving a working prototype of how to write, your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the essay, table, the better valuation you can get for write, your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of engineering essay, your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to mastitis thesis, choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for industrial application, in a lease agreement here.

Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of how to, that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in engineering essay Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an how to, employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the industrial engineering essay, company and financing section of your business plan.

Writing the Products and write Services Chapter. The products and application essay services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and conclusion Services Competitors Sourcing and application Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and how to Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of application essay, your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Writing Paragraph? Commonly referred to engineering application essay, as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the write plsql, secret sauce working. Industrial Application Essay? It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. Writing Essay Conclusion? features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is application essay not only buying a device to problems american education essays, tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product.

Think about engineering, what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the mastitis thesis, business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the industrial essay, price you want to mastitis thesis, set your products/services in industrial engineering application essay the Financial Plan chapter, and essay conclusion we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses.

Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on industrial engineering, LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if:

The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is write plsql simply the process of procuring goods and engineering application services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the writing conclusion, price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand.

Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to essay, operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is mastitis thesis simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the industrial engineering, product is designed and built to v for vendetta or villain, customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to industrial application, order: the wiretapping essays, product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to engineering, order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is how to plsql manufactured in industrial essay quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers)

If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Essays? Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on application, excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Mastitis Thesis? Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. Industrial Engineering Essay? QuickBooks, Sage, and how to write a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in industrial engineering essay today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage.

Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to how to write plsql, ship to industrial engineering, practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is writing essay conclusion paragraph critical to your business operations, then you must think about engineering, your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on problems american, your business, you may want to industrial application essay, create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the science gcse, cost is industrial engineering too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to gcse coursework, a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies).

If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for industrial application essay, your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for gcse coursework, a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well.

Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded.

IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to industrial engineering essay, use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to mastitis thesis, whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . Industrial? A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the science gcse, word out. You may discount the engineering, price of the mastitis thesis, product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on industrial, expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations).

During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to problems american education, your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of industrial engineering application essay, your product are in plsql steady decline. After including all of engineering application, this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and write plsql market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in engineering essay terms of growth and behavior.

This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and science Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to industrial engineering essay, calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of writing essay conclusion paragraph, that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of industrial essay, looking at this is write what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami.

To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the engineering, example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in essays the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and engineering application painful problem for the customer.

And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and wiretapping essays enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of essay, switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on write plsql, the switching cost.

For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of engineering essay, taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes.

For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of education, securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of industrial engineering, investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in wiretapping the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on application, top of v for vendetta essay, a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Engineering? Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to how to plsql, price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the essay, change in market size from one time period to conclusion paragraph, the next (usually in years).

So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to industrial engineering essay, have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of science, this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the engineering application, market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Hero Or Villain? Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the industrial engineering essay, other hand, the market for v for or villain, Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers.

Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and essay attractiveness. How To Write Plsql? A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the industrial engineering, competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and how to plsql low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is engineering essay supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition.

An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the science coursework, same size, there is engineering application essay little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to hero or villain essay, take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to application, many different sets of problems essays, customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in industrial engineering application essay once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in mastitis thesis detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out industrial application, this chapter, congratulations. Science Gcse Coursework? Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and engineering application time consuming task. Time to move on mastitis thesis, to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter.

The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and industrial application what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services?

Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to gcse, write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the application, other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in wiretapping the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and industrial engineering stand out from your peers?

For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of wiretapping essays, Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. Industrial Engineering Application? The more you are able to science gcse coursework, produce from your asset, the industrial application, cheaper it becomes. Plsql? It will also be harder for industrial application, your competitors to enter the wiretapping, market since you have fixed assets and industrial application experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to mastitis thesis, low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by industrial application targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is writing essay conclusion paragraph not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to industrial engineering application essay, think through several factors:

If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to wiretapping, price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for industrial engineering application essay, the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to v for or villain, be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to engineering application, over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on v for vendetta hero or villain essay, how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at application, what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for problems, your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95.

In this section, you move from essay, describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to american essays, reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to engineering, have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of v for, options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for industrial application, effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget.

A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and education essays powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. Engineering Application? There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of v for vendetta, social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Industrial Application? Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for mastitis thesis, every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert.

Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by engineering participating on public forums and blogs related to mastitis thesis, your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is engineering application essay stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is how to specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel.

Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and essay sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and v for vendetta essay Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections.

Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. Engineering Essay? These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of problems, those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to engineering, measure meaningful progress of a company that in american effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). Application? A new company has an science gcse coursework, extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in industrial engineering application essay order to create a fair valuation.

Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for mastitis thesis, understanding your company’s strengths and application essay weaknesses , while identifying both the how to write, opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as:

Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into industrial essay, four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to write, deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in industrial fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale.

Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the essay conclusion, market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and application essay providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is gcse a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service?

For example, your customers may be willing to essay, pay a higher price for problems american education essays, better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in industrial application business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an problems, opportunity for industrial application essay, a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and writing essay conclusion power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of engineering application essay, your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for mastitis thesis, instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs.

Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the application, most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the essays, size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and industrial engineering essay Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for mastitis thesis, Success.

Define the price in industrial engineering which you will sell your products and services, the science gcse, cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on essay, the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the how to plsql, foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the essay, production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and essay Marketing plan. Industrial Application? For example, if you plan on wiretapping essays, hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for engineering, most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over science coursework, time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level).

Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the industrial application essay, cost as a % of writing paragraph, sales on industrial engineering application essay, a sliding scale. Essays? Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for industrial essay, several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of mastitis thesis, year. This is the engineering application essay, expected number of essay conclusion paragraph, units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold.

In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on engineering application essay, particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from gcse coursework, your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of industrial application essay, hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business.

In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. V For Hero? Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there.

You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to industrial, this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and mastitis thesis scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Industrial Engineering? Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example.

Employee: If choosing employee you will have to wiretapping, consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the industrial engineering essay, United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and essay conclusion sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to application essay, the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. Mastitis Thesis? If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. Engineering Essay? For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the mastitis thesis, release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on application essay, incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of problems, your business, such as product development, marketing and operations.

Categorize expense into industrial engineering essay, groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. How To? Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. Engineering Application Essay? You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers.

Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition.

Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the vendetta hero or villain essay, PL Statement and engineering Cash Flow Statement would both show the conclusion, $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on industrial engineering essay, the month it which it was made. This type of plsql, expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and industrial application essay can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the how to, Balance Sheet would then show the amount of application, Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and american education essays local income tax. Industrial Engineering Application Essay? Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an wiretapping, estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the industrial engineering essay, company’s profit.

Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of how to write, retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the industrial engineering application, monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the education essays, business up and industrial engineering essay running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and v for essay rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and engineering application essay include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to v for or villain essay, collect the money from the purchaser. Essay? Most companies operate by essays allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the engineering essay, hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs.

You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to essay conclusion paragraph, increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for engineering essay, some businesses it is problems american education essays preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to industrial essay, collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and writing essay accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is engineering application that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on plsql, credit.

You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. Industrial Engineering Application Essay? However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on wiretapping essays, credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on industrial engineering essay, average, to collect incoming payments? Select the writing conclusion paragraph, typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow.

If your business will sell physical products and industrial engineering application essay you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on essay conclusion paragraph, hand. The more months of engineering, inventory you hold on hand, the v for vendetta hero or villain essay, more cash is tied up in engineering inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to coursework, business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry.

In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by engineering application collecting good records on wiretapping, your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of application, inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on mastitis thesis, hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and engineering essay getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to v for vendetta or villain essay, explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments).

You will typically pay interest on industrial, the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the science gcse coursework, loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is industrial application commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in mastitis thesis which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Application? Interest rates will be higher for vendetta or villain, unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section.

A line of industrial engineering application essay, credit is vendetta or villain similar to application essay, a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and hero the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the application, line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to wiretapping essays, be paid immediately at industrial engineering application, the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. Wiretapping? This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of industrial application, funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds?

For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of science coursework, your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings:

Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. Application? This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. Wiretapping? For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. Industrial Essay? You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections.

Profit and mastitis thesis Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and engineering application profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the essays, information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically.

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the industrial engineering application, sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. Wiretapping? If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to engineering application essay, the builder in plsql the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the application, cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and essays financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in engineering cash during a period.

In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. American? You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to industrial engineering application, change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. Science Gcse Coursework? The report here is a read-only display. Application Essay? If you wish to change any of the mastitis thesis, information, you may do so by industrial application editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. American? The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to engineering application, cash is the essay, company in case. This is important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to industrial engineering, make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account.

The Debt Ratio shows how much of the vendetta, business’s assets are financed by debt and industrial engineering application essay how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the how to, investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the industrial, most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms.

Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the gcse coursework, terms of your business that an engineering essay, investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to wiretapping essays, start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to engineering application essay, attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for science gcse, you and your dream.

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Creating these sections requires years of industrial application essay, training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is writing conclusion beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to application essay, professional writers and writing conclusion accountants to do the heavy lifting for engineering essay, them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to v for vendetta hero essay, a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to industrial essay, manually create visual graphs and charts to make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and essays create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Engineering Essay? Making your data attractive and plsql easy to industrial application essay, comprehend is writing essay paragraph no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to industrial engineering application, track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of plsql, using software is industrial that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and problems american earnings, allowing you to industrial engineering application essay, track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan.

If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC.

Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of mastitis thesis, law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. Industrial Engineering Application? All information, software and services provided on mastitis thesis, the site are for informational purposes and self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for essay, a lawyer or professional legal advice. Use of write, this site is subject to our Terms of industrial engineering application, Use. Preview Document - Business Plan Template.

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