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Does Religious Art have any Relevance in Today s Society? - A-Level
Aortic valve stenotic area calculation from phase contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance: the importance of short echo time. And Art! Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can potentially quantify aortic valve area (AVA) in aortic stenosis (AS) using a single-slice phase contrast (PC) acquisition at valve level: AVA = aortic flow/aortic velocity-time integral (VTI). However, CMR has been shown to underestimate aortic flow in turbulent high velocity jets, due to gender issues, intra-voxel dephasing. This study investigated the effect of decreasing intra-voxel dephasing by religion and art, reducing the echo time (TE) on for women in india, AVA estimates in and art essay, patients with AS. For Emily Essay! 15 patients with moderate or severe AS, were studied with three different TEs (2.8 ms/2.0 ms/1.5 ms), in the main pulmonary artery (MPA), left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) and 0 cm/1 cm/2.5 cm above the aortic valve (AoV). PC estimates of stroke volume (SV) were compared with CMR left ventricular SV measurements and PC peak velocity, VTI and AVA were compared with Doppler echocardiography. CMR estimates of AVA obtained by direct planimetry from cine acquisitions were also compared with the echoAVA. With a TE of 2.8 ms, the mean PC SV was similar to the ventricular SV at the MPA, LVOT and AoV 0 cm (by Bland-Altman analysis bias ± 1.96 SD, 1.3 ± 20.2 mL/-6.8 ± 21.9 mL/6.5 ± 50.7 mL respectively), but was significantly lower at essay, AoV 1 and AoV 2.5 (-29.3 ± 31.2 mL/-21.1 ± 35.7 mL). PC peak velocity and VTI underestimated Doppler echo estimates by rose symbolism essay, approximately 10% with only moderate agreement.
Shortening the TE from religion 2.8 to 1.5 msec improved the agreement between ventricular SV and PC SV at AoV 0 cm (6.5 ± 50.7 mL vs 1.5 ± 37.9 mL respectively) but did not satisfactorily improve the PC SV estimate at AoV 1 cm and AoV 2.5 cm . Agreement of CMR AVA with echoAVA was improved at TE 1.5 ms (0.00 ± 0.39 cm 2 ) versus TE 2.8 (0.11 ± 0.81 cm 2 ). Junk Food! The CMR method which agreed best with echoAVA was direct planimetry (-0.03 cm 2 ± 0.24 cm 2 ). Agreement of CMR AVA at the aortic valve level with echo AVA improves with a reduced TE of religion and art 1.5 ms. However, flow measurements in the aorta (AoV 1 and organizational dissertation, 2.5) are underestimated and and art, 95% limits of agreement remain large. Further improvements or novel, more robust techniques are needed in the CMR PC technique in the assessment of food AS severity in patients with moderate to essay, severe aortic stenosis. Electronic supplementary material. Write A Foia! The online version of and art essay this article (doi: 10.1186/1532-429X-11-49 ) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. Accurate assessment of b personal statement lesion severity is central to surgical decision making for patients with aortic stenosis. Transthoracic echocardiographic assessment is and art essay typically used to make this assessment; however, poor image quality due to limited acoustic windows and the experience of the operator may have a larger impact on b personal statement, reliable measurements than with other modalities [ 1 ]. For example poor jet alignment may cause the underestimation of jet velocities [ 2 ], the echo continuity equations assumes that the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) is circular when it is ovoid and the tracing of the religion Doppler velocity envelope and write, estimation of the LVOT's diameter are dependent on essay, the analyst's experience. Currently, when transthoracic echo results are equivocal an invasive investigation such as cardiac catheterisation or transoesophageal echo may be required to estimate aortic valve area (AVA). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) may be a useful alternative non-invasive modality. Because CMR can measure flow volume and velocity, it is theoretically possible to estimate AVA using the continuity equation [ 3 ] or more directly from the attachment statement worksheet flow volume and velocity-time integral (VTI) [ 4 ] sampled from a single acquisition at the valve level.
To be accurate, the velocity and flow data obtained in these turbulent, high velocity jets must be accurate. Religion And Art! Whilst small preliminary studies have been promising [ 1 , 2 ], lesion severity can be systematically underestimated in patients with severe AS [ 3 ]. Organizational Dissertation! Furthermore, in one of the largest cohort of AS patients studied with CMR to date, aortic flow sampled just above the stenotic aortic valve (AoV) systematically underestimated left ventricular stroke volume (SV) [ 5 ]. Religion Essay! This underestimation was greater with increasing AS severity and was postulated to be due to intravoxel dephasing [ 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 ]. In vitro experiments confirmed this flow error at longer TEs, and found reduced intravoxel dephasing and improved flow estimates at shorter TE [ 5 ]. Shortening TE reduces the inherent higher order motion encoding [ 15 ], decreases the time available for the detrimental mixing of fast and attachment b personal financial worksheet, slow moving spins, reduces the risk of turbulent velocity fluctuations disrupting the expected phase shift and thus improves the religion measured velocity's reliability and attachment b personal financial statement, accuracy [ 5 ]. Religion! In a severely stenotic jet all of these effects are enhanced. The aims of the study were to essay, systematically study the religion reliability of PC aortic flow, peak velocity VTI and organizational dissertation, AVA estimates by CMR in patients with moderate or severe AS, and to investigate the in vivo effect, on these parameters, of reducing TE. We hypothesized that reducing the TE would improve the agreement between CMR echocardiographic estimates of and art AVA. 15 patients with isolated moderate or severe aortic stenosis (peak aortic velocity ?3 m/s) were studied. Patients were excluded if they had left ventricular impairment (ejection fraction 50%), atrial fibrillation, more than trace mitral or aortic regurgitation or other significant valvular disease, congenital heart disease, poor echocardiographic images, inability to undergo a CMR scan, or contraindications to CMR.
Echo data was obtained using a Philips IE33 ultrasound system (Philips, Best, Netherlands). All patients underwent a comprehensive 2D and dissertation, Doppler echo within 1 hour of the CMR scan. Meticulous attention was paid to obtain the optimal velocity envelope and true peak trans-AoV velocity by religion, sampling using continuous wave Doppler from multiple imaging windows (apical, right parasternal and suprasternal). Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) velocity profile was obtained by careful placement of the pulsed wave Doppler sample volume in the LVOT immediately below the AoV in an apical 5-chamber view. The LVOT diameter was measured by imaging the LVOT using the parasternal long axis view. LVOT area was estimated by assuming a circular orifice. Analysis was performed off-line by gender issues sport, a single experienced echocardiographer (AJK) blinded to the patients' CMR findings. Measurements were made according to American Society of Echocardiography guidelines [ 18 ] and averaged from 3 to essay, 5 cycles. The velocity time intervals for the LVOT (VTI LVOT ) and trans-AoV (VTI AoV ) flow were obtained.
The peak AoV velocity and essay, VTI were reported from the window yielding the highest velocity signal. Mean trans-AoV gradients were calculated using the modified Bernoulli equation. Echo LV stroke volume was estimated by the product of VTI LVOT and the LVOT area. Religion! All MR data were collected on a Siemens 1.5 Tesla Avanto MRI scanner (Siemens Medical, Erlangen, Germany). 15s in culture, duration.
Typical image parameters for each experiment. Phase Contrast variants. 3 long axis, 6-8 short axis. MPA, LVOT, 0 cm, 1 cm, 2.5 cm. 0 cm, 1 cm, 2.5 cm, 0 cm, 1 cm, 2.5 cm. SSFP = Steady State Free Precession, TR = Repetition Time, TE = Echo Time, FOV = Field of View, VENC = Velocity Encoding, MPA = main pulmonary artery. LVOT = Left ventricular outflow tract, 0 cm/1 cm/2.5 cm = distance distal from aortic valve. For quantitative flow measurements, PC images were obtained using the essay commercially released retrospectively gated breath-hold through plane velocity-encoding/velocity compensation technique with velocity compensation on the readout direction.
Breath-hold acquisitions took ?20 s, and statement, calculated 25 phases. The standard TE was 2.79 ms. Religion And Art! This sequence was modified to enable a TE of 2.0 ms by using the improved performance of current gradient hardware (45 and 200 T/m/s), halving the duration of the gender sport essay RF excitation pulse, and increasing the readout bandwidth from 390 Hz to religion and art, 490 Hz. The TE was further reduced to 1.5 ms by maximising the gradient hardware and how to a foia, readout bandwidth (1530 Hz) and essay, acquiring two averages to compensate for the reduced SNR. The in-plane resolution of the modified sequences was also adjusted (reduced base matrix size and increased phase resolution) to make the voxels more isotropic whilst maintaining a similar volume. Typical image parameters can be found in gender sport essay, Table 1 . Through-plane flow was obtained in the following order: AoV leaflet tips (AoV 0 cm ), 1 cm beyond the AoV tips (AoV 1 cm ) in the aortic root, 2.5 cm beyond the AoV tips (AoV 2.5 cm ) just beyond the essay sino-tubular junction, LVOT, and main pulmonary artery (MPA). Both MPA and LVOT/AoV images were planned from paired orthogonal long axis SSFP cine images through the MPA and AoV respectively. Aortic valve cine and flow imaging method: A standardised approach was followed to obtain short axis cine imaging for i) aortic valve planimetry, and, ii) to plan the optimal short-axis slice position for flow measurement (AoV 0 cm ). i). SSFP cine imaging of aortic valve: Paired long-axis SSFP cine images through the aortic valve were obtained - 3-chamber and the orthogonal LVOT view. The operator positioned the initial cine slice (6 mm slice thickness) at the AoV at end-diastole using the reservation for women paired long axis cines. Our experience is that in moderate or severe AS when the valve opens in systole and moves down towards the apex it descends through this slice, which is religion and art essay therefore a useful initial position for obtaining cine images for planimetry of the rose symbolism essay limiting valve orifice.
When images did not appear optimal the slice was repeated ± 6 mm. ii). Essay! Aortic valve phase contrast flow (AoV 0 cm ): The optimal short-axis slice position for culture dissertation measurement of peak trans-valvular velocities is at the vena contracta just at or beyond the anatomic valve orifice in and art essay, systole. For Emily Symbolism Essay! In straight pipes with planar circular orifice plates the vena contracta occurs about one orifice diameter downstream from the orifice [ 19 ]. To choose an appropriate slice location the operator started with the slice position corresponding to the minimal valve orifice on the SSFP cine image. Appropriate positioning was confirmed by checking in the paired long axis cines that the slice transected the proximal AS jet in mid systole immediately above the aortic valve leaflets. If necessary the slice position was adjusted to and art, achieve this. This position was taken as AoV 0 cm . A VENC scout sequence with VENC of 3.5 m/s, 4.0 m/s and 4.5 m/s was used to organizational, choose the appropriate VENC in the AoV 0 cm , AoV 1 cm and religion, AoV 2.5 cm acquisitions. When aliasing occurred at 4.5 m/s, flow was acquired at higher VENCs in 0.5 m/s steps. The CMR SV was determined by interactively fitting a 3D LV finite element model to the images using the software package, CIMv4.6 (Auckland MRI Research Group, University of Auckland, New Zealand).
This method has been previously validated in patients with cardiac disease, post mortem results from organizational culture dissertation animal studies, and against PC velocity estimation of SV [ 20 ]. Essay! The PC data was analyzed by reservation for women in india essay, manually tracing around the LVOT, aortic root and MPA in religion and art, each frame using ARGUS syngo MR 2004V (Siemens Medical Systems). The contours were exported to rose for emily symbolism essay, customised software, written in Matlab (Math-Works, South Natick, MA, USA), to religion and art, apply the gender essay linear surface background phase correction process previously described by Lankhaar et al [ 21 ]. An estimate of the background phase was obtained by manually removing anatomically wrapped regions (due to spatial aliasing) and essay, identifying stationary tissue using the suggested temporal velocity standard deviation threshold of 25%. Matlab's standard least squares algorithm was used to fit a linear plane to the background phase. Background phase correction was performed by gender sport, subtracting the surface from the original velocity phase map. The flow at each frame was calculated by essay, multiplying the average velocity within each contour by how to write a foia, its area. A PC estimate of SV (PC SV) was determined by summation of the net forward flow through the cardiac cycle. Religion Essay! Peak velocity for reservation for women each frame was obtained as the maximum velocity of all pixels within the vessel. No neighbourhood averaging was used for peak velocity estimation, instead, as previously suggested by and art, Nayler et al [ 22 ], the food essay magnitude image's pixel value for religion the peak velocity must be above a certain threshold. Signal loss is an indicator of intravoxel dephasing and a loss of organizational culture reliability in the PC estimate of essay velocity [ 5 , 22 ]. Normalised signal intensity (NSI) for each pixel was obtained by dividing their magnitude value with the average magnitude across the whole vessel obtained over the last 10 frames of essay diastole. (Diastolic blood, though not stationary, is the best representation of the minimum expected signal intensity when a pixel's velocity is reliable.) Only pixels with signal enhancement relative to diastolic flow of NSI 2 were considered for peak velocity estimation [ 3 ]. The velocity time integral was calculated by numerically integrating, using Simpson's rule, the area under the peak velocity versus time curve during systole. The highest peak velocity (V ,pk ) was chosen to coincide with the and art essay highest phase contrast estimate of VTI (VTI pk ) between AoV 0 cm and AoV 1 cm . Aortic valve area estimation using echo and CMR.
Two CMR methods for estimating the AVA, both using the highest VTI estimate (PC VTI pk ), were investigated. As an organizational culture additional validation the CMR aortic valve area was also estimated by direct planimetry. The maximal visible aortic valve orifice in essay, the short axis SSFP image obtained at b personal financial, the leaflet tips was manually traced as previously described. [ 24 ] Severe AS was defined as AVA 1 cm 2 , or peak velocity 4 m/sec by and art essay, echo [ 23 ]. Statistical analysis was performed with R for windows, v2.6.2 (The R foundation for statistical computing). Paired 2-tailed T-test was used to test differences between volumetric and for emily symbolism, PC estimates of SV and the effect of background phase correction. Religion And Art! p .05 was considered statistically significant. Sport Essay! Pearson linear regression (r 2 ) was used to: a) compare the CMR SV with the PC SV at each level; b) to compare the religion peak velocity, VTI and AVA calculated using Doppler echo with CMR estimates. Agreement between methods was also assessed by Bland-Altman analysis (bias (mean of the differences between pairs of measures) and 95% limits of agreement (± 1.96SD of the difference between pairs of measures)). Fifteen patients with moderate or severe AS were studied (11 men, age 71 ± 10.5 years). Ten patients had calcific aortic stenosis with trileaflet AoVs and five had bicuspid valves. By echo the mean aortic peak velocity was 4.2 m/s (range 3.3 m/s to 5.5 m/s), mean gradient 44.7 mmHg (range 25.6 mmHg to 75.2 mmHg) and AVA 0.85 cm 2 (range 0.52 cm 2 to 1.50 cm 2 ). 12 patients (80%) had severe AS.
The effect of the write a foia background phase correction on PC SV estimation is shown in Additional file 1 . For TE 2.8 there was a statistically significant difference between the SV error before and after correction at the MPA and religion, the LVOT; however, the mean SV errors were small (1.6% and 4.8% respectively) and no significant difference was observed at the AoV (AoV 0 cm , AoV 1 cm and AoV 2.5 cm ). The TE of 2.0 ms estimations showed modest improvement after correction; however, the TE of 1.5 ms showed large corrections and statistical significance across all levels. Sport Essay! Therefore only the TE 1.5 ms data were phase corrected in subsequent analyses. Comparison of the mean CMR SV with that obtained by PC in religion and art, the MPA, LVOT and at serial AoV levels for gender issues essay various TEs. † Paired T-test with Bonferroni correction, comparison of PC SV at each level with the CMR SV. * Bias and the 95% limits of agreement determined by Bland-Altman analysis. CMR SV = left ventricular stroke volume by essay, cardiac magnetic resonance, MPA = main pulmonary artery, LVOT = left ventricular outflow tract, AoV = aortic valve. The Bland-Altman bias ± 1.96SD, the paired T-test and the linear regression statistics between CMR SV and PC SV estimates are shown. B Personal Financial Statement! Comparison of the echo Doppler peak velocity and echo Doppler VTI with the VTI PC, max (a), V PC, pk (b) and PC SV determined from the location of VTI PC, max in the aorta with CMR SV (c) for religion three TEs, TE = 2.8 ms, TE = 2.0 ms, TE = 1.5 ms . Mean AVA, SVs, peak trans-AoV velocities and for emily symbolism essay, VTIs estimated by CMR and Doppler methods. PC SV at VTI pk level. † p-value .05 for essay comparison in each column with Doppler data (V pk , VTI pk and AVA) or CMR SV (SV) The Doppler AVA is derived using the continuity equation. PC peak velocity, and symbolism, PC SV data are from the essay same AoV level that the PC VTI pk was obtained. CMR vs echo for peak velocity, velocity-time integral, SV, and AVA.
Left ventricular SV by echo and CMR (Table 3 , 4 ) Bland-Altman and linear regression analysis between echo and culture, CMR methods for AVA estimation. Bland-Altman bias ± 1.96SD. Pearson linear regression r 2 /p-value. Religion And Art! PC estimates of V pk , VTI pk and AVA were compared to echo data and SV estimates were compared against symbolism essay, CMR SV. The mean CMR SV and Doppler echo SV were similar (87 mL and 81.8 mL, respectively) but with relatively poor agreement at individual patient level, Table 4. Peak velocity and VTI data (Table 3 , 4 Figures 2 , 3 ) Comparison of echo and CMR estimates of the essay AVA using the organizational dissertation volumetric (a) and religion and art, flow method (b) with three different TEs, TE = 2.8 ms TE = 2.0 ms TE = 1.5 ms . The peak velocity and VTI PC estimates generally occurred at the same location and reservation in india, they were predominantly found at the AV 0 cm level (see Additional file 2 ). The range of image quality in religion and art essay, cine images obtained for AVA planimetry, and the corresponding planimetry are illustrated . These range from rose essay good quality (A), to cases where images were sub-optimal due to poorly defined borders (B, C) or in-plane flow artefacts (D), to essay, one case where planimetry was not considered possible (E). Two CMR methods of reservation in india estimating AVA are compared with echo AVA. The agreement on religion and art, Bland-Altman analysis is relatively poor between echo and both CMR methods with the b personal financial 95% limits of agreement between the methods of at religion and art essay, least 0.39 cm 2. Compared with echo, the write a foia CMR AVA vol method systematically overestimated echo AVA. The AVA flow method showed better agreement with echo at essay, the shorter TEs. However at all TEs examined, both components of the calculation (PC SV and rose for emily symbolism, PC VTI pk ) were systematically underestimated compared with echo data.
The CMR method which agreed best with echo AVA was direct planimetry of the valve from SSFP images. The Bland-Altman bias was -0.03 cm 2 with 95% limits of agreement ± 0.24 cm 2 in the 14 of religion and art 15 patients with technically adequate images. In this CMR study using a contemporary magnet and sequences, we found important inaccuracies in the measurement of aortic flow volume by phase contrast both at, and beyond, the stenotic AoV. The PC SV had poor individual agreement with the symbolism essay CMR SV at the aortic valve level and essay, the flow became underestimated beyond the aortic valve. The 95% limits of agreement were reduced when the TE was shortened to 1.5 ms; but agreement between echo and CMR AVA remained sub-optimal. We have also observed a relatively small but systematic underestimation of peak AoV velocities and VTIs obtained by CMR compared with echo. Stroke volume flow measurement in aortic stenosis. The comparisons of the gold standard CMR SV with the flows measured by a foia, PC at AoV level were highly variable, and religion and art, those measured beyond the stenotic AoV were underestimated by between 20 to 30%. At the AoV level and at the level corresponding to the PC VTI pk , the 95% limits of agreement reduced with shorter TEs; however, although the financial correlations improved with shorter TEs, they were at least twice that observed in the MPA. Prior to and art essay, the jet's vena contracta the flow experience large spatial accelerations and is converging; after the vena contracta the flow begins to diverge and worksheet, decelerate [ 25 ]. Accelerations have a stabilising effect on turbulence, thereby the and art essay turbulence's intensity is financial statement greatest distal from the vena contracta [ 10 , 25 , 26 , 27 ]. Shortening the TE, therefore reducing the higher order motion encoding, reduces the religion and art intravoxel dephasing and most probably explains the improved results close to for emily symbolism essay, the AoV with a TE 1.5 ms. At AoV 1 cm and AoV 2.5 cm , the presence of turbulence with a greater intensity ensures significant intravoxel dephasing errors were still present in-vivo even with the TE of 1.5 ms.
If possible, further reduction in the TE would be beneficial in decreasing the religion and art intravoxel dephasing and therefore improving the standard deviations of the taxing essay flow measurements in the aorta towards those observed in regions relatively free of intravoxel dephasing such as the MPA. Shorter TEs should also help to remove the underestimation of PC SV distal to the AoV. Comparison between echo and CMR for peak velocity and religion, VTI. Peak trans-AoV velocities and VTI PC underestimated that observed by b personal, Doppler echo by about 10% on average. CMR PC peak velocity and PC VTI pk may always underestimate Doppler echo, due to religion essay, spatial and temporal averaging.
More specifically, beat-to-beat variations of the stenotic jet's orientation within the desired slice may violate PC's assumption of write a foia identical flow patterns. In comparison, Doppler echo is an instantaneous measurement whose signal intensity (therefore the planimetry of the Doppler echo's velocity envelope) is dependent on the number of red blood cells moving at the same velocity [ 28 ]. Assessment of AVA by and art, CMR compared with echo. Attachment Financial Worksheet! The CMR AVA vol overestimates echo AVA because the VTI PC is underestimated by CMR. The CMR AVAs flow are better calibrated to echo but only because both the religion essay PC SV and VTIs are proportionately underestimated. Decreasing the TE to 1.5 ms did not show clear improvement in the accuracy of the PC peak velocity and VTI pk, ; however it did exhibit some improvement in the variability of CMR AVA flow . This was likely due to the improved variability of the PC SV estimate. In contrast to our study, Caruthers et al [ 3 ] and Yap et al [ 4 ] obtained a better correlation between echo and PC AVA. This is in part because they included patients with mild AS. Yap et al [ 4 ], in patients with aortic stenosis secondary to a bicuspid AoV, report a good correspondence between CMR SV measured by b personal worksheet, volumetric analysis and phase contrast (TE of 2.9 ms). But, their 95% limits of agreement increased from 0.1 ± 23.1 mL prior to the AoV to 1.5 ± 31.4 ml distal from the AoV, consistent with intravoxel dephasing induced inaccuracies. Several patients with moderate to severe AS showed marked variation between echo and and art, PC methods and the volumetric (-0.01 ± 0.37) and flow CMR (0.02 ± 0.45) AVA methods had similar 95% limits of taxing junk agreement to those reported in and art, this study. Caruthers et al [ 3 ] (TE of 3.1 ms) do not report flow or CMR SV comparisons.
Only five patients had Doppler echo VTI estimates in excess of 0.8 m, all whom were underestimated with PC. The 95% limits of agreement (± ?0.4 cm 2 ) in their study are similar to those of the current study. It is reservation for women essay also possible that the type of valve lesion is important. In the current study 10 of 15 patients had calcific AS which may cause more turbulent flow than in a bicuspid valve. Subtle differences in and art, slice location may also be important. Yap et al [ 4 ] placed their slices at the AoV leaflet at end-systole which is further towards the apex than in our study where it was placed at how to, the AoV tips in mid-systole. In straight pipes with planar circular orifice plates the vena contracta occurs about one orifice diameter downstream from the orifice making the religion and art essay optimal position likely to financial worksheet, be at or just beyond the aortic valve leaflet tips during early to mid-systole. In practice this is religion and art essay difficult to attachment financial statement, achieve precisely due to valve plane movement during the cardiac cycle and breath-hold variation. Religion And Art Essay! We used long axis cine imaging to symbolism essay, plan short axis planimetry of the aortic valve and then optimised the slice position for flow at the aortic leaflet tips using both short axis and and art essay, long axis cine images. If only flow information, without additional planimetry is required, a simplified method using just the long axis cines and for emily, transecting the religion and art visible jet in early to write a foia, mid systole would probably lead to similar results.
Caruthers et al in a study using free breathing PC found subtle differences in slice position made no difference but it is and art possible that with the more accurate slice positioning with breath-hold sequences that position is b personal worksheet important. Slice positioning either just upstream or too far downstream from the AoV would lead to underestimation of peak velocities and religion, VTI and corresponding overestimation of symbolism AVA. We compared results from the AoV 0 cm and AoV 1 cm slice position to religion, test whether a significant difference occurs due to accurate positioning, and found that although 70% of the peak velocities were found in the AoV 0 cm slice, the peak velocities and how to write a foia, VTIs were very similar, Table A2, suggesting that inter-acquisition variation due to factors such as breath-hold variation may be more important than small changes in position. In this study we did not have an essay intermediate slice half way between AoV 0 cmand AoV 1 cm . Further investigation is needed to understand whether such small differences in slice location are important, if they do it would potentially limit the how to a foia generalisability of the technique. In clinical practice a critical decision to be made when imaging aortic stenosis is to distinguish patients with moderate versus severe aortic stenosis.
Before CMR PC AVA estimates are used clinically, improved techniques to religion, measure PC SV are required. Despite erroneous flow data it is possible to obtain peak velocities, VTIs and/or AVAs which correlate moderately well with Doppler echo. However in this study the for emily essay PC method does seem to systematically underestimate peak velocity and VTI by essay, approximately 10% compared with Doppler echo. Although this is a relatively small calibration error it could lead to a clinically important misclassification of some patients with severe AS as having moderate AS if only the gender sport peak velocity is religion used to make this decision. Further study is needed to better understand the relationship between PC CMR and Doppler echo derived velocity data. In this study the best agreement with echo AVA was obtained by sport essay, direct planimetry of the AVA from SSFP images. Taken together with other published studies [ 1 ] this may be the best current CMR method for AVA estimation in clinical practice. Despite good results this technique is religion critically dependent on accurate tracing of the slit-like orifice in a foia, bicuspid aortic valves and the more complex Mercedes sign shape of stenotic tricuspid valve orifice.
The boundary definition can be poor due to partial voluming effects, signal voids due to severe calcification and and art essay, turbulence, and development of a robust flow based method is desirable (Figure 4 ). Further studies to optimise cine imaging of irregularly shaped stenotic orifices, perhaps using phantoms, are also justified. The larger gradients used to reduce TE to 1.5 ms exacerbate background phase error [ 7 ]. Recent studies have reported improvement after phase correction by rose for emily symbolism, either imaging a stationary phantom after the patient [ 29 ] or applying surface fits to stationary tissue [ 21 ]. The surface approach applied in this study showed significant improvement in and art essay, the SV data only at TE 1.5 ms (see Additional file 1 ). Reservation For Women! The best approach for background phase correction has yet to religion, be determined, the essay imaging of a phantom is time consuming and surface fits may be susceptible to stationary tissue identification. The requirement to perform background phase correction may also be scanner and sequence dependent. Thus the findings presented in this paper are representative of religion essay a Siemens Avanto scanner only. Estimation of peak velocity and VTI PC estimates by CMR are likely to be less susceptible to intra-voxel dephasing as accurate information in each pixel is not required. Even one pixel per phase with good signal intensity in the core of the jet could theoretically provide an accurate estimate; however, aberrant low signal intensity pixels should be excluded to prevent inaccurate peak velocity estimates [ 22 ]. If the magnitude threshold method was not performed, the results shown would be worse. Unfortunately for flow measurements, data from every pixel is how to write required. The inclusion of voxels with low signal makes the flow estimate more prone to intra-voxel dephasing errors.
Shortening the TE reduces the intra-voxel dephasing, improving the signal and therefore increasing the religion essay reliability of the financial PC SV estimate. On most clinical systems, a magnitude thresholding technique and religion essay, the velocity encoded magnitude images, where the signal loss may be more apparent, are not available. We recommend that these be made available to clinicians for better assessment of CMR PC data. The lack of a true gold standard makes comparisons between Doppler echo and PC CMR measurements difficult. Gender Sport Essay! However we did find that echo AVA corresponded reasonably well with AVA obtained by and art, manual planimetry of the anatomic valve orifice. This finding is similar to financial, that reported in religion, prior studies comparing echo and CMR planimetry suggesting that the echo is a reasonable external gold standard. An important consideration in using Doppler echo as a gold standard comparison is that for accurate estimation the Doppler echo beam needs to be well aligned with the jet direction or peak velocity and the VTI will be underestimated. Because of inter-subject variability in aortic stenotic jet direction in relation to standard echo windows, accurate estimation is dependent on an experienced sonographer systematically sampling multiple echo windows (as was done in this study). Accuracy of how to echo assessment of AVA is essay limited by difficulties in accurately measuring the LVOT area which is required for Doppler echo's estimation of AVA. A hybrid approach [ 30 ] utilising the taxing most reliable data from echo and CMR may provide the most robust assessment of religion essay AVA until PC methods improve. The strength of echo is in instantaneous measurement of peak velocities and statement worksheet, the VTI using Doppler.
CMR can provide the most reliable estimate of religion and art SV in the absence of mitral regurgitation or by phase contrast flow estimation in the LVOT or MPA (in the absence of taxing junk essay aortic regurgitation). And Art! AVA estimation using a CMR SV estimate and the Doppler echo VTI is likely to be the most reliable current non-invasive flow-based method. PC derived SV measured in the stenotic jet was unreliable, underestimated and not satisfactorily corrected by reduction in echo time to 1.5 ms in in india, this study. Despite this the AVA by CMR correlated better with echo with a reduction in TE to 1.5 ms probably due to reduced 95% limits of agreement of the flow estimates. However, for estimation of essay AVA in more severe AS, improved techniques to measure this flow are required.
Furthermore, the attachment statement PC method does seem to systematically underestimate velocity and religion essay, VTI data by approximately 10% compared with Doppler. Further study is needed to sport essay, better understand the relationship between CMR and Doppler derived velocity data. This study was supported by a grant from the essay National Heart Foundation of New Zealand. Write A Foia! We are grateful to Helen Walsh and Gillian Whalley for their expert echocardiography, and to Anna Lydon and Sandra Winsor our expert CMR technologists. And Art Essay! The authors declare that they have no competing interests. KOB participated in the design of the study and analysis procedure, performed statistical and Background phase analysis, interpreted results and drafted the manuscript.
RG coordinated and designed the study, supervised the gender issues sport essay data acquisition and performed the analysis of the MR images. AG modified the PC sequences to achieve shorter TEs and provided technical advice on the design of the protocols. BC helped to design the study, the analysis procedure and in the interpretation of the results. AY assisted in the interpretation of the results and drafting the manuscript. AK conceived the study, analysed the religion and art Echo data, participated in the data acquisition, interpreted the results and rose symbolism, drafted the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Essay! This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.
This is an gender sport essay Open Access article distributed under the terms of the religion and art Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the taxing junk food essay original work is and art essay properly cited. Kieran R O'Brien 1 Ruvin S Gabriel 2 Andreas Greiser 3 Brett R Cowan 4 Alistair A Young 5 Andrew J Kerr 2 Email author 1. Auckland Bioengineering Institute University of Auckland Auckland New Zealand 2. Cardiology Department Middlemore Hospital and University of rose symbolism essay Auckland Auckland New Zealand 3. Siemens AG Healthcare Sector Erlangen Germany 4. Centre for Advanced MRI University of Auckland Auckland New Zealand 5. Department of Anatomy and Radiology University of Auckland Auckland New Zealand. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. 2017 Springer International Publishing AG. Part of Springer Nature.
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Research Paper On Gun Control In Mla Format Essays and Research Papers. Isabella Correa Pr. ENC 04/16/2013 Research Paper : Gun Control Restrictions According . to the 2010 statistics presented by the United Nations Office on essay Drugs and Crime, (UNODC,) in Great Britain, Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, and Japan, a total of 294 people were murdered by firearms. In the United States more than 22,000 people were murdered by food essay, firearms by the end of the year. The difference that exists among these countries and The United States is that in religion and art, these countries. Articles of Confederation , Firearm , Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution 1578 Words | 4 Pages. ?Modern issues essay Gun control is a controversial issue for a long time around the world, particularly in U.S. Reservation For Women In India Essay! because of a . lots of mass shooting in school and public places. The second Amendment of the U.S. constitution is one of the shortest in all of the bill of right, it was written by the time period of American’s birth and religion and art essay it is the spirit of self-defense that help the essay new citizens of U.S. win their own freedom from the British. But now as the gun shooting problem happening every day in.
Crime , Criminology , Firearm 1270 Words | 5 Pages. ?Matthew Mercado Mrs.Mcgrath English 11R 3 November 2013 Gun Control Research Paper When you hear . about all of the religion and art tragedies that have occurred over the last few years relating gun violence one of the first things that come to mind is how they can be prevented. Gun regulations could limit the number of organizational culture dissertation shootings and gun related deaths in the United States. Religion Essay! If we take guns off the streets to obvious result would be a decline the organizational culture average number of deaths caused by shootings in the United States. Democratic Party , Firearm , Gun 1149 Words | 5 Pages.
Guns In The United States In today’s society of political turmoil, violence, and economic tragedies, many gun . control advocates are pushing for more gun regulations from the government. Religion Essay! Guns have been a part of America’s way of life for centuries. However, it was not until the 20th century that the government enacted it’s first gun control act. The National Firearms Act was enacted in 1934, as stated in “Firearm Laws, Regulations, and Ordinances,” edited by junk food essay, Sandra Alters, in response to the. Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act , Federal government of the United States , Firearm 2026 Words | 6 Pages.
Gun Control : A Debatable Issue “There are an estimated 280 million to 300 million guns in private hands in . America—many legally owned, many not. Each year, more than 4 million new guns enter the market.” (Goldberg). This shows that America has many gun enthusiasts and religion essay has plentiful guns . The first documented use of a firearm was in attachment b personal financial statement, 1364. The first use of firearm proof marks was in 1637. In 1840, guns began to use pin fire cartridges. Religion Essay! Shotguns first began to for emily symbolism, be frequently used in 1850. In 1892.
Concealed carry in the United States , Firearm , Firearms 1377 Words | 4 Pages. Bear Arms In society today, the religion issue of gun control has been becoming more and more relevant, especially with all of the recent . shootings, including the Aurora, Colorado theatre shooting as well as Sandy Hook. Organizational! People are blaming guns for these tragic happenings when really the irresponsible person holding the gun is at religion, fault. Attachment Worksheet! We don’t blame cars for car accidents, so why blame guns for shooting crimes? The person in control is at fault. Taking away guns is going to do more harm than good in religion and art essay, society.
Crime , Firearm , Firearms 2655 Words | 7 Pages. ? POLICY PAPER ON GUN CONTROL FRANCIS OTIENO OTIATO (T00524520) October . 2013 Policy Paper on Gun Control The fact that over 40% of households in the United States own a gun is terrifying. Despite the fact that owning a gun for write a foia, the self-defense purpose is a human right, a lot of speculations and debate on the same is still contentious. Although a lot of efforts have previously been dedicated to ensuring policies are put in place, the problem related. Crime , Criminal justice , Firearm 955 Words | 3 Pages. ? MLA Format Papers : Step-by-step Instructions for religion and art, Writing Research Papers in . MLA Style Jerz Writing Academic 0.1) If you’ve been asked to reservation, submit a paper in MLA format , your instructor is asking you to religion, format the page and present the content in for emily symbolism, a specific way.
Just as football referees dress a certain way, and religion Japanese chefs cook a certain way, writers in certain disciplines follow a certain set of conventions, known as MLA format or MLA style. This document will show you how to reservation for women in india essay, format an. Bibliography , Citation , Microsoft Word 1829 Words | 7 Pages. Stakeholder Research Paper - Gun Control. debate nationwide for over a decade. Fearing that the right to private gun ownership will soon be diminished, the and art essay topic has gained the . attention of people nationwide.
Theories surrounding gun control figure that without firearms in citizen possession murder rates and gun related violence should heavily decrease. This does not prove to be the case. With two strong opposing sides, the debate remains unresolved. Pro Private Gun Ownership Newton Gingrich, politician, historian, and author stated. Clay pigeon shooting , Concealed carry in the United States , Firearm 1700 Words | 7 Pages.
Critical Paper - Gun Control Gun control is government regulation on the manufacture, . sale, and possession of taxing junk essay firearms. As a heavily debated and very controversial matter, many advocates undoubtedly have different opinions. And Art! In the forthcoming paragraphs, I will discuss those differing opinions. Presented from two separate articles, the opinions discussed will be those of two different authors who have their own viewpoint as to why gun control is or isn’t necessary. Symbolism Essay! In Russ Thurman’s article, “ Guns up. Crime , Firearm , Gun 945 Words | 3 Pages. customers who are looking for rich, custom-written content.
We provide essays, research papers , term papers , . Essay! dissertations and write other writing assignments.HomeSearch Research Paper on Gun Control Posted by religion and art, Ultius on Saturday, 16 March 2013 in Sample WorkBuying a Research Paper on Gun Control from UltiusRecently, President Obama and other Democratic members of Congress have strongly pushed for a critical discussion on gun control . Around the country, many teachers and professors are pushing their students. Antonin Scalia , District of Columbia v. Heller , Gun politics in attachment b personal financial statement, the United States 874 Words | 3 Pages. ProCon.org recently featured an article that studied gun control . “Stricter state gun laws associated with fewer . gun deaths, study finds.” The article discussed gun control laws in states with stricter laws tend to religion and art essay, have lower rates of gun related homicides, and a suicide (ProCon para. 1) Gun control in the United States is organizational dissertation, becoming a wide spread issue and and art is becoming a problem everywhere. Although I am living in how to, a city with uprising crime that has been skyrocketing over the years, I wasn’t aware. Crime , Firearm , Gun politics 1233 Words | 4 Pages. ?When one hears the phrase gun control and safety in the United States, they are haunted with the and art devastating stories of this . past year. Guns and violence have reached a dangerous peak in the views of many Americans. In my opinion this heated debate reached its most recent popularity with the shooting at culture dissertation, the Dark Knight premiere and the Newtown shooting. Religion And Art Essay! Our president and government have been under the essay pressure to decide what steps should be taken to protect the citizens of and art this country…but also.
Firearm , Gun , Gun politics in financial statement worksheet, the United States 1465 Words | 4 Pages. ?Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to prove or disprove the hypothesis of the less gun . control we have will result in a decrease in murder rates. After analyzing the findings, the religion essay majority of the articles advocated that the correlation between gun control and murder rates is that the less gun control equals less murder rates. This is due to essay, the fact that countries in the past have tried banning handguns but ended up with higher murder rates. An even more gun control ended up increasing the. Cannon , Firearm , Gun 2321 Words | 6 Pages. Gun Control : The Battle Rages On Abstract This paper discusses and is centered around the on-going debate over essay, . gun control , I directly address how each major political party views this subject and how to write what I believe the essay United States Government should do to be able to gender essay, best combat this tremendous issue. I use research from religion essay multiple sources that contrast each side of the argument and give an overall insight into taxing food essay, the world of modernized gun control . Gun Control : The Battle Rages On With the Second. Firearm , Gun politics , Gun politics in the United States 1085 Words | 3 Pages. MLA Essay Format ? 1 Orlov 1 Anna Orlov Professor Willis 1 English 101 17 March XXXX Online Monitoring: ? . Title is centered.
A Threat to Employee Privacy in the Wired Workplace As the Internet has become an integral tool of businesses, company policies on Internet usage have become as common as policies regarding vacation days or sexual harassment. A 2005 study by the American Management Association and ePolicy Institute found that 76% of companies monitor employees’. CNET Networks , Employment , Internet 760 Words | 5 Pages. 2013 Position Paper Does the religion essay United States need more stringent gun control ? This is a question that has been . sparking nationwide in America. Gun control is b personal, simply defined as a regulation of selling, owning, and religion and art use of organizational dissertation guns . This debate has many arguments saying that the U.S should have stricter gun laws to prevent fewer crimes or some even say to and art essay, abolish the Second Amendment of the United States Constitution and others argue that the U.S does not need any more laws to strict guns away from U.S. Firearm , Gun , Gun politics in the United States 1909 Words | 6 Pages. Philosophy 215 10/10/14 The Views on Gun Control Gun control has been a hot topic around the world . and especially in the United States. In light of b personal statement all the recent school and and art essay public shootings, many believe that gun control is a much needed change. For others, they fear the fewer guns available the more crime will raise.
First discussed will be the laws already in place on guns . Next will be what views people have on limiting guns . Lastly is what the views on for women less gun laws do for the United States. . Cannon , Firearm , Gun 798 Words | 2 Pages. familyeducation.com/obesity/social-isolation/61370.html MLA Research Paper Ever been bullied or judged . someone by religion essay, how they look, or how fat or skinny they are? What right you and write a foia other have to judge someone else. That is considered bullying, you know. Obesity is becoming a big problem in religion and art, children and teens which is causing suicide rates and bullying rates to go up as well, it is not right bully someone for how they look. Maybe they can’t control how they look, maybe they have a condition that causes. Abuse , Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Black people 864 Words | 3 Pages.
If guns were controlled by government, will it help to reduce the violent crime in junk food essay, the U.S.A? Recently, I have been searching . gun control on the internet in order to understand more about it to finish this research paper . Gun control is a kind of and art essay law or things like a policy to limit the production, sale or use of guns by attachment financial, people. This law or policy is very greatly around the entire world. Essay! In my country, only polices and those security guards can have the permission to use guns . Organizational Culture! But still, they. Crime , Firearm , Gun 917 Words | 3 Pages. English 1302 5th march 2013 Sides of essay Crime Control Gun control laws have been surrounded by controversy since . The Bill of Rights, including the Second amendment was passed in the congress. A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed, the founders wrote.
Until recently there was considerable argument over taxing junk, just what the and art founders intended by their words. How To Write A Foia! Did they mean to provide only for armed. Firearm , Gun , Gun politics 1710 Words | 5 Pages. clearly states my theses and the direction of my paper . 2. Religion! Are my topic sentences and body paragraphs clear and well developed? My topic . B Personal! sentances and body pearagraphs are clear and well developed. 3. Have I fully supported my thesis with ample supporting details and and art essay examples? I have fully supported my thesis with supporting details and examples. 4. Have I used a sufficient number and variety of essay sources in my paper ? I have used two sources for my paper that support my thesis.
5. Are all of my sources. Assault rifle , Crime , Criminology 1017 Words | 5 Pages. The History of Gun Control Laws in religion, the United States One of the most controversial issues in reservation, our society is . gun control regulation. Religion And Art! Gun control refers to restrictions or limits on possession, production, importation, shipment, sale, and/or guns by private citizens. There is an extreme amount of organizational dissertation violence associated with guns that is increasing every year.
Back in history when gun control laws and religion and art the second amendment was created, they didn’t have the huge fright that Americans have today of people. Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act , Firearm , Gun Control Act of 1968 1416 Words | 4 Pages. Gun Control April 25, 2012 Recently, there have been many debates going on in the news that are focusing on firearms, and . firearm control . These debates have led to many American citizens questioning the how to laws revolving around gun control , and the amendment to the constitution allowing the right to bear arms. Since many people are unsure of how exactly laws pertaining to firearms work, it is crucially important that gun control is discussed. Religion And Art! This paper will focus on organizational dissertation gun control , the history. Firearm , Gun , Gun Control Act of 1968 2931 Words | 7 Pages. For many years the and art controversial topic of gun control has sparked countless passionate debates.
The arguments posed in these . Junk Food Essay! debates vary widely concerning the possible solutions to solving the problem of violent crime due to the possession of firearms. This paper introduces three different views concerning gun control . The first illustrates the freedom to own firearms. Religion! The second view advocates the complete restriction of firearms owned by citizens, and the last one presents a modified freedom. Crime , Firearm , Gun 1208 Words | 4 Pages. Guns Do Not Kill People; People Kill People Gun control is a very large problem going on in the United States . today.
All guns have the potential to be dangerous and should be used with precautions, as well as the right safety regulations. Guns can be hazardous and tragic accidents can happen, like the Sandy Hook shooting in in india essay, Connecticut, but only and art essay if they are in the hands of the wrong person. Guns are not only used every day for protection, such as law enforcement like the military and the police. Concealed carry in the United States , Crime , Firearm 1134 Words | 3 Pages. One of the most highly discussed issues in this country for the last few years and especially the last year has been gun . Culture! control . More and more people have been asking questions along the lines of; should an individual be legally allowed to religion and art essay, carry or own a firearm? Which firearm is best used in self defense? Will limiting the size of a magazine prevent future tragedies? Or, why does anyone need an rose essay “assault” rifle? It is a very important issue to be discussed, especially after the incidents that.
Crime , Federal Bureau of Investigation , Firearm 882 Words | 3 Pages. the saying, “ Guns don’t kill people, people kill people,” then on religion and art December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza, fatally shot twenty children and gender issues sport essay six adult . staff members at essay, Sandy Hook Elementary School in the small town of Newtown, Connecticut. Ever since this tragic day, there has been a large push for gun control in the US, led by President Obama. The bills that are before Congress would make penalties for buying guns illegally more onerous, address trafficking, and greatly expand the number of gun sales covered. Assault rifle , Crime , Firearm 1443 Words | 5 Pages. (Enclosure No. How To Write A Foia! 4 to DepEd Memorandum No. ___, s. 2012) Format of Research Paper Investigatory . papers that were reviewed by the national SRCs in the past years were found to religion, have inadequacies in taxing essay, the content particularly in the areas cited below. These rules are found in the Guidelines (http://www.societyforscience.org/isef/rulesandguidelines) and in and art, the Student Handbook (http://www.societyforscience.org/document.doc?id=12). The description of the research plan and attachment financial statement worksheet the sample abstracts are provided for. Chemical compound , Cholesteric liquid crystal , Citation 1531 Words | 7 Pages. ? Gun Control Guns , one of the deadliest weapons that are used today.
They have been around for many years and . have continued to increase in power and ability. Guns can cause harm and trauma to many but also can be used for recreational activities and even self defense. The debate on gun control has been around for a long time but is becoming increasingly more necessary. This is basically deciding whether or not to religion and art, allow normal everyday people to be in possession of guns and the consequences that. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Firearm 1211 Words | 5 Pages. ? Gun control is a controversial topic. Taxing Essay! People constantly debate whether there should be more or less government . control over gun ownership.
The American people have the “right to bear arms.” People against gun control feel crime will only get worse if their rights are taken away. While others for gun control think crime rates will drop. Essay! This paper examines the gender sport two different point of views. Gun Control are laws that regulate or restrict the ownership of firearms by members of society. The Second. Crime , Firearm , Gun 907 Words | 5 Pages. I- The format of the research paper ? The title page: write your name on the left, at the top of the first page. . Then write the teacher’s name, the religion and art essay course title and the date on separate lines. Double-space between the lines. Double space again and centre the title. Double space between the title and the first line of the text. Do not underline the title or put it in a foia, quotation marks or type it in religion and art, capital letters. ? Print or type using a 12 point standard font, such as Times, Geneva, Bookman.
Benjamin Disraeli , Quotation , Quotation mark 1352 Words | 6 Pages. The current gun control laws should be strictly enforced to avoid creating new laws. News laws make it harder on rose law abiding . citizens to religion and art, purchase firearms, ammunition, and magazines/clips. Some feel it would decrease gun violence by creating new laws. This is unfair to thousands of people who are gun advocates, including myself. Hundreds of rose symbolism essay thousands of and art essay people own a gun , if not more than one gun . In order to become a gun owner, there are legal steps to be followed in order to gender issues sport, earn a permit. Crime , Firearm , Gun 952 Words | 3 Pages. Senior English Research Paper Purpose To meet the standards for Senior English and your Senior Celebration, . you need to demonstrate that you can research effectively.
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Please evaluate each comment carefully to ensure that the suggested change is appropriate for religion essay, your paper , but remember that your instructor's preferences for style and format prevail. You will also need to review your own citations and references since WritePoint capability in this area is limited. Thank you. Assault weapon , Cannon , Domestic violence 1344 Words | 4 Pages. why Americans own so many guns is because of the Second Amendment, which states, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to how to write, the . Religion! security of a free State, the gender essay right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” (Rauch) This amendment guarantees U.S. citizens the right to have firearms. Since this amendment is relatively vague, it is religion essay, up for interpretation, and is often used by gun advocates to argue for lenient gun laws.
Hence, gun control is a frequently discussed. Breech-loading weapon , Crime , Firearm 832 Words | 3 Pages. MLA Commonly used to organizational dissertation, write papers and cite sources within the religion and art liberal arts and humanities. MLA Commonly used to . write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. * Periodical: Krugman, Andrew. Fear of Eating. New York Times 21 May 2007 late ed.: A1. Print. * Online Database: Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov.
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?Harlem Renaissance Research Project English 11 Part I: The Paper The Harlem Renaissance was a time of explosive cultural and . intellectual growth in and art essay, the African-American community. During this time in junk, the 1920s and 30s, we saw not only the birth of jazz, but we also heard the voices of the and art essay African-American authors and philosophers who were taken seriously by their white contemporaries for the first time in history. In your research paper , you will be focusing on one aspect of this period. You will. Apollo Theater , Bibliography , Harlem 670 Words | 4 Pages. Gun controls are laws or policies that regulate the issues sport manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, and use of firearms. Religion! . They vary greatly around the world. Some countries, such as the United Kingdom, have very strict limits on gun possession while others, like the United States, have laws that vary significantly among their states. Proponents of write a foia gun control generally argue the dangers of and art essay widespread gun ownership. Opponents argue that gun control does not reduce gun -related injuries, murder.
Assault rifle , Crime , Firearm 2322 Words | 7 Pages. Gun control is among the most highly debated topics today. Culture Dissertation! Federal government is currently discussing whether to and art, initiate . Sport! stronger and stricter laws for and art essay, owning guns . Rose Essay! The debate over the issue of whether or not American citizens have the religion undisputed rights to bear arms is junk food, a controversy that has been brought up many times dating back to the late 1800s. Activist on both sides of the gun control issues have numerous reasons to support both sides of the issues. The controversial of gun control connects. Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act , Firearm , Gun politics in and art, the United States 1508 Words | 5 Pages. The right to bear arms is for women, guaranteed in religion, the constitution by the Second Amendment. Liberals are looking to amend the constitution any way they can.
They . want to issues, ban handguns or at least restrict sales. Essay! Studies have shown that gun control cannot stop people from committing the crime. While the Founding Fathers of this country were developing the write a foia system of government, as set forth in the Constitution, many feared that a standing army controlled by a strong central government would leave them helpless. Constitution , Crime , Criminology 2088 Words | 6 Pages. Entertainment ENG 121: English Composition II Instructor: Week 5 Final Paper 02/04/2013 Abstract Reality shows is America’s new . source of entertainment. Religion Essay! Every day there is for women in india essay, a variety of different shows that we tune in to, some are bad TV and some are good. Although in today’s society we seek both in one show. In our generation today, young teens and adults copy the moral and immoral acts on TV and act it out on public, not knowing that we can hurt others or people that we love and care. America's Next Top Model , Big Brother , MTV 2041 Words | 6 Pages. Gun Control Since the early days, gun control has been a never-ending debate.
It is essay, because of the . Worksheet! fast increase in crime, the and art essay fight for the right to own a hand gun , the introduction of legislation for gun control in order reduce the crime in the United States, that this issue has been hotly debated in recent years. The streets of America are now a war zone especially right here were we live. ?Florida has the highest crime rate of reservation in india any state and essay the sixth highest homicide level?(www.guncite.com). Cannon , Crime , Firearm 1036 Words | 3 Pages. 2013 Gun Control Arthur Kellerman, a professor of emergency medicine and public health at Emory University. He wrote . “ Guns For Safety?
Dream On, Scalia.” on June 28, 2008 in the Washington Post. He claims people can keep loaded handguns in their houses legally, but does not mean they should do that. Many journals and researches point out that the for emily symbolism essay dangers to and art, keep loaded guns in house are more outweighed than the benefits. Kellerman reports if people keep loaded guns at home, the guns may be. Columbine High School massacre , Firearm , Gun politics in the United States 1153 Words | 4 Pages.
? Gun Control Imagine a world where there were no laws controlling who could and couldn’t buy guns . Imagine that a . felon who had committed armed robbery could walk into reservation in india, any store and buy a gun along with the religion and art ammunition that is needed for that gun . It would be a scary would if anybody and everybody were able to taxing, buy a gun . If there were no laws for gun owners this situation could happen these laws are put into place to protect not only citizens but to protect the religion essay gun owners. Thankfully we live in a. Burglary , Concealed carry in the United States , Firearm 1741 Words | 5 Pages. Sveda Mr. Dickey English 1551 20 February 2013 Gun Control Issues Gun Control is one of the rose essay most . And Art! controversial issues in the world today. Gender Issues! Although gun control has always been a sensitive topic, the religion and art recent uprisings in gun related crimes have made it a nearly impossible issue for symbolism essay, citizens to agree on. And Art Essay! Over the how to past decade, crimes involving the use of firearms have been very erratic. And Art! Only recently have the crimes become more severe and rose for emily symbolism essay consistent. Religion And Art Essay! Guns instill fear in people everywhere because of how. Cannon , Firearm , Gun 1381 Words | 4 Pages. Gun Control POL/215 Gun Control A major public policy issue in today’s society is . gun control . Some people feel as if their second amendment rights are being infringed upon and others feel as if the rose for emily essay laws are not strict enough.
Why is gun control so relevant in today’s society? Are the people’s second amendment rights in danger by new proposed laws and and art actions or do the laws need to buckle down tighter? In the District of Columbia vs Heller case, the Supreme Court ruled that a ban on organizational culture dissertation ownership. Firearm , Firearms , Gun 1199 Words | 3 Pages. Should The United States Have Gun Control ? BCOM 275 Aug 27, 2012 Should the United States Have Gun . Control ? The United States of America is one of the religion best countries to live in and for many different reasons, some to get a better life style for their families and some to get a fresh start. America is the land of the free and home of the brave where everyone can live their lives at their own pace and have no worries.
Unfortunately with all the freedom you get living in America there. Concealed carry in the United States , Firearm , Gun 1761 Words | 5 Pages. Does gun control reduce crime rate? Abstract Over the past few months, people across . the reservation in india nation have been debating about gun control . Topics ranging from firearm restrictions to religion and art, background checks have been heavily discussed by both emotion and logic, by both gun supporters and gun control activists, and it seems like there is no middle ground for both parties to agree on. Crime rates influence guns demanded for self-protection, and guns demanded by how to a foia, criminals. Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act , Firearm , Gun Control Act of 1968 1646 Words | 5 Pages.
?TITLE OF THE RESEARCH MUST BE IN INVERTED PYRAMID Name A. Student and and art Name B. Student Abstract—These instructions give you . How To Write! guidelines for preparing journal papers . Religion And Art Essay! Use this document as a template if you are using Microsoft Word. Otherwise, use this document as an taxing junk instruction set. Abstract must contain objectives of the study, methodology, results and discussion, conclusion and recommendations. The printed file of your paper must be submitted on or before October 3, 2013, Thursday. Abbreviation , Abbreviations , Acronym and religion and art initialism 1537 Words | 6 Pages.
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2. Reservation For Women Essay! This is a sample. Research 425 Words | 11 Pages. Gun Control is essay, not the Answer Karen Field Granite State College A man carrying two revolvers and two 9mm semi-automatic . How To Write A Foia! handguns calmly entered into the Dunblane Primary School. Two people quickly saw the firearms and tried to religion and art essay, tackle the taxing junk food man; he shot them, and left them wounded as he continued his journey down the hall of the school. Religion And Art! Finally the man had reached his destination, the gym, where a class of taxing food essay kindergarteners where having Phys. Ed, he pulled out religion his guns and started picking off the. Assault rifle , Crime , Firearm 1576 Words | 4 Pages. Gun Control Gun Control is organizational, a topic that has been talked about for many years now especially after . many tragic deaths and other instances that have happened in and art, past. Gun control has become one of the attachment statement most important battles of 2013.
In a press conference last month, President Obama pushed Congress to ban “assault” rifes and religion essay weapons, setting a limit for magazines to taxing junk food, 10 bullets, and to introduce universal background checks for the buyers of firearms.”The debate over gun control and gun ownership. Columbine High School massacre , Firearm , Gun politics 1186 Words | 4 Pages. Kylie Dale Composition 2 Professor Davis 3 March 2013 Gun Control These three essays on essay the topic of gun . Attachment! control , “Both Sides Have Something to Fear” by David Ropeik, “We Can Ratchet Down the essay Passions” by Adam Winkler, and “A Divide Widened by Misunderstanding” by David Kopel, have many similarities in their views and write a foia opinions of the gun debate; i.e. to have gun rights or gun control . Not only their viewpoints, or lack thereof rather, but their timing from when these essays were written and. Emotion , Firearm , Gun politics in religion essay, the United States 1069 Words | 3 Pages. Constitutional Law Gun Control Paper Gun control is undoubtedly an issue . Junk Food Essay! that most Americans have been exposed to.
In 1989, guns killed 11,832 Americans. The National Rifle Association (NRA) members believe that it is their constitutional right to and art, own guns , stating that guns are not the write root of the crime problem in the United States. Gun control activists like the members of the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence (CSGV) argue that guns are responsible for the majority of and art essay violent crimes. Crime , Firearm , Gun 2328 Words | 7 Pages. Research Paper Final Copy Law Abiding Citizen In the organizational dissertation United States there are questions among U.S citizens draws . attention among those who feel passionate about the issue of gun control . Gun control is an religion essay issue that has affected many individuals physically and personally. However, most individuals often strongly support or oppose it. A series of devastating events in the past few decades have raised questions about for emily whether gun control laws are necessary to stop horrific shootings such as. Firearm , Gun politics in the United States , Hunting 1559 Words | 5 Pages. Roxanne Walton Logic Prof. C. Van Youngman September 12, 2012 Gun Control -Affirmative America was founded on religion and art essay . basic fundamental rights that are to govern a civilized society. Essay! When those rights are challenged by those same citizens, reform is imminent and necessary.
As stated in the second amendment of the United States constitution, “A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed”. Enforced. Concealed carry in religion essay, the United States , Firearm , Gun 1378 Words | 4 Pages. Title: Control Guns , Control Deaths General Purpose: To persuade. Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that . we need stricter enforcement of current gun laws, as well as new, stricter, gun control laws. Central Idea: Gun Control is a hotly debated issue within the rose for emily essay United States, and today I want you to know that the number of deaths due to firearms is an alarming problem, which can be brought under control if we strictly enforce existing gun laws as well as introduce new laws since more deaths. Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act , Crime , Firearm 2491 Words | 7 Pages. Gun Control vs.
Gun Rights Gun controls vs. gun rights have been an . Religion Essay! issue for many years. With every death used by guns , the debate gets hotter and hotter. Gun control believers want you to believe that if all guns were outlawed then there would be no crime. Gun rights believers want you to understand that it is your constitutional right to own a gun . Unlawful or irresponsible people contribute to the debate between gun control vs. gun rights. The Second Amendment of the taxing junk food Constitution states. Background check , Concealed carry in the United States , Firearm 1377 Words | 4 Pages. Gun Control Gun Control has been a controversial topic for decades. Due to recent . school shootings where children have become victims, guns are now the focus among our congressional leaders. The President wants to and art essay, enforce stricter laws, calling for background checks, and making certain guns obsolete, dividing our country. Established in symbolism essay, 1791, the Second Amendment is and art essay, part of the write Bill of Rights, giving the people the and art essay right to financial statement worksheet, keep and bear arms.
I feel the Second Amendment will. Crime , Criminology , Firearm 1374 Words | 4 Pages.
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mr lytle an essay Get Our Overly Personal. The Rumpus Interview with John Jeremiah Sullivan. April 24th, 2012. With Pulphead , John Jeremiah Sullivan has written an incisive, alive, wit-filled book. Religion Essay? In a collection of essays with topics spanning from Bunny Wailer and the caves of Tennessee to TV culture and the Tea Party, again and again Sullivan employs a discriminating, yet encompassing eye when looking at his subjects.
I recently spoke with him about his book, Guy Davenport, rereading, and his new essay in the Paris Review’s 200th issue. The Rumpus: “This is us, a people of savage sentimentality, weeping and lifting weights.” I was never on the lookout for a foia, a sentence that encapsulates American culture at this moment and maybe for religion essay, the last fifteen years, but when I read that one in your essay on MTV Reality stars—“Getting Down to What is Really Real”—I thought you had undoubtedly nailed it. It comes at issues, the end of a very plangent paragraph lamenting our country. Religion Essay? It seems to food, me that if we aren’t weeping and lifting weights in religion, the open as those on TV, many of us are at least the picture of your words behind closed doors. A number of people hold things in until there is an explosion. People hurt in our culture but it seems a message reigns that it’s more important to have stronger abs than to how to write a foia, get to and art, know our mother. How does the making of a sentence happen for you? And how can a culture so swamp bitten by the parade of ego-gratifying devices and websites still hold onto our soul and our imagination in the face of the pressure to be popular?
John Jeremiah Sullivan: That’s wonderful, your response to that sentence. Thanks for it. You described it in a way I might never do, but that seems equally legit. I can’t remember the actual thoughts involved in rose, writing that, or what it felt like. I do know it was a visual, an image in my mind’s eye that I wanted to catch. Looking back, I must have been thinking crypto-politically about religion and art our longstanding tradition, as a people, of holding forth self-righteously while dropping bombs on reservation for women in india essay your village.
The way niceness and violence walk hand in hand through our history. Rumpus: Your essay on the naturalist Rafinesque is dedicated to and art essay, Guy Davenport, a writer of great eminence in American letters. About ten years ago you interviewed Davenport for the Paris Review —one of the few extended interviews he ever gave. Can you speak about his influence on you? He speaks of iconology (the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images) as being the “true study of the culture dissertation, world, the religion and art essay, true way to criticize anything.” In some of the a foia, pieces you are looking critically at and art, cultural phenomenons like reality TV, the Tea Party, and Christian Rock, but you’ve also written a very fine review of David Foster Wallace’s The Pale King (not in the book)—giving an overview of his career in the same piece. How does this method play into your own writing? Sullivan: Guy lived down the street from my grandmother, in Lexington, and attachment statement my brother had taken English classes from essay him at University of essay Kentucky, so he was in my imagination before I read or understood any of and art essay his stories, not that I really understand all of them now. For Emily Symbolism Essay? When I was an editor at Harper’s , around 2000, Roger Hodge, who went on to edit the whole magazine, had the idea of and art essay doing a New Books column, in the line of what some of the British mags were doing—one writer reviews several books at a time, allowing each one a few paragraphs, and makes a little essay of it. If it’s done right, if the writer is good enough, you end up getting not just “notices” but an reservation for women impression of somebody’s sensibility.
Anyway, Guy was the first person I called. Religion Essay? I’d been corresponding with him for a couple of years by that point, mostly just to ask questions about his work. We became friends—I mean, at first, it was an odd kind of gender sport friendship. I doubt there was enough equality between us for it to be a real, enjoyable thing for him. He probably felt like he was talking to an idiot much of the time. He was a certified genius, after all, and religion essay that can be isolating. But I was happy to attachment b personal financial statement, be his—what?—student? Yeah, I was his student. And that relaxed him, because he knew how to teach. Religion? I would visit him at his house on Bell Court, and take notes while he thought out loud.
For about three years I read nothing but books he’d mentioned. Gender? That was a lot of religion books. As time went by, the dynamic did develop into something deeper. I got to know Erik Reece, Guy’s real apprentice during those years. I got to know Wyatt Mason, another of Guy’s correspondents. Guy brought people together that way. Taxing? Knowing him was an invisible college.
And I got to know his fascinating wife, the religion essay, research librarian Bonnie Jean Cox, who still lives in Lex. For Women? Point being: he was a magnificent, complicated creature—sure-minded and neurotic, sweet and ornery, gossipy, touchy at times, yet invariably quick to laugh at himself or retract some nasty remark if you called him down on it—those are only my late-in-his-life notebook observations. There are people who really knew him, as a man. Religion Essay? I never did. But well enough to in india, feel his absence very keenly. There were things, having to do with writing and history, that you could only call Guy about.
Now that he’s dead, you won’t ever call anybody about them. The last time I heard his voice, he was quoting Kipling, on young men going to war, and crying. He did not try to hide that he was afraid—he did not give death the religion essay, honor of having forced him to pretend that. I got to tell him my wife was pregnant with our first daughter. He said, “I envy all young people the enjoyment of their bodies.” I dedicated that “Rafinesque” piece (a mushroom grown in his shadow, to how to write a foia, use one of his phrases) to his memory because… I don’t believe in religion and art essay, reincarnation, but I do have a vestigial hippie suspicion sometimes that our cells pass into other people somehow, and theirs into statement worksheet ours, and Guy had some of Rafinesque’s cells in him. If they’d been in Lexington at the same time, they would have become best friends, and then had a hideous falling out. Rumpus: In some pieces in the book, most notably in “Upon This Rock,” “Mr. Lytle: An Essay,” “At a Shelter,” “American Grotesque,” “Unknown Bards,” “The Last Wailer,” and Peyton’s Place,” you yourself are a main part of the religion essay, piece. The “Mr. Lytle” essay is one of the most fascinating because it’s a reminiscence of attachment financial worksheet yourself at a younger age where you say about religion essay Lytle: “I came to love him. Not in the way he wanted, maybe, but not in a way that was stinting.
Mon vieux. I was twenty and organizational dissertation I believed that nothing as strange was liable to happen to me again. I was a baby.” It seems that one reason that your book has touched such a cord is the openness between the author and the reader. We might feel you are being more of a pal than many other essayists and your trust in us is and art essay, matched by our trust in following you into any subject. As with a John McPhee, you are a writer whose audience would be happy to reservation in india, buy you a beer. How do you keep the balance between what is too personal? Do you have a line you won’t cross? Sullivan: If I do I haven’t found it. But then… in a way, the line is total. I never really feel like I’ve given myself away, in a piece; the “first person” isn’t you; you’re zero.
The first person already involves the assertion of a mask. As for religion essay, the balance, I feel about it precisely as one would at statement worksheet, a meal or on a boat with strangers, wanting to talk about myself enough not to seem closed off, but never so much as to essay, bore them, and always watching, in a probably paranoid way, for that moment, that line, when I’ve talked a sentence too long, and added a detail after they’d lost interest in organizational culture, the subject. The eyes people get at that moment, they glaze over and go dead, in an uncontrollable primate way—we can’t help it. I hate and fear those eyes. This isn’t exactly a heroic vision of the religion essay, writer, but it’s natural. I am trying to charm the reader because I want him and her to come with me deeper into the piece . If you can bring them with you there, things get more interesting. Rumpus: I know you’ve said you’ve gotten many angry comments on “The Violence of the Lambs” piece. It’s about the animal kingdom’s growing attacks on human beings, detailing the sharp increase in incidents in the last decade or so. I was surprised by the ending, but it wasn’t enough to sever that trust that the how to, rest of the book had basically cemented. Why did you feel you had to make a fiction out of the situation surrounding these attacks?
Did you want to make it a better “story?” Adding characters and a travel trip to unearth more bad news to religion and art essay, up the tension? Sullivan: I’m not into bullying readers with my own interpretation of junk food my stuff. Religion And Art Essay? If they see it differently than I do—if they care enough to “see” it at all—this tells me it’s alive in the world, so I’m happy. I back off. But with that piece, it was more… a question of genre. Issues? There are people who think I was trying to write a serious report, and using deception to and art, keep them hooked. They got mad at the end, when I revealed it.
But the deception was the culture dissertation, point of the piece. It was a hoax. And Art? Not a “Ha ha, I’m clever and you’re gullible” sort of hoax, I hope, but a “Don’t you see how easy it is to do this, to make totally insane things seem plausible?” sort of hoax. Culture Dissertation? A satirical hoax. And Art? It was written in the thick of write post-9/11 fear-mongering. I don’t know.
I don’t suppose I have a right to complain, if some people took it wrong or continue to essay, think it sucks, for that matter. He who lives by the hoax dies by organizational, the outrage. Rumpus: Your new essay, “Two Princes: A Reconstruction,” in the Paris Review’s 200th issue, is a little different from many of the essays in the book—yourself as writer has disappeared, with no references to your life and religion little to write, the world as we currently know it. In a way you’ve taken on the guise of a nameless scribe or chronicler, but one who is sorting out and art history as made jumbled and diffuse by many sources and taxing junk food viewpoints related to the Indian princes and their master, Captain Pecht/John Pight, who was in truth one man but with two names and two similar stories in the annals. Religion And Art Essay? What made you pursue this particular story? Was it the ability to gender sport, reconstruct—to right a flaw in religion and art, history? What also stands out is the 300-year-old attitude toward Native Americans from the sources you quote: the organizational dissertation, parading around, the examining them as specimens. In light of living in a time of religion essay many occupations across the world, particularly by the U.S., I can’t help but be unsettled by a glimpse into gender issues essay the impact of the largest genocide in and art, history.
How did your feelings about issues sport these topics play out in shaping the and art essay, piece? Sullivan: I’m glad it unsettles you. Yes, my whole interest in the early eighteenth century is a sublimated interest in the present. That’s a suppressed phase in our history. We have a couple of myths for the beginning of the South—we have Ponce de Leon finding the fountain in Florida, for the Spanish, and sport essay we have the whole Pocahontas thing in Virginia, for religion essay, the English—but then it’s as if the organizational dissertation, South disappears for a couple of hundred years, in terms of our collective historical imagination—reemerging with the antebellum period, and then fully visible in the Civil War. But there were two centuries in between those phases. What was happening? Plantation slavery was happening, for one thing, getting codified, and the English were starting to export it west. The west was open now, which again in our textbooks happens as if by magic, “as settlement expanded,” but it was because of over two centuries of violence against and art essay, and among the eastern Native American tribes.
Disease epidemics were causing fatalities among the Indians that we don’t even know how to how to write a foia, calculate, because in some cases they hit tribes whose existence and languages weren’t recorded, and the remnant populations disappeared into other tribes, if they were fortunate. You had this strange institution that the vast majority of Americans don’t even know existed here (but that existed for more than a hundred years)—Indian slavery. A scholar named Alan Gallay wrote the religion and art essay, first really good book about junk essay it less than a decade ago. As the Indian populations declined, Africans started arriving to Carolina in newly massive numbers. Religion Essay? An ugly, bloody period, but vivid and how to a foia dramatic. I don’t think you can understand much about American history without it. And it generated some wonderful, haunting stories. My piece on the two American princes is an religion and art essay attempt to capture one of those and put it in a bottle. Rumpus: What do you re-read? Are there certain pieces and authors you go back to?
Does reading ever interfere with your writing? Is the relationship antagonistic or easeful? Sullivan: With some books, it’s not so much re-reading as perpetually reading, and never finishing, since what would finishing even mean? Boswell is that way for me. A house where I know I’ll be spending time for the rest of my life.
Pepys, and Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy , books like that. The most recent book I re-read was Dame Frances Yates’s Rosicrucian Enlightenment . For a project I’m working on. Greg Gerke’s fiction and non-fiction has appeared or is forthcoming in for emily, Tin House, The Kenyon Review Online, Denver Quarterly, Quarterly West, Mississippi Review, LIT, Film Comment, and others. And Art? He lives in issues, Brooklyn. More from this author →
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Religion and Culture in North America, 1600–1700 | Essay | Heilbrunn
analyze poem essay Despite what your grade-school teacher might have told you, poetry isn’t all hearts and flowers, especially not when you have to analyze a poem in an essay. When you delve into the realm of poetry, you’re much more likely to stumble into and art essay madness and decay , especially if you are reading Edgar Allen Poe or Charles Bukowski! Okay, I’m exaggerating (a little). Poetry can be fun. And full of puns. Like this one. Regardless, don’t lose your head just yet–I have some tips on how to analyze a poem in a way that doesn’t bring doom and gloom to your grades. The vast majority of the taxing junk food, time, your instructor will tell you which poem to religion and art essay, analyze. However, on for emily essay the off chance that you have to choose a poem yourself, choosing the and art, right poem can make learning how to analyze a poem much, much easier. When you are choosing a poem, ask yourself the following questions: Do you like the poem? Do you have notes from class that could help you start your essay?
Do you understand the essay, language in essay, the poem? Could you summarize the poem in your own words? Are there resources online that you could use to understand the poem better? Does the poem have obvious literary elements (rhyme, meter, metaphor, etc.)? If you answered “yes” to culture, many of those questions, then the religion and art essay, poem you have will likely work great for your analysis. Before you can really start writing your analysis, you need to know what your instructor expects of you. A poem analysis is much like any other literary analysis, but it caters more specifically to poems. How To Write A Foia! For instance, since poems are typically short, the analyses are also often short. Few instructors will make you write a poetry analysis for more than about 3-5 pages. Whew!
However, the shorter length doesn’t let you off the hook. With your poetry analysis, you need to focus on two main aspects of the poem you choose: theme and the literary elements that proves that theme . Your thesis statement needs to religion and art, contain both of those aspects, and taxing you’ll spend your body paragraphs discussing examples of the literary elements and how they relate back to the theme. Now, let’s get into more detail. Religion! Summarizing and Paraphrasing a Poem. Gender! Learning how to analyze a poem gets a lot simpler when you start by summarizing or paraphrasing the poem and figuring out what the heck the poet is even talking about. And Art Essay! I’m going to use “Desert Places” by reservation for women essay, Robert Frost to help you understand what I mean. (And, no, I will not use “The Road Not Taken”! Frost did write other poems, people!) Here’s “Desert Places” in case you aren’t familiar with it: Snow falling and night falling fast, oh, fast. Religion! In a field I looked into junk food essay going past, And the ground almost covered smooth in snow, But a few weeds and religion essay stubble showing last.
The woods around it have it – it is theirs. All animals are smothered in their lairs. I am too absent-spirited to count; The loneliness includes me unawares. And lonely as it is, that loneliness. Will be more lonely ere it will be less – A blanker whiteness of benighted snow. WIth no expression, nothing to express. They cannot scare me with their empty spaces. Between stars – on stars where no human race is. I have it in me so much nearer home.
To scare myself with my own desert places. Gender Sport! (Frost) Frost, Robert, and Robert Hunter. Religion And Art Essay! “Desert Places.” Poemhunter.com. Web. 30 June 2015. If I’m to summarize this poem, I might write something like the following: The narrator walked past a snow-covered field in the late evening and felt insignificant next to the forests and the hibernating animals. The narrator becomes lonely and expects to become lonelier. Organizational Culture! As the narrator looks up at the stars, he or she realizes that nothing could feel as empty as he or she feels inside. Note that you would not use the above summary in an essay. However, putting a poem in religion and art essay, your own words can really help you understand the feeling of the organizational culture dissertation, poem and what the author is trying to religion essay, convey. If you wanted to go further in depth with your understanding, you could paraphrase the poem, which basically means rewriting every line in your own words rather than condensing the sport essay, information.
Once you understand what the poem is trying to say, you need to come up with a theme. A theme is a central idea in a poem. In “Desert Places,” Frost talks a lot about loneliness , and since the religion essay, narrator in the poem is alone, I can say that loneliness and isolation are main ideas or themes in the poem. B Personal Statement! When you are searching for a theme in your poem, look for concepts or notions that seem to religion, pop up several times. Think about the feeling the poem might be trying to how to, convey. That will often lead you straight to the theme . If you can’t think of a theme, you can either talk to your instructor about it or look online to see what scholars say about the religion and art, themes in the poem. Resources such as Sparknotes.com can also help you get on the right track.
Choosing a Literary Device or Element. To complete your essay topic, you need to choose one or more literary elements the poem uses to point toward the theme you chose. Here are some examples of organizational dissertation literary devices you could be looking for: There are many more literary devices to choose from; see a longer list here. I would suggest choosing one or two devices for essay, most essays. Junk Essay! Make sure that you can relate them back to the theme you chose. If I were to write a poetic analysis of religion “Desert Places” specifically on the topic of loneliness and dissertation isolation, I would choose rhyme as one of my literary devices. Rather than a traditional a/a/b/b or a/b/a/b rhyme scheme for his quatrains (stanzas with four lines), Frost chose an a/a/b/a rhyme scheme. Since one of the words in religion and art, each stanza does not rhyme with anything, it could be said that the poet has isolated one word in each stanza , which demonstrates the culture, loneliness the speaker talks about in the content of the poem. Mark where the literary device occurs in the poem and keep those notes for and art, later.
You can use them as examples for when you start writing your analysis. I’ve said it before, and I’ll say it again: having a good thesis statement means that the rest of your paper will be a breeze. Essentially, a good thesis statement becomes a one-sentence outline of your paper. Here’s what my thesis statement for my “Desert Places” analysis might look like: In “Desert Places,” Robert Frost uses an rose for emily symbolism essay, unusual rhyme scheme, specifically an a/a/b/a rhyme scheme, to religion, demonstrate the narrator’s isolation and financial statement worksheet loneliness. Religion And Art! This would be a great thesis statement for a short poetry analysis (1-2 pages). For a longer poetry analysis (3-5 pages), you might want to choose two or three literary devices that explicate your theme. When you write your thesis, you might find this template helpful:
In [poem’s name], [poet] employs [literary devices] to how to, demonstrate [theme]. Here, it is important that you are specific. In my example, I made sure to specify how the rhyme scheme was unusual rather than just leaving it at that. Make sure you do the religion and art, same. For more help building out symbolism, a winning thesis statement, see Kibin’s thesis statement builder!
Analyzing a Poem in essay, Body Paragraphs. Though writing your introduction and how to thesis statement is and art essay certainly half the battle, you need to win your audience over with your supporting body paragraphs. Think about attachment b personal statement, it this way: your head wouldn’t do you much good without all the organs and systems that comprise your body. (Didn’t think you were going to religion and art essay, get an anatomy lesson in a poetry post, did you?) As you write your body paragraphs, adhere to the following guidelines: Keep your paragraphs to about half a page doubled spaced (shorter paragraphs improve readability). Start your paragraph with your topic sentence, which should relate to everything you are going to say in the paragraph (think of it as the paragraph’s thesis statement). For Emily! Use only one piece of and art essay evidence per paragraph, either a quote or a paraphrased example from the text. Always end a paragraph in your own words and make sure to financial statement, include analysis (why the evidence supports your thesis statement) at the end of each paragraph. By following those guidelines, you’ll set yourself up for an essay that knocks your instructor’s socks off. Religion And Art Essay! A Few More Tips on for emily essay How to Analyze a Poem. Though you have learned how to analyze a poem, I haven’t really mentioned how you can sound smart doing it. Now, this doesn’t mean that you should go crazy and throw in a bunch of fancy synonyms (see How to essay, Become a Better Writer: Don’t Use Words that Sound Smart). What it does mean is for women in india using vocabulary that is appropriate for poems.
I already gave you a list of literary terms and their definitions, which should catapult you to greatness in and art essay, your analysis already, but here are some important tidbits to issues sport, remember when you write a poetic analysis: Don’t assume that the poet and the speaker/narrator in religion, the poem are the same person. Instead, refer to the person in the poem as “he or she” or just “the speaker” or “the narrator.” Don’t use words like “obviously” or “clearly” in your poetic analysis. If it were so obvious, you wouldn’t have to organizational culture, write an religion and art, essay about it. Don’t spend time summarizing the poem in your essay. Assume your reader has already read the poem. Don’t worry too much about working through the poem line by line or in order. Use the evidence that best supports your claim in gender sport essay, the order that makes sense for your argument. Don’t forget to cite your poem according to MLA formatting . Any quote you use should have an in-text citation. Check out these examples of poetic analyses written by students like you for more inspiration and ideas. Make Sure Your Paper Is Polished before You Turn It in!
If you are still stuck or nervous about writing your analysis, that’s okay. Sometimes, just getting something out on paper will give you the religion and art essay, courage you need to gender sport, keep going and religion and art revise what you’ve written to fit the above-mentioned guidelines. As you’re revising, I highly recommend reading your analysis out loud. For Women In India! Doing so will help you find awkward or confusing areas so you can pinpoint what still needs work. You can also get a friend, family member, or professional editor to look your paper over. At Kibin, our editors are ready to religion and art, polish your essay at any time of day or night. Whether you need some advice on what you’ve written so far or want our talented editors to polish your essay into attachment b personal financial analytic gold, our editing services can help you! Now that you know how to analyze a poem, put your skills to religion and art essay, the test on your own essay! Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.
About the Author. Kassandra K. juggles editing for symbolism essay, Kibin as well as content writing and tutoring for other companies, though she’s an essay, editor at heart. Check out her Kibin profile.
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Religion and Art: Introduction
Free Essays on Analysis Of Neil Perry. ?categories chapter/page quadations analysis /explanation age ch.1, pg.5 ''The sixteen-year-old stood dutifully'' He is 16 years old. relationships ch.1, pg.5 ch.6, pg.31 ch.7, pg.34 ''staring angrily at Dean Nolan'' ''I found his senior annual in the library'' ''I'm inviting you. Film Review (Including Analysis) of Dead Poet Society. American prep school in the late fifty’s, it questions several relevant issues, like the religion and art, particularly strict and old-fashioned reasoning. We follow Neil Perry , a student who is tired of living the life his father has planned for him, and his gang. This semester their English-teacher is for emily symbolism essay a very unconventional. Neil's Searching: Neil seems thrilled at the idea that he may be able to contribute a verse. He prompts Cameron to and art essay tear out J. Evans Pritchard's introduction to poetry.
He is the one to rose for emily call Keating Captain, and is the first to ask what the Dead Poets Society was. He is also the one to organize the. Neil Perry Neil is the confident and popular student, and religion essay is well liked by his friend as well as the teachers at the boys-school. He is a person who cares about his friends, especially Todd, his new roommate. He is portrayed, in the film, as a boy with brown hair, fairly good-looking and tall. . Analysis of the controversial scene of Neil's death in the movie The Dead Poets Society of the reservation in india essay, movie.
The scene of Neil's death instigates as soon as the school play that Neil was taking part had concluded and Neil was ushered out of the building by religion his father (Kurtwood Smith) and into their car. Neil , in his father's point of issues essay, view is displaying his arrogance by religion disobeying his father by. the fuel tank makes it prone to be punctured in a crash, leading to the car’s explosion with a higher probability. Your team has made a cost-benefit analysis . The cost of inserting a protective baffle is greater than the cost of a foia, legal claims that might arise from deaths attributable to the design fault. Literary Analysis of religion, In Cold Blood In Cold Blood, written by taxing essay Truman Capote, is a book that encloses the true story of a family, the Clutters, whose lives were brutally ended by the barrel of a 12-gauge shotgun. The killers were 2 men, each with 2 different backgrounds and personalities, each with his. or older (Census, 2012). To get insights into how a high quality preschool can impact high school graduation rates, we looked at the Perry Preschool study. The Perry Preschool is a study that focused on documenting the short and long term effects of preschool education for low income children. One. Aarkstore - ExxonMobil Chemical Company - Strategic SWOT Analysis Review.
Strategic SWOT Analysis Review Summary “ExxonMobil Chemical Company - Strategic SWOT Analysis Review” provides a comprehensive insight into the companys history, corporate strategy, business structure and operations. Religion And Art Essay? The Market Research report contains a detailed SWOT analysis , information. from the disorder than more progress can be made to issues help the essay, patient be more productive and happier. Let’s take a deeper look into the statistical analysis that was done to analyze the data in this study. One of the things that made this study great was the fact that it was groups of families working. are many who play but very few that rise to the levels of “Professional Status”. There are a few PUA that have risen to the top of the “Game”, namely Neil Strauss, Ross Jefferies and Mystery just to name a few. I have studied these three “Players”, as well as other in the “Game” in an effort to develop. strategic cost management and how to a foia strategic business analysis.
?Introduction The purpose of religion and art essay, this assignment is discuss the junk food essay, tools and techniques that were covered in the strategic cost management and strategic business analysis and how both tools and techniques to religion and art help the senior management in my organization to enhance its corporate value. ABC oil company was my previous. Katy Perry was born in California, the for emily symbolism, middle child of religion essay, pastor parents. She has an older sister and younger brother. Raised in a deeply religious family, Perry's first experience of performing was singing in church. A passion for music grew and at in india essay, the age of 15, Perry began visiting Nashville, gaining. Literary Analysis; A Rose for Emily. Johnathan Corlew Literary Analysis A Rose for Emily: William Faulkner William Faulkner first published “A Rose for Emily” in 1930; however, this short story resides in and art a small southern town during the post-Civil War period. During this age in for women essay time, the Unites States was going through major political.
? Case Analysis - Dr. Jack Perry , DDS Submitted by IBO Group 8 comprising of the following members Hitesh Deva (2013118) Kavya Anand (2013133) Kushaal Verma (2013138) Manan Rindani (2013143) Navya Mukhi (2013162) Prannoy John Bose (2013141) Shalini Sinha (2013331) . Analysis of Page 296-298 with regard to religion and art its discourse features as a persuasive speech by the prosecution. Identify the key devices and explain their effects. The extract starts “Green woke them up”, the sport, dynamic verb woke highlights that what Green has to say is important and and art essay requires full attention. has gotten them by it is not optimal. Now that children are older they feel that they may have more quality study time with less interruption. Junk Essay? VARK analysis can be used to help develop additional and more effective learning strategies for learning and improving communication skills.
The acronym VARK stands. “F1” generation, given that Parent generation is unknown, we predicted the “F2” generation by religion completing a Punnett Square. A Chi-Square Statistical Analysis was constructed to prove the hypothesis and ensure the accuracy of it. Gender Issues Sport Essay? The pre-determined statistical value was 7.82; this value was obtained because. Neil Simon: the Great American Playwright. Jeffrey Jones Mr. Kuehl English II 19 March 2008 Neil Simon: The Great American Playwright Neil Simon, a famous American playwright, is religion and art essay considered by many critics to be the best of how to, his time. Neil Simon has a unique way of adding his own life experiences into his plays and productions.
Dead Poet's Society: Neil Perry's Death. ‘There are various diverse factors which contribute to Neil’s death.’ Discuss. Neil Perry’s death in Peter Weir’s 1989 film, Dead Poets Society, was the result of various factors which ultimately built up to religion and art essay this tragedy. Perry had decided to commit suicide by symbolism shooting himself after realising that his life. 198 received placebo. Sixty-four percent of the study cohort 1,533 women, median age 20 years old were included in the primary analysis . The women excluded from the analysis showed evidence of HPV-16 infection at the time of enrollment(Koutsky et al., 2002). Harper et al., 2004, randomly recruited. come across various types of emotions and reactions the class.
By referring to the statement, we can examine that Mr. John Keating (Robin Williams), Neil Perry (Robert Sean Leonard) Richard Cameron (Dylan Kussman), is the religion and art essay, major characters of the movie and the main characters that are being examined. The. Overall we believe Heather did a good job with the business plan. But there were a couple missing things.
First thing that we noticed was a missing risk analysis . Heather rarely mentioned disadvantages and was focusing more on description of the culture dissertation, market segment, rather than focusing more on her product. Since. accepting the award for essay, record of the year: Good things happen out of nowhere. A Foia? Things happen; you have to religion and art be nimble, said Recording Academy president Neil Portnow after the sport, show, explaining he didn't know of the absences until Sunday afternoon. Religion Essay? We think to ourselves, we've got the greatest musical talent. KENNY THOMAS MARK A THOMAS MATTHEW THOMAS MATTHEW A THOMAS MICHAEL A THOMAS MICHAEL H THOMAS MICHAEL R THOMAS MOSES THOMAS NEIL D THOMAS NICHOLAS R THOMAS PATTY THOMAS RICHARD A THOMAS RODNEY ALI THOMAS RONALD THOMAS SHANE R THOMAS STEVEN E THOMAS STE. up with work before her co-workers and reservation for women project team arrive.
However, as she enters the office she meets Neil , one of religion essay, her fellow project managers, who also wants to get an early start on culture, the day. And Art Essay? Neil has just completed a project overseas. They spend 10 minutes socializing and catching up on personal news. historical circumstances. Neither the outcome of the 2nd World War nor by the economical accretion of the rose for emily symbolism essay, United States, have an impact on religion essay, the plot. Taxing Junk Essay? Analysis of John Keatings Behavior Before one is religion and art essay able to essay interpret John Keating’s consciousness and his cognition, one need to understand and therefore. to live life to the fullest, and not become doctors and and art lawyers just because of their parents’ wishes. Each of the four characters, Todd Anderson, Neil Perry , Charlie Dalton, and Knox Overstreet, did so in their own way, which changed their lives forever. Todd Anderson was living in his brother’s. Dead Poets Society Character Analysis.
Diem” to taxing their everyday lives. Neil Perry took it to the fullest. Although Neil’s father has planned his life so he can become a doctor, Neil wants nothing to do with his planned life. Will Neil overcome this issue or will his father have what he wants for him? Neil Perry is a nice, popular student among. Reward Management at Three Companies. UK. “A radical change in its employee reward strategy has energised a product development push by food giant Heinz UK and Ireland.”  Nigel Perry , HR director of Heinz UK and Ireland, says the firm has re-energised its product development programme to boost consumer engagement. Underpinning the.
Suspect Apprehension: Perry Mason vs. Law and Order Svu. Valerie E. Porter Com 308 – Professor Sharp Critical and Cultural Analysis Essay May 5, 2011 Suspect Apprehension: Perry Mason vs. Religion Essay? Law and Order SVU [Introduction] Television crime and rose courtroom dramas have advanced in many aspects from the 1960’s through present day; visually. Nation. Religion And Art? New York.: BasicBooks, 1996.
4. X, Malcolm, and Bruce Perry . The Last Speeches. New York.: Pathfinder, 1989. 5. Cottman, Michael H. Million Man March. For Women In India Essay? New York.: Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1995. 1. MacFarquhar, Neil . “Nation of Islam at a Crossroad as Leader Exits.” New York Times, . February 5, 2013 ENG 401 Word Count: 1705 Analysis Essay Since the first GI Bill was passed after World War II, the number of universities in and art the United States has been steadily increasing. Currently there are more than 4000 college-like institutions in the United States. Public policy has.
7 List of literature 8 1. Introduction 1 To introduce the main topic of this analysis report, a follwing little text describes some situations in how to a foia a company: A company has many different objectives, like profit, revenue, customer satisfaction. Sequence Analysis of Dead Poets Society. English Sequence Analysis 21 February 2013 In Dead Poets Society, the sequence that showed the most evidence of the religion, director skillfully using filmic techniques to convey the gender issues sport, themes and narratives throughout the religion, film, was the scene of reservation for women essay, Neil Perry’s suicide. This sequence is key to the film. Edlund found that perceptions of dignity were often associated with not wanting to be seen as a burden to others (as cited in Anderberg et al., 2007). Perry (2005) suggests that promoting and defending the and art, dignity of those who only have remnants of dignity left is for emily crucial. Privacy and religion Preserving Dignity . ?Character Analysis in Fallen Angels During war, many people change physically, mentally, and socially. War itself is disturbing to the mind. In Walter Dean Meyer’s Fallen Angels, the characters undergo many changes as they learn the rose for emily essay, true meaning of and art, war. Perry , Peewee and Johnson all change in the.
Transformations and Continuities in Media Systems. changed the format of many news and current affairs programmes, resulting in a greater emphasis on entertainment based characteristics of delivery. Neil Stevenson found in his non-market (public service) versus market (commercial) quantitative study, that this has both positive and how to write negative effects. Keating wants to educate his students to and art essay become free thinkers and individuals, which makes him a real danger for organizational culture, the conservative administration. After Neil Perry ?s suicide, Mr. Keating is made responsible for encouraging the religion and art essay, boys to organise the “Dead Poets Society” and for abusing his position as a teacher. your computers, your employees could engage in a class action lawsuit.(WorkForce) From: Rural Telecommunications | Date: March 1, 2004 | Author: Perry , Phillip M. | More results for: personal information protect computer Not long ago, good security meant locking your doors and activating your. High/Scope Perry Preschool Program. ?The High/Scope Perry Preschool Program and the Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS) Program The Perry Preschool Program was originally established in the 1960s and was available to culture African-American children between the ages of religion, three and four.
These children resided in Michigan and came from for emily symbolism essay low-income. used in the movie to display the essay, theme of conformity and the authority that the school has over its students. Mr. Perry is a strong believer in these values and enforces them on his son, Neil . As the attachment, main character, Mr. Keating, the religion and art, new English teacher tries to reservation in india essay re-establish the boys’ mindset and liberate. agree with the essay, second objection on page 41 that’s it’s wrongheaded to build a moral theory on a common currency of value? Why is the cost-benefit analysis that Philip Morris and attachment b personal worksheet the Ford Motor Company did wrong? Utilitarians argue that “human life has its price, whether we admit it or not”. (Sandel. Ethics of Punishment Essay on Truman Capote's In Cold Blood. This essay states what punishment Dick and Perry should get.
It includes the counter arguement and specific detail in essay the book. Not in b personal statement worksheet Cold Blood In the religion essay, book, In Cold Blood, by Truman Capote, Dick Hickock and taxing food Perry Smith commit a heinous crime by slaughtering the essay, Clutter family. Should Dick and Perry die for their crimes by receiving the death penalty? Throughout the book there is junk clear evidence that supports both sides. Would.
Cross Analysis of Tobias Wolfe's Old School and essay Dead Poets Society. self-identification should preserve life, not destroy it. This ideal is further emphasized in “Dead Poets Society” by how to write one of the main characters, Neil Perry , who takes this to the extreme by committing suicide to avoid living a false life planned by his father. While the narrator made the decisions. Perry was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, as Emmitt Perry , Jr., the son of Willie Maxine Perry (nee Campbell) and Emmitt Perry , Sr., a carpenter. He has three siblings.  Perry once said his father's answer to everything was to beat it out of you. As a child, Perry once went so far as to. specific way that will create a successful mix to increase sales. Achieving the organizations desired results often takes experimentation, research and analysis . The combination and coordination of all of the religion and art essay, elements is significantly more effective than just using one. With the implementation of both long.
Dave Perry 10/5/10 Sperrys: From Boat Shoe to “Bro” Shoe Sperry topsiders are worn by lacrosse players all across the country. The originated as boat shoes that had an exceptionally good grip on the slippery wet surface when out at sea. Reservation For Women Essay? Sperry’s are no longer being only. test(Refer to observation tabulated in Table 1). References: (I) Campbell, Neil , J. Reece, and L. Religion And Art Essay? Mitchell.
Biology 9th Edition. (II) Starr Evers Starr. Biology Today and Tomorrow. (III) James W. Perry , David Morton, Joy B. Perry . Laboratory Manual for General Biology (IV)Solomon. How To A Foia? Berg. Martin. Biology.
Mandeep Kaur Analysis 3B The film Capote is based on the novel In Cold Blood about the murder of the Clutter family. The novel does in the depth about the charters and religion and art the plot but the movie leaves out many important details to leave the viewer’s wondering why something happened. Organizational? Capote focuses on. ? An Analysis of religion and art, Hamlet Acting quickly and instinctively is the best response to a crisis. During a crisis there is issues not enough time to thing, as George Clemenceau once said “you must act as you breathe”.
However. ICB Extract Analysis Extract B In his nonfiction novel In Cold Blood, Truman Capote uses juxtaposition of timelines to give life to a sense of interconnectedness between the characters. The author also characterises the individuals to oppose the ‘insiders’ – the religion essay, Clutter family, the attachment b personal statement, Holcomb townspeople. Intelligence PG’s Bad Hair Day In spring of 2001, John Pepper, then chairman of Procter and and art Gamble, discovered that members of PG’s competitive analysis department engaged in corporate spying practices at its rival corporation, Unilever.1 The spying operation gathered about write a foia, eighty documents detailing. Todd Anderson New transfer student “Todd Anderson squirmed in his seat at the mention of transfer student.” (Pg. 4) “‘My brother went here.’ Neil shook his head. ‘Oh, so you’re THAT Anderson.’” (Pg. 12) Did not wear a blazer; scared of religion and art, new school “Sixteen-year-old Todd Anderson, one of the. European Union will also be discussed in the paper. Finally the paper will provide a prediction of the future of the European Union based on the previous analysis and reservation for women its activities.
Apart from the religion and art essay, above mentioned points, the paper will mention some of the well established nations that form the core of the European. Katheryn Hudson, now known as Katy Perry , released her first major label LP One of the Boys on financial, Capitol Records. The bubbly star rocked the stages of the Vans Warped Tour each night after the release and rapidly drew the attention of the media. A mere two years later, Perry has blown up to superstardom, ruling. the only person standing in and art essay your way.” One way this is shown is when Neil Perry , a student at Welton University is organizational having trouble taking the religion and art, classes he wants to take because of his father making the choices for him. Reservation For Women In India? Neil has his eyes opened up when he hears what Mr. Keating tells them, they. The first lesson of his English class reveals Keating’s unorthodox teaching methods, and religion and art essay non-conformity. Culture? He asks Neil Perry , a student, to read the introduction from their poetry textbook. Religion And Art? Neil proceeds to read the dissertation, introduction and religion essay gets to a paragraph that reads; “If the organizational dissertation, poems score for and art essay, perfection is plotted.
u cry everytime ;). like if u cry everytime ;) like if u cry everytime ;) Length: 0:42 Like · · Share · 5 minutes ago via Mobile · Aoibhe Perry likes this. Options Erika Bennett shared Twinkle Twinkle Little Snitch , Mind Your Own Business You Nosey Bitch's photo. Like · · Share. In Cold Blood Quotes and Analysis. himself as balanced, as sane as anyone—maybe a bit smarter than the average fellow, that’s all. But Perry —there was, in Dick’s opinion, ‘something wrong’ with Little Perry .” pg.
108 Dick uses Perry as a foil for his own self-image, often belittling or impugning him for his more eccentric, “childish.
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essays for and art ucla We make sure that you and your classmates will excel while supporting each other in reaching beyond conventional thinking and becoming the industry-shaping leaders of tomorrow. All applicants must apply to the MBA program online. Culture! Applications will be accepted for religion and art essay fall 2018 starting August 1, 2017. The application fee is $200. For Women Essay! Note that we have three admissions rounds, each with its corresponding deadlines and decision release dates. Four-year Bachelor’s Degree or Equivalent. Candidates must hold a completed undergraduate degree in order to enroll in our MBA program. Usually this is a four-year bachelor's degree, or its equivalent in other countries. International applicants with just a three-year undergraduate degree may be admitted if the Admissions Committee determines that their entire academic profile and religion essay overall application are strong enough.
You should submit scanned copies of your academic records with your application. Only applicants invited to interview should send us official hard-copy documents upon request. Records needed from schools outside the United States include multiple documents as described on the International Students page. We understand the differing rigor of schools and grading scales around the world, and we always evaluate academics within their own context, without converting them to any other system. Junk Essay! Grades on scales other than the American 4.0 standard should NOT be converted for reporting purposes on the application. No discrepancy should exist between what you report and what we see on religion essay your transcripts. Gender Issues Sport Essay! Undergraduate majors of all kinds are welcome in the class: we seek some business and and art essay economics graduates but also engineers, scientists and those who studied liberal arts. Quantitative preparation is key for gender issues essay performance in religion our core requirements, so all math-related grades (plus the GMAT-quant score) get special scrutiny. Grade trends are important, and gender issues sport we like to see averages that get better over time as undergraduates learn to thrive in essay their chosen major.
We give you the benefit of the doubt for occasional difficulty in classes, but our students tend to show a consistent level of functioning above their peers. Write A Foia! If you want to bolster your academic profile, you could complete additional coursework now and submit the and art essay, transcript with the application for consideration. MBA-related classes such as calculus, statistics, accounting or finance are preferred. Professional certifications such as CFA, CPA, Chartered Accountant, etc., can add value to your profile and there is a section in the application to how to a foia note them. Undergraduate courses taken in a term at another institution (e.g., during an exchange program) do not require an additional transcript as long as they appear on the degree-granting school's transcript. You should submit transcripts for religion essay all coursework taken after secondary school (high school). To facilitate our evaluation of junk food essay, your degree(s), you may choose to supply a course-by-course credential evaluation report from religion and art essay World Education Services along with the scanned documents from your school. All applicants are required to take the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or Graduate Record Examination (GRE), though no minimum score is required. For an idea of the typical range we admit, see the latest class profile.
The GMAT and/or GRE test date must be no earlier than five years before the application submission date to be valid, and not later than the deadline date for the round in which you are applying. Within the MBA application, you must report the rose for emily symbolism essay, test date and score you want the Admissions Committee to evaluate. Applications cannot be reviewed without complete test scores (as self-reported by religion and art essay the candidate or officially by the GMAT or GRE office), and applications are only reviewed in the round when scores are received. Official GMAT score reports are sent electronically upon your request from Pearson VUE to UCLA Anderson MBA Admissions (with the School Code 2NZ-2F-24). Official scores are required for enrollment but not for applying.
Official GRE score reports are sent electronically upon attachment b personal your request from the Educational Testing Service (ETS) to UCLA Anderson MBA Admissions (with the school code 0771). And Art Essay! We primarily evaluate your top score, but all scores reported to UCLA Anderson are visible to the Admissions Committee. No minimum GMAT score is required, and the Admissions Committee has the flexibility to consider all scores in gender the context of your overall academic preparation and management potential. For further information and testing arrangements, please visit the GMAT or GRE website. Although the majority of our students do have full-time work experience, early career and college senior prospective students may still apply. We evaluate candidates on their work in any given field after the completion of and art essay, their undergraduate degree. Backgrounds and interests vary widely among our students, but they all share a vision of how the taxing, MBA will empower their future. Quality of experience is more important than quantity.
We look at your impact in the context of the time you had and essay the field you're in. Diverse paths lead to business school, and we find that students learn more when we mix people from every type and essay level of organization. Your application should show us how you will contribute to religion and art the mix of your class. We are most impressed by increasing levels of responsibility over time; those who advance faster than their peers are the people we admit first. Organizational! The majority of our students are career-switchers using the and art essay, MBA to leverage roles in a new field.
Others will springboard back into higher positions in their current sectors. We admit very few people without at least a year or two of post-baccalaureate work. Our early career admits contribute more in terms of academic excellence and contagious study skills. Leadership in work, campus or community organizations helps to demonstrate management potential. Show us that you can commit to an organization, create a vision and motivate others to achieve goals together.
Jobs held prior to completing your undergraduate degree may be listed if desired, but our focus is on post-baccalaureate experience. A resume must be submitted with the application and should create a compelling summary of your career, ideally on one page but not more than two pages. New applicants are required to submit two recommendations. Reapplicants only need to submit one new recommendation. Recommendations should be written by individuals who are well acquainted with your performance in a work setting, preferably from a direct supervisor or manager.
The recommendations provide us with third-party confirmation and insights into your achievements. You should choose recommenders who will support your candidacy with concrete examples of performance and impact on dissertation the organization. Questions from the online recommendation form are shown below and are for religion and art essay reference only. The Recommendations must be submitted online, not via hard-copy responses to these questions. You must register your recommenders, who then use the confidential online link they receive directly from our online application.
Your recommenders also have the option to upload an issues essay additional document if desired. If a recommender does not write in English, the uploaded document can be a certified translation of and art, their comments. Only two recommendations are accepted per application. Ideally your recommendations should be from b personal financial statement worksheet current direct supervisors or managers who are best equipped to answer questions about your leadership, communication, teamwork, initiative and other skills. If you are unable to ask a current supervisor for a recommendation, then you can ask a former boss, a manager from another department, or a consultant or client who knows you well enough to and art essay answer the questions insightfully. Symbolism! Academic contacts are not usually able to provide information on essay management potential.
Similarly, family members, peers and friends are not appropriate as recommenders. Your recommenders' own titles or positions are not important - instead, their ability to comment knowledgeably and specifically about how to a foia, you is vital. Letters from contacts (including alumni) who do not know you well cannot add value like direct supervisors can. Recommendations are due by the application deadline. Re-applicants only need 1 recommendation. Recommendation Questions and Topics* 1. Please provide a brief description of your interaction with the applicant and, if applicable, the applicant’s role in your organization. 2. How does the and art essay, performance of the applicant compare to that of other well-qualified individuals in reservation for women essay similar roles? (E.g. what are the essay, applicant’s principal strengths?) 3. Describe the most important piece of constructive feedback you have given the applicant. Please detail the circumstances and the applicant’s response. *Please note: Questions and reservation for women in india essay topics listed above are for reference only.
Actual submission of letters of recommendation is done online, through the online application system only. For the 20172018 application year (to start in and art 2018), first-time applicants must respond to one essay question and one short answer question. Reapplicants are required to respond to the reapplicant essay question. Essay Question : Describe your short-term and long-term career goals. How can the UCLA Anderson experience add value to your professional development? (500 words maximum)
(For applicants who applied for the MBA program in rose symbolism the previous two years) Optional Question: Are there any extenuating circumstances in your profile about which the religion, Admissions Committee should be aware? Please use your best judgment. (250 words maximum) No preference is symbolism essay given in the evaluation process to applicants who submit a response to and art the optional question. Your essays are the primary way for taxing junk food you to and art share your perspectives and plans with the Admissions Committee. The best essays are introspective, genuine and succinct in directly answering our questions and food responding to our topics. You should try to distinguish yourself by showing what makes you different from others who share similar profiles. Personal expression is what we are looking for, not platitudes.
Making a strong case for your future plans requires you to first do research on religion career paths and find one that resonates. How To Write! Even if this target will change during business school, your application essays should lay out a clear trajectory for short-term and long-term goals. Do this by demonstrating how you expect to build on skills from essay your past, and those you expect to gain from the MBA. Essays are more compelling if they include specific courses, programs, groups, opportunities and activities from which you would benefit if admitted to UCLA Anderson. These references are best found through online research, personal discussions and a campus visit (if possible). Taxing Food! Content and clarity are key elements, as we seek superior communication skills. Style is religion and art a consideration, too, although we understand that those who speak other languages may have different manners of expression in English. We do check your essays for dissertation plagiarism, so make sure you always submit your own work. Length does not equal strength.
A well-written short essay can have even more impact than a longer essay. Please try to respect the word limits indicated above. All essays and short answer responses are to be submitted in written form only. All essays and short answer responses are to and art be entered directly in b personal worksheet the text box provided in your application. Interviews are conducted on an invitation basis only after submitted applications are reviewed. An interview must be completed to religion and art essay be admitted to the program. Interviews are conducted on an invitation-only basis and one is required before admission can be offered. Applications are reread following the interview, comments are added, and then the how to, Admissions Committee decides whether to make an and art essay admission offer. Instructions on junk essay how to set up an interview are provided at the time of religion and art essay, invitation.
Interviews are held on campus, or off campus via Skype, and they last approximately 30 minutes. All interviews carry equal weight; they are conducted by second-year MBA students who are thoroughly trained on our evaluation metrics and on providing current perspectives for food candidates. Religion! Interviewing on campus allows candidates to see the campus and visit a class, but there is no advantage to organizational culture dissertation interviewing on or off campus. Interviews are blind in order to essay avoid interviewer bias. Rose Essay! Your interviewer will receive a copy of your resume in advance but will not see your application. Essay! Questions are straightforward and generally cover topics already addressed in the application, such as reasons for getting an b personal financial MBA, short-term and religion and art essay long-term career goals, fit with UCLA Anderson and personal interests. Culture Dissertation! Pre-rehearsed speeches do not make for a good interview. You should be prepared to succinctly walk your interviewer through your resume in 2 minutes or less so that there is ample time left to discuss specific areas your interviewer may want to explore with you.
Remember that the word interview implies an exchange of views between people, so be ready with pertinent questions and and art go with the flow of the for women in india, conversation. Business attire is and art essay appropriate for this professional interview, and we check photo identification to ensure integrity. After being invited for an interview you should submit official test scores and reservation essay hard-copy official academic records to us, as described in and art your interview invitation. Hint: Relax, be genuine and gender essay enjoy the essay, opportunity for us to get to know each other. TOEFL or IELTS scores are required of essay, all applicants EXCEPT those from a select list of countries. For more information please refer to UCLA Graduate Division Office English requirements. Please note that work experience in English is not sufficient for a TOEFL/IELTS waiver; the key factor is being educated in English. Applicants who were educated in countries where English is not the primary spoken language of daily life are required to take the TOEFL or IELTS, no matter the language used at their school. This includes applicants with degrees from multilingual countries such as India, Nigeria, Pakistan and others. Religion And Art Essay! No preference is given to either language test and all scores will be evaluated in conjunction with GMAT verbal scores and the AWA (Analytical Writing Assessment) to determine your true proficiency level.
Applications cannot be reviewed without complete test scores (as self-reported by you or officially by the testing firm), and applications are only sport essay reviewed in the round during which your scores are submitted. Official TOEFL score reports are sent electronically upon your request from ETS to UCLA Anderson MBA Admissions (with the religion, School Code 4837-02). Official scores are required for admission but not for applying. IELTS are sent electronically upon your request (with school code University of California, Los Angeles-Anderson School of Management). Work experience in sport English is religion essay not sufficient for a waiver of the language exam requirement. More information on the university's testing rules for all international applicants is available under UCLA Graduate Division's English requirements.
UCLA has minimum fluency standards for graduate admissions as shown here. Reapplicants are those who submitted a completed MBA application within the attachment statement, previous two years (that is, who applied for the MBA program starting in 2016 or 2017) and received a final decision. The process to reapply is streamlined: Create a new application. Indicate on the Additional Info page of the application that you are a reapplicant. Religion Essay! Submit only one new recommendation. Watch for decision notifications according to the standard release schedule.
You will be evaluated by the same standards as first-time applicants, so there is reservation for women in india essay no disadvantage to reapplying. Highlighting progress made since the prior application is the best way to get a different result this time. Religion And Art! Admission Committee members may see the entire previous application to provide context. Standardized test scores (GMAT, GRE, TOEFL and write a foia IELTS) remain on religion and art essay file if previously reported, though scores are subject to taxing junk food expiration dates. You may submit new test scores if desired and, of course, higher scores make an application more competitive.
If you would like to get feedback on your application from the religion essay, past season before reapplying, you can email email@example.com between June 1 and June 15 (please put feedback request in the subject line), and organizational culture dissertation we will schedule a telephone feedback session with you in late June. Required Reapplicant Essay Question : Please describe your career progress since you last applied and how you have enhanced your candidacy. Include updates on short-term and religion essay long-term career goals, as well as your continued interest in UCLA Anderson. (750 words maximum)