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How to Write a Descriptive Essay about on sunset at sea view, a Person. There is language essay, something about the essay view personal essays - sometimes they are referred to as Ђњcharacter sketches.Ђќ But it is on fdi in ghana, difficult to on sunset view, learn how to write a descriptive essay about a person, because we really do not read them often. We get ЂњpicturesЂќ in our heads about characters in a piece of fiction over thesis in ghana, many pages of writing; and most non-fiction does not entail character sketches. So, when you are assigned this type of essay, you may be at a loss as to how to construct it or even what to say. We have explored a lot of information about this kind of paper and have made a whole article about it in at sea, order to help you out. Gsas Phd Thesis! Here are some pretty basic tips and strategies to use as you develop your piece. Essay On Sunset At Sea View! You cannot write a character sketch about anyone you do not know intimately.
This person can be a member of your family, a close friend, or even a main character in argumentative essay, a novel or movie if you loved it so much you read or saw it many times. You can select a totally fictitious person, of course, but it is probably wise to essay on sunset, make the person at least a combination of people you know, so that your description ЂњsoundsЂќ authentic to a reader. Most fiction writers admit that their major characters are a bit autobiographical or combinations of people they know, because they are just more believable. Also it will help you to argumentative, get more ideas about at sea, what to write and you wonЂ™t get lost. Essay Questions! If you want you may even have some sort of an essay on sunset at sea interview with the person you are writing about in order to know more about them. Thus you will present them in a way more realistic and as an truthful way. A descriptive essay about a person is on sunset view, a failure, if all you do is describe that individual physically and then tell the reader that s/he has three or four personality traits.
Physical descriptions should be revealed indirectly, and argumentative topics on fast food those three or four personality traits must be shown be specific words, actions, and behaviors. On Sunset At Sea! Go back and read your favorite short story or novel. How does the author reveal everything about that main character? Chances are s/he does not spend paragraphs of prose describing what that character looks like. Essays On Gibbs Model! Bits and pieces are revealed along the way, and often the details are left up to essay at sea view, the reader to fil in. Essays On Gibbs Reflective Model! How do you know what the characterЂ™s personality is like?
You get that over time, as that character speaks and takes action throughout the work. Consider these two methods of providing a physical description: Carol has long curly brown hair, brown eyes, and essay at sea stands about 5Ђ™ 4Ђќ tall. She is slender, and her long legs give a graceful appearance as she walks. (Very boring.) Carol has a completely contagious laugh. When she laughs her entire body is involved. Those long brown curls fly about her face and shoulders, and essays model all 5Ђ™ 4Ђќ of her is somehow involved. Essay On Sunset View! And when she is angry, watch out. Those piercing brown eyes are throwing daggers of light, and those long legs are poised in a true fighting stance, like she is ready to go 16 rounds. Same person Ђ“ two different writers. Gsas Phd Thesis! See the difference?
When you donЂ™t have an entire novel to gradually provide a physical description, you have to get creative with the way in which you do it. There are a lot of tips and pieces of advice from view, professional writers on the web that can help you to improve your skills in writing characterЂ™s description. Gsas Phd Thesis! Also a lot of essay on sunset at sea writers like Chuck Palahniuk, Ray Bradbury, Stephen King and essay others have written whole books about the art of writing so consider reading them too. Describing Personality Traits. Part of learning how to write a descriptive essay about a person mastering this art of showing not telling as you reveal his/her personality traits.
Words and behaviors must be used. LetЂ™s take a look at Carol again. Suppose you have decided that she really has extremes in emotions when she is happy or sad Ђ“ there doesnЂ™t seem to be much Ђњin betweenЂќ with her. So, that is essay on sunset at sea, one of the free essay traits that you want to essay on sunset view, address in your description. You can take what was written above and expand it a bit, still keeping the physical descriptors but now giving specific examples of these extremes. You should reveal them in real-life situations.
Incorporate them in essay, a realistic way. Consider this: Carol has extreme emotional responses, both when happy or angry. When she found out she was accepted to her first choice for college, she threw her head back, long brown curls flying, raised those slender arms toward the sky and immediately broke into dance moves that I had never seen before, as she sang ЂњDonЂ™t Stop BelievinЂ™Ђќ and threw those long legs all over the room. And one day, when someone stole a parking space she had been waiting for, I watched her follow that man all the way into essay on sunset at sea the store, shaking her finger and calling him a rude guy and several other terms I wonЂ™t mention here. You have now ЂњprovedЂќ to the reader that Carol has extreme emotional responses and done so in thesis in ghana, an engaging way. ItЂ™s important to give such descriptions if you want to keep your writing interesting and essay on sunset view not to argumentative essay, be boring.
It also helps you to carve your own style and to improve writing skills at all. As you search for descriptive essay ideas that will make your character ЂњliveЂќ on your paper, you can look online for essay at sea view, examples of english language essay character sketch or personal description essays Ђ“ you will find plenty to review that will help you see how to formulate your own ЂњpictureЂќ of essay on sunset your character. ItЂ™s very useful to read other essays if you want to learn how to write good papers. It may also give you plenty of new ideas or to inspire you to write a descriptive essay. Generally, in a character sketch essay, you should identify three personality traits that you will present, each in a different paragraph. ItЂ™s not advised to describe whole personality as it will become a novel. Instead consider using this scheme. Your introduction will obviously introduce your person, and holocaust the traits that you will be covering. Your conclusion can either wrap those together to explain how complex, or fun, or interesting this individual is.
A conclusion for Carol might be something like this: Living with my sister Carol has been an adventure, to be sure. On Sunset! And I hope that adventure continues for years to come, even after we are grown and have our own separate lives.
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mla writing a paper The Writing Center. Empire State College. Genesee Valley Center. GUIDE TO WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS. IN THE MLA STYLE. This style sheet is intended only as an overview and does not cover all aspects of the MLA style. For more complete information, see the MLA Style Manual or The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers . The Writing Center has these and at sea view, other resources on hand. You can also find them at most libraries or purchase them at all major bookstores. The MLA style refers to the method of writing research papers recommended by the Modern Language Association . The MLA style is used in some areas of the on fdi, humanities, e.g., composition and literature. Other humanities disciplines such as history, philosophy, and religion may require other styles for formatting your papers.
Ask your Primary Mentor which style to use, then come to the Writing Center for further guidance . Basic MLA Facts. Always double space, including the text of your paper, quotations, notes, and the list of works cited. Unless otherwise instructed, use one-inch margins top, bottom, left, and view, right. Use parenthetical citations to acknowledge direct quotations, indirect quotations, and/or any ideas you have borrowed from another person. Use a Works Cited page for reference to parenthetical citations. Questions? Underline (or italicize) titles of books, plays, pamphlets, periodicals (newspapers, magazines, journals), films, television programs, and record albums/CDs. Essay? Place within quotation marks newspaper/magazine articles, essays in a book, songs, poems (except long poems published as a book), book chapters, episodes of a television show, and lectures. Number pages in the upper right hand corner of the page.
Use present tense to introduce cited or quoted material and to make personal comments on such materials. Gsas Phd Thesis? Use past tense only when directly quoting a passage that is in past tense or when reporting historical events. As Winkleman states in the novel Diary of view, a Madman , I was never ignorant (293). Winkleman's purpose in Diary of a Madman is to point out the innate imperfection of on gibbs, humans. Essay At Sea? Moore created Winkleman not only to use as a pen name, but also to use as a semi-fictional forum through which the author could express his own opinions.
Plagiarism is the thesis on fdi in ghana, use of the words and/or ideas of another person without disclosing the source. Whether deliberate or unintentional, plagiarism can lead to failure in a course and/or dismissal from college. To avoid plagiarism, acknowledge your sources with in-text citations and a Works Cited page. Always cite direct quotations (see below) . If you use another person's idea or paraphrase another person's words, don't simply rearrange the words. Instead, make sure to use your own style of writing and language, and essay on sunset, use an in-text citation to acknowledge the source. Then, list on the Works Cited page the publications or sources from which you obtained your citations. The Writing Center here at GVC has a separate handout on this called, Plagiarism and How to Avoid it: Guidelines for Students. I. In-text Citations. Cite the first appearance of or reference to another person's words or ideas by introducing the argumentative food, quotation, paraphrase, or citation with the author's full name exactly as it appears in the source, but exclude titles such as Mr., Mrs., Ms., Miss, Dr., Reverend , etc. Be sure to on sunset at sea include the page number(s) on which the cited material can be found. You may also choose to include the title of the cited text in the first reference.
Rebecca Peacey states in essays on gibbs reflective, The Art of the Short Story that, to write good fiction, authors of short fiction must master grammar and essay at sea, punctuation (17). The phrase Rebecca Peacey states in The Art of the Short Story that, . English Essay? is the signal phrase in this example. Peacey also states that today's writers must not use gender-specific language(17). Authors Name Not Used in Text. If you don't use the author's name in essay on sunset at sea, the text, place only the last name within the parenthetical citation with the page number. In the parenthetical citation, don't use p. or pp. to indicate page number(s), and don't include the thesis, text's title. Although many consider Lovejoy's collection titled My Art: The Stories the perfect model for writing short stories, most creative writing teachers dismiss it as pretentious, trashy, and inane (Peacey 333).
More Than One Author. If a cited source has more than one author, either include all names in the parenthetical citation according to how they are listed in the source, or list the first author followed by et. Essay On Sunset? al. Critics harshly emphasize Lovejoy's chronic use of stale metaphor, cliched symbolism, and predictable twists of irony in his short stories (Newman, Banya, Benis, and essay notes, Cramer 814). Critics harshly emphasize Lovejoy's chronic use of stale metaphor, cliched symbolism, and essay on sunset at sea, predictable twists of irony in his short stories (Newman, et. al. 814).
Trent Lovejoy uses a variety of avian symbolism in his fiction. Free Essay Notes? Doves represent peace. Eagles stand for self-deterministic freedom. Ravens signify the on sunset, mysterious. Gsas Phd Thesis? Vultures symbolize either death or opportunism. View? By doing so, he has kept alive a cliched symbolistic literature in America (Crowe 19). In comparison, the argumentative on fast food, following passage clearly delineates words and ideas, and the reader of this passage can see that the essay, student borrowed both a direct quotation and thesis on fdi, ideas from Crowe's book, For the Birds . In For the Birds , James Crowe explains that Trent Lovejoy uses avian symbols to represent peace, freedom, mystery, death, and opportunism.
In doing so, Crowe argues that Lovejoy has managed to keep alive the on sunset at sea, tradition of cliched symbolistic literature for America (189). If you are citing an author who has been quoted in essay food, another book or article, use the original author's name in the text and the author of the source in which you found the essay view, quotation in the parenthetical citation. It is far more important for authors to . . .honor the english official, semiotic tradition by using established symbolism than it is for on sunset at sea view them to create new symbols as Lovejoy asserts (qtd. in Crowe: 278). Less than four typed lines of any direct quotation are placed within quotation marks. Crowe argues that Lovejoy has single-handedly kept alive a tradition that has certainly earned a long overdue demise (191). More than four typed lines of any direct quotation must be indented. From the essays on gibbs, left margin, indent one inch on a computer or ten spaces on a typewriter. On Sunset? Double space the quotation, and don't use quotation marks . Insert a parenthetical citation two spaces after the free notes, last punctuation mark of the quotation. Peacey states that many authors of contemporary short fiction have not mastered the commonly accepted set of prescriptive rules by which standard American English is defined. Essay On Sunset At Sea? She argues that such a lack of proficiency is detrimental to these authors' works and may well be damaging to english official essay the language as a whole. She makes this observation:
Authors of fiction have always manipulated the grammar of their respective eras. Essay On Sunset At Sea View? Whether writing in dialect to validate certain characters or stylistically misusing a language, fictionists have routinely broken grammatical rules. However, the misuse of language by contemporary writers is more often the gsas phd thesis, result of ignorance of grammar than it is of creative design. For a variety of essay on sunset at sea, reasons, not the least of which is academic political correctness, many contemporary American authors simply do not know a grammar that delineates the language in which they write. Such ignorance is problematic, for any authorial improvisation must be based on firmly ordered and systematically gained knowledge. (198) As can be understood from this passage, Peacey clearly believes that the essays, mastery of the rules precedes creativity. For two or more paragraphs, indent the first line of each additional paragraph another quarter inch (or three typed spaces) beyond the essay, original one inch or ten space indentation.
Two or More Works by the Same Author. If your list of works cited includes two or more works by the same author, include the title of the work either in the signal phrase or in abbreviated form in the parenthetical reference. In his article California and the West, reporter T. Topics? Christian Miller asserts that from 1990 to 1997, California spent roughly $26 million on conservation lands to on sunset at sea view provide habitat for exactly 2.6 mountain lions (A3). Gsas Phd Thesis? According to T. Christian Miller. Mountain lions, also called pumas or cougars, range vast territories in at sea, search of food, sometimes as large as 100 square miles (Cougars 1).
The mountain lion population has been encroaching on human territory in California since 1972, when voters passed a law that banned hunting of the animal (Miller, Cougars 1). The Author Is Unknown. If the author is not given, either use the complete title in a signal phrase or use a short form of the reflective model, title in the parentheses. In California, fish and game officials estimate that since 1972 lion numbers have increased from essay at sea view, 2,400 to at least 6,000 (Lion A21). Authors With the Same Last Name.
If your list of works cited includes works by two or more authors with the same last name, include the first name of the questions, author you are citing in the signal phrase or parenthetical reference. At least 66,665 lions were killed between 1907 and 1978 in Canada and the United States (Kevin Hansen 58). A Novel, a Play, or a Poem. In citing literary sources, include information that will enable readers to find the passage in essay view, various editions of the work. For a novel, put the page number first and then, if possible, indicate the part or chapter in which the passage can be found. Fitzgerald's narrator captures Gatsby in a moment of isolation: A sudden emptiness seemed to essay flow now from the windows and the great doors, endowing with complete isolation the on sunset view, figure of the host(56: ch. 3). For a verse play, list the act, scene, and line numbers, separated by periods. Use Arabic numerals unless your instructor prefers Roman numerals. In his famous advice to the players, Hamlet defines the purpose of theater, . . . whose end, both at the first and now, was and essay, is, to hold, as 'twere, the mirror up to nature (3.2.21-23).
For a poem, cite the part (if there are a number of parts) and the line numbers, separated by periods. When Homer's Odysseus comes to the hall of Circe, he finds his men . . . mild / in her soft spell, fed on her drug of evil (10.209-11). If the book of the on sunset, Bible that you are citing does not appear in the signal phrase, include it in parentheses along with the chapter and verse numbers. Consider the words of Solomon: If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he is thirsty, give him water to topics on fast drink (Prov. 25.21). Two or More Works. To cite more than one source to document a particular point, separate the citations with a semicolon. The dangers of mountain lions to essay at sea view humans have been well documented (Rychnovsky 40; Seidensticker 114; Williams30).
A Work without Page Numbers. You may omit the english official language, page number if a work has no page numbers. Some electronic sources use paragraph numbers instead of page numbers. For such sources, use the abbreviation par. or pars. in the parentheses: (Smith, par. 4) . An Electronic Source. To cite an electronic source in the text of at sea, your paper, follow the same rules as for essay topics print sources. If the at sea, source has an author and there is a page number, provide both. Using historical writings about leprosy as an example, Demaitre argues that . . . the difference between curability and treatability is not a modern invention (29). A clip of the film Demolition d'un mur demonstrates that cinema is all about free, transformation, not mere movement (Routt, sec. 1).
Volti writes, As with all significant innovations, the history of the automobile shows that technological advance is fueled by more than economic calculation. According to a Web page sponsored by the Children's Defense Fund, fourteen American children die from gunfire each day (Child) II. Use of Ellipsis Points. When you omit a word, phrase, sentence, or paragraph from a quoted passage, you must use ellipsis points, or three spaced periods, to indicate that your quotation does not completely reproduce the original. If you omit a word or a phrase at the beginning or in the middle of a quoted sentence, use three periods with one space between each period to indicate the omission. Moore states that . At Sea View? . . a pseudonym provides . . . an invaluable tool to express one's own opinion (214). Use four ellipsis points to indicate the omission of an entire sentence within a quotation. Peacey claims that . Official? . . although a living language is constantly changing . . . . It is the author's duty to be aware of the language's grammatical conventions as well as to be knowledgeable of its linguistic history (7). Use four spaced periods to indicate an omission at the end of a direct quotation.
If a parenthetical reference directly follows the essay view, quotation, the last period follows the parentheses. Lovejoy argues that . . . authors are duty-bound to carry on essay questions holocaust, the semiotic tradition as it is inherited from those authors who precede them . . . (4). If no parenthetical reference follows the omission, end the quotation with four spaced periods enclosed by an ending quotation mark. Lovejoy argues on page four in at sea, his introduction of argumentative essay, My Art: The Stories that . . Essay On Sunset? . the free essay, author is at sea view, duty-bound to carry on on fdi in ghana, the semiotic tradition as presented to him by those authors who precede him . . . . III. At Sea View? The Works Cited Page.
The Works Cited page immediately follows the text of the paper. Alphabetize by the authors' last names. When there is no author but there is an editor, alphabetize by the editor's last name. If you don't know the name of an author or editor, alphabetize by holocaust, the first important word in the title of the work cited. Center the title Works Cited one inch from the top of the essay on sunset at sea view, sheet. Double space between the title and free essay notes, the first entry. Place the on sunset, first line of each entry flush with the left margin. Indent succeeding lines one-half inch (computer-formatted) or five spaces (typed). Free Notes? Double space each entry, and double space between entries. Use two spaces after periods and essay at sea view, one space after other punctuation marks.
Remember, you must always have a Works Cited page as well as in-text citations to avoid plagiarism . Begin each reference at the left hand margin. List the author's last name first, then the free essay notes, first name followed by essay at sea, a period. Type two spaces, then list the title of the book underlined and in ghana, with the first letter of all major words capitalized. A period follows (not underlined). Next list the place (city) of publication followed by a colon, one space, the publisher followed by a comma, and the year of publication followed by a period.
Omit the words Publishing Company and Inc . from the publisher's name. If the reference is essay at sea, more than one line in length, indent one-half inch (computer formatted) or five spaces (typed) all lines following the first. Double space all lines. Book by essay, one Author. Hyde, Bernard.
Perspectives on Literature: The New Historical Criticism in America . Peoria: Bancroft, 1992. Britt, Ponsiby. Representation of Indigenous North American Mammalia in Twentieth Century American Humor . Frostbite Falls: Rockland UP, 1963. ---. Character Stereotypes in Cold War American Literature . Frostbite Falls: Rockland UP, 1967. Books by two or more authors -- list authors as they are listed in the book. Reverse only the first author's name.
Ciccone, Eva, Lorna Smith, and Natasha Fatale. Femininity and on sunset at sea view, Feminism in Literature: Two Views . Boston: Singleton, 1991. If a book has more than three authors, either list all authors as shown above or list only the first author followed by a comma, a space, then et al . Jones, Sarah, Michael Williams, Charles Porter, William Mayer, and argumentative topics, Anthony Rofollo. Scenes in essay on sunset, a Coffee Shop . Toronto: Middleman, 1996. Jones, Sarah, et al. Scenes in a Coffee Shop . Toronto: Middleman, 1996. List any book beyond the first edition by including the edition two spaces after the period which concludes the title. In Ghana? Do not underline the designation for the edition. Young, Keith. Symbols of essay on sunset view, Morality . 4th ed.
Scranton: Crowell, 1976. For an english as an official author's work cited in a textbook, anthology, or other full-length work, list according to the author of the cited work within the essay, anthology. Typically, such a cited work would be an on gibbs model article, an essay, a short story, or a poem, so enclose the title of the cited work within quotation marks. However, underline the title if the work was originally published as a book. Always underline the at sea view, title of the essay holocaust, anthology, which immediately follows the title of the work. Include the page numbers of the anthology in which the cited work appears. An entry for essay on sunset an editor is similar to essay questions that for an author except that the view, name is followed by official language essay, a comma and the abbreviation ed. for editor.
If there is more than one editor, use the abbreviation eds. for editors. Kitchen, Judith, and Mary Paumier Jones, eds. In Short: A Collection of Brief Creative Nonfiction . New York: Norton, 1996. Author with an Editor. Begin with the essay at sea view, author and title, followed by the name of the editor. In this case the abbreviation Ed. means Edited by, so it is the same for one or multiple editors. Wells, Ida B. The Memphis Diary . Ed. Miriam DeCosta-Willis. Boston: Beacon, 1995.
List the entry under the name of the author, not the translator. After the title, write Trans. (for Translated by) and the name of the translator. Mahfouz, Naguib. Arabian Nights and Days . Trans. Denys Johnson-Davies. New York: Doubleday, 1995. Begin with the title. Alphabetize the entry by essays, the first word of the title other than A, An, or The. Oxford Essential World Atlas . New York: Oxford UP, 1996. Edition Other Than the First.
If you are citing an edition other than the essay on sunset view, first, include the number of the topics on fast food, edition after the title: 2nd ed., 3rd ed., and so on. Boyce, David George. The Irish Question and British Politics, 1868-1996 . Essay On Sunset View? 2nd ed. Official? New York: St. Essay On Sunset View? Martin's, 1996.
Include the total number of volumes before the gsas phd thesis, city and publisher, using the abbreviation vols. Conway, Jill Ker, ed. Written by Herself . 2 vols. New York: Random, 1996. Conway, Jill Ker, ed. Written by Herself . Vol.
2. New York: Random, 1996. Essay At Sea? 2 vols. Encyclopedia or Dictionary. Articles in english, well-known dictionaries and at sea, encyclopedias are handled in abbreviated form. Simply list the author of the holocaust, article (if there is one), the title of the article, the view, title of the reference work, the edition number, if any, and the date of the edition. Sonata. Encyclopaedia Britannica . 15th ed. 1997. The Bible is not included in the list of english official essay, works cited. If you want to indicate the version of the Bible you are citing, do so in at sea view, your in-text citation.
Work in gsas phd thesis, an Anthology. Present the information in this order, with each item followed by a period: author of the at sea, selection; title of the selection; title of the anthology; editor of the anthology, preceded by Ed. (meaning Edited by); city, publisher, and date; page numbers on which the selection appears. Malouf, David. The Kyogle Line. The Oxford Book of Travel Stories . Ed. Patricia Craig. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. 390-96. Rodriguez, Richard. Late Victorians. Harper's Oct.
1990: 57-66. Rpt. in The Best American Essays 1991. Ed. Joyce Carol Oates. New York: Ticknor, 1991. 119-34. Two or More Works From the thesis on fdi in ghana, Same Anthology.
If you wish, you may cross-reference two or more works from the essay, same anthology. Provide a separate entry for the anthology with complete publication information. Craig, Patricia, ed. The Oxford Book of Travel Stories . Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996. Then list each selection separately, giving the thesis, author and title of the selection followed by a cross-reference to the anthology. The cross-reference should include the last name of the essay view, editor of the as an official, anthology and the page numbers in on sunset, the anthology on which the selection appears. Desai, Anita. Scholar and Gypsy. Craig 251-73.
Malouf, David. The Kyogle Line. Craig 390-96. Foreword, Introduction, Preface, or Afterword. If in your paper you quote from holocaust, one of these elements, begin with the name of the writer of essay on sunset at sea view, that element.
Then identify the element being cited, neither underlined nor in quotation marks, followed by essays on gibbs reflective, the title of the complete book, the book's author, and essay on sunset, the book's editor, if any. After the publication information, give the page numbers on which the gsas phd thesis, foreword, introduction, preface, or afterword appears. Kennedy, Edward M. Foreword. Make a Difference . Henry W. Foster, Jr., and Alice Greenwood. New York: Scribner, 1997.
9-15. Book with a Title within Its Title. If the book title contains a title normally underlined (or italicized), neither underline (nor italicize) the internal title nor place it in quotation marks. Vanderham, Paul. James Joyce and Censorship: The Trials of Ulysses . New York: New York UP, 1997. Faulkner, Dewey R. Twentieth Century Interpretations of The Pardoner's Tale . Englewood Cliffs: Spectrum-Prentice, 1973. Before the publication information, cite the series name as it appears on the title page followed by the series number, if any. Malena, Anne.
The Dynamics of Identity in Francophone Caribbean Narrative . Francophone Cultures and Literatures Ser. 24. New York: Lang, 1998. After the title of the at sea, book, cite the original publication date followed by gsas phd thesis, the current publication information. If the republished book contains new material, such as an essay at sea introduction or afterword, include that information after the original date. McClintock, Walter. In Ghana? Old Indian Trails . 1926. Foreword William Least Heat Moon. Boston: Houghton, 1992.
If a book was published by an imprint of a publishing company, cite the name of the imprint followed by a hyphen and the publisher's name. The name of the imprint usually precedes the publisher's name on the title page. Coles, Robert. The Moral Intelligence of Children: How to Raise a Moral Child . At Sea? New York: Plume-Random, 1997. List the entry under the name of the author, not the english language essay, translator. After the title, write Trans. (for Translated by) and on sunset view, the name of the translator.
Mahfouz, Naguib. Arabian Nights and language, Days . Trans. Denys Johnson-Davies. New York: Doubleday, 1995. Periodicals are publications such as newspapers, magazines, and journals. Generally, list the author(s), title of article in on sunset, quotation marks, name of the on gibbs model, journal underlined, series number (if relevant), volume number (for journals), issue number (if needed), date of publication, and inclusive page numbers not preceded by on sunset at sea view, p. or pp. If the official, article is not published on essay, consecutive pages, include only the page number on which the article first appears, followed by gsas phd thesis, a + sign with no space in between. Many scholarly journals are paged continuously throughout the year. The year's first issue begins on page one, and subsequent issues begin on the page where the issue preceding them ends. Therefore, listing the month of publication is unnecessary.
Instead, list the volume number followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Then include a colon followed by page number(s) on view, which the article appears. Gregory, Norman. Australian Aboriginal Dialects. The Journal of Modern Languages 75 (1987): 74-101. However, some journals page each issue separately. In such cases, include in the bibliographic citation the volume number immediately followed by a period, which is immediately followed by the issue number. Douglas, Oliver.
Gentrification of Rural Lands: Migration Beyond the argumentative on fast food, Suburb. Essay On Sunset At Sea? The American Quarterly 18.2 (1969): 12-24. Ziffel, Arnold. Confessions of an Overeater. Pound Watchers Weekly 8 June 1970: 14-17. Douglas, Lisa. To Live on Park Avenue. Urban Life Sept.
1970: 36-44. List the author(s); title of the article in quotation marks, name of newspaper as it appears on the masthead omitting any introductory article such as the, the complete date of on gibbs, publication -- day, month, and year, a colon, and a page number(s) (including section designation such as A and B or 1 and 2 if included) as listed in the newspaper. Essay On Sunset At Sea? If the newspaper does not print the article on argumentative essay topics, consecutive pages, use a plus (+) sign to indicate the article is to be found on more than one page. Omit any volume or issue numbers. Charles, Raymond. School Administration Closes Middle School Library. The Chronicle of S Learning 12 Sept.
1990: A1-A6. Wilbert, Kenneth. Writer Searches America for Lost Hope. Mecklenburg Tribune 24 Aug. Essay At Sea? 1987, sec. 2: 1+. IV. Computer Sources. Include information as required below. If some of this information is not available, e.g. , author's name, include the information which you do have.
Many research sources are now published as databases on CD-ROMS. Generally, the information you need to cite such sources is much the same as you need for print sources; however, there are some differences. Entire CD-ROM Database. Hughes, Keith. Exploring the Internet . 2nd ed. CD-ROM. New York: BDM, 1994. Part of a CD-ROM Database. Cited work originally published as an free essay notes essay, article, short story, poem, or other short work. Smythe, Leslie. Oh, Burden of Brittania.
Cramden Anthology of Victorian Poetry . CD-ROM. London: Ivory Tower UP, 1993. Cited work originally published as a full-length work. Fox, James. Essay On Sunset At Sea View? Dalton's Lament . The Modern Reader's CD Library . CD-ROM. New York: Mayfield, 1996. Franco, William. Khmer Rouge Documented Their Own Atrocities.
New York Times , 17 April 1994: 1+. New York Times Ondisc . CD-ROM. UMI-Proquest, Jan. 1995. Cite an entire diskette as you would a book, but include the source medium as with CD-ROMS. Lovejoy, Trent. On Writing Short Fiction: Notes from the Master . Diskette. New York: Narcissus, 1993. If your source is a story, article, poem, or other work published as part of the diskette, indicate diskette as the source medium. Cited work originally published as an essay, article, short story, poem, or other short work.
Smythe, Leslie. Essays Reflective Model? Oh, Burden of Brittania. Cramden Anthology of on sunset at sea, Victorian Poetry . Diskette. London: Ivory Tower UP, 1993. Cited work originally published as a full-length work. Fox, James. English As An Language? Dalton's Lament . On Sunset? The Modern Reader's Library . Diskette. New York: Mayfield, 1996. If the reflective, source cited from view, a diskette also has a printed source, cite the printed source first.
Frank, Richard. The Four Pennies. Food? Pacific Monthly , April 1994: 48+. New American Authors: 1994 . Diskette. Essay On Sunset View? New York: Clairmont, 1994. V. Online Sources.
Online information is essay, unlike published information in that it exists only in an electronic environment and is often subject to day-to-day change. The following information is adapted from: Harnack, Andrew and Eugene Kleppinger. Online! A Reference Guide to at sea Using Internet Resources . New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2000. For writers creating in-text citations and Works Cited lists for free online sources, the MLA Handbook provides the following recommendations: Download or print any online material you plan to use, in case it becomes inaccessible later. Don't introduce a hyphen at the break of a URL between two lines.
If you must divide a URL between two lines, break it only after a slash (/). World Wide Web Site. When you document sources from the World Wide Web, the MLA suggests that your Works Cited entries contain as many items from the following list as are relevant and available: Name of the author, editor, compiler, translator, or site maintainer (if available and relevant), alphabetized by last name and followed by any appropriate abbreviations, such as ed. ; Title of a poem, short story, article or other short work within a book, scholarly project, database, or periodical, in quotation marks; Title of a book, in italics or underlined; Publication information for any print version; Title of a scholarly project, database, or periodical, or professional or personal site (in italics or underlined), or, for essay on sunset at sea a professional or personal site with no title, a description such as home page; Name of the editor of a scholarly project or database (if known); Version number (if not part of the title) or, for a journal, the volume, issue, or other identifying number; Name of the institution or organization sponsoring or associated with the on gibbs model, Web site; Date you accessed the essay, source; and URL (in angle brackets). Although no single entry will contain all these items of information, most Works Cited entries for argumentative essay on fast food Web sources will include the following basic information: Author's name (last name first). Document title. Date of essay, Internet publication. Date of access URL. Shapiro, Herbert.
Professional Communications. Spring 1999. 6 Nov. 2001 http://www1.esc.edu/personalfac/hshapiro/professional_communications/default.htm An online book may be the electronic text of part or all of a printed book, or a book-length document available only on the Internet ( e.g. , a work of in ghana, hyperfiction). Bird, Isabella L. A Lady's Life in the Rocky Mountains . Essay On Sunset At Sea? New York, 1881. Victorian Women Writers Project . Ed. Perry Willett. 27 May 1999. Indiana U. As An Language Essay? 4 Oct.
1999 http://www.indiana.edu/letrs/vwwp/bird/rocky.html. Harnack, Andrew, and view, Eugene Kleppinger. Online! A Reference Guide to Using Internet Resources . Boston: Bedford/St. Essay Holocaust? Martin's, 2000. 5 Jan.
2000 http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online. Article in an Electronic Journal (ejournal) Joyce, Michael. On the Birthday of the Stranger (in memory of John Hawkes). Evergreen Review 5 Mar 1999.
12 May 1999 http://evergreenreview.com/evexcite/joyce/index_ns.html. Article in an Electronic Magazine (ezine) Adler, Jerry. Ghost of Everest. Newsweek 17 May 1999. 19 May 1999. http://newsweek.com/nwsrv/issue/20_99a/printed/us/so/so0120_1.htm. Wren, Christopher. Essay On Sunset At Sea? A Body on Mt. Everest, a Mystery Half-Solved.
New York Times on the Web 5 May 1999. Argumentative Topics? 13 May 1999 http://search.nytimes.com/search/daily/bin/fastweb?getdoc+site+site 33726+0+wAAA+%22George%7Emallory%22. Bush, George. Essay At Sea View? Principles of Ethical Conduct for Government Officers and Employees. Executive Order 12674 of April 12 1989 (as modified by E. Gsas Phd Thesis? O. 12731). Part 1. 26 Aug 1997. 18 May 1999 http://www.usoge.gov/exorders/eo12674.html.
Scholarly Project or Information Database. Center for Reformation and Renaissance Studies . Ed. Laura E. Hunt and William Barek. May 1998. University of Toronto. 11 May 1999 http://CITD.SCAR.UTORONTO.CA/crrs/index.html. The Internet Movie Database . May 1999.
Internet Movie Database Ltd. On Sunset? 11 May 1999 http://us.imbd.com. Mortimer, Gail. The William Faulkner Society Home Page . 16 Sept. 1999. William Faulkner Soc. 1 Oct. 1999 http://utep.edu/mortimer/faulkner/mainfaulkner.htm.
NAIC Online . 29 Sept. 1999. National Association of Investors Corporation. 1 Oct. 1999. http://www.betterinvesting.org. Cite an essays on gibbs reflective E-Mail source as you would a memo or a personal letter. Hill, Sharon. New Directions for on sunset at sea view Education. E-Mail to edu.users. 4 Sept.
1997. Include the thesis on fdi, following information if your mentor requires a complete address. Hill, Sharon. New Directions for Education. E-Mail to edu.users. Internet. 4 Sept. 1997.
Available http://firstname.lastname@example.org. MLA format for essay on sunset a research paper does not require a table of contents, an outline, or an abstract. MLA format also does not require a title page. Gsas Phd Thesis? Instead, include the at sea view, necessary information on the first page of the text as seen below: Your last name and page number a half-inch from the top of the page on the right side (to run continually throughout your paper). Format a one-inch margin for the top, bottom, and sides of the essays on gibbs, rest of the document. Double-spacing of text is required. Place your name, mentor's name, course name, and date on the left, all in view, the order shown. Center your title (you may place it in bold print). If your mentor does require a title page, ask which style she or he prefers.
Mentor Tom McElroy. ENL 202 American Literature. American Literature and the Perpetuation of Stereotyping Language. The Europeans erroneously thought North American aboriginals to be Asians and consequently classified them as Indians. Since then, Euro-American society has used unflattering variations of that term, including Injuns and Injiins, to describe these indigenous peoples. However, these are the more innocuous of the sobriquets Euro-Americans have foisted upon Native Americans over the years. Considering their Christian selves to be of the chosen people, early settlers deprecated native Americans by gsas phd thesis, classifying them as savages, heathens, and barbarians. This style guide was produced with the aid of the MLA Handbook for essay at sea Writers of Research papers 5th ed . It is intended only as a brief guide to MLA citation methods.
Complete information can be found in the above mentioned text. Always consult your mentor before you start to write .
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analysing essays How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of essay on sunset view writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable!
Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to essay discover that writing an on sunset at sea, essay is essay questions never going to be an essay on sunset view, easy task, even for english, the best writers. But you're about to find out on sunset at sea, how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an essay on fast food, English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and at sea, nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on english official language essay 'mis-readings' of your texts.
But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of your response to the essay question. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to essay on sunset at sea write next. the remainder of the thesis in ghana essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to on sunset at sea such a view, the effects it created, the methods the english essay author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the essay at sea view author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. Gsas Phd Thesis? The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out essay on sunset, support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and essay on fast food, structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and on sunset at sea, an analysis of on fast food these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is essay on sunset at sea view sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is free essay your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'.
It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to on sunset show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on thesis on fdi in ghana the text and reasonable to hold . Essay On Sunset At Sea? Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for essays reflective, example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to on sunset an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . Official Essay? This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there#39;s no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and essay view, your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and free essay notes, far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay.
This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the essay view text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in food the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). On Sunset At Sea View? This will, though, always need to gsas phd thesis be focused on essay view the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the free essay essay. It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . At Sea View? Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . Gsas Phd Thesis? If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in on sunset your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found. Gsas Phd Thesis? It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to essay at sea hold - but why do you think that?
Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to gsas phd thesis be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . At Sea View? However, with a central and notes, guiding argument starting off and flowing through the on sunset view entire essay, it now becomes much easier to essay questions search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and at sea view, comment . Some teachers call this the official P.E.E. On Sunset At Sea? ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and thesis on fdi in ghana, the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to at sea make the gsas phd thesis language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and on sunset, its themes (e.g. Essay Topics On Fast Food? 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. Essay? ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1!
Begin all of argumentative on fast food your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. Essay On Sunset At Sea View? This will keep the essay on track and gsas phd thesis, avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to on sunset at sea it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the as an official essay above question: The remainder of view this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and thesis on fdi, support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . View? In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the english first of what is called the body paragraphs of on sunset your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of on gibbs reflective model ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by on sunset at sea Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the english language essay theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on.
Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into essay your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of essay course). Essay On Sunset View? Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and thesis on fdi in ghana, the essay question. Here are some examples of at sea view how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and on fdi, Men': 'Small and view, quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in english official complete contrast to view his friend, the argumentative essay lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience.
Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to view 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is gsas phd thesis a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based. This is to take the on sunset at sea road signpos ted 'Failure'. Free? But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus.
This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and essay at sea, generalisation . Free Essay? As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on essay on sunset at sea the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to free essay notes retell the story of the essay on sunset at sea text. On Gibbs Reflective Model? You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph.
Remember, too, that this is an English essay and view, this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of essays reflective place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the on sunset writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to topics on fast discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and view, style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is gsas phd thesis called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an essay at sea view, idea you developed based on gsas phd thesis an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. At Sea View? 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT.
You will need to search through the text and thesis, note down a series of aspects and at sea, quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to argumentative essay topics on fast make clear your thesis statement - response to at sea the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to essay notes answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take.
Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to essay at sea view show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Essay Holocaust? Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to at sea view write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the gsas phd thesis ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of at sea view course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of essay topics food three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . View? Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and gsas phd thesis, is a hallmark of the on sunset at sea view best essays. On Gibbs Model? TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into view your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the thesis in ghana author and essay on sunset, any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of thesis background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of essay on sunset at sea view analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and essays reflective, literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of on sunset at sea context try hard to essays discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in at sea view other words allow the gsas phd thesis text to introduce the on sunset at sea view context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author.
Saying that Shakespeare is gsas phd thesis 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is essay on sunset view 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the on gibbs reflective model opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to essay on sunset view expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and as an language, b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the essay view text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to argumentative topics on fast food show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and on sunset at sea view, viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the english language essay EXAMPLE part of at sea view P.E.E.).
You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the essays model author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the essay on sunset at sea method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E).
You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from essay notes, beginning to end. Essay View? Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks!
6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of essay notes 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Essay On Sunset View? Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the thesis on fdi topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an at sea, idea). Official Language? 3. Essay At Sea? End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the free conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by essay at sea view 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an argumentative on fast food, 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the essay on sunset at sea pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark?
STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for essay questions, the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways.
To give you an idea of the importance of on sunset form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and essay topics food, use CAPS LOCK. Essay On Sunset At Sea? Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the as an look - the form - of your writing. Essay On Sunset View? This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of argumentative food varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). At Sea View? The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. On Fast? Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of essay view poetry . On Fdi? This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of on sunset course, uses form very differently.
When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the english 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the at sea view content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . Thesis On Fdi? E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on on sunset at sea view of a storm'. This is a way of gsas phd thesis 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from at sea view, their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of gsas phd thesis meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to essay on sunset at sea view use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'.
Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of essay irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of essay on sunset view them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an essay questions, altogether more intelligent use of essay at sea view language.
But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is argumentative essay on fast food a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of at sea view voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to gsas phd thesis be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by at sea O. Henry called 'The Gift of the essay Magi'. Essay On Sunset? This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to essay buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to essay on sunset a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. Essay? a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of essay on sunset view a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the thesis on fdi in ghana tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable.
John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the essay on sunset at sea view writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and essay holocaust, discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the on sunset mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to essay questions compare and contrast the texts . Essay On Sunset? Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the english as an official essay first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. Essay? 2) Alternatively, and this makes the essay holocaust most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.
This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.
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Essay on sunset at sea view
essays in at sea, education [This essay was put together after Emerson's death from a number of commencement and similar addresses he had made. English Official. It appears in The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson , edited by Edward Emerson] A new degree of intellectual power seems cheap at any price. The use of the world is essay on sunset that man may learn its laws. And the human race have wisely signified their sense of this, by english as an official essay, calling wealth, means-- Man being the end. Language is always wise.
Therefore I praise New England because it is the country in the world where is the freest expenditure for education. We have already taken, at the planting of the Colonies (for aught I know for the first time in the world), the initial step, which for its importance might have been resisted as the most radical of on sunset, revolutions, thus deciding at essays the start the destiny of essay view, this country--this, namely, that the poor man, whom the law does not allow to take an ear of corn when starving, nor a pair of reflective model, shoes for his freezing feet, is allowed to put his hand into the pocket of the rich, and say, You shall educate me, not as you will, but as I will: not alone in the elements, but, by further provision, in the languages, in sciences, in the useful and in elegant arts. The child shall be taken up by at sea, the State, and taught, at the public cost, the rudiments of knowledge, and, at last, the ripest results of art and science. Humanly speaking, the school, the college, society, make the difference between men. All the as an language essay fairy tales of Aladdin or the invisible Gyges or the essay at sea view taIisman that opens kings' palaces or the enchanted halls underground or in the sea, are any fictions to indicate the one miracle of intellectual enlargement. Essay. When a man stupid becomes a man inspired, when one and the same man passes out at sea view of the torpid into the perceiving state, leaves the din of trifles, the stupor of the senses, to official language essay enter into essay at sea view, the quasi-omniscience of high thought--up and down, around, all limits disappear. No horizon shuts down. He sees things in their causes, all facts in their connection. One of the problems of history is the beginning of civilization.
The animals that accompany and serve man make no progress as races. Those called domestic are capable of argumentative essay on fast, learning of man a few tricks of utility or amusement, but they cannot communicate the at sea view skill to official their race. Each individual must be taught anew. The trained dog cannot train another dog. And Man himself in many faces retains almost the essay on sunset unteachableness of the beast. For a thousand years the islands and forests of a great part of the world have been led with savages who made no steps of advance in art or skill beyond the essay necessity of being fed and warmed. Certain nations with a better brain and on sunset, usually in more temperate climates have made such progress as to compare with these as these compare with the thesis bear and the wolf.
Victory over things is the office of man. Of course, until it is accomplished, it is the war and insult of things over him. His continual tendency, his great danger, is to overlook the fact that the world is only his teacher, and the nature of sun and moon, plant and animal only means of arousing his interior activity. Enamored of their beauty, comforted by their convenience, he seeks them as ends, and fast loses sight of the fact that they have worse than no values, that they become noxious, when he becomes their slave. This apparatus of wants and faculties, this craving body, whose organs ask all the elements and all the functions of Nature for their satisfaction, educate the wondrous creature which they satisfy with light, with heat, with water, with wood, with bread, with wool. The necessities imposed by his most irritable and all-related texture have taught Man hunting, pasturage, agriculture, commerce, weaving, joining, masonry, geometry, astronomy. Here is at sea view a world pierced and belted with natural laws, and fenced and planted with civil partitions and properties, which all put new restraints on the young inhabitant. He too must come into this magic circle of relations, and know health and sickness, the fear of injury, the desire of external good, the charm of riches, the charm of power. The household is a school of power. There, within the door, learn the tragicomedy of human life.
Here is the sincere thing, the wondrous composition for which day and night go round. In that routine are the sacred relations, the passions that bind and sever. Here is poverty and all the wisdom its hated necessities can teach, here labor drudges, here affections glow, here the essay on fast food secrets of character are told, the on sunset guards of man, the guards of essay, woman, the compensations which, like angels of justice, pay every debt: the opium of custom, whereof all drink and many go mad. Here is Economy, and Glee, and Hospitality, and Ceremony, and Frankness, and Calamity, and Death, and Hope. Every man has a trust of power--every man, every boy a jurisdiction, whether it be over a cow or a rood of a potato-field, or a fleet of ships, or the laws of a state. And what activity the desire of power inspires!
What toils it sustains! How it sharpens the perceptions and stores the memory with facts. Thus a man may well spend many years of life in trade. It is a constant teaching of the essay laws of matter and of mind, No dollar of property can be created without some direct communication with nature, and of course some acquisition of knowledge and practical force. It is a constant contest with the essay questions holocaust active faculties of men, a study of the issues of one and another course of action, an accumulation of power, and, if the higher faculties of the individual be from time to time quickened, he will gain wisdom and virtue from his business. As every wind draws music out of the Aeolian harp, so doth every object in Nature draw music out of his mind.
Is it not true that every landscape I behold, every friend I meet, every act I perform, every pain I suffer, leaves me a different being from that they found me? That poverty, love, authority, anger, sickness, sorrow, success, all work actively upon our being and unlock for us the concealed faculties of the mind? Whatever private or petty ends are frustrated, this end is always answered. Whatever the man does, or whatever befalls him, opens another chamber in his soul--that is, he has got a new feeling, a new thought, a new organ. Do we not see how amazingly for this end man is essay fitted to the world? What leads him to science? Why does he track in the midnight heaven a pure spark, a luminous patch wandering from age to age, but because he acquires thereby a majestic sense of thesis, power; learning that in his own constitution he can set the shining maze in order, and finding and carrying their law in his mind, can, as it were, see his simple idea realized up yonder in giddy distances and frightful periods of duration.
If Newton come and first of men perceive that not alone certain bodies fall to the ground at a certain rate, but that all bodies in the Universe, the universe of essay on sunset at sea view, bodies, fall always, and at one rate; that every atom in nature draws to every other atom--he extends the power of his mind not only over every cubic atom of his native planet, but he reports the condition of millions of worlds which his eye never saw. And what is the charm which every ore, every new plant, every new fact touching winds, clouds, ocean currents, the secrets of chemical composition and decomposition possess for Humboldt. What but that much revolving of gsas phd thesis, similar facts in on sunset view, his mind has shown him that always the mind contains in its transparent chambers the thesis in ghana means of classifying the most refractory phenomena, of depriving, them of all casual and essay on sunset, chaotic aspect, and subordinating them to a bright reason of its own, and so giving to man a sort of property--yea, the very highest property in every district and gsas phd thesis, particle of the globe. By the permanence of at sea view, Nature, minds are trained alike, and made intelligible to each other. In our condition are the roots of language and communication, and these instructions we never exhaust.
In some sort the thesis on fdi in ghana end of life is that the man should take up the universe into himself, or out of that quarry leave nothing unrepresented. Essay At Sea View. Yonder mountain must migrate into his mind. Yonder magnificent astronomy he is at last to import, fetching away moon, and planet, solstice, period, comet and binal star, by comprehending their relation and law. Instead of the timid stripling he was, he is to be the stalwart Archimedes, Pythagoras, Columbus, Newton, of the physic, metaphysic and ethics of the design of the world. For truly the population of the globe has its origin in the aims which their existence is to serve; and so with every portion of them. The truth takes flesh in forms that can express it; and thus in history an idea always overhangs, like the moon, and rules the tide which rises simultaneously in all the souls of a generation. Whilst thus the world exists for gsas phd thesis, the mind; whilst thus the man is ever invited inward into shining realms of knowledge and power by the shows of the world, which interpret to him the infinitude of his own consciousness--it becomes the office of essay on sunset at sea view, a just education to awaken him to the knowledge of this fact. We learn nothing rightly until we learn the symbolical character of life.
Day creeps after day, each full of facts, dull, strange, despised things, that we cannot enough despise--call heavy, prosaic, and desert. Notes. The time we seek to on sunset at sea view kill: the attention it is elegant to divert from language essay, things around us. And presently the essay on sunset view aroused intellect finds gold and gems in one of these scorned facts--then finds that the gsas phd thesis day of on sunset, facts is thesis a rock of essay at sea view, diamonds; that a fact is an Epiphany of God. We have our theory of life, our religion, our philosophy; and the event of each moment, the argumentative essay topics on fast food shower, the steamboat disaster the passing of a beautiful face, the apoplexy of our neighbor, are all tests to try our theory, the essay at sea approximate result we call truth, and reveal its defects. If I have renounced the search of truth, if I have come into the port of essays on gibbs, some pretending dogmatism, some new church or old church, some Schelling or Cousin, I have died to all use of these new events that are born out of prolific time into multitude of life every hour. At Sea. I am as a bankrupt to whom brilliant opportunities offer in vain. Essay Notes. He has just foreclosed his freedom, tied his hands, locked himself up and given the key to another to keep. When I see the doors by which God enters into the mind; that there is no sot or fop, ruffian or pedant into whom thoughts do not enter by essay on sunset view, passages which the individual never left open, I can expect any revolution in character.
I have hope, said the great Leibnitz, that society may be reformed, when I see how much education may be reformed. It is ominous, a presumption of crime, that this word Education has so cold, so hopeless a sound. A treatise on education, a convention for education, a lecture, a system, affects us with slight paralysis and english official language essay, a certain yawning of the jaws. We are not encouraged when the essay on sunset view law touches it with its fingers. Education should be as broad as man. Whatever elements are in him that should foster and demonstrate. If he be dexterous, his tuition should make it appear; if he be capable of dividing men by the trenchant sword of his thought, education should unsheathe and sharpen it; if he is one to cement society by his all-reconciling affinities, oh! hasten their action! If he is jovial, if he is mercurial, if he is a great-hearted, a cunning artificer, a strong commander, a potent ally, ingenious, useful, elegant, witty, prophet, diviner--society has need of all these. The imagination must be addressed.
Why always coast on the surface and never open the interior of nature, not by science, which is surface still, but by poetry? Is not the Vast an element of the mind? Yet what teaching, what book of this day appeals to the Vast? Our culture has truckled to the times--to the senses. It is thesis on fdi in ghana not manworthy.
If the vast and the spiritual are omitted, so are the practical and essay on sunset at sea view, the moral. It does not make us brave or free. We teach boys to gsas phd thesis be such men as we are. We do not teach them to aspire to be all they can.. We do not give them a training as if we believed in their noble nature.
We scarce educate their bodies. We do not train the eye and the hand. We exercise their understandings to the apprehension and: comparison of some facts, to on sunset at sea view a skill in numbers, in gsas phd thesis, words; we aim to make accountants, attorneys, engineers; but not to make able, earnest, great-hearted men. On Sunset. The great object of argumentative essay, Education should be commensurate with the object of life. It should be a moral one; to teach self-trust; to inspire the youthful man with an interest in himself; with a curiosity touching his own nature; to acquaint him with the resources of his mind, and to teach him that there is essay view all his strength, and to thesis in ghana inflame him with a piety towards the Grand Mind in which he lives.
Thus would education conspired with the Divine Providence. A man is a little thing whilst he works by and for himself, but, when he gives voice to the rules of love and justice, is godlike, this word is current in all countries; and all men, though his enemies, are made his friends and obey it as their own. In affirming that the moral nature of essay on sunset view, man is the predominant element and should therefore be mainly consulted in the arrangements of a school, I am very far from wishing that it should swallow up all the other instincts and faculties of man. It should be enthroned in his mind, but if it monopolize the man he is not yet sound, he does not yet know his wealth. He is in danger of becoming merely devout, and wearisome through the monotony of his thought. It is not less necessary that the questions holocaust intellectual and the active faculties should be nourished and matured. Essay On Sunset At Sea View. Let us apply to this subject the light of the same torch by which we have looked at all the phenomena of the time; the infinitude, namely, of every man. Thesis On Fdi In Ghana. Everything teaches that.
One fact constitutes all my satisfaction, inspires all my trust, viz., this perpetual youth, which, as long as there is any good in us, we cannot get rid of. It is very certain that the coming age and the departing age seldom understand each other. On Sunset At Sea View. The old man thinks the young man has no distinct purpose, for he could never get any thing intelligible and earnest out of essays on gibbs reflective model, him. Perhaps the young man does not think: it worth his while to essay on sunset explain himself to so hard an inapprehensive a confessor. Let him be led up with a longsighted forbearance, and let not the sallies of his petulance or folly be checked with disgust or indignation or despair. I call our system a system of despair, and english official essay, I find all the essay on sunset at sea correction, all the revolution that is free needed and essay, that the reflective model best spirits of this age promise, in one word, in essay view, Hope.
Nature, when she sends a new mind into the world, fills it beforehand with a desire for that which she wishes it to know and do, Let us wait and see what is this new creation, of what new organ the great Spirit had need when it incarnated this new Will. A new Adam in the garden, he is to name all the on gibbs reflective model beasts in the field, all the gods in the sky. And jealous provision seems to have been made in his constitution that you shah not invade and contaminate him with the worn weeds of your language and on sunset view, opinions. The charm of life is this variety of genius, these contrasts, and flavors by gsas phd thesis, which Heaven has modulated the identity of essay at sea view, truth, and there is a perpetual hankering to violate this individuality, to warp his ways of thinking and behavior to resemble or reflect your thinking and essays reflective model, behavior. A low self-love in the parent desires that his child should repeat his character and essay, fortune; an gsas phd thesis expectation which the child, if justice is done him, will nobly disappoint. By working on the theory that this resemblance exists, we shall do what in essay on sunset view, us lies to defeat his proper promise and produce the essays reflective ordinary and mediocre. I suffer whenever I see that common sight of a parent or senior imposing his opinion and view, way of essays reflective model, thinking and being on a young soul to which they are totally unfit. Essay On Sunset. Cannot we let people be themselves, and enjoy life in their own way? You are trying to make that man another you . One's enough.
Or we sacrifice the genius of the pupil, the unknown possibilities of his nature, to a neat and safe uniformity, as the Turks whitewash the costly mosaics of ancient art which the Greeks left on their temple walls. Rather let us have men whose manhood is only the continuation of essays model, their boyhood, natural characters still; such are able and fertile for heroic action; and not that sad spectacle with which we are too familiar, educated eyes in uneducated bodies. I like boys, the masters of the playground and of the street--boys, who have the on sunset view same liberal ticket of admission to essay holocaust all shops, factories, armories, town-meetings, caucuses, mobs, target--shootings, as flies have; quite unsuspected, coming in as naturally as the janitor--known to have no money in on sunset, their pockets, and themselves not suspecting the value of this poverty; putting nobody on his guard, but seeing the inside of the show--hearing all the asides. There are no secrets from thesis, them, they know everything that befalls in the fire company, the at sea merits of every engine and on fdi in ghana, of every man at the brakes, how to essay on sunset work it, and are swift to try their hand at every part; so too the merits of every locomotive on the rails, and will coax the engineer to let them ride with him and pull the handles when it goes to the engine-house. They are there only for fun, and not knowing that they are at school, in the court-house, or the cattle-show, quite as much and more than they were, an holocaust hour ago, in the arithmetic class. They know truth from counterfeit as quick as the chemist does.
They detect weakness in your eye and behavior a week before you open your mouth, and have given you the essay benefit of their opinion quick as a wink. They make no mistakes, have no pedantry, but entire belief on experience. Their elections at baseball or cricket are founded on thesis, merit, and are right. They don't pass for swimmers until they can swim, nor for stroke-oar until they can row: and I desire to essay on sunset view be saved from their contempt. If I can pass with them, I can manage well enough with their fathers.
Everybody delights in the energy with which boys deal and talk with each other; the mixture of fun and earnest, reproach and essay topics on fast, coaxing, love and essay on sunset at sea, wrath, with which the game is played--the good-natured yet defiant independence of a leading boy's behavior in the schoolyard. How we envy in later life the happy youths to whom their boisterous games and rough exercise furnish the precise element which frames and sets off their school and college tasks, and teaches them, when least they think it, the use and meaning of these. In their fun and extreme freak they hit on the topmost sense of Horace. English Official Essay. The young giant, brown from his hunting tramp, tells his story well, interlarded with lucky allusions to Homer, to Virgil, to college songs, to Walter Scott; and Jove and at sea view, Achilles, partridge and trout, opera and binomial theorem, Caesar in free essay, Gaul, Sherman in Savannah, and hazing in Holworthy, dance through the narrative in merry confusion, yet the logic is good. If he can turn his books to such picturesque account in his fishing and hunting, it is easy to see how his reading and experience, as he has more of both, will interpentetrate each other.
And every one desires that this pure vigor of action and wealth of narrative, cheered with so much humor and street rhetoric, should be carried: into essay on sunset at sea, the habit of the young man, purged of essays on gibbs model, its uproar and rudeness, but. with all its vivacity entire. His hunting and at sea, campings-out have given him an indispensable base: I wish to add a taste for good company; through his impatience of model, bad. That stormy genius of his needs a little direction to essay on sunset at sea view games, charades, verses of society, song, and a correspondence year by year with his wisest and best friends. Essays On Gibbs Reflective. Friendship is an order of nobility; from its revelations We come more worthily into nature. Society he must have or he is essay on sunset at sea view poor indeed; he gladly enters a school which forbids conceit, affectation, emphasis and thesis, dullness, and requires of each only the flower of his nature and essay at sea, experience; requires good will, beauty, wit, and select information; teaches by practice the law of conversation, namely, to hear as well as to speak. Meantime, if circumstances do not permit the high social advantages, solitude has also its lessons. Thesis On Fdi. The obscure youth learns there the practice instead of the literature of his virtues; and, because of the disturbing effect of passion and sense, which by a multitude of trifles impede the mind's eye from the quiet search of that fine horizon-line which truth keeps--the way to knowledge and power has ever been an escape from on sunset at sea view, too much engagement with affairs and possessions; a way, not through plenty and superfluity, but by essay holocaust, denial and renunciation, into solitude and privation; and, the more is taken away, the more; real and inevitable wealth of essay on sunset, being is made known to us. The solitary knows the essence of the thought, the on fdi in ghana scholar in society only its fair face. There is no want of example of great men, great benefactors, who have been monks and hermits in habit. The bias of mind is sometimes irresistible in that direction.
The man is, as it were, born deaf and dumb, and dedicated to a narrow and lonely life. View. Let him study the art of solitude, yield as gracefulIy as he can to his destiny. Why cannot he get the good of his doom, and if it is from eternity a settled fact that he and society shall be nothing to each other, why need he blush so, and make wry faces to keep up a freshman's seat in the fine world? Heaven often protects valuable souls charged with great secrets, great ideas, by long shutting them up with their own thoughts. And the most genial and amiable of men must alternate society with solitude, and learn its severe lessons. There comes the period of the imagination to each, a later youth; the power of beauty, the power of books, of poetry. Culture makes his books realities to him, their characters more brilliant, more effective on his mind, than his actual mates.
Do not spare to put novels into english language, the hands of at sea, young people as an occasional holiday and experiment but, above all, good poetry in all kinds, epic, tragedy, lyric. If we can touch the imagination, we serve them, they will never forget it. Let him read Tom Brown at Rugby , read Tom Brown at Oxford , better yet, read Hodson's Life --Hodson who took prisoner the King of Delhi. They teach the same truth--a trust, against all appearances, against all privations, in your own worth, and not in tricks, plotting, or patronage. I believe that our own experience instructs us that the secret of Education lies in respecting the pupil. It is not for you to choose what he shall know, what he shall do. Argumentative Essay. It is chosen and foreordained, and he only holds the key to his own secret. Essay At Sea View. By your tampering and thwarting and too much governing he may be hindered from his end and kept out of his own. Respect the child. Wait and see the free essay notes new product of Nature.
Nature loves analogies, but not repetitions. Respect the child. On Sunset At Sea. Be not too much his parent. Thesis. Trespass not on his solitude. But I hear the outcry which replies to this suggestion--Would you verily throw up the reins of public and private discipline; would you leave the young child to the mad career of his own passions and whimsies, and call this anarchy a respect for the child's nature? I answer--Respect the child, respect him to the end, but also respect yourself. Be the companion of his thought, the friend of his friendship, the lover of his virtue--but no kinsman of his sin. Let him find you so true to yourself that you are the irreconcilable hater of his vice and the imperturbable slighter of his trifling. The two points in a boy's training are, to keep his naturel and train off all but that--to keep his naturel , but stop off his uproar, fooling, and horseplay--keep his nature and arm it with knowledge in the very direction to which it points. Here are the two capital facts, Genius and Drill.
This first in the inspiration in the well-born healthy child, the new perception he has of nature. At Sea. Somewhat he sees in forms or hears in music or apprehends in mathematics, or believes practicable in mechanics or possible in political society, which no one else sees or hears or believes. This is the perpetual romance of gsas phd thesis, new life, the invasion of God into essay on sunset at sea, the old dead world, when he sends into quiet houses a young soul with a thought which is not met, looking for something which is not there, but which ought to be there: the on fdi in ghana thought is on sunset at sea view dim but it is sure, and he casts about restless for means and masters to verify it; he makes wild attempts to explain himself and invoke the aid and consent of the by-standers. Baffled for essay questions, want of at sea view, language and methods to convey his meaning, not yet clear to himself, he conceives that though not in this house or town, yet in some other house or town is the wise master who can put him in possession of the on gibbs rules and instruments to execute his will. Happy this child with a bias, with a thought which entrances him, leads him, now into on sunset at sea view, deserts now into cities, the fool of an questions idea. Let him follow it in good and in evil report, in essay on sunset view, good or bad company; it will justify itself; it will lead him at last into the illustrious society of the lovers of argumentative essay topics on fast, truth. In London, in a private company, I became acquainted with a gentleman, Sir Charles Fellowes, who, being at Xanthos, in essay on sunset at sea view, the Aegean Sea, had seen a Turk point with his staff to essay topics on fast food some carved work on the corner of a stone almost buried in the soil. Fellowes scraped away the dirt, was struck with the beauty of the sculptured ornaments, and, looking about him, observed; more blocks and fragments like this. He returned to on sunset view the spot, procured laborers and uncovered many blocks.
He went back to England, bought a Greek grammar and learned the language; he read history and studied, ancient art to argumentative on fast explain his stones; he interested Gibson the essay on sunset view sculptor; he invoked the assistance of the English Government; he called in on gibbs reflective, the succor of Sir Humphry Davy to analyze the pigments; of experts in view, coins, of on fdi, scholars and connoisseurs; and at last: in his third visit brought home to England such statues and marble reliefs and such careful plans that he was able to reconstruct, in the British Museum where it now stands, the perfect model of the Ionic trophy-monument, fifty years older than the Parthenon of Athens, and essay at sea, which had been destroyed by earthquakes, then by iconoclast Christians, then by savage Turks. But mark that in the task be had achieved an excellent education, and become associated with distinguished scholars whom he had interested in his pursuit; in short, had formed a college for himself; the enthusiast had found the master, the masters, whom he sought. Argumentative Essay Topics On Fast. Always genius seeks genius, desires nothing so much as to be a pupil and to find those who can lend it aid to perfect itself. Nor are the two elements, enthusiasm and drill, incompatible. Accuracy is essential to beauty.
The very definition of the intellect is essay on sunset view Aristotle's: that by which we know terms or boundaries. Gsas Phd Thesis. Give a boy accurate perceptions. Teach him the difference between the similar and the same. Make him call things by their right names. Pardon in him no blunder.
Then he will give you solid satisfaction as long as he lives, It is better to teach the child arithmetic and essay at sea, Latin grammar than rhetoric or moral philosophy, because they require exactitude of performance; it is essay holocaust made certain that the lesson is mastered, and that power of performance is worth more than the essay on sunset at sea knowledge. Essays On Gibbs Model. He can learn anything which is important to him now that the power to learn is secured: as mechanics say, when one has learned the use of on sunset at sea, tools, it is essay questions holocaust easy to work at essay view a new craft. Letter by letter, syllable by syllable, the child learns to read, and in good time can convey to all the domestic circle the sense of Shakespeare. By many steps each just as short, the stammering boy and the hesitating collegian, in the school debates, in college clubs, in mock court, comes at last to full, secure, triumphant unfolding of his thought in the popular assembly, with a fullness of power that makes all the steps forgotten. But this function of opening and feeding the human mind is not to be fulfilled by any mechanical or military method; is not to be trusted to any skill less large than Nature itself.
You must not neglect the form, but you must secure the essentials. It is curious how perverse and intermeddling we are, and what vast pains and cost we incur to do wrong. Whilst we all know in our own experience and apply natural methods in on fdi, our own business -- in education our common sense fails us, and we are continually trying costly machinery against nature, in patent schools and academies and in great colleges and universities. The natural method forever confutes our experiments, and we must still come back to it. The whole theory of the school is on the nurse's or mother's knee.
The child is on sunset at sea as hot to learn as the mother is to impart. English As An Official. There is mutual delight. The joy of our childhood in hearing beautiful stories from on sunset, some skillful aunt who loves to tell them, must be repeated in youth. The boy wishes to on fast food learn to skate; to coast, to catch a fish in the brook, to hit a mark with a snowball or a stone; and a boy a little older is just as well pleased to essay at sea view teach him these sciences. Not less delightful is the gsas phd thesis mutual pleasure of teaching and learning the secret of algebra, or of chemistry, or of at sea, good reading and good recitation of poetry or of prose, or of chosen facts in history or in biography. Nature provided for free essay, the communication of thought by planting with it in the receiving mind a fury to impart it. 'Tis so in every art, in every science. One burns to tell the essay on sunset view new fact, the other burns to hear it.
See how far a young doctor will ride or walk to witness a new surgical operation. I have seen a carriage-maker's shop emptied of all its workmen into the street, to scrutinize a new pattern from New York. So in literature, the young man who has taste for poetry, for fine images, for noble thoughts, is insatiable for this nourishment, and forgets all the world for the more learned friend--who finds equal joy in dealing out his treasures. Happy the official language essay natural college thus self-instituted around every natural teacher; the young men of Athens around Socrates; of Alexander around Plotinus; of Paris around Abelard; of Germany around Fichte, or Niebuhr, or Goethe: in short the natural sphere of every leading mind. But the essay moment this is organized, difficulties begin. The college was to gsas phd thesis be the nurse and home of genius; but, though every young man is born with some determination in his nature, and is a potential genius; is at last to be one; it is, in the most, obstructed and delayed, and, whatever they may hereafter be, their senses are now opened in advance of their minds.
They are more sensual than intellectual. Appetite and indolence they have, but no enthusiasm. On Sunset At Sea View. These come in numbers to the college: few geniuses: and the teaching comes to be arranged for these many, and not for those few. Hence the instruction seems to require skillful tutors, of accurate and systematic mind, rather than ardent and inventive masters. Gsas Phd Thesis. Besides, the youth of genius are eccentric, won't drill, are irritable, uncertain, explosive, solitary, not men of the world, not good for every-day association. Essay On Sunset At Sea View. You have to work for large classes instead of individuals; you must lower your flag and reef your sails to wait for the dull sailors; you grow departmental, routinary, military almost with your discipline and college police. Gsas Phd Thesis. But what doth such a school to form a great and heroic character? What abiding Hope can it inspire? What Reformer will it nurse?
What poet will it breed to essay on sunset sing to the human race? What discoverer of on gibbs reflective model, Nature's laws will it prompt to enrich us by disclosing in the mind the statute which all matter must obey? What fiery soul will it send out to warm a nation with his charity? What tranquil mind will it have fortified to walk with meekness in private and obscure duties, to wait and to at sea view suffer? Is it not manifest that our academic institutions should have a wider scope; that they should not be timid and keep the argumentative on fast food ruts of the last generation, but that wise men thinking for themselves and on sunset at sea, heartily seeking the good of mankind, and counting the cost of innovation, should dare to arouse the young to a just and gsas phd thesis, heroic life; that the moral nature should be addressed in the school-room, and children should be treated as the high-born candidates of truth and virtue? So to regard the essay at sea view young child, the young man, requires, no doubt, rare patience: a patience that nothing but faith in the medial forces of the soul can give. Argumentative Essay On Fast. You see his sensualism; you see his want of those tastes and perceptions which make the power and safety of your character. Essay View. Very likely, But he has something else. If he has his own vice, he has its correlative virtue. Every mind should be allowed to make its own statement in action, and its balance will appear. In these judgments one needs that foresight which was attributed to an eminent reformer, of whom it was said his patience could see in the bud of the gsas phd thesis aloe the blossom at the end of a hundred years.
Alas for the cripple Practice when it seeks to at sea view come up with the bird Theory, which flies before it. Try your design on the best school. The scholars are of all ages and temperaments and capacities. It is difficult to class them, some are too young, some are slow, some perverse. Each requires so much consideration, that the morning hope of the free teacher, of a day of essay on sunset, love and progress, is often closed at evening by despair. Each single case, the english as an official language more it is considered, shows more to be done; and essay at sea, the strict conditions of the hours, on: one side, and the number of tasks, on the other.
Whatever becomes of our method, the english essay conditions stand fast--six hours, and thirty, fifty, or a hundred and fifty pupils. Something must be done, and done speedily, and in this distress the wisest are tempted to adopt violent means, to proclaim martial law, corporal punishment, mechanical arrangement, bribes, spies, wrath, main strength and ignorance, in lieu of that wise genial providential influence they had hoped, and yet hope at some future day to adopt. Of course the devotion to essay at sea details reacts injuriously on essays on gibbs model, the teacher. He cannot indulge his genius, he cannot delight in personal relations with young friends, when his eye is on sunset at sea always on the clock, and twenty classes are to be dealt with before the day is done. Besides, how can he please himself with genius, and foster modest virtue?
A sure proportion of rogue and dunce finds its way into every school and requires a cruel share of time, and the gentle teacher, who wished to be a Providence to youth, is grown a martinet, sore with suspicions; knows as much vice as the judge of a police court, and his love of official essay, learning is essay at sea lost in the routine of grammars and books of elements. A rule is so easy that it does not need a man to apply it; an automaton, a machine, can be made to keep a school so. Essays. It facilitates labor and thought so much that there is always the temptation in large schools to omit the endless task of meeting the wants of each single mind, and to govern by steam. But it is at frightful cost. Our modes of Education aim to expedite, to save labor; to do for masses what cannot be done for masses, what must be done reverently, one by one: say rather, the whole world is needed for essay view, the tuition of on fdi, each pupil. The advantages of this system of emulation and display are so prompt and on sunset at sea, obvious, it is such a time-saver, it is so energetic on english as an language essay, slow and on bad natures, and is of so easy application, needing no sage or poet, but any tutor or schoolmaster in his first term can apply it--that it is not strange that this calomel of culture should be a popular medicine. On the other hand, total abstinence from this drug, and the adoption of simple discipline and essay at sea view, the following of nature involves at once immense claims on the time, the thoughts, on the Life of the teacher. It requires time, use, insight, event, all the great lessons and assistances of God; and only to think of using it implies character and profoundness; to argumentative on fast enter on this course of discipline is to be good and great.
It is precisely analogous to the difference between the use of corporal punishment and the methods of love. It is so easy to bestow on a bad boy a blow, overpower him, and get obedience without words, that in this world of hurry and distraction, who can wait for the returns of reason and the conquest of self; in the uncertainty too whether that will ever come? And yet the familiar observation of the universal compensations might suggest the fear that so summary a stop of a bad humor was more jeopardous than its continuance. Now the on sunset view correction of essays on gibbs reflective model, this quack practice is to import into Education the wisdom of life. Leave this military hurry and adopt the pace of essay on sunset at sea view, Nature. Her secret is patience. Do you know how the naturalist learns all the questions secrets of the forest, of plants, of birds, of beasts, of reptiles, of fishes, of the rivers and the sea? When he goes into the woods the birds fly before him and he finds none; when he goes to essay view the river bank, the fish and the reptile swim away and leave him alone. Thesis. His secret is patience; he sits down, and sits still; he is a statue; he is a log.
These creatures have no value for their time, and he must put as low a rate on his. On Sunset View. By dint of obstinate sitting still, reptile, fish, bird and free essay notes, beast, which all wish to return to their haunts, begin to return. He sits still; if they approach, he remains passive as the stone he sits upon. Essay On Sunset View. They lose their fear. They have curiosity too about him. On Gibbs Reflective Model. By and by the curiosity masters the fear, and they come swimming, creeping and dying towards him; and as he is essay on sunset still immovable, they not only resume their haunts and their ordinary labors and manners, show themselves to him in their work-day trim, but also volunteer some degree of advances towards fellowship and good understanding with a biped who behaves so civilly and holocaust, well. Can you not baffle the impatience and passion of the child by your tranquility? Can you not wait for him, as Nature and Providence do? Can you not keep for essay on sunset at sea view, his mind and ways, for his secret, the same curiosity you give to the squirrel, snake, rabbit, and the sheldrake and the deer?
He has a secret; wonderful methods in him; he is--every child--a new style of man; give him time and opportunity. Talk of Columbus and Newtonl. Essay Questions Holocaust. I tell you the child just born in yonder hovel is the beginning of a revolution as great as theirs. But you must have the essay at sea believing and prophetic eye. Have the self-command you wish to inspire. Your teaching and discipIine must have the reflective reserve and taciturnity of at sea, Nature. Teach them to hold their tongues by holding your own. Say little; do not snarl; do not chide; but govern by the eye. See what they need, and that the english official essay right thing is done. I confess myself utterly at a loss in suggesting particular reforms in essay at sea view, our ways of free, teaching.
No discretion that can be lodged with a school-committee, with the overseers or visitors of an academy, of a college, can at all avail to reach these difficulties and perplexities, but they solve themselves when we leave institutions and address individuals. The will, the male power, organizes, imposes its own thought and wish on others, and makes that military eye which controls boys as it controls men; admirable in its results, a fortune to him who has it, and only dangerous when it leads the workman to overvalue and overuse it and essay at sea, precludes him from finer means. Sympathy, the female force--which they must use who have not the first--deficient in instant control and the breaking down of resistance, is more subtle and lasting and creative. I advise teachers to cherish mother-wit. I assume that you will keep the grammar, reading, writing and arithmetic in order; 'tis easy and of course you will. But smuggle in a Iittle contraband wit, fancy, imagination, thought. If you have a taste which you have suppressed because it is essay notes not shared by those about you, tell them that. Set this law up, whatever becomes of the rules of the essay schooI: they must not whisper, much less talk; but if one of the thesis on fdi in ghana young people says a wise thing, greet it, and let all the children clap their hands. They shall have no book but school-books in the room; but if one has brought in a Plutarch or Shakespeare or Don Quixote or Goldsmith or any other good book, and understands what be reads, put him at once at the head of the class. Nobody shall be disorderly, or leave his desk without permission, but if a boy runs from his bench, or a girl, because the fire falls, or to check some injury that a little dastard is indicting behind his desk on some helpless sufferer, take away the medal from the head of the class and give it on essay on sunset view, the instant to the brave rescuer.
If a child happens to gsas phd thesis show that he knows any fact about astronomy, or plants, or birds, or rocks, or history, that interests him and you, hush all the classes and encourage him to ten it so that all may hear. Then you have made your school-room like the world. Of course you will insist on modesty in the children, and respect to their teachers, but if the boy stops you in your speech, cries out that you are wrong and sets you right, hug him! To whatsoever upright mind, to whatsoever beating heart I speak, to you it is essay at sea view committed to educate men. By simple living, by an illimitable soul, you inspire, you correct, you instruct, you raise, you embellish all. By your own act you teach the behold how to questions holocaust do the on sunset at sea view practicable. According to the depth from which you draw your life, such is the as an official essay depth not only of your strenuous effort, but of your manners and presence. The beautiful nature of the world has here blended your happiness with your power. Work straight on essay on sunset, in absolute duty, and you lend an arm and an encouragement to all the youth of the universe. Consent yourself to be an organ of your highest thought, and lo! suddenly you put all men in argumentative on fast food, your debt, and are the view fountain of an energy that goes pulsing on questions, with waves of benefit to the borders of society, to view the circumference of things.
See also the following article: Morton M. Sealts, Jr. Argumentative Food. Emerson as Teacher. In Emerson Centenary Essays. Essay. , pp. 180-190.
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Essay: Marketing strategies – Tesla Motors. Tesla Motors is an American automobile company that designs, manufactures and markets electric cars and electric power-train components. The company was founded in 2003 by a group of on sunset, intrepid Silicon Valley engineers who set out to prove that electric vehicles is the way of the argumentative topics on fast, future in this era of high energy costs. 1. Research and write a brief history of the company, it mission and vision statements. History: Tesla Motors was founded by a group of Silicon Valley engineers, who set out to on sunset view prove that electric vehicle is future. The first Tesla car ever to hit the roads was ‘The Tesla Roadster’ in early 2008. This car had a range of going from 0 to 60mph in free essay notes, 3.7 seconds and it travelled 245 miles per charge. Essay On Sunset At Sea View. ‘Model S’, a premium sedan was then launched in 2012, which had few modifications over model the earlier Tesla Roadster. Model S received numerous praises with, including ‘Car of the year’ award and a 5-star rating from the ‘U.S. National Highway Safety Administration.’ Tesla Motors is on sunset at sea all set to food launch ‘Model X’ which would be a crossover utility vehicle with style. Tesla’s aim is to essay at sea view work with other car manufacturers and essay questions, bring more electric cars on road.
Tesla is working towards making increasingly affordable electric cars and making it available to the customers. Vision: Tesla’s vision is to ‘Create to create the most compelling car company of the 21st century by driving the world’s transition to electric cars’. Mission: Tesla’s mission statement is to “Move from a mine-and-burn hydrocarbon economy towards a sustainable, solar electronic economy”. 2. Identify the key elements of Tesla’s marketing strategy with reference to the 4 Ps and discuss the marketing management orientation(s) that guide the company y’s marketing strategy. Tesla is a very expensive car which costs about $100,000 or more.
Tesla is using very creative marketing strategies to flip over essay on sunset the auto industry business model. Following are the key elements for Tesla’s marketing strategy: a. Limited Production/Price: Tesla is known most for the innovative technology i.e. ‘Green Tech Business’ and manufacturing excellence. Tesla Motors make very limited quantity of cars, and the major cause for that is hidden in Tesla’s Mission Statement. They don’t see themselves to be a mass-builder car company until next decade. For now, Tesla’s production plan is not to reach household of every single family, which is also their ultimate goal. The reason for that being first, it’s a relatively new company, and hence the gsas phd thesis, costs for cars are much higher. Tesla is essay on sunset at sea view planning to launch Model X, that would be somewhere between $55,000 and $70,000, but the notes, average would be higher, as there would be other competitions available in the market. Tesla is essay on sunset view planning to launch a Sedan by essay questions holocaust, 2017/18 which would cost around $35,000.
The second reason is that Tesla has a gigafactory – a lithium ion battery plant under construction in Nevada, which would be fully operational by 2020. At Sea View. The current production scale of food, Tesla is 200,000 cars a year even if they push, but with the gigafactory in place, they would be able to produce 500,000 cars a year. b. Promotional Strategies: Tesla’s promotional strategies involve the following elements: Gasoline v/s Electric: The first and foremost tool for their promotion cannot be anything other than their innovation, which is essay at sea generating an Electric car. It is as an official essay impossible for the manufacturers to essay on sunset stop explaining the advantages of electric cars, over the traditional cars. And it doesn’t compromise the luxury, the speed, or the gsas phd thesis, safety. In fact, it is essay one of the best cars. Direct-to-Customers Sales: Tesla’s one of the major marketing strategies include selling the cars directly to free essay the customers in stores owned and at sea view, operated by them. Tesla Motors sells very expensive electric cars and hence its marketing plan involves direct-to-customer sales.
But this strategy of holocaust, Tesla has not been completely successful. Automobile dealers were not amused with this strategy, as they have no chance to earn profits from the sales of essay on sunset at sea view, a new car or the trade-in process. Tesla is battling in separate states legally to get a direct-to-customer sales access. They have direct access to the customers in states like New York, Massachusetts, Virginia, North Carolina, Minnesota, Georgia, and Ohio. But they still hold a ban for direct selling in states such as New Jersey, Texas, Colorado, and Arizona. Service Coverage: Service is very important for customer, and Tesla is well aware of that. That’s why they have opened more Tesla Service Centers in gsas phd thesis, United States then Stores and Galleries combined. Tesla has Service Centers even at essay, the places where they don’t own a store, to ensure that their customers have access to Tesla certified technicians.vi. c. Place: Customers buy cars in a very traditional way.
They already decide what car they want to buy. The only thing that matters is negotiating the price with the dealer. Tesla, which is a new car maker company, thought that they would have a very rare opportunity on educating their potential customers about their car model if they placed their car in a traditional auto dealer gallery. That was the reason why, Tesla decided to position the stores and gallery locations at high foot traffic, high visibility retail venues, like malls and shopping streets that people regularly visit with an open-minded buying mood. The product specialist at these places is skilled to answer about the electric cars in english as an language, general. The sole agenda is to have the customers enjoy the essay at sea view, experience of essay questions holocaust, visiting, so they want to come back. Essay On Sunset At Sea View. Their stores are designed to be informative and interactive.vi. 3. Discuss customer relationship management and identify strategies that Tesla uses to create value for customers in essays on gibbs reflective, order to capture value back from them. 4. Describe the major trends and forces that are changing the automobile marketing landscape and how Tesla is essay view taking advantage and/or trendsetting in the automobile industry. The four megatrends that will shape the future of the automotive industry are: Geopolitical change and Regionalism: The world now is multipolar with different economic and social models.
In terms of GDP, it has been estimated that by 2025, China will be the 2nd largest in terms of economy and purchasing power, with a current growth rate of gsas phd thesis, 8% annually. US will still be the strongest economy will almost double the essay, GDP of China. And, India will hold the 3rd place with the current GDP of essay, 7% annually. Also, there is a group of heterogeneous countries known as ‘Next eleven’, which in future will join the group of biggest economies, as per essay their current growth rate. The car sale by 2025 in N11 countries is expected to show a rise of 70% compared to just 42% in the triad countries. As An Language. However, the at sea view, increase of on gibbs model, car sales in BRIC countries would remarkably be at 111% compared to N11 and triad countries. Regionalism is another important aspect which is on rise, and bilateral trade relations are expected to become more important. Hence, Governments are increasingly influencing automotive industry, by on sunset at sea, implementing mechanisms such as loans, incentives and premiums.
After the essays reflective model, economic crisis of 2008/09, countries have introduced protectionist measures, which are disguised as environmental tariffs. One such example is control on CO2 emission, which can have different target levels at different geographical and political locations. This mechanism cause, extra costs for non-domestic automotive companies while favors the domestic automotive companies. Sustainability: Sustainability is a very important part of public debate. People are more aware of words like ‘Global Warming’ and ‘CO2 footprint’ then they were ever before.
One of the sectors that will play a huge part in CO2 emission will be transport (29%). Hence, this will impact the automotive industry, where customers expect sustainability and environmental friendly technology from this sector. Essay At Sea. This can also be a good way for as an official essay premium brands to display their innovative edge. Evolution of mobility: With the essay on sunset at sea view, population growth and increase in economy, the overall levels of car ownership will rise by 2025, as the time spent on essays on gibbs mobility has almost remained constant over at sea past decade and thesis, is expected to remain same in near future. In Future, travel growth globally will be dominated by, light duty vehicles, air travel and more importantly public transport.
Due the rising desire of car ownership in BRIC nations, low cost cars have been launches in essay on sunset at sea, past few years which are enjoying a remarkable success. One such example is Tata Nano, which was launched in India in 2009. It is the cheapest car on the Earth. It already got its market share of gsas phd thesis, 2.2% by 2010. In contrast, if the trends are to be observed, it is evident that de-motorization will soon took place.
The current students from various parts of countries and rank the car a lot below the other interests, such as laptops, communicating devices, music players, video games etc. Also, the survey results from Germany show that preferences in younger population are changing. Person owning a Premium car is at sea perceived to be a self ‘centered and materialistic. Bikes and e-bikes are considered more attractive, in Germany and Shanghai than the carpools or public transport. Thesis. Hence, there is an overall shift in essay at sea, the buying pattern in the consumers toward smaller cars in terms of body and engine. Also, for the developing countries the important factor is fuel efficiency. Changing technology: It’s a high time that automotive industry brings in wider range of technology. On Gibbs. This will serve different usage patterns arising due to mobility shift and change in regulations. Oil, Natural gas and biofuel still being at the top positions, electricity is expected to grow strongly. The major growth for EVs will be in China with the current share of essay at sea, 10%. One of the on fdi, most important technological trends in recent years has been Internet.
It has helped in globalizing the on sunset at sea, world. This trend is expected to continue, with it being a major driving force behind increasing the share of electronic related components in vehicles. The other important trend is mobile connectivity which is very important for the automotive industries, as mobile devices now can access the web directly for online navigation services. As the questions, consumer demand is changing, they want mobile devices to be unified seamlessly into information backbone for their vehicles. Tesla is on sunset surely taking advantage if we consider the shift in trends towards automotive companies. China is an emerging marker and the sales are growing with the product consumption skyrocketing. Argumentative Essay Food. Tesla is expecting the same rise in the sales of their car in China. As per the public records, around 14,000 electric cars have been purchased by motorists in essay on sunset, China, which is a growth of gsas phd thesis, 30% compared to last year. China plans to populate their highways with electric cars in near future, and Tesla is seeking to be a part of this growth.
Environment sensitivity is increasing and it is getting important for the countries to become green, and China been taking effective measure in doing so, the CEO of Tesla believes that China can become the largest purchaser of their product in several years. Also Tesla is taking advantage of Technology in on sunset at sea, their cars; they signed a contract with ATT Inc. to on gibbs provide high speed wireless services to its vehicles. With the latest merge with the ATT technology, Tesla Cars now allow two way connections of service such as road side assistance and stolen vehicle location. On Sunset. These cars also provide internet services, in-built navigation and entertainment services on a touchscreen installed in a car. Tesla I believe is also trend setting, by allowing their competitors to use their patent for their technology.
It shows that they are socially aware as well, and gsas phd thesis, actually want to make electric car as the future car. Essay On Sunset View. Some companies produce no zero emission cars at all. Tesla believes they cannot meet the gsas phd thesis, challenge alone and hence has opened the on sunset at sea view, patents for in ghana in hope of spurring further innovation and adoption in EV market. 5. Where would you place Tesla within the essay on sunset view, competition? Market leader? Challenger? Follower? Explain.
Tesla has positioned itself as a challenger brand. Tesla has provided a successful electric car offering in US market and is now approaching globally. In April 2014, Tesla was number 3 in luxury brands after Mercedes and essay notes, VMW in California. Tesla conquered this position by making a few powerful enemies. The car dealership market is at sea also not very pleased, as they Tesla doesn’t have dealership networks and essay questions holocaust, their showrooms are in on sunset at sea, retail malls. It is even possible that petroleum lobby might not be happy with them as well. They are a challenger brand, because they are loud, aggressive and often cast the stone first. They always ensure that they are in headlines. They will spin and attack their competitors, because they know that these market leaders won’t retaliate back because of their status and on fdi in ghana, being accused of bullying. They have amazing product, and their success is has acclaimed that people should copy their approach to marketing.
Tesla is heading fast towards being a market leader. The built up of Gigafactory will surely increase the production of the cars. Also the essay on sunset, new innovations in battery with high efficiency will produce higher volume of electric cars. Tesla is putting full effort in creating innovative changes to its cars. They are also making efforts in gsas phd thesis, marketing and attracting the customers. That is the reason Tesla is future if car industry. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of essay on sunset view, us is qualified to essay questions a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in essay at sea, order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Marketing strategies – Tesla Motors . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/business/essay-marketing-strategies-tesla-motors/ [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and essays on gibbs, no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on at sea view the link below to request removal: 13-09-17 - Event organisation: Merchant City festival 22-08-17 - Understanding Your Startup’s Cash Flows - NGOs – Unicef - Revenue models - Working capital - Importance of customers in an unregulated market – Parcelforce 12-08-17 - Impacts of global capitalism and internationalisation of on fdi, economic activity - Strategic marketing plan – Apple - Culture in organisations - Impact of choice of country on starting a business. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.
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